27467

Journal, 1835–1836

or not, after taking it into concideration the council advised him to tarry we dismissed by singing and prayer and retired
Warren Parrish

10 Jan. 1803–3 Jan. 1877. Clergyman, gardener. Born in New York. Son of John Parrish and Ruth Farr. Married first Elizabeth (Betsey) Patten of Westmoreland Co., New Hampshire, ca. 1822. Lived at Alexandria, Jefferson Co., New York, 1830. Purchased land at...

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17 January 1836 • Sunday

Sunday morning the 17th Attended meeting at the schoolhouse

Two-story structure measuring thirty by thirty-eight feet, built during fall and winter of 1834. Located immediately west of temple lot on Whitney Street (now Maple Street) in Kirtland. School of the Elders met here from winter 1834–1835 to Jan. 1836. Ground...

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at the usual hour a large congregation assembled; I proceeded to organiize the several quorums

Refers especially to a group to which individuals ordained to the Aaronic or Melchizedek priesthoods belonged. Quorums were organized by office, such as an “elders quorum.” The organization of quorums provided leadership and a manageable structure for varied...

View Glossary
present; first, the presidency

Organized body of leaders over priesthood quorums and various groups of Latter-day Saints. A November 1831 revelation underscored the importance of a president over the high priesthood and the church as a whole. By 1832, JS and two counselors constituted ...

View Glossary
; then the twelve

Members of a governing body in the church, with special administrative and proselytizing responsibilities. A June 1829 revelation commanded Oliver Cowdery and David Whitmer to call twelve disciples, similar to the twelve apostles in the New Testament and ...

View Glossary
, and the seventy

An office in the Melchizedek Priesthood patterned after the seventy envoys called by Jesus in the New Testament. The first members of the Quorum of the Seventy were called in February 1835. Revelation stipulated that “the seventy are also called to preach...

View Glossary
all who were present also the counsellors

A governing body of twelve high priests. The first high council was organized in Kirtland, Ohio, on 17 February 1834 “for the purpose of settling important difficulties which might arise in the church, which could not be settled by the Church, or the bishop...

View Glossary
of Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

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and Zion

A specific location in Missouri; also a literal or figurative gathering of believers in Christ, characterized by adherence to ideals of harmony, equality, and purity. In JS’s earliest revelations “the cause of Zion” was used to broadly describe the focus ...

View Glossary
.
President [Sidney] Rigdon

19 Feb. 1793–14 July 1876. Tanner, farmer, minister. Born at St. Clair, Allegheny Co., Pennsylvania. Son of William Rigdon and Nancy Gallaher. Joined United Baptists, ca. 1818. Preached at Warren, Trumbull Co., Ohio, and vicinity, 1819–1821. Married Phebe...

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then arose and observed that instead of preaching the time would be occupied, by the presidency and twelve in speaking each in their turn untill they had all spoken, the Lord poured out his spirit upon us, and the brethren began to confess their faults one to the other and the congregation were soon overwhelmed in tears and some of our hearts were too big for utterance, the gift of toungs, come upon us also like the rushing of a mighty wind, and my soul was filled with the glory of God,
In the after noon I joined three couple in matrimony, in the publick congregation, whose names are as follows— Wm F. Cahoon

7 Nov. 1813–6 Apr. 1893. Shoemaker, carpenter, joiner. Born at Harpersfield, Ashtabula Co., Ohio. Son of Reynolds Cahoon and Thirza Stiles. Baptized into LDS church by Parley P. Pratt, 16 Oct. 1830, at Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio. Ordained a priest by Oliver...

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and Maranda [Miranda] Gibbs

27 July 1817–6 Oct. 1867. Born at Benson, Rutland Co., Vermont. Daughter of Aaron Gibbs and Prudence Carter. Baptized into LDS church by Jared Carter, fall 1831. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, fall 1833. Married to William F. Cahoon by JS, 17 Jan. 1836...

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Harvy Stanly [Harvey Stanley]

21 Dec. 1812–16 Feb. 1862. Stonecutter, dairyman. Born in Vermont. Son of Benjamin Stanley and Ruth. Baptized into LDS church, by Apr. 1834. Participated in Camp of Israel expedition to Missouri, 1834. Labored on temple in Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio. Ordained...

