2476866

Letter to William W. Phelps, 31 July 1832

cause is a proof of there faithfulness in the high calling I would exhort Bros Oliver Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

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& John to be ware of saducing spirits38

See 1 Timothy 4:1; see also Revelation, ca. 8 Mar. 1831–A [D&C 46:7].  


and stand firm in the liberty wherein they have been set free39

See Galatians 5:1; and Book of Mormon, 1830 ed., 203, 393, 399–400 [Mosiah 23:13; Alma 58:40; 61:9, 21].  


and never be weary in well doing40

See Galatians 6:9; 2 Thessalonians 3:13; and Revelation, 11 Sept. 1831 [D&C 64:33].  


which is also my exhortation to all those in zion

JS revelation, dated 20 July 1831, designated Missouri as “land of promise” for gathering of Saints and place for “city of Zion,” with Independence area as “center place” of Zion. Latter-day Saint settlements elsewhere, such as in Kirtland, Ohio, became known...

More Info
that love the appearing of our Lord and saviour Jesus christ.41

See 2 Timothy 4:8.  


I went to Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

More Info
last week and held a meeting on the Lords day and found the brethren strong in the faith and enjoying the sweet influence of the holy spirit cheering there hearts and enlarging ther understandings and binding there souls together that nothing but death can break asunder43

This suggests that the trouble and confusion raised by Sidney Rigdon’s recent announcement that the church had lost the “keys of the kingdom” had been resolved.  


we found the brethren in the injoyment of tolerable health except Sister Elliott whom the Doctors (two of them)44

“Sister Elliott” is probably Mary Cahoon Elliott, wife of David Elliott.a If so, the doctors mentioned here were probably located in Chagrin, Ohio, where the Elliotts appear to have been living.b Three doctors were apparently in Chagrin at the time: John Henderson, Asahel Brainard, and George Card.c Even if the Elliotts were in Kirtland, and not Chagrin, it is still possible the doctors JS mentions here were from Chagrin. Samuel Whitney, brother of Newel K. Whitney, later recalled two incidents in Kirtland in the 1830s where doctors were involved and specifically mentioned Brainard and Card.d  


aSee Backman, Profile, 23.

bJS, Kirtland, OH, to “Brethren in Zion,” Independence, MO, 21 Apr. 1833, in JS Letterbook 1, pp. 32–36.

c1830 U.S. Census, Chagrin, Cuyahoga Co., OH, 100; Crary, Pioneer and Personal Reminiscences, 19.

d“Statement of Rev. S. F. Whitney on Mormonism,” Naked Truths about Mormonism, [Oakland, CA], Jan. 1888, 3.

had given over & Bro Sidney

19 Feb. 1793–14 July 1876. Tanner, farmer, minister. Born at St. Clair, Allegheny Co., Pennsylvania. Son of William Rigdon and Nancy Gallaher. Joined United Baptists, ca. 1818. Preached at Warren, Trumbull Co., Ohio, and vicinity, 1819–1821. Married Phebe...

View Full Bio
’s seccond daughter

8 Dec. 1822–1 Nov. 1887. Born in Pittsburgh. Daughter of Sidney Rigdon and Phebe Brooks. Moved to Bainbridge, Geauga Co., Ohio, 1826. Moved to Mentor, Geauga Co., 1827. Baptized into LDS church, likely ca. Nov. 1830, in Ohio. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co....

View Full Bio
45

Rigdon’s second daughter, Nancy, was born on 8 December 1822 and would have been nine years old at the time. (Allegheny Co., PA, Orphans’ Court, Registration of Deaths in the City of Pittsburgh, 1870–1905, vol. 48, p. 222, microfilm 505,840, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL; Allegheny Cemetery, Pittsburgh, Allegheny Co., PA, Cemetery Records, 1845–1976, vol. E, p. 262, microfilm 1,290,386, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL; “Records of Early Church Families,” Utah Genealogical and Historical Magazine Oct. 1936 27:161.)  


but were restored by the preayer of faith,46

See James 5:15.  


