26013

Journal, December 1841–December 1842

26 May 1842 • Thursday

Thursday 26 Masonic Lodge

Illinois lodge Grand Master Abraham Jonas granted dispensation to establish Nauvoo lodge, 15 Oct. 1841. First lodge meeting held, 29–30 Dec. 1841, in Hyrum Smith’s office. Installation ceremonies held, 15–16 Mar. 1842. Prior to eventual dedication of Masonic...

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in the A.M. Dr John C. Bennett

3 Aug. 1804–5 Aug. 1867. Physician, minister, poultry breeder. Born at Fairhaven, Bristol Co., Massachusetts. Son of John Bennett and Abigail Cook. Moved to Marietta, Washington Co., Ohio, 1808; to Massachusetts, 1812; and back to Marietta, 1822. Married ...

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confessed the charges preferred against him concerning. females in Nauvoo

Principal gathering place for Saints following expulsion from Missouri. Beginning in 1839, LDS church purchased lands in earlier settlement of Commerce and planned settlement of Commerce City, as well as surrounding areas. Served as church headquarters, 1839...

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. & was forgiven Joseph plead in his behalf.— Dr Bennet

3 Aug. 1804–5 Aug. 1867. Physician, minister, poultry breeder. Born at Fairhaven, Bristol Co., Massachusetts. Son of John Bennett and Abigail Cook. Moved to Marietta, Washington Co., Ohio, 1808; to Massachusetts, 1812; and back to Marietta, 1822. Married ...

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was notified the day previous that the first Presidency. Twelve & Bishops had withdrawn fellowship from him & were about to publish him. but on his humbling himself & requesting it the withdrawal was withheld from the paper. P.M. Female Releif Soceity.— so full that many could get no admittance.

27 May 1842 • Friday

Friday 27 A billious attack. at home taking medicine

28 May 1842 • Saturday

& Saturday 28 rather better. walked to the store

Completed 1841. Opened for business, 5 Jan. 1842. Owned by JS, but managed mostly by others, after 1842. First floor housed JS’s general store and counting room, where tithing was received and recorded. On second floor, one of two small rooms served as JS...

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with Emma

10 July 1804–30 Apr. 1879. Scribe, editor, boardinghouse operator, clothier. Born at Willingborough Township (later in Harmony), Susquehanna Co., Pennsylvania. Daughter of Isaac Hale and Elizabeth Lewis. Member of Methodist church at Harmony (later in Oakland...

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, and did some business in the city

Principal gathering place for Saints following expulsion from Missouri. Beginning in 1839, LDS church purchased lands in earlier settlement of Commerce and planned settlement of Commerce City, as well as surrounding areas. Served as church headquarters, 1839...

More Info
. called at 8 in the eve at the printing office

Located at four different sites from 1839–1846: cellar of warehouse on bank of Mississippi River, June–Aug. 1839; frame building on northeast corner of Water and Bain streets, Nov. 1839–Nov. 1841; newly built printing establishment on northwest corner of ...

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with the night watch. To see the Wasp.—

29 May 1842 • Sunday

Sunday 29 At home

30 May 1842 • Monday

Monday 30

31 May 1842 • Tuesday

Tuesday 31

1 June 1842 • Wednesday

Wednesday June 1 Political Meeting in the Grove

Before partial completion of Nauvoo temple, all large meetings were held outdoors in groves located near east and west sides of temple site. Had portable stands for speakers. JS referred to area as “temple stand” due to its location on brow of hill.

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for nomination of County officers Sidney Rigdon

19 Feb. 1793–14 July 1876. Tanner, farmer, minister. Born at St. Clair, Allegheny Co., Pennsylvania. Son of William Rigdon and Nancy Gallaher. Joined United Baptists, ca. 1818. Preached at Warren, Trumbull Co., Ohio, and vicinity, 1819–1821. Married Phebe...

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. spoke at length. and nominated a Goneral [General] ticket from the county at large. Joseph spoke at length in confirmation of the nomination excepting for Sheriff,

2 June 1842 • Thursday

Thursday June 2 Rode out with Bro Bowen & Recorder & Sold Lot. 1. Block 143.—

3 June 1842 • Friday

Friday 3 Rode out in city & Sold to Bro [Elias] Harmer Lot 1 Block 123— & in the P.M. Rode to Bro Benbows [John Benbow’s]

1 Apr. 1800–12 May 1874. Farmer. Born in Grendon Warren, Herefordshire, England. Son of Thomas Benbow and Anne Jones. Married Jane Holmes, 16 Oct. 1826, in Worcester, Worcestershire, England. Christened Anglican. Later joined United Brethren. Baptized into...

