27467

Journal, 1835–1836

blessed them and bid them God speed and promiced them a safe Journy and took them by the hand and bid them farewell for a season Oh! may God grant them long life and good days these blessings I ask upon them for Christ sake Amen

24 September 1835 • Thursday

September 24th 1835 This day the high council

A governing body of twelve high priests. The first high council was organized in Kirtland, Ohio, on 17 February 1834 “for the purpose of settling important difficulties which might arise in the church, which could not be settled by the church, or the bishop...

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met at my house to take into consideration the redeemtion of Zion

A specific location in Missouri; also a literal or figurative gathering of believers in Jesus Christ, characterized by adherence to ideals of harmony, equality, and purity. In JS’s earliest revelations “the cause of Zion” was used to broadly describe the ...

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and it was the voice of the spirit of the Lord that we petition to the Governer

14 Jan. 1790–25 July 1844. Farmer, tavern owner, businessman, investor, lawyer, politician. Born near Greenville, Greenville District, South Carolina. Son of Joseph Dunklin Jr. and Sarah Margaret Sullivan. Moved to what became Caldwell Co., Kentucky, 1806...

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5

Daniel Dunklin, governor of Missouri 1832–1836.  


that is those who have been driven out should do so to be set back on their Lands next spring6

JS’s 1834–1836 history adds: “praying for his [Dunklin’s] assistance in his official capacity, in restoring those to their possessions in Jackson County.”a In a November 1834 message to the Missouri legislature, Dunklin made reference to the “outrages” committed against the Mormons and noted that “these unfortunate people are now forbidden to take possession of their homes.” A copy of Dunklin’s speech arrived in Kirtland in mid-December 1834, reviving hopes that Latter-day Saint losses might be redressed. Following this news, JS counseled the church members in Missouri to “make but little or no stir in that region, and cause as little excitement as possible and endure their afflictions patiently until the time appointed—and the Governor of Mo. fulfils his promise in setting the church over upon their own lands.”b  


aJS History, 1834–1836, 106.

bJS History, vol. B-1, 559, 563; Whitmer, History, 79.

and we go next season to live or dy in Jackson County

Settled at Fort Osage, 1808. County created, 16 Feb. 1825; organized 1826. Named after U.S. president Andrew Jackson. Featured fertile lands along Missouri River and was Santa Fe Trail departure point, which attracted immigrants to area. Area of county reduced...

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we truly had a good time and Covenanted to strugle for this thing utill until death shall desolve this union and if one falls that the rest be not discouraged but pesue pursue this object untill it is acomplished which may God grant unto us in the name of Christ our Lord
September 24th 1835 This day drew up an Article of inrollment for the redemtion of Zion that we may obtain volenteers to go next Spring to Mo Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

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8

This action reflects JS’s firm intention to return to Missouri in spring 1836 with an armed expedition to repossess Mormon property. John Whitmer recorded that at this meeting, a leadership organization for the expedition was established “for the war department, by revelation.” (Whitmer, History, 81.)  


I ask God in the name of Jesus that we may obtain Eight hundred men or one thousand well armed and that they may acomplish this great work even so Amen—— [p. 2]
blessed them and bid them God speed and  and promiced them a safe Journy and took  them <by the hand> and bid them farewell for <a> season Oh!  may God grant them long life and good  days these blessings I ask <upon them> for Christ sake Amen

24 September 1835 • Thursday

September 24th 1835  This day the high cou ncil

A governing body of twelve high priests. The first high council was organized in Kirtland, Ohio, on 17 February 1834 “for the purpose of settling important difficulties which might arise in the church, which could not be settled by the church, or the bishop...

View Glossary
met at my house to take into consid e[r]ation the redeemtion of Zion

A specific location in Missouri; also a literal or figurative gathering of believers in Jesus Christ, characterized by adherence to ideals of harmony, equality, and purity. In JS’s earliest revelations “the cause of Zion” was used to broadly describe the ...

View Glossary
and it was  the voice of the spirit of the Lord that we  petition to the Governer

14 Jan. 1790–25 July 1844. Farmer, tavern owner, businessman, investor, lawyer, politician. Born near Greenville, Greenville District, South Carolina. Son of Joseph Dunklin Jr. and Sarah Margaret Sullivan. Moved to what became Caldwell Co., Kentucky, 1806...

View Full Bio
5

Daniel Dunklin, governor of Missouri 1832–1836.  


that is those who  have been driven out <should> to do so to be set  back on their Lands next spring6

JS’s 1834–1836 history adds: “praying for his [Dunklin’s] assistance in his official capacity, in restoring those to their possessions in Jackson County.”a In a November 1834 message to the Missouri legislature, Dunklin made reference to the “outrages” committed against the Mormons and noted that “these unfortunate people are now forbidden to take possession of their homes.” A copy of Dunklin’s speech arrived in Kirtland in mid-December 1834, reviving hopes that Latter-day Saint losses might be redressed. Following this news, JS counseled the church members in Missouri to “make but little or no stir in that region, and cause as little excitement as possible and endure their afflictions patiently until the time appointed—and the Governor of Mo. fulfils his promise in setting the church over upon their own lands.”b  


aJS History, 1834–1836, 106.

bJS History, vol. B-1, 559, 563; Whitmer, History, 79.

and we  go next season to live or dy to this end so  the dy is cast in Jackson County

Settled at Fort Osage, 1808. County created, 16 Feb. 1825; organized 1826. Named after U.S. president Andrew Jackson. Featured fertile lands along Missouri River and was Santa Fe Trail departure point, which attracted immigrants to area. Area of county reduced...

