27468

Journal, March–September 1838

following,
The Prisioners names were John B Comer

1814–after 19 Nov. 1867. Farmer, carpenter. Born in Ohio. Son of John Comer and Mary Baker. Lived in Daviess Co., Missouri, by 1837. With two others, attempted to illegally transport state firearms from Richmond, Ray Co., Missouri, to arm mob in Daviess Co...

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Alem [Allen] Miller

?–? Lived at Daviess Co., Missouri, 1838. Apprehended at Caldwell Co., Missouri, for illegally transporting state firearms from Richmond, Ray Co., Missouri, to arm vigilantes in Daviess Co. for use against Mormons, 1838. Arraigned before Justice Albert Petty...

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Wm. L McHaney, They were braught before Albert Petty

10 Aug. 1795–19 June 1869. Farmer, wheelwright, jailer, gunsmith, surveyor. Born at Bourbon Co., Kentucky. Son of Ralph Petty and Isabelle McClure. Moved to Barren Co., Kentucky, 1802. Moved to Paris, Henry Co., Tennessee, by Mar. 1824. Married first Catherine...

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a Justice of the Peace in Far West

Originally called Shoal Creek. Located fifty-five miles northeast of Independence. Surveyed 1823; first settled by whites, 1831. Site purchased, 8 Aug. 1836, before Caldwell Co. was organized for Latter-day Saints in Missouri. William W. Phelps and John Whitmer...

More Info

Editorial Note
Following his entry for 10 September, George W. Robinson

14 May 1814–10 Feb. 1878. Clerk, postmaster, merchant, clothier, banker. Born at Pawlet, Rutland Co., Vermont. Baptized into LDS church and moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, by 1836. Clerk and recorder for Kirtland high council, beginning Jan. 1836. Married...

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inscribed a dateline, indicating an unfulfilled intention to continue record keeping. The abrupt end of Robinson’s record probably related to his responsibilities as an officer in the Mormons’ Caldwell County

Located in northwest Missouri. Settled by whites, by 1831. Described as being “one-third timber and two-thirds prairie” in 1836. Created specifically for Latter-day Saints by Missouri state legislature, 29 Dec. 1836, in attempt to solve “Mormon problem.” ...

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militia. At the time this journal was set aside, brief entries were already being made in another journal by clerk James Mulholland

1804–3 Nov. 1839. Born in Ireland. Baptized into LDS church. Married Sarah Scott, 8 Feb. 1838, at Far West, Caldwell Co., Missouri. Engaged in clerical work for JS, 1838, at Far West. Ordained a seventy, 28 Dec. 1838. After expulsion from Missouri, lived ...

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.
JS and Sidney Rigdon

19 Feb. 1793–14 July 1876. Tanner, farmer, minister. Born at St. Clair, Allegheny Co., Pennsylvania. Son of William Rigdon and Nancy Gallaher. Joined United Baptists, ca. 1818. Preached at Warren, Trumbull Co., Ohio, and vicinity, 1819–1821. Married Phebe...

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wrote to Judge Austin A. King

21 Sept. 1802–22 Apr. 1870. Attorney, judge, politician, farmer. Born at Sullivan Co., Tennessee. Son of Walter King and Nancy Sevier. Married first Nancy Harris Roberts, 13 May 1828, at Jackson, Madison Co., Tennessee. In 1830, moved to Missouri, where he...

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asking what should be done with prisoners Comer

1814–after 19 Nov. 1867. Farmer, carpenter. Born in Ohio. Son of John Comer and Mary Baker. Lived in Daviess Co., Missouri, by 1837. With two others, attempted to illegally transport state firearms from Richmond, Ray Co., Missouri, to arm mob in Daviess Co...

View Full Bio
, Miller

?–? Lived at Daviess Co., Missouri, 1838. Apprehended at Caldwell Co., Missouri, for illegally transporting state firearms from Richmond, Ray Co., Missouri, to arm vigilantes in Daviess Co. for use against Mormons, 1838. Arraigned before Justice Albert Petty...

View Full Bio
, and McHaney and the stolen rifles. King directed that they should release the prisoners. On 12 September, Petty

10 Aug. 1795–19 June 1869. Farmer, wheelwright, jailer, gunsmith, surveyor. Born at Bourbon Co., Kentucky. Son of Ralph Petty and Isabelle McClure. Moved to Barren Co., Kentucky, 1802. Moved to Paris, Henry Co., Tennessee, by Mar. 1824. Married first Catherine...