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on the Prairie with Sister Emma

10 July 1804–30 Apr. 1879. Scribe, editor, boardinghouse operator, clothier. Born at Willingborough Township (later in Harmony), Susquehanna Co., Pennsylvania. Daughter of Isaac Hale and Elizabeth Lewis. Member of Methodist church at Harmony (later in Oakland...

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& others on horse back

4 June 1842 • Saturday

Saturday 4 At the printing office

Located at four different sites from 1839–1846: cellar of warehouse on bank of Mississippi River, June–Aug. 1839; frame building on northeast corner of Water and Bain streets, Nov. 1839–Nov. 1841; newly built printing establishment on northwest corner of ...

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in the morning. heard the Letters from the Grand master [Abraham] Jonas

12 Sept. 1801–8 June 1864. Auctioneer, merchant, newspaper publisher, lawyer. Born in Exeter, Devonshire, England. Son of Benjamin Jonas and Annie Ezekial. Jewish. Immigrated to U.S.; settled in Cincinnati, ca. 1819. Married first Lucy Orah Seixas, before...

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Dr [Joseph] King & Mr Helme [Meredith Helm]

2 Mar. 1802–9 Mar. 1866. Farmer, physician. Born in Williamsport, Washington Co., Maryland. Married Elizabeth Orondorff, 17 Oct. 1825, at Washington Co. Graduated from Baltimore Medical College. Worshipful Master of Friendship Masonic Lodge, 1827, at Williamsport...

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about Bennets [John C. Bennett’s]

3 Aug. 1804–5 Aug. 1867. Physician, minister, poultry breeder. Born at Fairhaven, Bristol Co., Massachusetts. Son of John Bennett and Abigail Cook. Moved to Marietta, Washington Co., Ohio, 1808; to Massachusetts, 1812; and back to Marietta, 1822. Married ...

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expulsion from the Lodge in Ohio

French explored area, 1669. British took possession following French and Indian War, 1763. Ceded to U.S., 1783. First permanent white settlement established, 1788. Northeastern portion maintained as part of Connecticut, 1786, and called Connecticut Western...

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. P.M. Paid E. B. Nourse $5.05. for land bought of [Hugh] Mc Fall

Ca. 1798–after 1860. Carpenter. Born in Pennsylvania. Married Elizabeth. Moved to Ohio, by 1834. Moved to Illinois, by 1839. Lived at Hancock Co., Illinois, 1840. Appointed adjutant general in Nauvoo Legion, 9 Mar. 1841. Member of Nauvoo City Council, 1841...

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. & settled with the heirs of Edward Lawrence at his house Newel K. Whitney

3/5 Feb. 1795–23 Sept. 1850. Trader, merchant. Born at Marlborough, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of Samuel Whitney and Susanna Kimball. Moved to Fairfield, Herkimer Co., New York, 1803. Merchant at Plattsburg, Clinton Co., New York, 1814. Mercantile clerk for...

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& Recorder

24 June 1804–11 Mar. 1854. Teacher, lecturer, doctor, clerk, printer, editor, postmaster. Born at Hopkinton, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Joseph Richards and Rhoda Howe. Moved to Richmond, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts, 1813. Moved to Chatham, Columbia...

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Present.

5 June 1842 • Sunday

Sunday 5 Preached in the morning.

6 June 1842 • Monday

monday 6 To the Prairie with Bro. Yearsly. [David D. Yearsley] & Recorder dined at Bro Lots [Cornelius Lott’s]

27 Sept. 1798–6 July 1850. Farmer. Born in New York City. Son of Peter Lott and Mary Jane Smiley. Married Permelia Darrow, 27 Apr. 1823, in Bridgewater Township, Susquehanna Co., Pennsylvania. Lived in Bridgewater Township, 1830. Baptized into LDS church,...

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.

7 June 1842 • Tuesday

Tuesday 7 Sold Bro Yeasley [David D. Yearsley] N.E. 1/4 of Section 15.

8 June 1842 • Wednesday

Wednesday 8 Recorder went to carthage

Located eighteen miles southeast of Nauvoo. Settled 1831. Designated Hancock Co. seat, Mar. 1833. Incorporated as town, 27 Feb. 1837. Population in 1839 about 300. Population in 1844 about 400. Site of anti-Mormon meetings and resolutions, early 1840s. Site...

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. & narrowly escaped with his life. from a fall from or on old charley.