Father John Johnson

14 Apr. 1779–30 July 1843. Farmer, innkeeper. Born at Chesterfield, Cheshire Co., New Hampshire. Son of Israel Johnson and Abigail Higgins. Married Alice (Elsa) Jacobs, 22 June 1800. Moved to Pomfret, Windsor Co., Vermont, ca. 1803. Settled at Hiram, Portage...

View Full Bio
s family & mine are enjoying tolerable health inso much we cannot complain. Sister Sarah Jackson47

Possibly Sarah Maria Jackson, who moved to Jackson County in December 1832. (Whitmer, Daybook, 6 Jan. 1832; Faulring, “Early Marriages,” 201.)  


came to live with us yesterday you have the prayers of us all daily and I think I can say almost hourly and in this day of calamity the saints & sinner hearts are almost failing them for fear48

See Luke 21:26; and Old Testament Revision 1, p. 19 [Moses 7:66].  


and are crying to whom shall we go or whethe whither shall we flee O my God spare Zion

A specific location in Missouri; also a literal or figurative gathering of believers in Jesus Christ, characterized by adherence to ideals of harmony, equality, and purity. In JS’s earliest revelations “the cause of Zion” was used to broadly describe the ...

View Glossary
that it may be a place of Reffuge and of safety.49

An 1831 revelation spoke of the New Jerusalem as “a City of refuge a place of safety for the saints.” (Revelation, ca. 7 Mar. 1831 [D&C 45:66].)  


I have a partickuler request to make of Bro John Whitmer

27 Aug. 1802–11 July 1878. Farmer, stock raiser, newspaper editor. Born in Pennsylvania. Son of Peter Whitmer Sr. and Mary Musselman. Member of German Reformed Church, Fayette, Seneca Co., New York. Baptized by Oliver Cowdery, June 1829, most likely in Seneca...

View Full Bio
that is as soon as you receive this letter for him to assertain the exact number of Deciples that have arived in zion

JS revelation, dated 20 July 1831, designated Missouri as “land of promise” for gathering of Saints and place for “city of Zion,” with Independence area as “center place” of Zion. Latter-day Saint settlements elsewhere, such as in Kirtland, Ohio, became known...

More Info
& how many have received there inheritence

Generally referred to land promised by or received from God for the church and its members. A January 1831 revelation promised church members a land of inheritance. In March and May 1831, JS dictated revelations commanding members “to purchase lands for an...

View Glossary
and the state and standing of each branch

An ecclesiastical organization of church members in a particular locale. A branch was generally smaller than a stake or a conference. Branches were also referred to as churches, as in “the Church of Shalersville.” In general, a branch was led by a presiding...

View Glossary
of the church

The Book of Mormon related that when Christ set up his church in the Americas, “they which were baptized in the name of Jesus, were called the church of Christ.” The first name used to denote the church JS organized on 6 April 1830 was “the Church of Christ...

View Glossary
and of this inteligence communicate to us as soon as it can be done by letter such as is not wisdom to publish in the paper,52

There is no surviving letter from Whitmer with this information. However, in the history of the church that Whitmer kept, he recorded that around March 1832 there were 402 “disciples living in this land Zion.” On 1 December 1832, Whitmer reported that there were “538 individuals in this land b[e]longing to th[e] church.” According to William E. McLellin, the group from Portage County, Ohio, that arrived in Zion in June 1832 consisted of “near 100 of our brethren (viz) men, women & children,” making up most of this increase. (Whitmer, History, 38–39; William E. McLellin, Independence, MO, to “Beloved Relatives,” Carthage, TN, 4 Aug. 1832, photocopy, CHL.)  


I exhort Bro John Whitmer

27 Aug. 1802–11 July 1878. Farmer, stock raiser, newspaper editor. Born in Pennsylvania. Son of Peter Whitmer Sr. and Mary Musselman. Member of German Reformed Church, Fayette, Seneca Co., New York. Baptized by Oliver Cowdery, June 1829, most likely in Seneca...