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convened a preliminary hearing at which evidence was presented and the prisoners were held to bail to appear at the next session of the circuit court. Brigadier General Alexander Doniphan

9 July 1808–8 Aug. 1887. Lawyer, military general, insurance/bank executive. Born near Maysville, Mason Co., Kentucky. Son of Joseph Doniphan and Ann Smith. Father died, 1813; sent to live with older brother George, 1815, in Augusta, Bracken Co., Kentucky...

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arrived at Far West

Originally called Shoal Creek. Located fifty-five miles northeast of Independence. Surveyed 1823; first settled by whites, 1831. Site purchased, 8 Aug. 1836, before Caldwell Co. was organized for Latter-day Saints in Missouri. William W. Phelps and John Whitmer...

More Info
later that day with orders from Major General David R. Atchison

11 Aug. 1807–26 Jan. 1886. Lawyer, judge, agriculturist, politician, farmer. Born at Frogtown, near Lexington, Fayette Co., Kentucky. Son of William Atchison and Catherine Allen. About 1830, moved to Liberty, Clay Co., Missouri, where he became a prominent...

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to resolve the matter. Doniphan

9 July 1808–8 Aug. 1887. Lawyer, military general, insurance/bank executive. Born near Maysville, Mason Co., Kentucky. Son of Joseph Doniphan and Ann Smith. Father died, 1813; sent to live with older brother George, 1815, in Augusta, Bracken Co., Kentucky...

View Full Bio
ordered the rifles along with the principal suspect, John Comer

1814–after 19 Nov. 1867. Farmer, carpenter. Born in Ohio. Son of John Comer and Mary Baker. Lived in Daviess Co., Missouri, by 1837. With two others, attempted to illegally transport state firearms from Richmond, Ray Co., Missouri, to arm mob in Daviess Co...

View Full Bio
, to be returned to Ray County

Located in northwestern Missouri. Area settled, 1815. Created from Howard Co., 1820. Initially included all state land north of Missouri River and west of Grand River. Population in 1830 about 2,700; in 1836 about 6,600; and in 1840 about 6,600. Latter-day...

More Info
. Considering the detention of McHaney and Miller

?–? Lived at Daviess Co., Missouri, 1838. Apprehended at Caldwell Co., Missouri, for illegally transporting state firearms from Richmond, Ray Co., Missouri, to arm vigilantes in Daviess Co. for use against Mormons, 1838. Arraigned before Justice Albert Petty...

View Full Bio
illegal, Doniphan

9 July 1808–8 Aug. 1887. Lawyer, military general, insurance/bank executive. Born near Maysville, Mason Co., Kentucky. Son of Joseph Doniphan and Ann Smith. Father died, 1813; sent to live with older brother George, 1815, in Augusta, Bracken Co., Kentucky...

View Full Bio
released them on their promise of good behavior.

11 September 1838 • Tuesday

Tuesday 11th. Sept. [28 lines blank] [p. 83]
following,
The Prisioners names were  John B Comer

1814–after 19 Nov. 1867. Farmer, carpenter. Born in Ohio. Son of John Comer and Mary Baker. Lived in Daviess Co., Missouri, by 1837. With two others, attempted to illegally transport state firearms from Richmond, Ray Co., Missouri, to arm mob in Daviess Co...

View Full Bio
Alem [Allen] Miller

?–? Lived at Daviess Co., Missouri, 1838. Apprehended at Caldwell Co., Missouri, for illegally transporting state firearms from Richmond, Ray Co., Missouri, to arm vigilantes in Daviess Co. for use against Mormons, 1838. Arraigned before Justice Albert Petty...

View Full Bio
Wm. L  McHaney, They were braught before  Albert Petty

10 Aug. 1795–19 June 1869. Farmer, wheelwright, jailer, gunsmith, surveyor. Born at Bourbon Co., Kentucky. Son of Ralph Petty and Isabelle McClure. Moved to Barren Co., Kentucky, 1802. Moved to Paris, Henry Co., Tennessee, by Mar. 1824. Married first Catherine...

