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Journal, 1835–1836

be poured out upon the heads of my people. even so amen. After this vision closed, the Heavens were again opened unto them and Moses appeared

3 Apr. 1836

JS and Oliver Cowdery’s vision of Jesus Christ, Moses, Elias, and Elijah in temple, Kirtland, Ohio [D&C 110].

before them and committed unto them the Keys

Authority or knowledge of God given to humankind. In the earliest records, the term keys primarily referred to JS’s authority to unlock the “mysteries of the kingdom.” Early revelations declared that both JS and Oliver Cowdery held the keys to bring forth...

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of the gathering

As directed by early revelations, church members “gathered” in communities. A revelation dated September 1830, for instance, instructed elders “to bring to pass the gathering of mine elect” who would “be gathered in unto one place, upon the face of this land...

View Glossary
of Israel from the four parts of the Eearth and the leading of the ten tribes from the Land of the North.415

JS’s translation of the Book of Mormon, as well as subsequent prophecies, stated that in the last days the lost ten tribes would return from the “north countries.” (Book of Mormon, 1830 ed., 488, 567 [3 Nephi 17:4; Ether 13:11]; Revelation, 3 Nov. 1831, in Doctrine and Covenants 100:3, 1835 ed. [D&C 133:26]; JS, Kirtland, OH, to N. C. Saxton, Rochester, NY, 4 Jan. 1833, in JS Letterbook 1, pp. 14–18.)  


After this Elias appeared and committed the dispensation

A period of God’s work on earth, such as the “dispensation of the gospel of Abraham.” The biblical phrase “dispensation of the fulness of times” appears often in the writing of early Latter-day Saints; they typically used it to describe the final dispensation...

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of the gospel of Abraham, saying, that in them and their seed all generations after them should be blessed.416

JS used the generic name “Elias” to refer to various messengers who appeared as “forerunners” to the first or second comings of Jesus Christ. (See, for example, New Testament Revision 2, part 2, p. 106 [Joseph Smith Translation, John 1:26]; New Testament Revision 1, p. 42 [Joseph Smith Translation, Matthew 17:14]; Revelation, ca. Aug. 1830, in Doctrine and Covenants 50:2, 1835 ed. [D&C 27:6–7]; and Woodruff, Journal, 10 Mar. 1844.)  


After this vision had closed, another great and glorious vision burts burst upon them, for Elijah, the Prophet, who was taken to Heaven without tasting death,417

See 2 Kings 2:11.  


also stood before them, and said, behold the time has fully come which was spoken of by the mouth of Malachi, testifying, that he should be sent before the great and dreadful day of the Lord come, to turn the hearts of the Fathers to the children, and the children to the fathers, lest the whole earth be smitten with a curse.418

See Malachi 4:5–6; and Revelation, ca. Aug. 1830, in Doctrine and Covenants 50:2, 1835 ed. [D&C 27:9]. JS later recounted that the visit of Elijah was foretold by the angel Moroni in 1823. He also taught that Elijah restored the keys “of the fulness of the Melchezedek Priesthood,” including the authority to perform ceremonies that would “seal” for eternal duration marriages and parent-child relationships for both the living and the dead. (JS History, vol. A-1, 5–6; Robert B. Thompson, Sermon notes, 5 Oct. 1840, JS Collection, CHL; Coray, Notebook, 13 Aug. 1843; JS, Journal, 27 Aug. 1843, JS Collection, CHL; Woodruff, Journal, 10 Mar. 1844.)  


Therefore, the Keys of this dispensation are committed into your hands, and by this ye may know that the great and the dreadful day of the Lord is near, even at the doors419

See Malachi 4:5; Matthew 24:33; and Mark 13:29.  


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be poured out upon the heads of my people. even so  amen. After this vision closed, the Heavens were  again opened unto them and Moses appeared

3 Apr. 1836

JS and Oliver Cowdery’s vision of Jesus Christ, Moses, Elias, and Elijah in temple, Kirtland, Ohio [D&C 110].

before them  and committed unto them the Keys

Authority or knowledge of God given to humankind. In the earliest records, the term keys primarily referred to JS’s authority to unlock the “mysteries of the kingdom.” Early revelations declared that both JS and Oliver Cowdery held the keys to bring forth...