View Full Bio
also to remember the commandment to him to keep a history of the church & the gathering

As directed by early revelations, church members “gathered” in communities. A revelation dated September 1830, for instance, instructed elders “to bring to pass the gathering of mine elect” who would “be gathered in unto one place, upon the face of this land...

View Glossary
53

A March 1831 revelation instructed Whitmer to “write & keep a regulal [regular] history.” A November 1831 revelation instructed Whitmer to “travel many times from place to place & from Church to Church that he may the more easily obtain knowledge . . . writing cop[y]ing & selecting & obtain[in]g all things which shall be for the good of the Church & for the rising generations which shall grow up on the Land of Zion.” (Revelation, ca. 8 Mar. 1831–B [D&C 47:1]; Revelation, 11 Nov. 1831–A [D&C 69:8].)  


and be sure to shew him self approoved whereunto he hath been called54

See 2 Timothy 2:15.  


This is a copy of a letter writen to Broth Wm Phelps

17 Feb. 1792–7 Mar. 1872. Writer, teacher, printer, newspaper editor, publisher, postmaster, lawyer. Born at Hanover, Morris Co., New Jersey. Son of Enon Phelps and Mehitabel Goldsmith. Moved to Homer, Cortland Co., New York, 1800. Married Sally Waterman,...

View Full Bio
July 31— 1832 from Hyram

Area settled by immigrants from Pennsylvania and New England, ca. 1802. Located in northeastern Ohio about twenty-five miles southeast of Kirtland. Population in 1830 about 500. Population in 1840 about 1,100. JS lived in township at home of John and Alice...

More Info
except a few words on the wrapper by way of exhortation complementary &c
Joseph Smith Jr. [p. 7]
cause is a proof of there faithfulness in the high calling  I would exhort Bros Oliver [Cowdery]

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

View Full Bio
& John to be ware of saducing  spirits38

See 1 Timothy 4:1; see also Revelation, ca. 8 Mar. 1831–A [D&C 46:7].  


and stand firm in the liberty wherein they have  been set free39

See Galatians 5:1; and Book of Mormon, 1830 ed., 203, 393, 399–400 [Mosiah 23:13; Alma 58:40; 61:9, 21].  


and never be weary in well doing40

See Galatians 6:9; 2 Thessalonians 3:13; and Revelation, 11 Sept. 1831 [D&C 64:33].  


which is  also my exhortation to all those in zion

JS revelation, dated 20 July 1831, designated Missouri as “land of promise” for gathering of Saints and place for “city of Zion,” with Independence area as “center place” of Zion. Latter-day Saint settlements elsewhere, such as in Kirtland, Ohio, became known...

More Info
that love the appear ing of our Lord and saviour Jesus christ.41

See 2 Timothy 4:8.  


I [w]ent42

TEXT: “[Hole in paper]ent”.  


to Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

More Info
 last week and held a meeting on the Lords day and found  the brethren strong in the faith and enjoying the sweet  influence of the holy spirit cheering there hearts and  enlarging ther understandings and binding there souls to gethe[r] that nothing but death can break asunder43

This suggests that the trouble and confusion raised by Sidney Rigdon’s recent announcement that the church had lost the “keys of the kingdom” had been resolved.  


we  found the brethren in the injoyment of tolerable health  except Siste[r] Elliott whom the Doctors <(two of them)>44

“Sister Elliott” is probably Mary Cahoon Elliott, wife of David Elliott.a If so, the doctors mentioned here were probably located in Chagrin, Ohio, where the Elliotts appear to have been living.b Three doctors were apparently in Chagrin at the time: John Henderson, Asahel Brainard, and George Card.c Even if the Elliotts were in Kirtland, and not Chagrin, it is still possible the doctors JS mentions here were from Chagrin. Samuel Whitney, brother of Newel K. Whitney, later recalled two incidents in Kirtland in the 1830s where doctors were involved and specifically mentioned Brainard and Card.d  


aSee Backman, Profile, 23.

bJS, Kirtland, OH, to “Brethren in Zion,” Independence, MO, 21 Apr. 1833, in JS Letterbook 1, pp. 32–36.

