27467

Journal, 1835–1836

find it’s victims on the earth, me thinks until the earth is swept with the wrath and indignation of God, and christ’s kingdom becomes universal.353

An 1833 revelation warned against drinking wine and “strong drinks,” but the language of this entry reflects the national temperance movement, which lamented the physical, social, and spiritual suffering caused by drunkenness and alcoholism. The temperance movement derived much of its strength from evangelical Protestants who, like JS, commonly viewed the issue from a millenarian perspective. (Revelation, 27 Feb. 1833, in Doctrine and Covenants 80:1, 1835 ed. [D&C 89:5–7]; Eighth Report of the American Temperance Society, 6; Blocker, American Temperance Movements, 11–17; Abzug, Cosmos Crumbling, 81–104.)  


O come Lord Jesus and cut short thy work in rightieousness.354

See Revelation 22:20; Romans 9:28; and Revelation, 22 and 23 Sept. 1832, in Doctrine and Covenants 4:16, 1835 ed. [D&C 84:97]; see also the same plea in JS’s prayer to dedicate the House of the Lord, in JS, Journal, 27 Mar. 1836.  


Eldr Solomon Hancock

15 Aug. 1793/1794–2 Dec. 1847. Born at Springfield, Hampden Co., Massachusetts. Son of Thomas Hancock III and Amy Ward. Moved to Wolcott, Seneca Co., New York, by 1810. Joined Methodist church, 1814. Married first Alta Adams, 12 Mar. 1815. Moved to Columbia...

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received a letter to day, from Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

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bearing the painful inteligence, of the death of his wife.355

Alta Adams Hancock died in January in Clay County, Missouri. (Obituary for Alta Hancock, LDS Messenger and Advocate, Feb. 1836, 2:272.)  


May the Lord bless him and comfort him in this hour of affliction

13 March 1836 • Sunday

Sunday the 13th of March 1836 met with the presidency

An organized body of leaders over priesthood quorums and other ecclesiastical organizations. A November 1831 revelation first described the office of president over the high priesthood and the church as a whole. By 1832, JS and two counselors constituted ...

View Glossary
& some of the 12

Members of a governing body in the church, with special administrative and proselytizing responsibilities. A June 1829 revelation commanded Oliver Cowdery and David Whitmer to call twelve disciples, similar to the twelve apostles in the New Testament and ...

View Glossary
. and counseled with them upon the subject of removing to Zion

A specific location in Missouri; also a literal or figurative gathering of believers in Jesus Christ, characterized by adherence to ideals of harmony, equality, and purity. In JS’s earliest revelations “the cause of Zion” was used to broadly describe the ...

View Glossary
this spring

22 Jun. 1834

Revelation in Washington, Clay County, Missouri, effectively disbanded Camp of Israel, stating redemption of Zion must wait until elders were “endowed with power from on high” in Kirtland, Ohio, temple [D&C 105].

, we conversed freely upon the importance of her redemption, and the necessity of the presidency removing to that place, that their influence, might be more effectually, used in gathering

As directed by early revelations, church members “gathered” in communities. A revelation dated September 1830, for instance, instructed elders “to bring to pass the gathering of mine elect” who would “be gathered in unto one place, upon the face of this land...

View Glossary
the saints to that country, and we finally come to the resolution to emigrate on or before the 15th of May next, if kind providence smiles, upon us and openes the way before us356

Two days earlier, Missouri church leaders Edward Partridge, Isaac Morley, John Corrill, and William W. Phelps were appointed to purchase new land in Missouri for Latter-day Saint immigration.a They departed Kirtland shortly after the solemn assembly and purchased the land in northern Missouri where the Latter-day Saints later founded Far West.b JS did not move to Missouri until early 1838, when conditions in Kirtland deteriorated to the point that a revelation directed the presidency to move west without delay.c  


aWhitmer, History, 83; Partridge, Journal, May–July 1836.

bJohnson and Romig, Index to Early Caldwell County.

cRevelation, 12 Jan. 1838–C, in Revelations Collection, CHL; see also JS, Journal, 8 July 1838.