View Full Bio
a Justice of the Peace in  Far West

Originally called Shoal Creek. Located fifty-five miles northeast of Independence. Surveyed 1823; first settled by whites, 1831. Site purchased, 8 Aug. 1836, before Caldwell Co. was organized for Latter-day Saints in Missouri. William W. Phelps and John Whitmer...

More Info
250

Comer was a resident of Ray County, where the Jäger rifles which the men were transporting had been stolen. Miller and McHaney were from Daviess County, where they planned to distribute the rifles to gathered vigilantes. Petty allowed the prisoners two days to arrange for counsel. (George Pitkin, Testimony, 1 July 1843, Nauvoo Municipal Court Docket Book, 116; Alexander Doniphan, Grand River, MO, to David R. Atchison, Richmond, MO, 15 Sept.1838, Mormon War Papers, MSA; JS History, vol. B-1, 823; Rigdon, Appeal to the American People, 25–26.)  



Editorial Note
Following his entry for 10 September, George W. Robinson

14 May 1814–10 Feb. 1878. Clerk, postmaster, merchant, clothier, banker. Born at Pawlet, Rutland Co., Vermont. Baptized into LDS church and moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, by 1836. Clerk and recorder for Kirtland high council, beginning Jan. 1836. Married...

View Full Bio
inscribed a dateline, indicating an unfulfilled intention to continue record keeping. The abrupt end of Robinson’s record probably related to his responsibilities as an officer in the Mormons’ Caldwell County

Located in northwest Missouri. Settled by whites, by 1831. Described as being “one-third timber and two-thirds prairie” in 1836. Created specifically for Latter-day Saints by Missouri state legislature, 29 Dec. 1836, in attempt to solve “Mormon problem.” ...

More Info
militia. At the time this journal was set aside, brief entries were already being made in another journal by clerk James Mulholland

1804–3 Nov. 1839. Born in Ireland. Baptized into LDS church. Married Sarah Scott, 8 Feb. 1838, at Far West, Caldwell Co., Missouri. Engaged in clerical work for JS, 1838, at Far West. Ordained a seventy, 28 Dec. 1838. After expulsion from Missouri, lived ...

View Full Bio
.
JS and Sidney Rigdon

19 Feb. 1793–14 July 1876. Tanner, farmer, minister. Born at St. Clair, Allegheny Co., Pennsylvania. Son of William Rigdon and Nancy Gallaher. Joined United Baptists, ca. 1818. Preached at Warren, Trumbull Co., Ohio, and vicinity, 1819–1821. Married Phebe...

View Full Bio
wrote to Judge Austin A. King

21 Sept. 1802–22 Apr. 1870. Attorney, judge, politician, farmer. Born at Sullivan Co., Tennessee. Son of Walter King and Nancy Sevier. Married first Nancy Harris Roberts, 13 May 1828, at Jackson, Madison Co., Tennessee. In 1830, moved to Missouri, where he...

View Full Bio
asking what should be done with prisoners Comer

1814–after 19 Nov. 1867. Farmer, carpenter. Born in Ohio. Son of John Comer and Mary Baker. Lived in Daviess Co., Missouri, by 1837. With two others, attempted to illegally transport state firearms from Richmond, Ray Co., Missouri, to arm mob in Daviess Co...

View Full Bio
, Miller

?–? Lived at Daviess Co., Missouri, 1838. Apprehended at Caldwell Co., Missouri, for illegally transporting state firearms from Richmond, Ray Co., Missouri, to arm vigilantes in Daviess Co. for use against Mormons, 1838. Arraigned before Justice Albert Petty...

View Full Bio
, and McHaney and the stolen rifles. King directed that they should release the prisoners.251

Austin A. King, Richmond, MO, to JS and Sidney Rigdon, Far West, MO, 10 Sept. 1838, JS Collection, CHL.  


On 12 September, Petty

10 Aug. 1795–19 June 1869. Farmer, wheelwright, jailer, gunsmith, surveyor. Born at Bourbon Co., Kentucky. Son of Ralph Petty and Isabelle McClure. Moved to Barren Co., Kentucky, 1802. Moved to Paris, Henry Co., Tennessee, by Mar. 1824. Married first Catherine...