9 June 1842 • Thursday

Thursday 9

10 June 1842 • Friday

Friday 10 Went to Bro Hibbards [Davidson Hibbard’s]

20 Aug. 1788–11 Sept. 1854. Farmer. Born in Brookfield, Orange Co., Vermont. Son of Roger Hibbard and Sarah Davidson. Married Sarah Tilton, 1816, in Maine. Lived at Morgan Co., Illinois, by 2 Aug. 1824. Commissioned captain in Twenty-First Regiment of Illinois...

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to purchase some land [p. [124]]

26 May 1842 • Thursday

Thursday 26 Masonic Lodge

Illinois lodge Grand Master Abraham Jonas granted dispensation to establish Nauvoo lodge, 15 Oct. 1841. First lodge meeting held, 29–30 Dec. 1841, in Hyrum Smith’s office. Installation ceremonies held, 15–16 Mar. 1842. Prior to eventual dedication of Masonic...

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in the A.M. Dr John C. Bennet[t]

3 Aug. 1804–5 Aug. 1867. Physician, minister, poultry breeder. Born at Fairhaven, Bristol Co., Massachusetts. Son of John Bennett and Abigail Cook. Moved to Marietta, Washington Co., Ohio, 1808; to Massachusetts, 1812; and back to Marietta, 1822. Married ...

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confessed the  charges preferred again[s]t him concerning. females in Nauvoo

Principal gathering place for Saints following expulsion from Missouri. Beginning in 1839, LDS church purchased lands in earlier settlement of Commerce and planned settlement of Commerce City, as well as surrounding areas. Served as church headquarters, 1839...

More Info
. & was  forgiven Joseph plead in his behalf.— Dr Bennet

3 Aug. 1804–5 Aug. 1867. Physician, minister, poultry breeder. Born at Fairhaven, Bristol Co., Massachusetts. Son of John Bennett and Abigail Cook. Moved to Marietta, Washington Co., Ohio, 1808; to Massachusetts, 1812; and back to Marietta, 1822. Married ...

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was notified the  day previous that the first Presidency. Twelve & Bishops had withdrawn  fellowship from him & were about to publish him. but on his  humbling himself & requesting it the withdrawal was withheld  from the paper.228

JS and other church leaders withdrew fellowship from Bennett on 11 May 1842. Bennett’s remarks on 19 May indicate he knew he was not in full fellowship at that time, although he may not have been aware of the precise action taken against him. Church leaders, having “labored with [Bennett] from time to time, to persuade him to amend his conduct, apparently to no good effect,” published a notice of the action in the 15 June issue of the Times and Seasons. (JS et al., “Notice,” Times and Seasons, 15 June 1842, 3:830; JS, Journal, 19 May 1842.)  


P.M. Female Releif Soceity.— so full  that many could get no admittance.229

At this meeting, JS admonished Relief Society members to deal mercifully and privately with transgressors and to encourage them to reform. (Relief Society Minute Book, 26 May 1842.)  


27 May 1842 • Friday

Friday 27 A billious attack. at home taking medicine

28 May 1842 • Saturday

230

TEXT: Inscribed dateline in left margin “Friday & Saturday”, combining this with the previous entry.  


& Saturday 28 rather better. walked to the store

Completed 1841. Opened for business, 5 Jan. 1842. Owned by JS, but managed mostly by others, after 1842. First floor housed JS’s general store and counting room, where tithing was received and recorded. On second floor, one of two small rooms served as JS...

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with Emma

10 July 1804–30 Apr. 1879. Scribe, editor, boardinghouse operator, clothier. Born at Willingborough Township (later in Harmony), Susquehanna Co., Pennsylvania. Daughter of Isaac Hale and Elizabeth Lewis. Member of Methodist church at Harmony (later in Oakland...

View Full Bio
, and did some  business in the city

Principal gathering place for Saints following expulsion from Missouri. Beginning in 1839, LDS church purchased lands in earlier settlement of Commerce and planned settlement of Commerce City, as well as surrounding areas. Served as church headquarters, 1839...

More Info
. called at 8 in the eve at the printing  office

Located at four different sites from 1839–1846: cellar of warehouse on bank of Mississippi River, June–Aug. 1839; frame building on northeast corner of Water and Bain streets, Nov. 1839–Nov. 1841; newly built printing establishment on northwest corner of ...

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with the night watch. To see the Wasp.—

29 May 1842 • Sunday

Sunday 29 At home

30 May 1842 • Monday

Monday 30

31 May 1842 • Tuesday

Tuesday 31

1 June 1842 • Wednesday

Wednesday June 1 Political Meetings in the Grove

Before partial completion of Nauvoo temple, all large meetings were held outdoors in groves located near east and west sides of temple site. Had portable stands for speakers. JS referred to area as “temple stand” due to its location on brow of hill.

