27467

Journal, 1835–1836

2 February 1836 • Tuesday

Tuesday Febuary 2. AD. 1836 Attended school

An educational program established in Kirtland, Ohio, in 1836 for the study of the Hebrew language. On 4 January 1836, JS organized the school and served as its temporary instructor for three weeks. A committee composed of JS, Sidney Rigdon, Frederick G. ...

View Glossary
as usual306

Oliver Cowdery, who attended the school, recorded that “the new class of 31 members took their first lesson.” (Cowdery, Diary, 2 Feb. 1836.)  


& various duties went to the schoolhouse

Two-story structure measuring thirty by thirty-eight feet, built during fall and winter of 1834. Located immediately west of temple lot on Whitney Street (now Maple Street) in Kirtland. School of the Elders met here from winter 1834–1835 to Jan. 1836. Ground...

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in the evening & heard an animated discourse delivered by Pres. Sidney Rigdon

19 Feb. 1793–14 July 1876. Tanner, farmer, minister. Born at St. Clair, Allegheny Co., Pennsylvania. Son of William Rigdon and Nancy Gallaher. Joined United Baptists, ca. 1818. Preached at Warren, Trumbull Co., Ohio, and vicinity, 1819–1821. Married Phebe...

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he touched the outlines of our faith— showed the scattering & gathering

As directed by early revelations, church members “gathered” in communities. A revelation dated September 1830, for instance, instructed elders “to bring to pass the gathering of mine elect” who would “be gathered in unto one place, upon the face of this land...

View Glossary
of Israel from the scriptures & the stick of Joseph in the hands of Eaphraim & The law of Eaphraim aside from that of Moses307

See Ezekiel 37:15–20. A JS revelation identified the “stick of Ephraim” as the Book of Mormon. The laws of Ephraim and Moses refer to the Book of Mormon and the Bible respectively. (Revelation, ca. Aug. 1830, in Doctrine and Covenants 50:2, 1835 ed. [D&C 27:5]; see “Mrs. Laura Owen’s Defense against the Various Charges that Have Gone Abroad,” Times and Seasons, 1 Feb. 1841, 2:301; and Thompson, Evidences in Proof of the Book of Mormon, 23–34.)  


It was an interesting meeting— the spirit bore record that the Lord was well pleased!—

3 February 1836 • Wednesday

Wednesday 3. attended our hebrew lecture

An educational program established in Kirtland, Ohio, in 1836 for the study of the Hebrew language. On 4 January 1836, JS organized the school and served as its temporary instructor for three weeks. A committee composed of JS, Sidney Rigdon, Frederick G. ...

View Glossary
A. M. & studied with Oliver Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

View Full Bio
& Sylvester Smith

25 Mar. 1806–22 Feb. 1880. Farmer, carpenter, lawyer, realtor. Born at Tyringham, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of Chileab Smith and Nancy Marshall. Moved to Amherst, Lorain Co., Ohio, ca. 1815. Married Elizabeth Frank, 27 Dec. 1827, likely in Chautauque...

View Full Bio
P. M.—
received many visiters— & showed the records of Abraham— my Father

12 July 1771–14 Sept. 1840. Cooper, farmer, teacher, merchant. Born at Topsfield, Essex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Asael Smith and Mary Duty. Nominal member of Congregationalist church at Topsfield. Married to Lucy Mack by Seth Austin, 24 Jan. 1796, at Tunbridge...

View Full Bio
blest three with a patriarchial blessing

An ecclesiastical and priesthood office with the authority to give inspired blessings, similar to the practice of Old Testament patriarchs. JS occasionally referred to patriarchs as “evangelical ministers” or “evangelists.” Joseph Smith Sr. was ordained as...

View Glossary
— Eld. Alvah Beman

22 May 1775–15 Nov. 1837. Farmer. Born at New Marlboro, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of Reuben Beman and Mariam. Married Sarah (Sally) Burt, 18 Aug. 1796. Moved to what became Livonia, Ontario Co., New York, 1799. Moved to Avon, Livingston Co., New York...

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handed in the names of seventy of his quorem

An organized group of individuals holding the same office in the Melchizedek priesthood or the Aaronic priesthood. According to the 1835 “Instruction on Priesthood,” the presidency of the church constituted a quorum. The Twelve Apostles also formed a quorum...

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— designed for another seventy if God will—308

Beman was president of the elders quorum. A list of ten elders chosen by the church presidency to be in a Second Quorum of the Seventy was read in the elders quorum two days earlier. On the following day, 4 February, the names of seventy elders were presented to the presidents of the Seventy and accepted. The church presidency met for final approval of the ordinations on Sunday, 7 February. (Post, Journal, 1 and 4 Feb. 1836; JS, Journal, 7 Feb. 1836.)  


