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Old Testament Revision 1

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A Revelation given to Joseph the Revelator June 1830
The words of God which he spake unto Moses at a time when Moses was caught up into an exceeding high Mountain & he saw God face to face & he talked with him & the glory of God was upon Moses therefore Moses could endure his presence & God spake unto Moses saying Behold I I am the Lord God Almighty & endless is my name for I am without beginning of days or end of years & is this not endless & behold thou art my Son Wherefore look & I will shew thee the workmanship of mine hands but not all for my works are without end & also my words for they never cease wherefore no man can behold all my works except he behold all my glory & no man can behold all my glory & afterwards remain in the flesh & I have a work for thee Moses my Son & thou art in similitude to mine only begotten & mine only begotten is & shall be for he is full of grace & truth but there is none other God beside me & all things are present with me for I know them all And now behold this one thing I shew unto thee Moses my son for thou art in the world & now I shew it thee And it came to pass that Moses looked & beheld the world upon which he was created & as Moses beheld the world & the ends thereof & all the Children of men which was & which was created of the same he greatly marvelled & wondered & the presence of God withdrew from Moses that his glory was not upon Moses & Moses was left unto himself & as he was left unto himself he fell unto the Earth, And it came to pass, that it was for the space of many hours before Moses did again receive his natural strength like unto man, & he saith unto himself Now for this once I know that man is nothing, which thing I never had supposed, but now mine eyes, mine own eyes but not mine eyes for mine eyes could not have beheld for I should have withered & died in his presence but his glory was upon me & I beheld his face for I was transfigered before him And now it came to pass that when Moses had said these words, behold, Satan came tempting him saying, Moses, Son of man, worship me, And it came to pass that Moses looked upon Satan & saith, Who art thou for behold, I am a Son of God in the similitude of his only begotten, & where is thy glory that I should worship thee, for, behold, I could not look upon God except his glory should come upon me, & I were transfigered before him but I can look upon thee in the natural man, if not so surely blessed be the name of my God for his Spirit hath not altogether withdrawn from me or else where is thy glory for it is blackness unto me & I can Judge between thee & God for God said unto me Worship God for him only shalt thou serve Get thee hence Satan deceive me not for God said unto me Thou art after the similitude of mine only begotten & he also gave unto me commandment when he called unto me out of the burning bush Saying call upon God in the name of mine only begotten & worship me And again Moses saith I will not cease to call upon God I have other things to inquire of him for his glory has been upon me & it is glory unto me wherefore I can judge betwixt him & thee depart hence Satan And now when Moses had said these words Satan cried with a loud [voice &] wrent upon the Earth [p. [1]]

Oliver Cowdery handwriting begins.  


A Revelation given to Joseph the Revelator June 1830
The words of God which he gave <spake> unto Moses at a time  when Moses was caught up into an exceeding high Mountain & he saw  God face to face & he talked with him & the glory of God was upon Mo ses therefore Moses could endure his presence & God spake unto Mo ses saying Behold I I am the Lord God Almighty & endless is  my name for I am without beginning of days or end of years & is this not  endless & behold thou art my Son Wherefore look & I will shew thee the work manship of mine hands but not all for my works are without end & also my wo [r]ds for they never cease wherefore no man can behold all my works except he  behold <all> my glory & no man can behold all my glory & afterwards remain in the  flesh & I have a work for thee Moses my Son & thou art in similitude to my <mine>  only begotten & mine only begotten is & shall be for he is full of grace & truth bu[t]  there is none other God beside me & all things are present with me for I know  them all And now behold this one thing I shew unto thee Moses my  son for thou art in the world & now I shew it thee And it came to  pass that Moses looked & beheld the world upon which he was created &  [as] Moses beheld the world & the ends thereof & all the Children of men which  was & which was created of the same he greatly marvelled & wondered &  the presence of God withdrew from Moses that his glory was not upon  Moses & Moses was left unto himself & as he was left unto himself  he fell unto the Earth, And it came to pass, that it was for the space  of many hours before Moses did again receive his natural strength  [lik]e unto man, & he saith unto himself no Now for this once I know that  [m]an is nothing, which thing I never had supposed, but now mine eyes,  mine own eyes but not mine eyes for mine eyes could not have beheld for I shou ld have withered & died in his presence but his glory was upon me & I be held his face for I was transfigered before him And now it came to  pass that when Moses had said these words, behold, Satan came tempting  him saying, Moses, Son of man, worship me, And it came to pass that  Moses looked upon Satan & saith, Who art thou for behold, I am a  Son of God in the similitude of his only begotten, & where is thy glory that I  should worship thee, for, behold, I could not look upon God except his  glory should come upon me, & I were transfigered before him but I can  look upon thee in the natural man, if not so surely blessed be the name  of my God for his Spirit hath not altogether withdrawn from m[e]  or else where is thy glory for it is blackness unto me & I can Judge betw een thee & God for God said unto me Worship God for him only shalt  thou serve Get thee hence Satan deceive me not for God said unto me  Thou art after the similitude of mine only begotten & he also gave unto  me commandment when he called unto me out of the burning bush Saying  [c]all upon God in the name of mine only begotten & worship me And again  Moses saith I will not cease to call upon God I have other things to  inquire of him for his glory has been upon me & it is glory unto me wherefore  I can judge betwixt him & thee depart hence Satan And now when Mose[s]  had said these words Satan cried with a loud [voice &] wrent upon the Ear[th] [p. [1]]
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Old Testament Revision 1, June 1830–ca. 7 Mar. 1831; handwriting of Sidney Rigdon

