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Record of the Twelve, 14 February–28 August 1835

4–9 May 1835 • Monday–Saturday

May 4th 1835. The twelve

Members of a governing body in the church, with special administrative and proselytizing responsibilities. A June 1829 revelation commanded Oliver Cowdery and David Whitmer to call twelve disciples, similar to the twelve apostles in the New Testament and ...

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left Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

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this morning and embarked on board the Steamer Sanduskey, at Fair Port

Situated on southern shore of Lake Erie; area originally called Grandon; settled 1803. Located twelve miles northeast of Kirtland. Harbor established at mouth of Grand River, by 1812. Harbor became significant port. Name officially changed to Fairport, 14...

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, bound for Dunkirk N.Y. where we landed the same day at 5 o’clock P.M. We preached in those regions for a short time and then met in Westfield

Formed 1829. Population in 1830 about 2,500. Population in 1835 about 3,000. Included Westfield village; settled 1800; incorporated Apr. 1833. Westfield branch of LDS church had about seventy-five members, 1835. Latter-day Saint Job Lewis hosted conferences...

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pursuant to previous appointment where we held a conference

A meeting where ecclesiastical officers and other church members could conduct church business. The “Articles and Covenants” of the church directed the elders to hold conferences to perform “Church business.” The first of these conferences was held on 9 June...

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May 9th. in order to transact such business as should be found necessary. This High council

A governing body of twelve high priests. The first high council was organized in Kirtland, Ohio, on 17 February 1834 “for the purpose of settling important difficulties which might arise in the church, which could not be settled by the church, or the bishop...

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met with the church

The Book of Mormon related that when Christ set up his church in the Americas, “they which were baptized in the name of Jesus, were called the church of Christ.” The first name used to denote the church JS organized on 6 April 1830 was “the Church of Christ...

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, Elder Thomas B Marsh

1 Nov. 1800–Jan. 1866. Farmer, hotel worker, waiter, horse groom, grocer, type foundry worker, teacher. Born at Acton, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts. Son of James Marsh and Molly Law. Married first Elizabeth Godkin, 1 Nov. 1820, at New York City. Moved to ...

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, being the oldest man in the council, took the chair, the meeting was opened by a solem appeal to Heaven that his blessings might be shed forth upon us.
The following items were suggested for the consideration of the council
1st Resolved that the limits of this conference extend south and west to the line of Pennsylvania

Area first settled by Swedish immigrants, 1628. William Penn received grant for territory from King Charles II, 1681, and established British settlement, 1682. Philadelphia was center of government for original thirteen U.S. colonies from time of Revolutionary...

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, North as far as Lake Erie and East as far as Lodi

Settled 1816. Named Lodi, 1822. Incorporated as Gowanda village, 1848. Straddled Cattaraugus River. Population in 1842 about 700. Transferred from Perrysburg to Persia Township when Persia was created, 1835.

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, embraceing the branches of Westfield

Formed 1829. Population in 1830 about 2,500. Population in 1835 about 3,000. Included Westfield village; settled 1800; incorporated Apr. 1833. Westfield branch of LDS church had about seventy-five members, 1835. Latter-day Saint Job Lewis hosted conferences...

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, Silver-Creek

Located at mouth of Silver Creek (or Steer Creek) on Lake Erie, in northwest corner of Hanover Township. Incorporated as village, 1848.

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Perrysburgh and Laona

Village with about 40 domiciles, 1836. Population in 1842 about 400.

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, to be called the
Westfield

Formed 1829. Population in 1830 about 2,500. Population in 1835 about 3,000. Included Westfield village; settled 1800; incorporated Apr. 1833. Westfield branch of LDS church had about seventy-five members, 1835. Latter-day Saint Job Lewis hosted conferences...

More Info
Conference.”
2nd To inquire into the standing of all the Elders

A male leader in the church generally; an ecclesiastical and priesthood office or one holding that office; a proselytizing missionary. The Book of Mormon explained that elders ordained priests and teachers and administered “the flesh and blood of Christ unto...

View Glossary
within the bounds of this conference
3rd To inquire into the manner of their teaching, dilligence and faithfulness in the cause of truth and whether any teach false or erroneous doctrine.
4th. To inquire into the conduct, teaching and faithfulness of all the travelling Elders who have recently travelled through the bounds of this conf.
5th. To call upon the Elders, present to represent the several branches of the church over which they preside.
Upon inquirey all the Elders present were found to be in good standing. Their manner of teaching met the approbation of the council, except that of Elder Joseph Rose who was found to have taught [p. 8]

4–9 May 1835 • Monday–Saturday

May 4th 1835. The twelve

Members of a governing body in the church, with special administrative and proselytizing responsibilities. A June 1829 revelation commanded Oliver Cowdery and David Whitmer to call twelve disciples, similar to the twelve apostles in the New Testament and ...