4 February 1836 • Thursday

Thursday 4. attended school

An educational program established in Kirtland, Ohio, in 1836 for the study of the Hebrew language. On 4 January 1836, JS organized the school and served as its temporary instructor for three weeks. A committee composed of JS, Sidney Rigdon, Frederick G. ...

View Glossary
& assisted in forming a class

26 Jan. 1836

First day of formal instruction of Hebrew School, Kirtland, Ohio.

of 22 to read at 3.o clock P.M the other 23 reads at 11-o.clock the first class recites at a quarter before 10 Am & the second at a quarter before 2-p.m.309

The Hebrew School by this time consisted of about eighty students organized into four classes. (Cowdery, Diary, 1, 2, and 4 Feb. 1836; Hyrum Smith, Kirtland, OH, to Elias Smith, East Stockholm, NY, 27 Feb. 1836, CHL.)  


we have a great want of books but are determined to do the best we can— may the Lord help us to obtain this language that we may read the scriptures in the language in which they were givn

5 February 1836 • Friday

Friday 5. Attended school

An educational program established in Kirtland, Ohio, in 1836 for the study of the Hebrew language. On 4 January 1836, JS organized the school and served as its temporary instructor for three weeks. A committee composed of JS, Sidney Rigdon, Frederick G. ...

View Glossary
& assisted the committe to make arangements for supplying the third & Fourth classes with books—310

Students attending the Hebrew School were now double the number Joshua Seixas had contracted to teach. Church leaders cooperated with Seixas to publish an abridged version of the already compact textbook that he had created for his unique short courses. The following day, JS and the other members of the school committee wrote to Seixas’s wife, Henrietta, asking to purchase her Hebrew lexicon. (JS, Journal, 6 Jan. 1836; H. Smith to E. Smith, 27 Feb. 1836; Supplement to J. Seixas’ Manual Hebrew Grammar, for the Kirtland, Ohio, Theological Institution [New York: West and Trow, 1836]; JS et al., Kirtland, OH, to Henrietta Seixas, 13 Feb. 1836, in Cowdery, Letterbook, 77–78; Cowdery, Diary, 6 Feb. 1836.)  


concluded to divide a bible into several parts for the benefit of said classes
continued my studies in the hebrew— recd. several visiters & attended various duties [p. 150]

2 February 1836 • Tuesday

Tuesday Febuary 2. AD. 1836  Attended school

An educational program established in Kirtland, Ohio, in 1836 for the study of the Hebrew language. On 4 January 1836, JS organized the school and served as its temporary instructor for three weeks. A committee composed of JS, Sidney Rigdon, Frederick G. ...

View Glossary
as usual306

Oliver Cowdery, who attended the school, recorded that “the new class of 31 members took their first lesson.” (Cowdery, Diary, 2 Feb. 1836.)  


& various duties  went to the schoolhouse

Two-story structure measuring thirty by thirty-eight feet, built during fall and winter of 1834. Located immediately west of temple lot on Whitney Street (now Maple Street) in Kirtland. School of the Elders met here from winter 1834–1835 to Jan. 1836. Ground...

More Info
in the evening & heard an  animated discourse delivered by Pres. S[idney] Rigdon

19 Feb. 1793–14 July 1876. Tanner, farmer, minister. Born at St. Clair, Allegheny Co., Pennsylvania. Son of William Rigdon and Nancy Gallaher. Joined United Baptists, ca. 1818. Preached at Warren, Trumbull Co., Ohio, and vicinity, 1819–1821. Married Phebe...

View Full Bio
 he touched the outlines of our faith— showed the scat tering & gathering

As directed by early revelations, church members “gathered” in communities. A revelation dated September 1830, for instance, instructed elders “to bring to pass the gathering of mine elect” who would “be gathered in unto one place, upon the face of this land...

View Glossary
of Israel from the scriptures  & the stick of Joseph in the hands of Eaphraim  & The law of Eaphraim aside from that of Moses307

See Ezekiel 37:15–20. A JS revelation identified the “stick of Ephraim” as the Book of Mormon. The laws of Ephraim and Moses refer to the Book of Mormon and the Bible respectively. (Revelation, ca. Aug. 1830, in Doctrine and Covenants 50:2, 1835 ed. [D&C 27:5]; see “Mrs. Laura Owen’s Defense against the Various Charges that Have Gone Abroad,” Times and Seasons, 1 Feb. 1841, 2:301; and Thompson, Evidences in Proof of the Book of Mormon, 23–34.)  


 It was an interesting meeting— the spirit bore  record that the Lord was well pleased!—

3 February 1836 • Wednesday

Wednesday 3.  attended our hebrew lecture

An educational program established in Kirtland, Ohio, in 1836 for the study of the Hebrew language. On 4 January 1836, JS organized the school and served as its temporary instructor for three weeks. A committee composed of JS, Sidney Rigdon, Frederick G. ...