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for nomination of County officers  S[idney] Rigdon

19 Feb. 1793–14 July 1876. Tanner, farmer, minister. Born at St. Clair, Allegheny Co., Pennsylvania. Son of William Rigdon and Nancy Gallaher. Joined United Baptists, ca. 1818. Preached at Warren, Trumbull Co., Ohio, and vicinity, 1819–1821. Married Phebe...

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. spoke at length. and nominated a Goneral [General] ticket from  the county at large. Joseph spoke at length & in confirmation of the  nomination excepting for Sheriff,231

The following people were nominated for the August election: “Dr. J[ohn] F. Charles for the Senate; Mark Aldridge [Aldrich], of Warsaw, and Orson Pratt, of Nauvoo, for Representatives; William Backenstos, for Sheriff; Sidney Rigdon Esq., for School Commissioner; Hiram Kimball, for County Commissioner; and Daniel H. Wells, for Coroner.” It is unclear whether JS opposed an early candidate or the final nomination for sheriff put forth by this “General” or “Union” ticket—a slate of Mormons and non-Mormons. (“Public Meeting,” The Wasp, 4 June 1842, [3].)  


2 June 1842 • Thursday

Thursday June 2 Rode out with Bro Bowen & Recorder & Sold Lot. 1. Block 143.—232

Nauvoo Registry of Deeds, Record of Deeds, bk. A, pp. 189–190.  


3 June 1842 • Friday

Friday 3 Rode out in city & Sold to Bro [Elias] Harmer Lot 1 Block 123—233

Actually, the lot sold to Harmer on this date was block 123, lot 2. (Hancock Co., IL, Deed Records, 3 June 1842, vol. K, pp. 278–279, microfilm 954,599, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL.)  


& in the P.M.  Rode to Bro Benbows [John Benbow’s]

1 Apr. 1800–12 May 1874. Farmer. Born in Grendon Warren, Herefordshire, England. Son of Thomas Benbow and Anne Jones. Married Jane Holmes, 16 Oct. 1826, in Worcester, Worcestershire, England. Christened Anglican. Later joined United Brethren. Baptized into...

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on the Prairie with Sister Emma

10 July 1804–30 Apr. 1879. Scribe, editor, boardinghouse operator, clothier. Born at Willingborough Township (later in Harmony), Susquehanna Co., Pennsylvania. Daughter of Isaac Hale and Elizabeth Lewis. Member of Methodist church at Harmony (later in Oakland...

View Full Bio
& others on  horse back

4 June 1842 • Saturday

Saturday 4 At the printing office

Located at four different sites from 1839–1846: cellar of warehouse on bank of Mississippi River, June–Aug. 1839; frame building on northeast corner of Water and Bain streets, Nov. 1839–Nov. 1841; newly built printing establishment on northwest corner of ...

More Info
in the morning. heard the Letters from the Grand  master [Abraham] Jonas

12 Sept. 1801–8 June 1864. Auctioneer, merchant, newspaper publisher, lawyer. Born in Exeter, Devonshire, England. Son of Benjamin Jonas and Annie Ezekial. Jewish. Immigrated to U.S.; settled in Cincinnati, ca. 1819. Married first Lucy Orah Seixas, before...

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Dr [Joseph] King & Mr Helme [Meredith Helm]

2 Mar. 1802–9 Mar. 1866. Farmer, physician. Born in Williamsport, Washington Co., Maryland. Married Elizabeth Orondorff, 17 Oct. 1825, at Washington Co. Graduated from Baltimore Medical College. Worshipful Master of Friendship Masonic Lodge, 1827, at Williamsport...

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about Bennets [John C. Bennett’s]

3 Aug. 1804–5 Aug. 1867. Physician, minister, poultry breeder. Born at Fairhaven, Bristol Co., Massachusetts. Son of John Bennett and Abigail Cook. Moved to Marietta, Washington Co., Ohio, 1808; to Massachusetts, 1812; and back to Marietta, 1822. Married ...

View Full Bio
expulsion from  the Lodge in Ohio

French explored area, 1669. British took possession following French and Indian War, 1763. Ceded to U.S., 1783. First permanent white settlement established, 1788. Northeastern portion maintained as part of Connecticut, 1786, and called Connecticut Western...