c1830 U.S. Census, Chagrin, Cuyahoga Co., OH, 100; Crary, Pioneer and Personal Reminiscences, 19.

d“Statement of Rev. S. F. Whitney on Mormonism,” Naked Truths about Mormonism, [Oakland, CA], Jan. 1888, 3.

had given over & Bro  Sidney

19 Feb. 1793–14 July 1876. Tanner, farmer, minister. Born at St. Clair, Allegheny Co., Pennsylvania. Son of William Rigdon and Nancy Gallaher. Joined United Baptists, ca. 1818. Preached at Warren, Trumbull Co., Ohio, and vicinity, 1819–1821. Married Phebe...

View Full Bio
[’s] seccond daughte[r]

8 Dec. 1822–1 Nov. 1887. Born in Pittsburgh. Daughter of Sidney Rigdon and Phebe Brooks. Moved to Bainbridge, Geauga Co., Ohio, 1826. Moved to Mentor, Geauga Co., 1827. Baptized into LDS church, likely ca. Nov. 1830, in Ohio. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co....

View Full Bio
45

Rigdon’s second daughter, Nancy, was born on 8 December 1822 and would have been nine years old at the time. (Allegheny Co., PA, Orphans’ Court, Registration of Deaths in the City of Pittsburgh, 1870–1905, vol. 48, p. 222, microfilm 505,840, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL; Allegheny Cemetery, Pittsburgh, Allegheny Co., PA, Cemetery Records, 1845–1976, vol. E, p. 262, microfilm 1,290,386, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL; “Records of Early Church Families,” Utah Genealogical and Historical Magazine Oct. 1936 27:161.)  


but were restored to health by  the preayer of faith,46

See James 5:15.  


Father [John] Johnson

14 Apr. 1779–30 July 1843. Farmer, innkeeper. Born at Chesterfield, Cheshire Co., New Hampshire. Son of Israel Johnson and Abigail Higgins. Married Alice (Elsa) Jacobs, 22 June 1800. Moved to Pomfret, Windsor Co., Vermont, ca. 1803. Settled at Hiram, Portage...

View Full Bio
s family & mine are  enjoying tolerable health inso much we cannot com plain. Sister Sarah Jackson47

Possibly Sarah Maria Jackson, who moved to Jackson County in December 1832. (Whitmer, Daybook, 6 Jan. 1832; Faulring, “Early Marriages,” 201.)  


came to live with me us yesterday  you have the prayers of us all day daily and I think I can  say almost hourly and in this day of calamity the  saints & sinner hearts are almost failing them for fear48

See Luke 21:26; and Old Testament Revision 1, p. 19 [Moses 7:66].  


 and are crying to whom shall we go or whethe [whither] shall we flee  O my God spare Zion

A specific location in Missouri; also a literal or figurative gathering of believers in Jesus Christ, characterized by adherence to ideals of harmony, equality, and purity. In JS’s earliest revelations “the cause of Zion” was used to broadly describe the ...

View Glossary
that it may be a place of Reffuge  and of safety.49

An 1831 revelation spoke of the New Jerusalem as “a City of refuge a place of safety for the saints.” (Revelation, ca. 7 Mar. 1831 [D&C 45:66].)  


I have a partickuler request to make of Bro John Whitmer

27 Aug. 1802–11 July 1878. Farmer, stock raiser, newspaper editor. Born in Pennsylvania. Son of Peter Whitmer Sr. and Mary Musselman. Member of German Reformed Church, Fayette, Seneca Co., New York. Baptized by Oliver Cowdery, June 1829, most likely in Seneca...

View Full Bio
 that is as soon as you receive this letter for him to assertain the exact num ber of Deciples that have arived in zion

JS revelation, dated 20 July 1831, designated Missouri as “land of promise” for gathering of Saints and place for “city of Zion,” with Independence area as “center place” of Zion. Latter-day Saint settlements elsewhere, such as in Kirtland, Ohio, became known...

More Info
& how many have received there  inheritence

Generally referred to land promised by or received from God for the church and its members. A January 1831 revelation promised church members a land of inheritance. In March and May 1831, JS dictated revelations commanding members “to purchase lands for an...