View Glossary
P. <A.> M. & studied with O[liver]  Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

View Full Bio
& Sylvester Smith

25 Mar. 1806–22 Feb. 1880. Farmer, carpenter, lawyer, realtor. Born at Tyringham, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of Chileab Smith and Nancy Marshall. Moved to Amherst, Lorain Co., Ohio, ca. 1815. Married Elizabeth Frank, 27 Dec. 1827, likely in Chautauque...

View Full Bio
P. M.—
received many visiters— & showed the records of  Abraham— my Father

12 July 1771–14 Sept. 1840. Cooper, farmer, teacher, merchant. Born at Topsfield, Essex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Asael Smith and Mary Duty. Nominal member of Congregationalist church at Topsfield. Married to Lucy Mack by Seth Austin, 24 Jan. 1796, at Tunbridge...

View Full Bio
blest three with a patri archial blessing

An ecclesiastical and priesthood office with the authority to give inspired blessings, similar to the practice of Old Testament patriarchs. JS occasionally referred to patriarchs as “evangelical ministers” or “evangelists.” Joseph Smith Sr. was ordained as...

View Glossary
— Eld. A[lvah] Beman

22 May 1775–15 Nov. 1837. Farmer. Born at New Marlboro, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of Reuben Beman and Mariam. Married Sarah (Sally) Burt, 18 Aug. 1796. Moved to what became Livonia, Ontario Co., New York, 1799. Moved to Avon, Livingston Co., New York...

View Full Bio
handed in  the names of seventy of his quorem

An organized group of individuals holding the same office in the Melchizedek priesthood or the Aaronic priesthood. According to the 1835 “Instruction on Priesthood,” the presidency of the church constituted a quorum. The Twelve Apostles also formed a quorum...

View Glossary
— designed for  another seventy if God will—308

Beman was president of the elders quorum. A list of ten elders chosen by the church presidency to be in a Second Quorum of the Seventy was read in the elders quorum two days earlier. On the following day, 4 February, the names of seventy elders were presented to the presidents of the Seventy and accepted. The church presidency met for final approval of the ordinations on Sunday, 7 February. (Post, Journal, 1 and 4 Feb. 1836; JS, Journal, 7 Feb. 1836.)  


4 February 1836 • Thursday

Thursday 4.  attended school

An educational program established in Kirtland, Ohio, in 1836 for the study of the Hebrew language. On 4 January 1836, JS organized the school and served as its temporary instructor for three weeks. A committee composed of JS, Sidney Rigdon, Frederick G. ...

View Glossary
& assisted in forming a class

26 Jan. 1836

First day of formal instruction of Hebrew School, Kirtland, Ohio.

of 22  to read at 3.o clock P.M the other 23 reads at 11-o.clock  the first class recit[e]s at a quarter before 10 <Am> & the  second at a quarter before 2-p.m.309

The Hebrew School by this time consisted of about eighty students organized into four classes. (Cowdery, Diary, 1, 2, and 4 Feb. 1836; Hyrum Smith, Kirtland, OH, to Elias Smith, East Stockholm, NY, 27 Feb. 1836, CHL.)  


we have a  great want of books but are determined to do  the best we can— may the Lord help us to  obtain this language that we may read the scrip tures in the language in which they were givn

5 February 1836 • Friday

Friday 5.  Attended school

An educational program established in Kirtland, Ohio, in 1836 for the study of the Hebrew language. On 4 January 1836, JS organized the school and served as its temporary instructor for three weeks. A committee composed of JS, Sidney Rigdon, Frederick G. ...

View Glossary
& assisted the committe to make  arangements for supplying the third & Fourth classes  with books—310

Students attending the Hebrew School were now double the number Joshua Seixas had contracted to teach. Church leaders cooperated with Seixas to publish an abridged version of the already compact textbook that he had created for his unique short courses. The following day, JS and the other members of the school committee wrote to Seixas’s wife, Henrietta, asking to purchase her Hebrew lexicon. (JS, Journal, 6 Jan. 1836; H. Smith to E. Smith, 27 Feb. 1836; Supplement to J. Seixas’ Manual Hebrew Grammar, for the Kirtland, Ohio, Theological Institution [New York: West and Trow, 1836]; JS et al., Kirtland, OH, to Henrietta Seixas, 13 Feb. 1836, in Cowdery, Letterbook, 77–78; Cowdery, Diary, 6 Feb. 1836.)  


concluded to divide a bible into several  parts for the benefit of said classes
continued my studies in the hebrew— recd. several  visiters & attended various duties [p. 150]
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JS, “Sketch Book for the use of Joseph Smith, jr.,” Journal, Sept. 1835–Apr. 1836; handwriting of Warren Parrish

10 Jan. 1803–3 Jan. 1877. Clergyman, gardener. Born in New York. Son of John Parrish and Ruth Farr. Married first Elizabeth (Betsey) Patten of Westmoreland Co., New Hampshire, ca. 1822. Lived at Alexandria, Jefferson Co., New York, 1830. Purchased land at...

