Revelation, 1 November 1831–A [D&C 68]

time of the Lord other Bishops to be set apart unto the church  to minister even according to the first12

Edward Partridge was appointed bishop in February 1831. (See Revelation, 4 Feb. 1831 [D&C 41:9].)  

wherefore it shall be an  high priest who is worthy & he shall be appointed by a confrenc of  high priests13

Extant records predating this revelation generally use the term “high priesthood” instead of “high priests.”a After this revelation, the term “high priests” is increasingly used in records.b Although a conference of elders appointed “assistants” to Edward Partridge, there is no extant record of a conference appointing Partridge bishop.c A license created for Partridge, however, states that Partridge had been appointed bishop “with and by the consent of the whole church.”d  

And again no Bishop or judge14

An August 1831 revelation explained that one of the functions of a bishop was to “be a Judge in Israel” and “to Judge his people by the testimony of the Just.” (Revelation, 1 Aug. 1831 [D&C 58:17–18].)  

which shall be set apart  for this ministry shall be tried or condemned for any crime save  it be before a confrence of high priests & inasmuch as he is found guilty  before a confrenc of high priests by testimony that cannot be impeached  he shall be condemned or forgiven according to the Laws of the church15

The February 1831 revelation of the “Laws of the Church of Christ” stated, “If he [Partridge] transgress another shall be appointed in his Stead.” This same revelation provided instructions on how to deal with church members who committed adultery or offended other members of the church. (Revelation, 9 Feb. 1831 [D&C 42:10]; Revelation, 23 Feb. 1831 [D&C 42:80–83, 88–93].)  

And again inasmuch as parents have children in Zion that teach them  not to understand the doctrine of repentance faith in Christ the Son of the  living God & of baptism & the gift of the Holy Spirit by the laying <on> of the  hands when eight years old the sin be upon the head of the parents for  this shall be a Law unto the inhabitants of Zion & their children shall  be baptised for the remission of their sins when eight years old &  receive the laying on of the hands16

According to an 1829 revelation, children were not to be baptized until they had reached the “years of accountability.” Sometime between 1 February 1831 and 7 March 1831, JS revised Genesis 17:11 so that it explained “that children are not accountable before me till eight years old.” (Revelation, June 1829–B [D&C 18:42]; Old Testament Revision 1, p. 41, [Joseph Smith Translation, Genesis 17:11]; see also Faulring et al., Joseph Smith’s New Translation of the Bible, 64.)
Comprehensive Works Cited



Old Testament Revision 1 / “A Revelation Given to Joseph the Revelator June 1830,” 1830–1831. CCLA. Also available in Scott H. Faulring, Kent P. Jackson, and Robert J. Matthews, eds., Joseph Smith’s New Translation of the Bible: Original Manuscripts (Provo, UT: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University, 2004), 75–152.

Faulring, Scott H., Kent P. Jackson, and Robert J. Matthews, eds. Joseph Smith’s New Translation of the Bible: Original Manuscripts. Provo, UT: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University, 2004.

& they also shall teach their children to pray  & to walk uprightly before the Lord & the inhabitants of Zion shall also  observe to the Sabath day to keep it holy17

See Revelation, 7 Aug. 1831 [D&C 59:12–13].  

& the inhabitants of Zion also  shall remember their labors inasmuch as they are appointed to labor  in all faithfulness for the idler shall be had in remembrance before  the Lord now I the Lord am not well pleased with the inhabitants  of Zion for there are idlers among them18

The “Laws of the Church of Christ” specifically prohibited idleness, stating “he that is Idle shall not eat the bread nor wear the garment of the labourer.” (Revelation, 9 Feb. 1831 [D&C 42:42].)  

& their children also are grow ing up in wickedness they also seek not earnestly the riches of  Eternity19

See Revelation, 2 Jan. 1831 [D&C 38:39].  

but their eyes are full of greediness20

See Revelation, 15 June 1831 [D&C 56:17].  

these things ought not  to be & must be done away from among them wherefore let my  servant Oliver [Cowdery] cary these sayings unto the land of Zion21

Sidney Gilbert, who had returned to Kirtland, Ohio, in August 1831 to “procure the necessaries” for his Independence, Missouri, store, was similarly told to communicate “that which he hath seen & heard . . . unto my Deciples” in Missouri “that they perish not & for this cause have I spoken these things.” (Edward Partridge, Independence, MO, to Lydia Clisbee Partridge, 5–7 Aug. 1831, Edward Partridge, Letters, 1831–1835, CHL; Revelation, 11 Sept. 1831 [D&C 64:19].)
Comprehensive Works Cited



Partridge, Edward. Letters, 1831–1835. CHL.