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.234

This was the Pickaway, Ohio, lodge, although the correspondence to which the text refers indicates that initially there was some confusion about which lodge in Ohio allegedly expelled Bennett. Helm wrote a letter to King dated 7 April 1842 requesting any information King might have on the subject. In his return letter of 17 May 1842, King reported discussing the subject with “Bro Patterson,” who had preferred charges against Bennett “in Pickaway Lodge, from whence he was Expelled,” and suggested that Helm write to Patterson for more information. Meanwhile, on 4 May 1842, Grand Master Jonas wrote to George Miller, Worshipful Master of the Nauvoo lodge, saying he received a letter from “a most valued and esteemed Brother,” informing him that Bennett had been expelled from a lodge in Fairfield, Ohio. On 7 May, Jonas’s letter was read in the Nauvoo lodge, which led to an exchange of letters about the alleged expulsion. This correspondence was read and discussed in the Nauvoo lodge on 16 June 1842, at which time it was ascertained that Pickaway was the lodge in question. (Joseph King, Decatur, IL, to Meredith Helm, Springfield, IL, 17 May 1842, Letters regarding Freemasonry in Nauvoo, CHL; Abraham Jonas, Columbus, IL, to George Miller, Nauvoo, IL, 4 May 1842, copy, Letters regarding Freemasonry in Nauvoo, CHL; Nauvoo Masonic Lodge Minute Book, 7 May and 16 June 1842.)  


P.M. Paid E. B. Nourse235

Probably Earl B. Nourse of Butler County, Ohio, from whom JS purchased land in Hancock County. (Nauvoo Registry of Deeds, Record of Deeds, bk. A, pp. 24–25.)  


$5.05. for land bought  of [Hugh] Mc Fall

Ca. 1798–after 1860. Carpenter. Born in Pennsylvania. Married Elizabeth. Moved to Ohio, by 1834. Moved to Illinois, by 1839. Lived at Hancock Co., Illinois, 1840. Appointed adjutant general in Nauvoo Legion, 9 Mar. 1841. Member of Nauvoo City Council, 1841...

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.236

This was partial payment on a promissory note to McFall dated 25 March 1842. (Promissory note, JS to Hugh McFall, 25 Mar. 1842, JS Collection, CHL.)  


& settled with the heirs of Edward Lawrence at his  house237

By 4 June 1842—the one-year anniversary of JS’s appointment as guardian of Lawrence’s children—expenses totaling $394.62 had been presented against the estate, including fees associated with collecting notes owed the estate from debtors in Canada, a bill from Josiah Butterfield (who had married Lawrence’s widow, Margaret) for boarding at least some of the Lawrence children, payments made for clothing for the children, and “interest” due Lawrence’s widow. (Madsen, “Joseph Smith as Guardian,” 181–192; JS, Journal, 4 Apr. 1842.)  


N[ewel] K. Whitney

3/5 Feb. 1795–23 Sept. 1850. Trader, merchant. Born at Marlborough, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of Samuel Whitney and Susanna Kimball. Moved to Fairfield, Herkimer Co., New York, 1803. Merchant at Plattsburg, Clinton Co., New York, 1814. Mercantile clerk for...

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& Recorder

24 June 1804–11 Mar. 1854. Teacher, lecturer, doctor, clerk, printer, editor, postmaster. Born at Hopkinton, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Joseph Richards and Rhoda Howe. Moved to Richmond, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts, 1813. Moved to Chatham, Columbia...

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Present.

5 June 1842 • Sunday

Sunday 5 Preached in the morning.238

JS’s discourse to about eight thousand listeners, taken from Ezekiel 32 and 33, was a call for the nations to repent. (“The Prophet,” The Wasp, 11 June 1842, [2].)  


6 June 1842 • Monday

monday 6 To the Prairie with Bro. Yearsly. [David D. Yearsley] & Recorder dined at Bro Lots [Cornelius Lott’s]

27 Sept. 1798–6 July 1850. Farmer. Born in New York City. Son of Peter Lott and Mary Jane Smiley. Married Permelia Darrow, 27 Apr. 1823, in Bridgewater Township, Susquehanna Co., Pennsylvania. Lived in Bridgewater Township, 1830. Baptized into LDS church,...

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.

7 June 1842 • Tuesday

Tuesday 7 Sold Bro Yeasley [David D. Yearsley] N.E. 1/4 of Section 15.239

Trustees Land Book B, 7 June 1842, 11.  


8 June 1842 • Wednesday

Wednesday 8 Recorder went to carthage

Located eighteen miles southeast of Nauvoo. Settled 1831. Designated Hancock Co. seat, Mar. 1833. Incorporated as town, 27 Feb. 1837. Population in 1839 about 300. Population in 1844 about 400. Site of anti-Mormon meetings and resolutions, early 1840s. Site...