14 March 1836 • Monday

Monday the 14th Attended School

An educational program established in Kirtland, Ohio, in 1836 for the study of the Hebrew language. On 4 January 1836, JS organized the school and served as its temporary instructor for three weeks. A committee composed of JS, Sidney Rigdon, Frederick G. ...

View Glossary
as usual Professor Joshua Seixas

4 June 1802–1874. Hebraist, textbook writer, teacher. Probably born at New York City. Son of Gershom Mendez Seixas and Hannah Manuel. Married Henrietta Raphael of Richmond, Henrico Co., Virginia. Taught Hebrew at New York and Charlestown, Massachusetts. His...

View Full Bio
returned from Hudson

Settled ca. 1800. Organized by 1802. Population in 1830 about 780. Included Hudson village; incorporated 1837. Western Reserve College chartered in township, 1826.

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with his family

15 March 1836 • Tuesday

Tuesday the 15 At School

An educational program established in Kirtland, Ohio, in 1836 for the study of the Hebrew language. On 4 January 1836, JS organized the school and served as its temporary instructor for three weeks. A committee composed of JS, Sidney Rigdon, Frederick G. ...

View Glossary
in the forenoon in the afternoon, met in the printing office

Following destruction of church printing office in Independence, Missouri, July 1833, JS and other church leaders determined to set up new printing office in Kirtland under firm name F. G. Williams & Co. Oliver Cowdery purchased new printing press in New ...

More Info
, recd, and waited upon those who called to see me, and attended to my domestick concerns— at evening met in the printing office

Following destruction of church printing office in Independence, Missouri, July 1833, JS and other church leaders determined to set up new printing office in Kirtland under firm name F. G. Williams & Co. Oliver Cowdery purchased new printing press in New ...

More Info
& recd a lecture, on grammar [p. 169]
find it’s victims on the earth, me thinks  until the earth is swept with the wrath  of and indignation of God, and christ’s king dom becomes universal.353

An 1833 revelation warned against drinking wine and “strong drinks,” but the language of this entry reflects the national temperance movement, which lamented the physical, social, and spiritual suffering caused by drunkenness and alcoholism. The temperance movement derived much of its strength from evangelical Protestants who, like JS, commonly viewed the issue from a millenarian perspective. (Revelation, 27 Feb. 1833, in Doctrine and Covenants 80:1, 1835 ed. [D&C 89:5–7]; Eighth Report of the American Temperance Society, 6; Blocker, American Temperance Movements, 11–17; Abzug, Cosmos Crumbling, 81–104.)  


O come Lord Jesus  and cut short thy work in rightieousness.354

See Revelation 22:20; Romans 9:28; and Revelation, 22 and 23 Sept. 1832, in Doctrine and Covenants 4:16, 1835 ed. [D&C 84:97]; see also the same plea in JS’s prayer to dedicate the House of the Lord, in JS, Journal, 27 Mar. 1836.  


Eldr Solomon Hancock

15 Aug. 1793/1794–2 Dec. 1847. Born at Springfield, Hampden Co., Massachusetts. Son of Thomas Hancock III and Amy Ward. Moved to Wolcott, Seneca Co., New York, by 1810. Joined Methodist church, 1814. Married first Alta Adams, 12 Mar. 1815. Moved to Columbia...

View Full Bio
received a  letter to day, from Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

More Info
bearing  the painful inteligence, of the death of his  wife.355

Alta Adams Hancock died in January in Clay County, Missouri. (Obituary for Alta Hancock, LDS Messenger and Advocate, Feb. 1836, 2:272.)  


May the Lord bless him  and comfort him in this hour of affli ction

13 March 1836 • Sunday

Sunday the 13th of March 1836  met with the presidency

An organized body of leaders over priesthood quorums and other ecclesiastical organizations. A November 1831 revelation first described the office of president over the high priesthood and the church as a whole. By 1832, JS and two counselors constituted ...

View Glossary
& some of the 12

Members of a governing body in the church, with special administrative and proselytizing responsibilities. A June 1829 revelation commanded Oliver Cowdery and David Whitmer to call twelve disciples, similar to the twelve apostles in the New Testament and ...

View Glossary
. and  counseled with them upon the subject of removing  to Zion

A specific location in Missouri; also a literal or figurative gathering of believers in Jesus Christ, characterized by adherence to ideals of harmony, equality, and purity. In JS’s earliest revelations “the cause of Zion” was used to broadly describe the ...