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and Larona [Lerona]Cahoon

25 Oct. 1817–18 June 1840. Born at Harpersfield, Ashtabula Co., Ohio. Daughter of Reynolds Cahoon and Thirza Stiles. Married to Harvey Stanley by JS, 17 Jan. 1836, at Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio. Charged and forgiven in disciplinary case before Kirtland high...

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— also Tunis Rappleye

2 Feb. 1807–25 Dec. 1883. Farmer, laborer, gardener. Born at Ovid, Seneca Co., New York. Son of John Ransen Rappleye and Margaret Tillier. Baptized into LDS church by S. Roundy, 20 Nov. 1834. Married to Louisa Elizabeth Cutler by JS, 17 Jan. 1836, at Kirtland...

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and Louisa Cutler

16 May 1816–9 Mar. 1854. Nurse. Born at Lisle, Broome Co., New York. Daughter of Alpheus Cutler and Lois Lathrop. Baptized into LDS church at Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio. Married to Tunis Rappleye by JS, 17 Jan. 1836, at Kirtland. Moved to Crooked River near...

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,— We then administered the Lord supper

Primarily referred to the sacrament of the Lord’s Supper, or Communion, as opposed to other religious sacraments. The articles and covenants of the church directed “that the church meet together often to partake of bread and wine in remembrance of the Lord...

View Glossary
and dismissed; the congregation; which was so dense that it was [p. 126]
or not, after taking it into concider ation the council advised him to tarry  we dismissed by singing and prayer  and retired254

Following this day of reconciliation, JS retired to his home, where he was joined by Oliver Cowdery, John Corrill, and later Martin Harris. They performed ritual washings “that we might be clean before the Lord for the Sabbath, confessing our sins and covenanting to be faithful to God.” (Cowdery, Diary, 16 Jan. 1836.)  


W[arren] Parrish

10 Jan. 1803–3 Jan. 1877. Clergyman, gardener. Born in New York. Son of John Parrish and Ruth Farr. Married first Elizabeth (Betsey) Patten of Westmoreland Co., New Hampshire, ca. 1822. Lived at Alexandria, Jefferson Co., New York, 1830. Purchased land at...

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17 January 1836 • Sunday

Warren Parrish handwriting ends; unidentified begins.  


Sunday morning the 17th  Attended meeting at the schoolhouse

Two-story structure measuring thirty by thirty-eight feet, built during fall and winter of 1834. Located immediately west of temple lot on Whitney Street (now Maple Street) in Kirtland. School of the Elders met here from winter 1834–1835 to Jan. 1836. Ground...

More Info
at the usual hour  a large congregation assembled; I proceeded to organi ize the several quorums

Refers especially to a group to which individuals ordained to the Aaronic or Melchizedek priesthoods belonged. Quorums were organized by office, such as an “elders quorum.” The organization of quorums provided leadership and a manageable structure for varied...

View Glossary
present; first, the presidency

Organized body of leaders over priesthood quorums and various groups of Latter-day Saints. A November 1831 revelation underscored the importance of a president over the high priesthood and the church as a whole. By 1832, JS and two counselors constituted ...

View Glossary
;  then the twelve

Members of a governing body in the church, with special administrative and proselytizing responsibilities. A June 1829 revelation commanded Oliver Cowdery and David Whitmer to call twelve disciples, similar to the twelve apostles in the New Testament and ...

View Glossary
, and the seventy

An office in the Melchizedek Priesthood patterned after the seventy envoys called by Jesus in the New Testament. The first members of the Quorum of the Seventy were called in February 1835. Revelation stipulated that “the seventy are also called to preach...

View Glossary
all who were present  also the counsellors

A governing body of twelve high priests. The first high council was organized in Kirtland, Ohio, on 17 February 1834 “for the purpose of settling important difficulties which might arise in the church, which could not be settled by the Church, or the bishop...

View Glossary
of Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

More Info
and Zion

A specific location in Missouri; also a literal or figurative gathering of believers in Christ, characterized by adherence to ideals of harmony, equality, and purity. In JS’s earliest revelations “the cause of Zion” was used to broadly describe the focus ...

View Glossary
.
President [Sidney] Rigdon

19 Feb. 1793–14 July 1876. Tanner, farmer, minister. Born at St. Clair, Allegheny Co., Pennsylvania. Son of William Rigdon and Nancy Gallaher. Joined United Baptists, ca. 1818. Preached at Warren, Trumbull Co., Ohio, and vicinity, 1819–1821. Married Phebe...