View Glossary
of the gathering

As directed by early revelations, church members “gathered” in communities. A revelation dated September 1830, for instance, instructed elders “to bring to pass the gathering of mine elect” who would “be gathered in unto one place, upon the face of this land...

View Glossary
of  Israel from the four parts of the Eearth and the lead ing of the ten tribes from the Land of the North.415

JS’s translation of the Book of Mormon, as well as subsequent prophecies, stated that in the last days the lost ten tribes would return from the “north countries.” (Book of Mormon, 1830 ed., 488, 567 [3 Nephi 17:4; Ether 13:11]; Revelation, 3 Nov. 1831, in Doctrine and Covenants 100:3, 1835 ed. [D&C 133:26]; JS, Kirtland, OH, to N. C. Saxton, Rochester, NY, 4 Jan. 1833, in JS Letterbook 1, pp. 14–18.)  


 After this Elias appeared and committed the dispens ation

A period of God’s work on earth, such as the “dispensation of the gospel of Abraham.” The biblical phrase “dispensation of the fulness of times” appears often in the writing of early Latter-day Saints; they typically used it to describe the final dispensation...

View Glossary
of the gospel of Abraham, saying, that in them  and their seed all generations after them should be  blessed.416

JS used the generic name “Elias” to refer to various messengers who appeared as “forerunners” to the first or second comings of Jesus Christ. (See, for example, New Testament Revision 2, part 2, p. 106 [Joseph Smith Translation, John 1:26]; New Testament Revision 1, p. 42 [Joseph Smith Translation, Matthew 17:14]; Revelation, ca. Aug. 1830, in Doctrine and Covenants 50:2, 1835 ed. [D&C 27:6–7]; and Woodruff, Journal, 10 Mar. 1844.)  


After this vision had closed, another great and  glorious vision burts [burst] upon them, for Elijah, the Prophet,  who was taken to Heaven without tasting death,417

See 2 Kings 2:11.  


also  stood before them, and said, behold the time has  fully come which was spoken of by the mouth of  Malachi, testifying, that he should be sent before  the great and dreadful day of the Lord come, to turn  the hearts of the Fathers to the children, and the chil dren to the fathers, lest the whole earth be smitten  with a curse.418

See Malachi 4:5–6; and Revelation, ca. Aug. 1830, in Doctrine and Covenants 50:2, 1835 ed. [D&C 27:9]. JS later recounted that the visit of Elijah was foretold by the angel Moroni in 1823. He also taught that Elijah restored the keys “of the fulness of the Melchezedek Priesthood,” including the authority to perform ceremonies that would “seal” for eternal duration marriages and parent-child relationships for both the living and the dead. (JS History, vol. A-1, 5–6; Robert B. Thompson, Sermon notes, 5 Oct. 1840, JS Collection, CHL; Coray, Notebook, 13 Aug. 1843; JS, Journal, 27 Aug. 1843, JS Collection, CHL; Woodruff, Journal, 10 Mar. 1844.)  


Therefore, the Keys of this dispensation are  committed into your hands, and by this ye may know  that the great and the dreadful day of the Lord is  near, even at the doors419

See Malachi 4:5; Matthew 24:33; and Mark 13:29.  


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JS, “Sketch Book for the use of Joseph Smith, jr.,” Journal, Sept. 1835–Apr. 1836; handwriting of Warren Parrish

10 Jan. 1803–3 Jan. 1877. Clergyman, gardener. Born in New York. Son of John Parrish and Ruth Farr. Married first Elizabeth (Betsey) Patten of Westmoreland Co., New Hampshire, ca. 1822. Lived at Alexandria, Jefferson Co., New York, 1830. Purchased land at...

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, an unidentified scribe, Sylvester Smith

25 Mar. 1806–22 Feb. 1880. Farmer, carpenter, lawyer, realtor. Born at Tyringham, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of Chileab Smith and Nancy Marshall. Moved to Amherst, Lorain Co., Ohio, ca. 1815. Married Elizabeth Frank, 27 Dec. 1827, likely in Chautauque...