View Glossary
this spring

22 Jun. 1834

Revelation in Washington, Clay County, Missouri, effectively disbanded Camp of Israel, stating redemption of Zion must wait until elders were “endowed with power from on high” in Kirtland, Ohio, temple [D&C 105].

, we conversed freely upon the  importance of her redemption, and the necessity  of the presidency removing to that place, that their  influence, might be more effectually, used in  in gathering

As directed by early revelations, church members “gathered” in communities. A revelation dated September 1830, for instance, instructed elders “to bring to pass the gathering of mine elect” who would “be gathered in unto one place, upon the face of this land...

View Glossary
the saints to that country, and we  finally come to the resolution to emigrate on  or before the 15th of May next, if kind providence  smiles, upon us and openes the way before us356

Two days earlier, Missouri church leaders Edward Partridge, Isaac Morley, John Corrill, and William W. Phelps were appointed to purchase new land in Missouri for Latter-day Saint immigration.a They departed Kirtland shortly after the solemn assembly and purchased the land in northern Missouri where the Latter-day Saints later founded Far West.b JS did not move to Missouri until early 1838, when conditions in Kirtland deteriorated to the point that a revelation directed the presidency to move west without delay.c  


aWhitmer, History, 83; Partridge, Journal, May–July 1836.

bJohnson and Romig, Index to Early Caldwell County.

cRevelation, 12 Jan. 1838–C, in Revelations Collection, CHL; see also JS, Journal, 8 July 1838.

14 March 1836 • Monday

Monday the 14th  Attended School

An educational program established in Kirtland, Ohio, in 1836 for the study of the Hebrew language. On 4 January 1836, JS organized the school and served as its temporary instructor for three weeks. A committee composed of JS, Sidney Rigdon, Frederick G. ...

View Glossary
as usual  Professor [Joshua] Seixas

4 June 1802–1874. Hebraist, textbook writer, teacher. Probably born at New York City. Son of Gershom Mendez Seixas and Hannah Manuel. Married Henrietta Raphael of Richmond, Henrico Co., Virginia. Taught Hebrew at New York and Charlestown, Massachusetts. His...

View Full Bio
returned from Hudson

Settled ca. 1800. Organized by 1802. Population in 1830 about 780. Included Hudson village; incorporated 1837. Western Reserve College chartered in township, 1826.

More Info
with his family

15 March 1836 • Tuesday

Tuesday the 15  At School

An educational program established in Kirtland, Ohio, in 1836 for the study of the Hebrew language. On 4 January 1836, JS organized the school and served as its temporary instructor for three weeks. A committee composed of JS, Sidney Rigdon, Frederick G. ...

View Glossary
in the fore noon in the afternoon, met in the  printing office

Following destruction of church printing office in Independence, Missouri, July 1833, JS and other church leaders determined to set up new printing office in Kirtland under firm name F. G. Williams & Co. Oliver Cowdery purchased new printing press in New ...

More Info
, recd, and waited upon  those who called to see me, and attended  to my domestick concerns— at evening  met in the printing office

Following destruction of church printing office in Independence, Missouri, July 1833, JS and other church leaders determined to set up new printing office in Kirtland under firm name F. G. Williams & Co. Oliver Cowdery purchased new printing press in New ...

More Info
& recd a lecture, on grammar [p. 169]
PreviousNext
JS, “Sketch Book for the use of Joseph Smith, jr.,” Journal, Sept. 1835–Apr. 1836; handwriting of Warren Parrish

10 Jan. 1803–3 Jan. 1877. Clergyman, gardener. Born in New York. Son of John Parrish and Ruth Farr. Married first Elizabeth (Betsey) Patten of Westmoreland Co., New Hampshire, ca. 1822. Lived at Alexandria, Jefferson Co., New York, 1830. Purchased land at...

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, an unidentified scribe, Sylvester Smith

25 Mar. 1806–22 Feb. 1880. Farmer, carpenter, lawyer, realtor. Born at Tyringham, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of Chileab Smith and Nancy Marshall. Moved to Amherst, Lorain Co., Ohio, ca. 1815. Married Elizabeth Frank, 27 Dec. 1827, likely in Chautauque...