View Full Bio
convened a preliminary hearing at which evidence was presented and the prisoners were held to bail to appear at the next session of the circuit court.252

JS History, vol. B-1, 823.  


Brigadier General Alexander Doniphan

9 July 1808–8 Aug. 1887. Lawyer, military general, insurance/bank executive. Born near Maysville, Mason Co., Kentucky. Son of Joseph Doniphan and Ann Smith. Father died, 1813; sent to live with older brother George, 1815, in Augusta, Bracken Co., Kentucky...

View Full Bio
arrived at Far West

Originally called Shoal Creek. Located fifty-five miles northeast of Independence. Surveyed 1823; first settled by whites, 1831. Site purchased, 8 Aug. 1836, before Caldwell Co. was organized for Latter-day Saints in Missouri. William W. Phelps and John Whitmer...

More Info
later that day with orders from Major General David R. Atchison

11 Aug. 1807–26 Jan. 1886. Lawyer, judge, agriculturist, politician, farmer. Born at Frogtown, near Lexington, Fayette Co., Kentucky. Son of William Atchison and Catherine Allen. About 1830, moved to Liberty, Clay Co., Missouri, where he became a prominent...

View Full Bio
to resolve the matter. Doniphan

9 July 1808–8 Aug. 1887. Lawyer, military general, insurance/bank executive. Born near Maysville, Mason Co., Kentucky. Son of Joseph Doniphan and Ann Smith. Father died, 1813; sent to live with older brother George, 1815, in Augusta, Bracken Co., Kentucky...

View Full Bio
ordered the rifles along with the principal suspect, John Comer

1814–after 19 Nov. 1867. Farmer, carpenter. Born in Ohio. Son of John Comer and Mary Baker. Lived in Daviess Co., Missouri, by 1837. With two others, attempted to illegally transport state firearms from Richmond, Ray Co., Missouri, to arm mob in Daviess Co...

View Full Bio
, to be returned to Ray County

Located in northwestern Missouri. Area settled, 1815. Created from Howard Co., 1820. Initially included all state land north of Missouri River and west of Grand River. Population in 1830 about 2,700; in 1836 about 6,600; and in 1840 about 6,600. Latter-day...

More Info
. Considering the detention of McHaney and Miller

?–? Lived at Daviess Co., Missouri, 1838. Apprehended at Caldwell Co., Missouri, for illegally transporting state firearms from Richmond, Ray Co., Missouri, to arm vigilantes in Daviess Co. for use against Mormons, 1838. Arraigned before Justice Albert Petty...

View Full Bio
illegal, Doniphan

9 July 1808–8 Aug. 1887. Lawyer, military general, insurance/bank executive. Born near Maysville, Mason Co., Kentucky. Son of Joseph Doniphan and Ann Smith. Father died, 1813; sent to live with older brother George, 1815, in Augusta, Bracken Co., Kentucky...

View Full Bio
released them on their promise of good behavior.253

Alexander Doniphan, Grand River, MO, to David R. Atchison, Richmond, MO, 15 Sept.1838, Mormon War Papers, MSA.  



11 September 1838 • Tuesday

Tuesday 11th. Sept.  [28 lines blank] [p. 83]
Previous
JS, “The Scriptory Book—of Joseph Smith Jr.—President of The Church of Jesus Christ, of Latterday Saints In all the World,” Journal, Mar.–Sept. 1838; handwriting of George W. Robinson

14 May 1814–10 Feb. 1878. Clerk, postmaster, merchant, clothier, banker. Born at Pawlet, Rutland Co., Vermont. Baptized into LDS church and moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, by 1836. Clerk and recorder for Kirtland high council, beginning Jan. 1836. Married...

View Full Bio
and James Mulholland

1804–3 Nov. 1839. Born in Ireland. Baptized into LDS church. Married Sarah Scott, 8 Feb. 1838, at Far West, Caldwell Co., Missouri. Engaged in clerical work for JS, 1838, at Far West. Ordained a seventy, 28 Dec. 1838. After expulsion from Missouri, lived ...

View Full Bio
; sixty-nine pages; in “General,” Record Book, 1838, verso of Patriarchal Blessings, vol. 5, CHL. Includes redactions and archival marking.
JS’s “Scriptory Book” is recorded on pages 15 to 83 of a large record book entitled “General” that also includes a list of church members in Caldwell County

Located in northwest Missouri. Settled by whites, by 1831. Described as being “one-third timber and two-thirds prairie” in 1836. Created specifically for Latter-day Saints by Missouri state legislature, 29 Dec. 1836, in attempt to solve “Mormon problem.” ...