View Full Bio
then arose

Unidentified handwriting ends; Warren Parrish begins.  


and observed that  instead of preaching the time would be  occupied, by the presidency and twelve in  speaking each in their turn untill they  had all spoken, the Lord poured out  his spirit upon us, and the brethren  began to confess their faults one to the other  and the congregation were soon overwhelmed  in tears and some of our hearts were too  big for utterance, the gift of toungs, come  upon us also like the rushing of a m ighty wind, and my soul was filled  with the glory of God,255

William W. Phelps wrote that “the presidents commenced the meeting by confessing their sins and forgiving their brethren.” Oliver Cowdery added that the presidents “ask[ed] forgiveness” in order to be “prepared for the endowment,—being sanctified and cleansed from all sin.” Phelps also recorded that there was “speaking and singing in tongues, and prophecying, as on the day of Pentacost.” (William W. Phelps, [Kirtland, OH], to Sally Phelps, [Liberty, MO], [18 Jan. 1836], William W. Phelps, Papers, BYU; Cowdery, Diary, 17 Jan. 1836; see also Acts 2:2–4.)  


In the after noon I joined three  couple in matrimony, in the publick  congregation, whose names are as  follows— Wm F. Cahoon

7 Nov. 1813–6 Apr. 1893. Shoemaker, carpenter, joiner. Born at Harpersfield, Ashtabula Co., Ohio. Son of Reynolds Cahoon and Thirza Stiles. Baptized into LDS church by Parley P. Pratt, 16 Oct. 1830, at Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio. Ordained a priest by Oliver...

View Full Bio
and Maranda [Miranda] Gibbs

27 July 1817–6 Oct. 1867. Born at Benson, Rutland Co., Vermont. Daughter of Aaron Gibbs and Prudence Carter. Baptized into LDS church by Jared Carter, fall 1831. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, fall 1833. Married to William F. Cahoon by JS, 17 Jan. 1836...

View Full Bio
 Larona Harvy Stanly [Harvey Stanley]

21 Dec. 1812–16 Feb. 1862. Stonecutter, dairyman. Born in Vermont. Son of Benjamin Stanley and Ruth. Baptized into LDS church, by Apr. 1834. Participated in Camp of Israel expedition to Missouri, 1834. Labored on temple in Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio. Ordained...

View Full Bio
and Larona [Lerona] Cahoon

25 Oct. 1817–18 June 1840. Born at Harpersfield, Ashtabula Co., Ohio. Daughter of Reynolds Cahoon and Thirza Stiles. Married to Harvey Stanley by JS, 17 Jan. 1836, at Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio. Charged and forgiven in disciplinary case before Kirtland high...

View Full Bio
— also Tunis Rap[p]leye

2 Feb. 1807–25 Dec. 1883. Farmer, laborer, gardener. Born at Ovid, Seneca Co., New York. Son of John Ransen Rappleye and Margaret Tillier. Baptized into LDS church by S. Roundy, 20 Nov. 1834. Married to Louisa Elizabeth Cutler by JS, 17 Jan. 1836, at Kirtland...

View Full Bio
and  Louisa Cutler

16 May 1816–9 Mar. 1854. Nurse. Born at Lisle, Broome Co., New York. Daughter of Alpheus Cutler and Lois Lathrop. Baptized into LDS church at Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio. Married to Tunis Rappleye by JS, 17 Jan. 1836, at Kirtland. Moved to Crooked River near...

View Full Bio
,— We then administered  the Lord supper

Primarily referred to the sacrament of the Lord’s Supper, or Communion, as opposed to other religious sacraments. The articles and covenants of the church directed “that the church meet together often to partake of bread and wine in remembrance of the Lord...

View Glossary
and dismissed; the  congregation; <which> was so dense that it was [p. 126]
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JS, “Sketch Book for the use of Joseph Smith, jr.,” Journal, Sept. 1835–Apr. 1836; handwriting of Warren Parrish

10 Jan. 1803–3 Jan. 1877. Clergyman, gardener. Born in New York. Son of John Parrish and Ruth Farr. Married first Elizabeth (Betsey) Patten of Westmoreland Co., New Hampshire, ca. 1822. Lived at Alexandria, Jefferson Co., New York, 1830. Purchased land at...