View Glossary
left Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

More Info
this  morning and embarked on board the Steamer  Sanduskey, at Fair Port

Situated on southern shore of Lake Erie; area originally called Grandon; settled 1803. Located twelve miles northeast of Kirtland. Harbor established at mouth of Grand River, by 1812. Harbor became significant port. Name officially changed to Fairport, 14...

More Info
, bound for Dunkirk N.Y.  where we landed the same day at 5 o’clock P.M. We  preached in those regions for a short time and then  met in Westfield

Formed 1829. Population in 1830 about 2,500. Population in 1835 about 3,000. Included Westfield village; settled 1800; incorporated Apr. 1833. Westfield branch of LDS church had about seventy-five members, 1835. Latter-day Saint Job Lewis hosted conferences...

More Info
pursuant to previous appointment where  we held a conference

A meeting where ecclesiastical officers and other church members could conduct church business. The “Articles and Covenants” of the church directed the elders to hold conferences to perform “Church business.” The first of these conferences was held on 9 June...

View Glossary
May 9th. in order to transact such  business as should be found necessary. This High  council

A governing body of twelve high priests. The first high council was organized in Kirtland, Ohio, on 17 February 1834 “for the purpose of settling important difficulties which might arise in the church, which could not be settled by the church, or the bishop...

View Glossary
met with the church

The Book of Mormon related that when Christ set up his church in the Americas, “they which were baptized in the name of Jesus, were called the church of Christ.” The first name used to denote the church JS organized on 6 April 1830 was “the Church of Christ...

View Glossary
, Elder Thomas B Marsh

1 Nov. 1800–Jan. 1866. Farmer, hotel worker, waiter, horse groom, grocer, type foundry worker, teacher. Born at Acton, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts. Son of James Marsh and Molly Law. Married first Elizabeth Godkin, 1 Nov. 1820, at New York City. Moved to ...

View Full Bio
,  being the oldest man in the council, took the chair,  the meeting was opened by a solem appeal to Heaven  that his blessings might be shed forth upon us.
The following items were suggested for the consideration  of the council
1st Resolved that the limits of this conference  extend south and west to the line of Pennsylvania

Area first settled by Swedish immigrants, 1628. William Penn received grant for territory from King Charles II, 1681, and established British settlement, 1682. Philadelphia was center of government for original thirteen U.S. colonies from time of Revolutionary...

More Info
, North  as far as Lake Erie and East as far as Lodi

Settled 1816. Named Lodi, 1822. Incorporated as Gowanda village, 1848. Straddled Cattaraugus River. Population in 1842 about 700. Transferred from Perrysburg to Persia Township when Persia was created, 1835.

More Info
,  embraceing the branches of Westfield

Formed 1829. Population in 1830 about 2,500. Population in 1835 about 3,000. Included Westfield village; settled 1800; incorporated Apr. 1833. Westfield branch of LDS church had about seventy-five members, 1835. Latter-day Saint Job Lewis hosted conferences...

More Info
, Silver-Creek

Located at mouth of Silver Creek (or Steer Creek) on Lake Erie, in northwest corner of Hanover Township. Incorporated as village, 1848.

More Info
 Perrysburgh and Laona

Village with about 40 domiciles, 1836. Population in 1842 about 400.

More Info
, to be called the
Westfield

Formed 1829. Population in 1830 about 2,500. Population in 1835 about 3,000. Included Westfield village; settled 1800; incorporated Apr. 1833. Westfield branch of LDS church had about seventy-five members, 1835. Latter-day Saint Job Lewis hosted conferences...

More Info
Conference.”
2nd To inquire into the standing of all the Elders

A male leader in the church generally; an ecclesiastical and priesthood office or one holding that office; a proselytizing missionary. The Book of Mormon explained that elders ordained priests and teachers and administered “the flesh and blood of Christ unto...

View Glossary
 within the bounds of this conference
3rd To inquire into the manner of their teaching,  dilligence and faithfulness in the cause of truth and  whether any teach false and <or> erroneous doctrine.
4th. To inquire into the conduct, teaching and  faithfulness of all the travelling Elders who have  recently travelled through the bounds of this conf.
5th. To call upon the Elders, present to represent  the several branches of the church over which they  preside.
Upon inquirey all the Elders present were  found to be in good standing. Their manner of  teaching met the approbation of the council, except that  of Elder Joseph Rose who was found to have taught [p. 8]
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Record of the Twelve, 14 Feb.–28 Aug. 1835, as copied ca. late 1835 into “A record of the transactions of the Twelve apostles of the Church of the Latter Day Saints from the time of their call to the apostleship which was on the 14th. Day of Feby. AD 1835”; handwriting of Orson Hyde

8 Jan. 1805–28 Nov. 1878. Laborer, clerk, storekeeper, teacher, editor, businessman, lawyer, judge. Born at Oxford, New Haven Co., Connecticut. Son of Nathan Hyde and Sally Thorpe. Moved to Derby, New Haven Co., 1812. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, ...