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. & narrowly escaped with his life. from a fall from  or on old charley.240

A horse belonging to JS.  


9 June 1842 • Thursday

Thursday 9241

On this date JS gave a sermon to the Female Relief Society on the importance of being careful to accept into the society only those who were righteous, and the need to be merciful and help others turn away from sin. (Relief Society Minute Book, 9 June 1842.)  


10 June 1842 • Friday

[illegible] Friday [illegible] 10 Went to Bro Hibbards [Davidson Hibbard’s]

20 Aug. 1788–11 Sept. 1854. Farmer. Born in Brookfield, Orange Co., Vermont. Son of Roger Hibbard and Sarah Davidson. Married Sarah Tilton, 1816, in Maine. Lived at Morgan Co., Illinois, by 2 Aug. 1824. Commissioned captain in Twenty-First Regiment of Illinois...

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to purchase some land [p. [124]]
PreviousNext
JS, Journal, Dec. 1841–Dec. 1842; handwriting of William Clayton

17 July 1814–4 Dec. 1879. Bookkeeper, clerk. Born at Charock Moss, Penwortham, Lancashire, England. Son of Thomas Clayton and Ann Critchley. Married Ruth Moon, 9 Oct. 1836, at Penwortham. Baptized into LDS church by Heber C. Kimball, 21 Oct. 1837, in River...

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, Willard Richards

24 June 1804–11 Mar. 1854. Teacher, lecturer, doctor, clerk, printer, editor, postmaster. Born at Hopkinton, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Joseph Richards and Rhoda Howe. Moved to Richmond, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts, 1813. Moved to Chatham, Columbia...

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, Eliza R. Snow

21 Jan. 1804–5 Dec. 1887. Poet, teacher, seamstress, milliner. Born in Becket, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts. Daughter of Oliver Snow and Rosetta Leonora Pettibone. Moved to Mantua, Trumbull Co., Ohio, ca. 1806. Member of Baptist church. Baptized into LDS ...

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, and Erastus Derby

14 Sept. 1810–3 Dec. 1890. Tailor, carpenter, farmer, joiner. Born in Hawley, Hampshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of Edward Darby and Ruth Phoebe Hitchcock. Moved to Ohio, by 1834. Married Ruhamah Burnham Knowlton, 10 Aug. 1834, in Carthage, Hamilton Co., Ohio...

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; signatures of William Clayton

17 July 1814–4 Dec. 1879. Bookkeeper, clerk. Born at Charock Moss, Penwortham, Lancashire, England. Son of Thomas Clayton and Ann Critchley. Married Ruth Moon, 9 Oct. 1836, at Penwortham. Baptized into LDS church by Heber C. Kimball, 21 Oct. 1837, in River...

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and Willard Richards

24 June 1804–11 Mar. 1854. Teacher, lecturer, doctor, clerk, printer, editor, postmaster. Born at Hopkinton, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Joseph Richards and Rhoda Howe. Moved to Richmond, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts, 1813. Moved to Chatham, Columbia...

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; 90 pages; in “The Book of the Law of the Lord,” Record Book, 1841–1845, CHL. Includes shorthand; also includes redactions and use marks.
JS’s journal for December 1841–December 1842 was inscribed in a large, leather-bound blank book made with thick paper. The paper bears a star-shaped watermark in the middle of each leaf and was printed with forty-seven blue lines on each side. The text block was originally formed with thirty gatherings of eight leaves each. The second gathering, however, has only six leaves. This six-leaf gathering was either a binding error or one sheet came loose from the binding before the book was inscribed (the book’s inscription and pagination runs through this gathering without skipping any text or page numbers). The gatherings were sewn all along. Each set of front and back endpapers consisted of a gathering of four leaves of unlined paper, but only two leaves are now extant in the back gathering. The trimmed pages measure 16¼ × 10½ inches (41 × 27 cm). Headbands were sewn onto the text block. The exterior pages of the endpapers are joined to the pasteboards with a strip of pink cloth. Marbled papers featuring a shell pattern with green body and veins of red and yellow are glued to the inside covers of the boards and to the exterior page of each gathering of endpapers. The leaf edges are stained green. The text block is bound in a ledger style to the boards. The spine was constructed with four false raised bands demarcating five panels. The boards and spine are covered in suede leather with additional leather strips over the top and bottom of the book. The suede leather was blind tooled on the outside covers, the raised bands of the spine, and the turned-in edges on the inside cover. The additional leather strips, which also cover the first and fifth panels of the spine, are embossed with dual lines and vegetal designs along the borders and have gold line filling. The spine is further embossed with the number “6” in 20-point type on the fifth panel. The second and fourth panels have black-painted squares of paper glued to them. These feature gold lining and decoration at the top and bottom. The completed volume measures 17 × 11 × 2¼ inches (43 × 28 × 6 cm) and includes 244 free leaves. A penciled inscription at the inside top corner of page [ii]—the verso of the front marbled flyleaf—gives what appears to be an expensive price for this high-quality blank book: “bth | 10.00”.
Robert B. Thompson