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, an unidentified scribe, Sylvester Smith

25 Mar. 1806–22 Feb. 1880. Farmer, carpenter, lawyer, realtor. Born at Tyringham, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of Chileab Smith and Nancy Marshall. Moved to Amherst, Lorain Co., Ohio, ca. 1815. Married Elizabeth Frank, 27 Dec. 1827, likely in Chautauque...

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, Frederick G. Williams

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

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, Warren Cowdery

17 Oct. 1788–23 Feb. 1851. Physician, druggist, farmer, editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Married Patience Simonds, 22 Sept. 1814, in Pawlet, Rutland Co. Moved to Freedom, Cattaraugus Co., New York, 1816...

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, JS, and Oliver Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

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; 195 pages; JS Collection, CHL. Includes redactions and archival marking.
The text block consists of 114 leaves—including single flyleaves and pastedowns in the front and back—measuring 12¼ x 8 inches (31 x 20 cm). The 110 interior leaves are ledger paper with thirty-four lines in faint—and now faded—black ink that has turned brown. There are nine gatherings of various sizes—each about a dozen leaves per gathering. The text block is sewn all along over cloth tapes. The front and back covers of the journal are pasteboard. The ledger has a tight-back case binding with a brown calfskin quarter-leather binding. The outside covers are adorned in shell marbled paper, with dark green body and veins of light green. The bound volume measures 12⅜ x 8¼ inches (31 x 21 cm) and is 13/16 inches (2 cm) thick. One cover of the book is labeled “Repentence.” in black ink. The first page of ledger paper under that cover contains eight lines of references to the book of Genesis under the heading “Scriptures relating to Repentince”. The spine has “No 8” inscribed upside up when the book is standing upright for this side. When the volume is turned upside down and flipped front to back, the other cover is titled “Sabbath Day” with “No 9” written beneath in black ink. The first page of ledger paper under that cover contains two lines of references to the book of Genesis under the heading “Scriptures relating to the Sabbath day”. Thus the book was used to simultaneously house two volumes of topical notes on biblical passages. This book was apparently part of a larger series that included at least two other extant volumes—one bearing “Faith” and “10” on the cover, and the other bearing “Second Comeing of Christ” and “No 3” on one cover and “Gift of the Holy Ghost” on the other cover.1

“Grammar & Aphabet of the Egyptian Language,” Kirtland Egyptian Papers, ca. 1835–1836, CHL; Kirtland Elders Quorum, “Record”.  


In late 1835, JS and scribes began using the book to record his journal for 1835–1836, which begins on the recto of the second leaf of ledger paper. Warren Parrish

10 Jan. 1803–3 Jan. 1877. Clergyman, gardener. Born in New York. Son of John Parrish and Ruth Farr. Married first Elizabeth (Betsey) Patten of Westmoreland Co., New Hampshire, ca. 1822. Lived at Alexandria, Jefferson Co., New York, 1830. Purchased land at...

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added the title “Sketch Book” to the cover, beneath “Repentence.”.
The entire journal is inscribed in black ink that later turned brown. Pages 25, 51, 77, 103, 129, and 154 bear the marks of adhesive wafers that were probably used to attach manuscripts until they were copied into the journal. The journal was used in Nauvoo

Principal gathering place for Saints following expulsion from Missouri. Beginning in 1839, LDS church purchased lands in earlier settlement of Commerce and planned settlement of Commerce City, as well as surrounding areas. Served as church headquarters, 1839...

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, Illinois, in 1843 as a major source in composing JS’s multivolume manuscript history of the church. At this time, redactions were made in ink and in graphite pencil, and use marks were made in graphite. Also, apparently in Nauvoo, the cover of the journal side of the book was marked with a “D” and then with a larger, stylized “D”. At some point a white paper spine label was added with “1835–6 <Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

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> JOURNAL” hand printed or stenciled in black ink that later turned brown. The insertion “Kirtland” is written in graphite. Also, in the “Repentence” side of the volume, the rectos of the third through eighth leaves of ledger paper are numbered on the upper right-hand corners as 195, 197, 199, 201, 203, and 205—all written in graphite and apparently redactions. Except with regard to the title “Sketch Book”, none of the authors of the inscriptions mentioned previously have been identified. This volume is listed in Nauvoo and early Utah inventories of church records, indicating continuous custody.2

Historian’s Office, “Schedule of Church Records”; “Historian’s Office Catalogue,” [1], Catalogs and Inventories, 1846–1904, CHL; Johnson, Register of the Joseph Smith Collection, 7.  


Facts