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, Frederick G. Williams

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

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, Warren Cowdery

17 Oct. 1788–23 Feb. 1851. Physician, druggist, farmer, editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Married Patience Simonds, 22 Sept. 1814, in Pawlet, Rutland Co. Moved to Freedom, Cattaraugus Co., New York, 1816...

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, JS, and Oliver Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

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; 195 pages; JS Collection, CHL. Includes redactions and archival marking.
The text block consists of 114 leaves—including single flyleaves and pastedowns in the front and back—measuring 12¼ x 8 inches (31 x 20 cm). The 110 interior leaves are ledger paper with thirty-four lines in faint—and now faded—black ink that has turned brown. There are nine gatherings of various sizes—each about a dozen leaves per gathering. The text block is sewn all along over cloth tapes. The front and back covers of the journal are pasteboard. The ledger has a tight-back case binding with a brown calfskin quarter-leather binding. The outside covers are adorned in shell marbled paper, with dark green body and veins of light green. The bound volume measures 12⅜ x 8¼ inches (31 x 21 cm) and is 13/16 inches (2 cm) thick. One cover of the book is labeled “Repentence.” in black ink. The first page of ledger paper under that cover contains eight lines of references to the book of Genesis under the heading “Scriptures relating to Repentince”. The spine has “No 8” inscribed upside up when the book is standing upright for this side. When the volume is turned upside down and flipped front to back, the other cover is titled “Sabbath Day” with “No 9” written beneath in black ink. The first page of ledger paper under that cover contains two lines of references to the book of Genesis under the heading “Scriptures relating to the Sabbath day”. Thus the book was used to simultaneously house two volumes of topical notes on biblical passages. This book was apparently part of a larger series that included at least two other extant volumes—one bearing “Faith” and “10” on the cover, and the other bearing “Second Comeing of Christ” and “No 3” on one cover and “Gift of the Holy Ghost” on the other cover.1

“Grammar & Aphabet of the Egyptian Language,” Kirtland Egyptian Papers, ca. 1835–1836, CHL; Kirtland Elders Quorum, “Record”.  


In late 1835, JS and scribes began using the book to record his journal for 1835–1836, which begins on the recto of the second leaf of ledger paper. Warren Parrish

10 Jan. 1803–3 Jan. 1877. Clergyman, gardener. Born in New York. Son of John Parrish and Ruth Farr. Married first Elizabeth (Betsey) Patten of Westmoreland Co., New Hampshire, ca. 1822. Lived at Alexandria, Jefferson Co., New York, 1830. Purchased land at...

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added the title “Sketch Book” to the cover, beneath “Repentence.”.
The entire journal is inscribed in black ink that later turned brown. Pages 25, 51, 77, 103, 129, and 154 bear the marks of adhesive wafers that were probably used to attach manuscripts until they were copied into the journal. The journal was used in Nauvoo

Principal gathering place for Saints following expulsion from Missouri. Beginning in 1839, LDS church purchased lands in earlier settlement of Commerce and planned settlement of Commerce City, as well as surrounding areas. Served as church headquarters, 1839...

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, Illinois, in 1843 as a major source in composing JS’s multivolume manuscript history of the church. At this time, redactions were made in ink and in graphite pencil, and use marks were made in graphite. Also, apparently in Nauvoo, the cover of the journal side of the book was marked with a “D” and then with a larger, stylized “D”. At some point a white paper spine label was added with “1835–6 <Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

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> JOURNAL” hand printed or stenciled in black ink that later turned brown. The insertion “Kirtland” is written in graphite. Also, in the “Repentence” side of the volume, the rectos of the third through eighth leaves of ledger paper are numbered on the upper right-hand corners as 195, 197, 199, 201, 203, and 205—all written in graphite and apparently redactions. Except with regard to the title “Sketch Book”, none of the authors of the inscriptions mentioned previously have been identified. This volume is listed in Nauvoo and early Utah inventories of church records, indicating continuous custody.2

Historian’s Office, “Schedule of Church Records”; “Historian’s Office Catalogue,” [1], Catalogs and Inventories, 1846–1904, CHL; Johnson, Register of the Joseph Smith Collection, 7.  


Facts