View Glossary
and the stat[e]50

TEXT: “stat[hole in paper]”.  


and standing of each branch

An ecclesiastical organization of church members in a particular locale. A branch was generally smaller than a stake or a conference. Branches were also referred to as churches, as in “the Church of Shalersville.” In general, a branch was led by a presiding...

View Glossary
o[f]51

TEXT: “o[hole in paper]”.  


the church

The Book of Mormon related that when Christ set up his church in the Americas, “they which were baptized in the name of Jesus, were called the church of Christ.” The first name used to denote the church JS organized on 6 April 1830 was “the Church of Christ...

View Glossary
and  of this inteligence communicate to us as soon as it can be done  by letter such as is not wisdom to publish in the paper,52

There is no surviving letter from Whitmer with this information. However, in the history of the church that Whitmer kept, he recorded that around March 1832 there were 402 “disciples living in this land Zion.” On 1 December 1832, Whitmer reported that there were “538 individuals in this land b[e]longing to th[e] church.” According to William E. McLellin, the group from Portage County, Ohio, that arrived in Zion in June 1832 consisted of “near 100 of our brethren (viz) men, women & children,” making up most of this increase. (Whitmer, History, 38–39; William E. McLellin, Independence, MO, to “Beloved Relatives,” Carthage, TN, 4 Aug. 1832, photocopy, CHL.)  


I exhort  Bro John [Whitmer]

27 Aug. 1802–11 July 1878. Farmer, stock raiser, newspaper editor. Born in Pennsylvania. Son of Peter Whitmer Sr. and Mary Musselman. Member of German Reformed Church, Fayette, Seneca Co., New York. Baptized by Oliver Cowdery, June 1829, most likely in Seneca...

View Full Bio
also to remember the commandment to him to keep  a history of the church & the gathering

As directed by early revelations, church members “gathered” in communities. A revelation dated September 1830, for instance, instructed elders “to bring to pass the gathering of mine elect” who would “be gathered in unto one place, upon the face of this land...

View Glossary
53

A March 1831 revelation instructed Whitmer to “write & keep a regulal [regular] history.” A November 1831 revelation instructed Whitmer to “travel many times from place to place & from Church to Church that he may the more easily obtain knowledge . . . writing cop[y]ing & selecting & obtain[in]g all things which shall be for the good of the Church & for the rising generations which shall grow up on the Land of Zion.” (Revelation, ca. 8 Mar. 1831–B [D&C 47:1]; Revelation, 11 Nov. 1831–A [D&C 69:8].)  


and be sure to shew him  self approoved whereunto he hath been called54

See 2 Timothy 2:15.  


This is a copy of a letter writen to Broth Wm Phelps

17 Feb. 1792–7 Mar. 1872. Writer, teacher, printer, newspaper editor, publisher, postmaster, lawyer. Born at Hanover, Morris Co., New Jersey. Son of Enon Phelps and Mehitabel Goldsmith. Moved to Homer, Cortland Co., New York, 1800. Married Sally Waterman,...

View Full Bio
 July 31— 1832 from Hyram

Area settled by immigrants from Pennsylvania and New England, ca. 1802. Located in northeastern Ohio about twenty-five miles southeast of Kirtland. Population in 1830 about 500. Population in 1840 about 1,100. JS lived in township at home of John and Alice...

More Info
except a few words on the  wrapper by way of exhortation complementary &c

Signature of JS.  


Joseph Smith Jr. [p. 7]
PreviousNext
JS, Letter, Hiram Township

Area settled by immigrants from Pennsylvania and New England, ca. 1802. Located in northeastern Ohio about twenty-five miles southeast of Kirtland. Population in 1830 about 500. Population in 1840 about 1,100. JS lived in township at home of John and Alice...

More Info
, OH, to William W. Phelps

17 Feb. 1792–7 Mar. 1872. Writer, teacher, printer, newspaper editor, publisher, postmaster, lawyer. Born at Hanover, Morris Co., New Jersey. Son of Enon Phelps and Mehitabel Goldsmith. Moved to Homer, Cortland Co., New York, 1800. Married Sally Waterman,...