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and William E. McLellin

18 Jan. 1806–14 Mar. 1883. Schoolteacher, physician, publisher. Born at Smith Co., Tennessee. Son of Charles McLellin and Sarah (a Cherokee Indian). Married first Cynthia Ann, 30 July 1829. Wife died, by summer 1831. Baptized into LDS church by Hyrum Smith...

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; twenty pages; verso of Patriarchal Blessings, vol. 2; CHL. Includes use marks and archival markings.
The Record of the Twelve was copied from original manuscripts, apparently retained by William E. McLellin

18 Jan. 1806–14 Mar. 1883. Schoolteacher, physician, publisher. Born at Smith Co., Tennessee. Son of Charles McLellin and Sarah (a Cherokee Indian). Married first Cynthia Ann, 30 July 1829. Wife died, by summer 1831. Baptized into LDS church by Hyrum Smith...

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,1

See William E. McLellin, Independence, MO, to D. H. Bays, Lafayette, MO, 24 May 1870, True Latter Day Saints’ Herald,15 Sept. 1870, 553.  


into a bound volume that was later used to record patriarchal blessings. The volume measures 1213/16 x 8⅛ x 1¼ inches (33 x 21 x 3 cm) and has 172 leaves measuring 12½ x 7⅞ inches (32 x 20 cm). The main body has fourteen gatherings of twelve leaves each. There are also two flyleaves in the front, two flyleaves in the back, and two pastedowns. All but the pastedowns and flyleaves are ruled paper with thirty-five horizontal lines in blue ink, now faded. The text block is sewn all along over recessed cords, and the front and back covers of the volume are millboard. The book has a tight-back case binding with a brown sheep- or calfskin quarter-leather binding. The outside covers are adorned in shell marbled paper, with green body and veins of red and blue. The Record of the Twelve was recorded on the first twelve leaves of the volume. In the back of the volume, 120 leaves were used to record patriarchal blessings, leaving 40 blank leaves between the two records. The front cover of the book is labeled “R. T.”—presumably for “Record of the Twelve”—in black ink. The inside front cover has “Y B | B | Book.” written in ink and “L/P | POC | 12/=” written in graphite. Similar markings appear in at least three other extant volumes.2

See JS Letterbook 1; Minute Book 1; and Revelation Book 2.  


Three labels pasted on the spine, apparently in Utah, read “RECORD of the TWELVE”, “PATRIARCHAL BLESSINGS BY JOSEPH SMITH S”, and “Vol. 2 | Patriarchal | Blessings”.
The rectos of each of the two front flyleaves were used as title pages for the Record of the Twelve. Before each of the titles was inscribed in ink, these pages were ruled in graphite. The record itself was inscribed in black ink on twenty pages. The record is in the handwriting of Orson Hyde

8 Jan. 1805–28 Nov. 1878. Laborer, clerk, storekeeper, teacher, editor, businessman, lawyer, judge. Born at Oxford, New Haven Co., Connecticut. Son of Nathan Hyde and Sally Thorpe. Moved to Derby, New Haven Co., 1812. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, ...

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except for the entries for 23 and 25 May (pages 12–13), which were inscribed by William E. McLellin

18 Jan. 1806–14 Mar. 1883. Schoolteacher, physician, publisher. Born at Smith Co., Tennessee. Son of Charles McLellin and Sarah (a Cherokee Indian). Married first Cynthia Ann, 30 July 1829. Wife died, by summer 1831. Baptized into LDS church by Hyrum Smith...

View Full Bio
. Hyde wrote page numbers at the top of each page except page 20. Use marks were made in graphite pencil on the record when it was used later as a source text for JS’s multivolume manuscript history of the church. In the 1840s, the book was turned over so that the back cover became the front and the last page became the first. This side of the book was used by Thomas Bullock to record patriarchal blessings. The cover is labeled “2”, indicating that it was the second volume in a series of patriarchal blessing books. The volume is listed on Nauvoo, Illinois, and early Utah inventories of church records, indicating continuous custody.3

Historian’s Office, “Schedule of Church Records,” [1]; “Historian’s Office Catalogue Book March 1858,” [7]; “Index of Records and Journals in the Historian’s Office 1878,” [14], Catalogues and Inventories, 1846–1904, CHL.  


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