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, Missouri (pages 2–14), a copy of JS’s 16 December 1838 letter from the jail in Liberty

Located in western Missouri, thirteen miles north of Independence. Settled 1820. Clay Co. seat, 1822. Incorporated as town, May 1829. Following expulsion from Jackson Co., 1833, many Latter-day Saints found refuge in Clay Co., with church leaders and other...

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, Missouri (pages 101–108), and an aborted record partially entitled “Recor” in unidentified handwriting (page 110). The book, which measures 13 x 8¼ x 1¾ inches (33 x 21 x 4 cm), has 182 leaves of ledger paper sized 12½ x 7¾ inches (32 x 20 cm) with thirty-seven lines in blue ink per page. There are eighteen gatherings of various sizes, each of about a dozen leaves. The text block is sewn all along over three vellum tapes. The heavy pink endpapers each consist of a pastedown and two flyleaves pasted together. The text block edges are stained green. The volume has a hardbound ledger-style binding with a hollow-back spine and glued-on blue-striped cloth headbands. It is bound in brown split-calfskin leather with blind-tooled decoration around the outside border and along the turned-in edges of the leather on the inside covers. At some point the letter “G” was hand printed in ink on the front cover. The original leather cover over the spine—which appears to have been intentionally removed—may have borne a title or filing notation.
The journal is inscribed in black ink that later turned brown and is almost entirely in the handwriting of George W. Robinson

14 May 1814–10 Feb. 1878. Clerk, postmaster, merchant, clothier, banker. Born at Pawlet, Rutland Co., Vermont. Baptized into LDS church and moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, by 1836. Clerk and recorder for Kirtland high council, beginning Jan. 1836. Married...

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. James Mulholland

1804–3 Nov. 1839. Born in Ireland. Baptized into LDS church. Married Sarah Scott, 8 Feb. 1838, at Far West, Caldwell Co., Missouri. Engaged in clerical work for JS, 1838, at Far West. Ordained a seventy, 28 Dec. 1838. After expulsion from Missouri, lived ...

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’s handwriting appears in a copy of the 23 July 1837 revelation for Thomas B. Marsh

1 Nov. 1800–Jan. 1866. Farmer, hotel worker, waiter, horse groom, grocer, type foundry worker, teacher. Born at Acton, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts. Son of James Marsh and Molly Law. Married first Elizabeth Godkin, 1 Nov. 1820, at New York City. Moved to ...

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(D&C 112) on pages 72–74. Running heads added by Robinson throughout the journal indicate the months of the entries on the page. The volume was later used in Nauvoo

Principal gathering place for Saints following expulsion from Missouri. Beginning in 1839, LDS church purchased lands in earlier settlement of Commerce and planned settlement of Commerce City, as well as surrounding areas. Served as church headquarters, 1839...

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, Illinois, as a source for JS’s multivolume manuscript history of the church. During the preparation of the history, redactions and use marks were made in graphite pencil. Redactions in graphite and ink may have been made at other times as well. In 1845, the book was turned over so that the back cover became the front and the last page became the first. This side of the book was used to record patriarchal blessings. The original spine may have been removed at this time. The spine is now labeled with a number “5”, designating its volume number in a series of books of patriarchal blessings.
The volume is listed in Nauvoo and early Utah inventories of church records, indicating continuous custody.1

Historian’s Office, “Schedule of Church Records”; “Historian’s Office Catalogue,” [2]; Historian’s Office, “Index of Records and Journals,” [12], Catalogs and Inventories, 1846–1904, CHL; JS, Journal, Mar.–Sept. 1838, microfilm, JS Collection, CHL.  


At some point, the leaf containing pages 54 and 55 was torn from the journal. This removed leaf—which is transcribed herein and contains, among other writings, the earliest extant text of an 8 July 1838 revelation for the Quorum of the Twelve (D&C 118)—was for a time kept in Revelation Book 2.2

Best, “Register of the Revelations Collection,” 19.  


It is now part of the Revelations Collection at the Church History Library.

Facts