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, Frederick G. Williams

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

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, Warren Cowdery

17 Oct. 1788–23 Feb. 1851. Physician, druggist, farmer, editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Married Patience Simonds, 22 Sept. 1814, in Pawlet, Rutland Co. Moved to Freedom, Cattaraugus Co., New York, 1816...

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, JS, and Oliver Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

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; 195 pages; JS Collection, CHL. Includes redactions and archival marking.
The text block consists of 114 leaves—including single flyleaves and pastedowns in the front and back—measuring 12¼ x 8 inches (31 x 20 cm). The 110 interior leaves are ledger paper with thirty-four lines in faint—and now faded—black ink that has turned brown. There are nine gatherings of various sizes—each about a dozen leaves per gathering. The text block is sewn all along over cloth tapes. The front and back covers of the journal are pasteboard. The ledger has a tight-back case binding with a brown calfskin quarter-leather binding. The outside covers are adorned in shell marbled paper, with dark green body and veins of light green. The bound volume measures 12⅜ x 8¼ inches (31 x 21 cm) and is 13/16 inches (2 cm) thick. One cover of the book is labeled “Repentence.” in black ink. The first page of ledger paper under that cover contains eight lines of references to the book of Genesis under the heading “Scriptures relating to Repentince”. The spine has “No 8” inscribed upside up when the book is standing upright for this side. When the volume is turned upside down and flipped front to back, the other cover is titled “Sabbath Day” with “No 9” written beneath in black ink. The first page of ledger paper under that cover contains two lines of references to the book of Genesis under the heading “Scriptures relating to the Sabbath day”. Thus the book was used to simultaneously house two volumes of topical notes on biblical passages. This book was apparently part of a larger series that included at least two other extant volumes—one bearing “Faith” and “10” on the cover, and the other bearing “Second Comeing of Christ” and “No 3” on one cover and “Gift of the Holy Ghost” on the other cover.1

“Grammar & Aphabet of the Egyptian Language,” Kirtland Egyptian Papers, ca. 1835–1836, CHL; Kirtland Elders Quorum, “Record”.  


In late 1835, JS and scribes began using the book to record his journal for 1835–1836, which begins on the recto of the second leaf of ledger paper. Warren Parrish

10 Jan. 1803–3 Jan. 1877. Clergyman, gardener. Born in New York. Son of John Parrish and Ruth Farr. Married first Elizabeth (Betsey) Patten of Westmoreland Co., New Hampshire, ca. 1822. Lived at Alexandria, Jefferson Co., New York, 1830. Purchased land at...

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added the title “Sketch Book” to the cover, beneath “Repentence.”.
The entire journal is inscribed in black ink that later turned brown. Pages 25, 51, 77, 103, 129, and 154 bear the marks of adhesive wafers that were probably used to attach manuscripts until they were copied into the journal. The journal was used in Nauvoo

Principal gathering place for Saints following expulsion from Missouri. Beginning in 1839, LDS church purchased lands in earlier settlement of Commerce and planned settlement of Commerce City, as well as surrounding areas. Served as church headquarters, 1839...

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, Illinois, in 1843 as a major source in composing JS’s multivolume manuscript history of the church. At this time, redactions were made in ink and in graphite pencil, and use marks were made in graphite. Also, apparently in Nauvoo, the cover of the journal side of the book was marked with a “D” and then with a larger, stylized “D”. At some point a white paper spine label was added with “1835–6 <Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

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> JOURNAL” hand printed or stenciled in black ink that later turned brown. The insertion “Kirtland” is written in graphite. Also, in the “Repentence” side of the volume, the rectos of the third through eighth leaves of ledger paper are numbered on the upper right-hand corners as 195, 197, 199, 201, 203, and 205—all written in graphite and apparently redactions. Except with regard to the title “Sketch Book”, none of the authors of the inscriptions mentioned previously have been identified. This volume is listed in Nauvoo and early Utah inventories of church records, indicating continuous custody.2

Historian’s Office, “Schedule of Church Records”; “Historian’s Office Catalogue,” [1], Catalogs and Inventories, 1846–1904, CHL; Johnson, Register of the Joseph Smith Collection, 7.  


Facts