1 Oct. 1811–27 Aug. 1841. Clerk, editor. Born in Great Driffield, Yorkshire, England. Member of Methodist church. Immigrated to Upper Canada, 1834. Baptized into LDS church by Parley P. Pratt, May 1836, in Upper Canada. Ordained an elder by John Taylor, 22...

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inscribed nine revelations in the book on the first twenty-three pages of lined paper. Willard Richards

24 June 1804–11 Mar. 1854. Teacher, lecturer, doctor, clerk, printer, editor, postmaster. Born at Hopkinton, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Joseph Richards and Rhoda Howe. Moved to Richmond, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts, 1813. Moved to Chatham, Columbia...

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made minor revisions to these revelation texts. Apparently either Richards or Thompson inscribed page numbers on pages 3­–18, beginning at the first page of lined paper, in a stylized script. Richards inscribed page numbers on pages 19–25 as well as on the next several dozen pages—which included journal entries for JS and records of donations in cash and in kind for the construction of the Nauvoo temple

JS revelation, dated Jan. 1841, commanded Saints to build temple and hotel (Nauvoo House). Cornerstone laid, 6 Apr. 1841. Saints volunteered labor, money, and other resources for temple construction. Construction directed by committee, which included Reynolds...

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. At some point page [1], the recto of the last leaf of unlined endpaper in the front of the book, was inscribed with a title: “THE | BOOK | of the | LAW | of the | LORD”. Because these words are hand lettered in various ornate styles, the handwriting cannot be identified. A matching title appears on the spine of the volume: the square label of black paper on the second panel of the spine bears a smaller square label of white paper with a hand-lettered inscription: “LAW | — of the — | LORD.” Willard Richards inscribed pages 26–126 of the book, with help from William Clayton

17 July 1814–4 Dec. 1879. Bookkeeper, clerk. Born at Charock Moss, Penwortham, Lancashire, England. Son of Thomas Clayton and Ann Critchley. Married Ruth Moon, 9 Oct. 1836, at Penwortham. Baptized into LDS church by Heber C. Kimball, 21 Oct. 1837, in River...

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on pages 27–28 and 72–87. Clayton inscribed the rest of the volume, pages 127–477, with help from Erastus Derby

14 Sept. 1810–3 Dec. 1890. Tailor, carpenter, farmer, joiner. Born in Hawley, Hampshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of Edward Darby and Ruth Phoebe Hitchcock. Moved to Ohio, by 1834. Married Ruhamah Burnham Knowlton, 10 Aug. 1834, in Carthage, Hamilton Co., Ohio...

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on pages 168–171 and from Eliza R. Snow

21 Jan. 1804–5 Dec. 1887. Poet, teacher, seamstress, milliner. Born in Becket, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts. Daughter of Oliver Snow and Rosetta Leonora Pettibone. Moved to Mantua, Trumbull Co., Ohio, ca. 1806. Member of Baptist church. Baptized into LDS ...

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on pages 189–190 and 192–201. These clerks and scribes generally paginated the book and inscribed dateline page headers along the way as they inscribed its texts.1

The page numbers on pages 19–71, 86–90, and 122–125 are in the handwriting of Willard Richards; on pages 72–85, 91–121, 126–167, and 171–477, in the handwriting of William Clayton; and on pages 168–170, in the handwriting of Erastus Derby. There are two pages numbered 453. Pages 476–477 constitute the last leaf of lined paper. The headers generally consist of a year or a month and year. The headers inscribed on pages 26–27, 29–71, 88–95, 119, and 121–126 are in the handwriting of Richards; the headers inscribed on pages 28, 72–87, 96–118, 120, 127–167, and 172–215 are in the handwriting of Clayton; pages 168–171, which were inscribed by Derby, have no headers. A few other pages are missing headers.  