& a com mandment I give unto them that he that obse[r]veth <not> his prayers  before the Lord in the season thereof let them be had in remem brance before the judge of my people these sayings are true & faith ful22

See Revelation 22:6; Book of Mormon, 1830 ed., 119 [2 Nephi 31:15]; and Revelation, 29 Oct. 1831 [D&C 66:11].
Comprehensive Works Cited



The Book of Mormon: An Account Written by the Hand of Mormon, upon Plates Taken from the Plates of Nephi. Palmyra, NY: E. B. Grandin, 1830.

wherefore transgress them not neither take therefrom behold  I am Alpha & Omega23

“Alpha & Omega,” as a title for Jesus Christ, occurs in the Bible, the Book of Mormon, and earlier JS revelations. (See, for example, Revelation 1:8; 21:6; Book of Mormon, 1830 ed., 474 [3 Nephi 9:18]; and Revelation, 7 Dec. 1830 [D&C 35:1].)
Comprehensive Works Cited



The Book of Mormon: An Account Written by the Hand of Mormon, upon Plates Taken from the Plates of Nephi. Palmyra, NY: E. B. Grandin, 1830.

& I come quickly Amen
Given a in Hiram November first 1831 by Joseph the Seer [p. 114]
On 1–2 November 1831, ten elders convened a conference in Hiram, Ohio, to discuss the publication of the Book of Commandments, a compilation of JS’s revelations.1

For more information on this conference, see Minutes, 1–2 Nov. 1831.  

According to a later JS history, four of the conference attendees—Orson Hyde, Luke Johnson, Lyman Johnson, and William E. McLellin—approached JS during the conference and requested to know the Lord’s will concerning them.2

JS History, vol. A-1, 163. A few days earlier, JS had dictated a revelation to McLellin regarding God’s will for him, but McLellin and his copetitioners apparently desired more direction. (Revelation, 29 Oct. 1831 [D&C 66].)  

This revelation came in response to their inquiry.3 The revelation provided more information about the evangelizing duties of the four men specifically and of elders in general. While Hyde, McLellin, and Luke Johnson were all ordained to the high priesthood at a conference held in Orange, Cuyahoga County, Ohio, a week earlier, Lyman Johnson was ordained to the high priesthood at the Hiram conference on 2 November.4
After closing the portion of the revelation addressed specifically to the four men with an “Amen,” the document shifts its audience to the church in general and gives additional information about the office of bishop, as well as counsel to members of the church “in Zion” about teaching and baptizing their children and avoiding idleness and greed. The text may originally have been dictated as two discrete revelations, which, like some other revelations closely related in time or content, were then copied together and presented as a single, unified text. All extant copies of the text—whether in manuscript or published form—present both parts as one revelation.
The original manuscript of the revelation is not extant, and the conference minutes do not mention the revelation.5 However, the copy in Revelation Book 1 is dated 1 November 1831 and a heading states that it was “given in Hiram Nov. 1. 1831.”6

A 2 November date for the revelation cannot, however, be ruled out. A later JS history places the revelation as the final event of the two-day conference. (JS History, vol. A-1, 157–163.)  

John Whitmer and Oliver Cowdery copied the revelation into Revelation Book 1, probably soon after its dictation.7

Cowdery and Whitmer left for Missouri on 20 November 1831 with Revelation Book 1, and the revelation was likely copied before they left. When this revelation was published in the 1835 edition of the Doctrine and Covenants, additional verses were included. (Whitmer, History, 38, in JSP, H2:49; Doctrine and Covenants 22, 1835 ed.)
Comprehensive Works Cited



JSP, H2 / Davidson, Karen Lynn, Richard L. Jensen, and David J. Whittaker, eds. Histories, Volume 2: Assigned Historical Writings, 1831–1847. Vol. 2 of the Histories series of The Joseph Smith Papers, edited by Dean C. Jessee, Ronald K. Esplin, and Richard Lyman Bushman. Salt Lake City, Church Historian’s Press, 2012.

Doctrine and Covenants of the Church of the Latter Day Saints: Carefully Selected from the Revelations of God. Compiled by Joseph Smith, Oliver Cowdery, Sidney Rigdon, and Frederick G. Williams. Kirtland, OH: F. G. Williams, 1835. Also available in Robin Scott Jensen, Richard E. Turley Jr., Riley M. Lorimer, eds., Revelations and Translations, Volume 2: Published Revelations. Vol. 2 of the Revelations and Translations series of The Joseph Smith Papers, edited by Dean C. Jessee, Ronald K. Esplin, and Richard Lyman Bushman (Salt Lake City: Church Historian’s Press, 2011).