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, an unidentified scribe, Sylvester Smith

25 Mar. 1806–22 Feb. 1880. Farmer, carpenter, lawyer, realtor. Born at Tyringham, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of Chileab Smith and Nancy Marshall. Moved to Amherst, Lorain Co., Ohio, ca. 1815. Married Elizabeth Frank, 27 Dec. 1827, likely in Chautauque...

View Full Bio
, Frederick G. Williams

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

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, Warren Cowdery

17 Oct. 1788–23 Feb. 1851. Physician, druggist, farmer, editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Married Patience Simonds, 22 Sept. 1814, in Pawlet, Rutland Co. Moved to Freedom, Cattaraugus Co., New York, 1816...

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, JS, and Oliver Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

View Full Bio
; 195 pages; JS Collection, CHL. Includes redactions and archival marking.
The text block consists of 114 leaves—including single flyleaves and pastedowns in the front and back—measuring 12¼ x 8 inches (31 x 20 cm). The 110 interior leaves are ledger paper with thirty-four lines in faint—and now faded—black ink that has turned brown. There are nine gatherings of various sizes—each about a dozen leaves per gathering. The text block is sewn all along over cloth tapes. The front and back covers of the journal are pasteboard. The ledger has a tight-back case binding with a brown calfskin quarter-leather binding. The outside covers are adorned in shell marbled paper, with dark green body and veins of light green. The bound volume measures 12⅜ x 8¼ inches (31 x 21 cm) and is 13/16 inches (2 cm) thick. One cover of the book is labeled “Repentence.” in black ink. The first page of ledger paper under that cover contains eight lines of references to the book of Genesis under the heading “Scriptures relating to Repentince”. The spine has “No 8” inscribed upside up when the book is standing upright for this side. When the volume is turned upside down and flipped front to back, the other cover is titled “Sabbath Day” with “No 9” written beneath in black ink. The first page of ledger paper under that cover contains two lines of references to the book of Genesis under the heading “Scriptures relating to the Sabbath day”. Thus the book was used to simultaneously house two volumes of topical notes on biblical passages. This book was apparently part of a larger series that included at least two other extant volumes—one bearing “Faith” and “10” on the cover, and the other bearing “Second Comeing of Christ” and “No 3” on one cover and “Gift of the Holy Ghost” on the other cover.1

“Grammar & Aphabet of the Egyptian Language,” Kirtland Egyptian Papers, ca. 1835–1836, CHL; Kirtland Elders Quorum, “Record”.  


In late 1835, JS and scribes began using the book to record his journal for 1835–1836, which begins on the recto of the second leaf of ledger paper. Warren Parrish

10 Jan. 1803–3 Jan. 1877. Clergyman, gardener. Born in New York. Son of John Parrish and Ruth Farr. Married first Elizabeth (Betsey) Patten of Westmoreland Co., New Hampshire, ca. 1822. Lived at Alexandria, Jefferson Co., New York, 1830. Purchased land at...

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added the title “Sketch Book” to the cover, beneath “Repentence.”.
The entire journal is inscribed in black ink that later turned brown. Pages 25, 51, 77, 103, 129, and 154 bear the marks of adhesive wafers that were probably used to attach manuscripts until they were copied into the journal. The journal was used in Nauvoo

Principal gathering place for Saints following expulsion from Missouri. Beginning in 1839, LDS church purchased lands in earlier settlement of Commerce and planned settlement of Commerce City, as well as surrounding areas. Served as church headquarters, 1839...

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, Illinois, in 1843 as a major source in composing JS’s multivolume manuscript history of the church. At this time, redactions were made in ink and in graphite pencil, and use marks were made in graphite. Also, apparently in Nauvoo, the cover of the journal side of the book was marked with a “D” and then with a larger, stylized “D”. At some point a white paper spine label was added with “1835–6 <Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

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> JOURNAL” hand printed or stenciled in black ink that later turned brown. The insertion “Kirtland” is written in graphite. Also, in the “Repentence” side of the volume, the rectos of the third through eighth leaves of ledger paper are numbered on the upper right-hand corners as 195, 197, 199, 201, 203, and 205—all written in graphite and apparently redactions. Except with regard to the title “Sketch Book”, none of the authors of the inscriptions mentioned previously have been identified. This volume is listed in Nauvoo and early Utah inventories of church records, indicating continuous custody.2

Historian’s Office, “Schedule of Church Records”; “Historian’s Office Catalogue,” [1], Catalogs and Inventories, 1846–1904, CHL; Johnson, Register of the Joseph Smith Collection, 7.  


Facts