19 Feb. 1793–14 July 1876. Tanner, farmer, minister. Born at St. Clair, Allegheny Co., Pennsylvania. Son of William Rigdon and Nancy Gallaher. Joined United Baptists, ca. 1818. Preached at Warren, Trumbull Co., Ohio, and vicinity, 1819–1821. Married Phebe...

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, Oliver Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

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, Emma Smith

10 July 1804–30 Apr. 1879. Scribe, editor, boardinghouse operator, clothier. Born at Willingborough Township (later in Harmony), Susquehanna Co., Pennsylvania. Daughter of Isaac Hale and Elizabeth Lewis. Member of Methodist church at Harmony (later in Oakland...

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, and John Whitmer

27 Aug. 1802–11 July 1878. Farmer, stock raiser, newspaper editor. Born in Pennsylvania. Son of Peter Whitmer Sr. and Mary Musselman. Member of German Reformed Church, Fayette, Seneca Co., New York. Baptized by Oliver Cowdery, June 1829, most likely in Seneca...

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; 60 pages; CCLA. Includes redactions, wrapper, and archival markings.
The possibility that the first pages inscribed by Oliver Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

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, especially the first two-and-a-half pages following the original heading, were copied from an earlier dictation text cannot be ruled out. At least by October 1830, when John Whitmer

27 Aug. 1802–11 July 1878. Farmer, stock raiser, newspaper editor. Born in Pennsylvania. Son of Peter Whitmer Sr. and Mary Musselman. Member of German Reformed Church, Fayette, Seneca Co., New York. Baptized by Oliver Cowdery, June 1829, most likely in Seneca...

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replaced Cowdery as scribe, this manuscript is the dictation copy.
The Bible revision manuscripts remained in JS’s possession throughout his life—except during a brief period in 1838 and another in 1839. Upon the death of JS, the manuscript was in possession of his wife Emma

10 July 1804–30 Apr. 1879. Scribe, editor, boardinghouse operator, clothier. Born at Willingborough Township (later in Harmony), Susquehanna Co., Pennsylvania. Daughter of Isaac Hale and Elizabeth Lewis. Member of Methodist church at Harmony (later in Oakland...

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for over twenty years, until 1867 when she gave it to her son Joseph Smith III

6 Nov. 1832–10 Dec. 1914. Clerk, hotelier, farmer, justice of the peace, editor, minister. Born at Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio. Son of JS and Emma Hale. Moved to Far West, Caldwell Co., Missouri, 1838; to Quincy, Adams Co., Illinois, 1839; and to Commerce ...

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in order for the RLDS Church to publish The Holy Scriptures.
Note: The transcript of Old Testament Revision 1 presented here is used with generous permission of the Brigham Young University Religious Studies Center. It was published earlier, with some differences in style, in Scott H. Faulring, Kent P. Jackson, and Robert J. Matthews, eds., Joseph Smith's New Translation of the Bible: Original Manuscripts (Provo, UT: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University, 2004), 75–152.

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