View Full Bio
, “Zion

JS revelation, dated 20 July 1831, designated Missouri as “land of promise” for gathering of Saints and place for “city of Zion,” with Independence area as “center place” of Zion. Latter-day Saint settlements elsewhere, such as in Kirtland, Ohio, became known...

More Info
” [Independence

Located twelve miles from western Missouri border. Permanently settled, platted, and designated county seat, 1827. Hub for steamboat travel on Missouri River. Point of departure for Santa Fe Trail. Population in 1831 about 300. Mormon population by summer...

More Info
, Jackson Co., MO], 31 July 1832; retained copy; handwriting of Frederick G. Williams

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

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; signature of JS; seven pages; JS Collection, CHL. Includes docket and notations.
Two bifolia, each measuring 12⅞ × 8 inches (33 × 20 cm) when folded. The pages from the first bifolium are in reverse folder page order; the second bifolium is in leaflet page order. Pagination is in the top left corner of each inscribed page in the handwriting of Newel K. Whitney

3/5 Feb. 1795–23 Sept. 1850. Trader, merchant. Born at Marlborough, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of Samuel Whitney and Susanna Kimball. Moved to Fairfield, Herkimer Co., New York, 1803. Merchant at Plattsburg, Clinton Co., New York, 1814. Mercantile clerk for...

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. The letter was tri-folded in letter style. The final page bears an inscription in the handwriting of Frederick G. Williams

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

View Full Bio
: “Copy of a letter written to Broth | William Phelps

17 Feb. 1792–7 Mar. 1872. Writer, teacher, printer, newspaper editor, publisher, postmaster, lawyer. Born at Hanover, Morris Co., New Jersey. Son of Enon Phelps and Mehitabel Goldsmith. Moved to Homer, Cortland Co., New York, 1800. Married Sally Waterman,...

View Full Bio
Zion

JS revelation, dated 20 July 1831, designated Missouri as “land of promise” for gathering of Saints and place for “city of Zion,” with Independence area as “center place” of Zion. Latter-day Saint settlements elsewhere, such as in Kirtland, Ohio, became known...

More Info
| Editor of the Evening & morning Star”. A docket on the final page, “Joseph Smiths Letter | to Zion 1832,” is in the handwriting of Newel K. Whitney. Appended to this docket is “July 1831 | N. K. Whitney.” in the handwriting of Thomas Bullock

23 Dec. 1816–10 Feb. 1885. Farmer, excise officer, secretary, clerk. Born in Leek, Staffordshire, England. Son of Thomas Bullock and Mary Hall. Married Henrietta Rushton, 25 June 1838. Moved to Ardee, Co. Louth, Ireland, Nov. 1839; to Isle of Anglesey, Aug...

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. Also on the final page is a separate Bullock notation: “July 31— 1845 | N. K. Whitney handed to me”. There is soiling at folds and tearing at fold corners on the final page, obscuring the text on page 7. Ink spotting, smears, and fingerprints are found in the letter.
This version of the letter is a contemporaneous retained copy made by Williams

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

View Full Bio
and later filed by Whitney

3/5 Feb. 1795–23 Sept. 1850. Trader, merchant. Born at Marlborough, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of Samuel Whitney and Susanna Kimball. Moved to Fairfield, Herkimer Co., New York, 1803. Merchant at Plattsburg, Clinton Co., New York, 1814. Mercantile clerk for...

View Full Bio
. The notation on the last page of the document indicates Whitney gave the letter to Historian’s Office clerk Thomas Bullock

23 Dec. 1816–10 Feb. 1885. Farmer, excise officer, secretary, clerk. Born in Leek, Staffordshire, England. Son of Thomas Bullock and Mary Hall. Married Henrietta Rushton, 25 June 1838. Moved to Ardee, Co. Louth, Ireland, Nov. 1839; to Isle of Anglesey, Aug...

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on 31 July 1845, the date of its receipt in the Historian’s Office.

Facts