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we  truly had a good time and Covena[n]ted  to strugle for this thing utill [until] death  shall desolve this union and if one falls  that the rest be not discouraged  but pesue [pursue] this object untill it is acom plished which may God grant u[n]to us  in the name of Christ our Lord
September 24th 1835  This day drew up an  Article of inrollment for the redemtion of  Zion that we may obtain volenteers to go we7

TEXT: Possibly “me”.  


 next Spring <to Mo [Missouri]

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

More Info
>8

This action reflects JS’s firm intention to return to Missouri in spring 1836 with an armed expedition to repossess Mormon property. John Whitmer recorded that at this meeting, a leadership organization for the expedition was established “for the war department, by revelation.” (Whitmer, History, 81.)  


I ask God in the name of Jesus  that we may obtain Eight hundred men  <or one thousand> well armed and that they may acomplish  this great work even so Amen—— [p. 2]
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JS, “Sketch Book for the use of Joseph Smith, jr.,” Journal, Sept. 1835–Apr. 1836; handwriting of Warren Parrish

10 Jan. 1803–3 Jan. 1877. Clergyman, gardener. Born in New York. Son of John Parrish and Ruth Farr. Married first Elizabeth (Betsey) Patten of Westmoreland Co., New Hampshire, ca. 1822. Lived at Alexandria, Jefferson Co., New York, 1830. Purchased land at...

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, an unidentified scribe, Sylvester Smith

25 Mar. 1806–22 Feb. 1880. Farmer, carpenter, lawyer, realtor. Born at Tyringham, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of Chileab Smith and Nancy Marshall. Moved to Amherst, Lorain Co., Ohio, ca. 1815. Married Elizabeth Frank, 27 Dec. 1827, likely in Chautauque...

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, Frederick G. Williams

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

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, Warren Cowdery

17 Oct. 1788–23 Feb. 1851. Physician, druggist, farmer, editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Married Patience Simonds, 22 Sept. 1814, in Pawlet, Rutland Co. Moved to Freedom, Cattaraugus Co., New York, 1816...

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, JS, and Oliver Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

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; 195 pages; JS Collection, CHL. Includes redactions and archival marking.
The text block consists of 114 leaves—including single flyleaves and pastedowns in the front and back—measuring 12¼ x 8 inches (31 x 20 cm). The 110 interior leaves are ledger paper with thirty-four lines in faint—and now faded—black ink that has turned brown. There are nine gatherings of various sizes—each about a dozen leaves per gathering. The text block is sewn all along over cloth tapes. The front and back covers of the journal are pasteboard. The ledger has a tight-back case binding with a brown calfskin quarter-leather binding. The outside covers are adorned in shell marbled paper, with dark green body and veins of light green. The bound volume measures 12⅜ x 8¼ inches (31 x 21 cm) and is 13/16 inches (2 cm) thick. One cover of the book is labeled “Repentence.” in black ink. The first page of ledger paper under that cover contains eight lines of references to the book of Genesis under the heading “Scriptures relating to Repentince”. The spine has “No 8” inscribed upside up when the book is standing upright for this side. When the volume is turned upside down and flipped front to back, the other cover is titled “Sabbath Day” with “No 9” written beneath in black ink. The first page of ledger paper under that cover contains two lines of references to the book of Genesis under the heading “Scriptures relating to the Sabbath day”. Thus the book was used to simultaneously house two volumes of topical notes on biblical passages. This book was apparently part of a larger series that included at least two other extant volumes—one bearing “Faith” and “10” on the cover, and the other bearing “Second Comeing of Christ” and “No 3” on one cover and “Gift of the Holy Ghost” on the other cover.1

“Grammar & Aphabet of the Egyptian Language,” Kirtland Egyptian Papers, ca. 1835–1836, CHL; Kirtland Elders Quorum, “Record”.  


In late 1835, JS and scribes began using the book to record his journal for 1835–1836, which begins on the recto of the second leaf of ledger paper. Warren Parrish

10 Jan. 1803–3 Jan. 1877. Clergyman, gardener. Born in New York. Son of John Parrish and Ruth Farr. Married first Elizabeth (Betsey) Patten of Westmoreland Co., New Hampshire, ca. 1822. Lived at Alexandria, Jefferson Co., New York, 1830. Purchased land at...

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added the title “Sketch Book” to the cover, beneath “Repentence.”.
The entire journal is inscribed in black ink that later turned brown. Pages 25, 51, 77, 103, 129, and 154 bear the marks of adhesive wafers that were probably used to attach manuscripts until they were copied into the journal. The journal was used in Nauvoo

Principal gathering place for Saints following expulsion from Missouri. Beginning in 1839, LDS church purchased lands in earlier settlement of Commerce and planned settlement of Commerce City, as well as surrounding areas. Served as church headquarters, 1839...

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, Illinois, in 1843 as a major source in composing JS’s multivolume manuscript history of the church. At this time, redactions were made in ink and in graphite pencil, and use marks were made in graphite. Also, apparently in Nauvoo, the cover of the journal side of the book was marked with a “D” and then with a larger, stylized “D”. At some point a white paper spine label was added with “1835–6 <Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

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> JOURNAL” hand printed or stenciled in black ink that later turned brown. The insertion “Kirtland” is written in graphite. Also, in the “Repentence” side of the volume, the rectos of the third through eighth leaves of ledger paper are numbered on the upper right-hand corners as 195, 197, 199, 201, 203, and 205—all written in graphite and apparently redactions. Except with regard to the title “Sketch Book”, none of the authors of the inscriptions mentioned previously have been identified. This volume is listed in Nauvoo and early Utah inventories of church records, indicating continuous custody.2

Historian’s Office, “Schedule of Church Records”; “Historian’s Office Catalogue,” [1], Catalogs and Inventories, 1846–1904, CHL; Johnson, Register of the Joseph Smith Collection, 7.  


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