The donation records constitute the bulk of the volume. The journal entries are inscribed on pages 26, 31, 33, 36, 39, 43, 44, 48, 56–61, 66–67, 88–95, 122–135, and 164–215. As is also the case with the pages bearing donation records, many of the pages bearing journal entries have vertical margin lines inscribed in graphite. The journal entries themselves are inscribed in ink that is now brown. Pages 165–181, however, either include or are entirely in blue ink. Some of the entries begin with a descriptive heading as well as a dateline. The entry for 6 January 1842, for example, features the large heading “The New Year”. Page 58 features the large double underlined heading “Journal of President Joseph”. Many of the entries are divided by horizontal lines. Where groups of journal entries span several pages, notes written at the beginning and end of these spans reference the previous or succeeding pages of journal entries.2

For example, page 135 points the reader to page 164, which begins by noting the continuation from page 135.  


At various stages in the production of the volume, Richards

24 June 1804–11 Mar. 1854. Teacher, lecturer, doctor, clerk, printer, editor, postmaster. Born at Hopkinton, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Joseph Richards and Rhoda Howe. Moved to Richmond, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts, 1813. Moved to Chatham, Columbia...

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and Clayton

17 July 1814–4 Dec. 1879. Bookkeeper, clerk. Born at Charock Moss, Penwortham, Lancashire, England. Son of Thomas Clayton and Ann Critchley. Married Ruth Moon, 9 Oct. 1836, at Penwortham. Baptized into LDS church by Heber C. Kimball, 21 Oct. 1837, in River...

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signed their names to their work (pages 126, 181, 215).
The volume contains a number of redactions that were made as the journal entries were later revised for inclusion in the “History of Joseph Smith” published in Mormon newspapers in the mid-nineteenth century.3

This serialized history drew on the journals herein, beginning with the 4 July 1855 issue of the Deseret News and with the 3 January 1857 issue of the LDS Millennial Star.  


Most of these redactions, made in graphite, were subsequently erased.4

Most of these now-erased graphite inscriptions are recoverable with bright white light and magnification. Pages 209–215, which were not erased, represent the state of the journal entries generally when they were used for drafting the “History of Joseph Smith.”  


The upper left-hand corner of page 3 bears the graphite inscription “6”, a redactive note on page 43 is inscribed in purple pencil, and red-penciled “X”s appear in the margins next to entries on pages 164 and 180. Notes written on three white and three blue slips of paper of various sizes have been inserted in various places, as well as a clipped portion of a Nauvoo

Principal gathering place for Saints following expulsion from Missouri. Beginning in 1839, LDS church purchased lands in earlier settlement of Commerce and planned settlement of Commerce City, as well as surrounding areas. Served as church headquarters, 1839...

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-era elder’s certificate form with no notes (apparently just a placeholder). There are also two leaves of pink paper just inside the front of the volume. All of these slips and leaves of paper are loose and appear to have been added to the book subsequent to its use as a journal.
The book is intricately related to its successor volume, the 1844–1846 donation record, and to a volume that indexed the donation records.5

Tithing and Donation Record, 1844–1846, CHL; Trustee-in-trust, Index and Accounts, 1841–1847, CHL.  


The “Law of the Lord” is listed as such in inventories of church records made in Salt Lake City, Utah, in the 1850s. These show that the volume was held for a time in the office of church president Brigham Young.6

Historian’s Office, “Inventory. Historian’s Office. 4th April 1855,” [1]; Historian’s Office, “Inventory. Historians Office. G. S. L. City April 1.1857,” [1]; Historian’s Office, “Historian’s Office Inventory G. S. L. City March 19. 1858,” [1]; Historian’s Office, “Historian’s Office Catalogue Book March 1858,” [11], Historian’s Office, Catalogs and Inventories, 1846–1904, CHL.  


In 1880, John Taylor

1 Nov. 1808–25 July 1887. Preacher, editor, publisher, politician. Born at Milnthorpe, Westmoreland Co., England. Son of James Taylor and Agnes Taylor, members of Church of England. Around age sixteen, joined Methodists and was local preacher. Migrated from...

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, president of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, carried the book to a stake Relief Society conference in Salt Lake City.7

Emmeline B. Wells, “Salt Lake Stake Relief Society Conference,” Women’s Exponent, 1 July 1880, 9:22.  


At some point the book was marked on the spine with an archival sticker, which was later removed. The book eventually was housed with the papers of Joseph Fielding Smith, apparently during his tenure as church historian and recorder (1921–1970), and then became part of the First Presidency’s papers when he became church president in 1970.8

“Inventory of President Joseph Fielding Smith’s Safe,” 23 May 1970, First Presidency, General Administration Files, CHL.  


In 2010, the First Presidency gave custody of the book to the Church History Library.9

Letter of transfer, Salt Lake City, UT, 8 Jan. 2010, CHL.  


This evidence indicates continuous institutional custody and authenticity.

Facts