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Letter from Elias Higbee, 20 February 1840–B

I held in my hand, then showed that the first accusation, therein contained, was on account of our religious tenets, furthermore that the other were utterly groundless. I went on to prove that the whole pursecution from beginning to end was grounded on our religious faith— For evidence of this I refered them to P. [Orrin Porter] Rockwell

28 June 1813–9 June 1878. Ferry operator, herdsman, farmer. Born in Belchertown, Hampshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of Orin Rockwell and Sarah Witt. Moved to Farmington (later in Manchester), Ontario Co., New York, 1817. Neighbor to JS. Baptized into LDS church...

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’s testimony and P. Powell’s I stated that there were abundant testimony to prove this to be a fact among the documents. I then gave a brief history of the persecutions from the first settlement in the State

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

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to our final expulsion. I also stated that the society were industrious, inoffensive, and innocent of crime; had the Times & Seasons, from which I read Gov. [Robert] Lucas’ letter to Alanson Ripley

8 Jan. 1798–before 1860. Surveyor, lawyer. Born at New York. Son of Asa Ripley and Polly Deforest. Married Sarah Finkle. Resided in Massachusetts, 1827. Member of LDS church in Ohio. Participated in Camp of Israel expedition to Missouri, 1834. Landholder ...

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: I also refered to Judge Young’s letter from Pike County, the Clerk’s & other’s respecting our character— in their sections of country I gave them some hints of the Haun’s Mill massacre and the murder of the two little Boys but refered them more particularly to the documents for information concerning those things, and furthermore that I had not come here to instruct them in what they were to do in this case; but to present them with the facts— having all confidence in this honorable body (the Congress) believing them to be honorable men. I demanded from them a restitution of all our rights and privileges as citizens of the United States

North American constitutional republic. Constitution ratified, 17 Sept. 1787. Population in 1805 about 6,000,000; in 1830 about 13,000,000; and in 1844 about 20,000,000. Louisiana Purchase, 1803, doubled size of U.S. Consisted of seventeen states at time ...

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, and damages for all the losses we had sustained in consequence of our persecutions and expulsion from the state. And told them we could have recourse no where else on earth that I knew of— that we could not sue an Army of Soldiers. neither could we go into the State

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

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to sue any body else. I told them that I knew not how far Congress had jurisdiction in this case or how far they had not, but as far as they had, we claimed the exercise of it for our relief; for we were an injured people These and some other were the principle subjects of my speech— after which, Mr. Jameson said he was once in the Mormon’s favor; but afterwards learned that it was impossible to live among them, for they stole their neighbor’s hogs— and there being so much testimony he believed it. &c &c. I replied something like [p. 98]
I held in my hand, then showed that the first acc usation, therein contained, was on account of our religious  tenets, furthermore that the other were utterly groundless.  I went on to prove that the whole pursecution from beginning  to end was grounded on our be religious faith— For evidence  of this I refered them to P. [Orrin Porter] Rockwell

28 June 1813–9 June 1878. Ferry operator, herdsman, farmer. Born in Belchertown, Hampshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of Orin Rockwell and Sarah Witt. Moved to Farmington (later in Manchester), Ontario Co., New York, 1817. Neighbor to JS. Baptized into LDS church...

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’s testimony and P. Powell’s  I stated that there were abundant testimony to prove this  to be a fact among the documents. I then gave a brief  history of the persecutions from the first settlement in  the State

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

More Info
to our final expulsion. I also stated  that the society were industrious, inoffensive, and  innocent of crime; had the Times & Seasons, from which  I read Gov. [Robert] Lucas’ letter to A[lanson] Ripley

8 Jan. 1798–before 1860. Surveyor, lawyer. Born at New York. Son of Asa Ripley and Polly Deforest. Married Sarah Finkle. Resided in Massachusetts, 1827. Member of LDS church in Ohio. Participated in Camp of Israel expedition to Missouri, 1834. Landholder ...

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: I also refered to  Judge Young’s letter from Pike County, the Clerk’s &  other’s respecting our character— in their sections of country  I gave them some hints of the Haun’s Mill massacre  and the murder of the two little Boys but refered them  more particularly to the documents for information concer ning those things, and furthermore that I had not come here  to instruct them in what they were to do in this case; but  to present them with the facts— having all confidence in this  honorable body (the Congress) believing them to be honorable  men. I demanded from them a restitution of all our rights  and privileges as citizens of the United States

North American constitutional republic. Constitution ratified, 17 Sept. 1787. Population in 1805 about 6,000,000; in 1830 about 13,000,000; and in 1844 about 20,000,000. Louisiana Purchase, 1803, doubled size of U.S. Consisted of seventeen states at time ...

More Info
, and dam ages for all the losses we had sustained in consequence  of our persecutions and expulsion from the state. And  told them we could have recourse no where else on earth  that I knew of— that we could not sue an Army of  Soldiers. neither could we go into the State

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

More Info
to sue any  body else. I told them that I knew not how far  Congress had jurisdiction in this case or how far they  had not, but as far as they had, we claimed the  exercise of it for our relief; for we were an injured people  These and some other were the principle subjects of my  speech— after which, Mr. Jameson said he was once  in the Mormon’s favor; but afterwards learned that  it was impossible to live among them, for they  stole their neighbor’s hogs— and there being so much  testimony he believed it. &c &c. I replied something like [p. 98]
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Elias Higbee

23 Oct. 1795–8 June 1843. Clerk, judge, surveyor. Born at Galloway, Gloucester Co., New Jersey. Son of Isaac Higbee and Sophia Somers. Moved to Clermont Co., Ohio, 1803. Married Sarah Elizabeth Ward, 10 Sept. 1818, in Tate Township, Clermont Co. Lived at ...

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, letter, Washington DC

Created as district for seat of U.S. federal government by act of Congress, 1790, and named Washington DC, 1791. Named in honor of George Washington. Headquarters of executive, legislative, and judicial branches of U.S. government relocated to Washington ...

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, to JS, en route to Nauvoo

Principal gathering place for Saints following expulsion from Missouri. Beginning in 1839, LDS church purchased lands in earlier settlement of Commerce and planned settlement of Commerce City, as well as surrounding areas. Served as church headquarters, 1839...

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, IL, 20 Feb. 1840; handwriting of Howard Coray

6 May 1817–16 Jan. 1908. Bookkeeper, clerk, teacher, farmer. Born in Dansville, Steuben Co., New York. Son of Silas Coray and Mary Stephens. Moved to Providence, Luzerne Co., Pennsylvania, ca. 1827; to Williams, Northampton Co., Pennsylvania, by 1830; and...

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; in JS Letterbook 2, pp. 97–100; JS Collection, CHL.

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