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Revelation, 10 March 1831 [D&C 48]

49 Commandment

Generally, a divine mandate that church members were expected to obey; more specifically, a text dictated by JS in the first-person voice of Deity that served to communicate knowledge and instruction to JS and his followers. Occasionally, other inspired texts...

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March 10th. 1831
A Revelation Received at Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

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Geauga County Ohio concerning the Bretheren in New York

Located in northeast region of U.S. Area settled by Dutch traders, 1620s; later governed by Britain, 1664–1776. Admitted to U.S. as state, 1788. Population in 1810 about 1,000,000; in 1820 about 1,400,000; in 1830 about 1,900,000; and in 1840 about 2,400,...

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how to Manage with their property &c1

John Whitmer likely created this heading when he copied the text into Revelation Book 1.  


It is nessessary that ye should remain for the present time in your places of abode as it shall be suitable to your circumstances & inasmuch as ye have lands ye shall impart to the Eastern Brethren & in as much as ye have not lands let them buy for the present time in those regions round about as seemeth them good for it must needs be nessessary that they have places to live for the present time it must needs be nessessary that ye save all the money that ye can (& that ye obtain all that ye can) that in time ye may be enabled to purchase lands for an inheritance (even the City) the place is not yet to be revealed but after your Brethren come from the East there are to be certain men to be appointed & to them it shall be given to know the place as to them it shall be revealed2

In June 1831, a revelation directed more than two dozen elders to accompany JS to Missouri, where, they were told, the precise location for “the City” (Zion) would be revealed. From fall 1830, it was known that Zion was to be built somewhere near Missouri’s western border. (Revelation, 6 June 1831 [D&C 52:5, 43]; Revelation, Sept. 1830–B [D&C 28:9].)  


& they shall be appointed to purchase the lands & to make a commencement to lay the foundation of the City

The Book of Mormon indicated that, in preparation for Jesus Christ’s second coming, a city should be built on the American continent and called the New Jerusalem. The Book of Mormon further explained that the remnant of the seed of Joseph (understood to be...

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3

See Revelation, 20 July 1831 [D&C 57:1–5]; and Revelation, 1 Aug. 1831 [D&C 58:49–57].  


& then ye shall begin to be gethered

As directed by early revelations, church members “gathered” in communities. A revelation dated September 1830, for instance, instructed elders “to bring to pass the gathering of mine elect” who would “be gathered in unto one place, upon the face of this land...

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with your families evry man according to his family according to his circumstances & as is appointed to them by the Bishop

An ecclesiastical and priesthood office. JS appointed Edward Partridge as the first bishop in February 1831. Following this appointment, Partridge functioned as the local leader of the church in Missouri. Later revelations described a bishop’s duties as receiving...

View Glossary
& Elders

A male leader in the church generally; an ecclesiastical and priesthood office or one holding that office; a proselytizing missionary. The Book of Mormon explained that elders ordained priests and teachers and administered “the flesh and blood of Christ unto...

View Glossary
of the Church

The Book of Mormon related that when Christ set up his church in the Americas, “they which were baptized in the name of Jesus, were called the church of Christ.” The first name used to denote the church JS organized on 6 April 1830 was “the Church of Christ...

View Glossary
according to the laws & commandments

Principles given to the church and its members in February 1831 revelations. In January 1831, a revelation promised the saints in New York that the law would be given after they gathered in Ohio. Once in Ohio, on 9 and 23 February 1831, JS dictated two revelations...

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which ye have received & which ye shall hereafter receive4

Subsequent revelations addressing the gathering of church families to Zion include Revelation, 30 Aug. 1831 [D&C 63:24–41]; Revelation, 11 Sept. 1831 [D&C 64:21–22, 26, 41–42]; and Revelation, 4 Dec. 1831–B [D&C 72:15–18].  


[p. 79]
49 Commandment

Generally, a divine mandate that church members were expected to obey; more specifically, a text dictated by JS in the first-person voice of Deity that served to communicate knowledge and instruction to JS and his followers. Occasionally, other inspired texts...

View Glossary
March 10th. 1831
A Revelation Received at Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

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Geauga  County Ohio concerning the Bretheren in New York

Located in northeast region of U.S. Area settled by Dutch traders, 1620s; later governed by Britain, 1664–1776. Admitted to U.S. as state, 1788. Population in 1810 about 1,000,000; in 1820 about 1,400,000; in 1830 about 1,900,000; and in 1840 about 2,400,...

More Info
 how to Manage with their property &c1

John Whitmer likely created this heading when he copied the text into Revelation Book 1.  


It is nessessary that ye should remain for the present  time in your places of abode as it shall be suitable  to your circumstances & inasmuch as ye [have] lands ye shall imp art to the Eastern Brethren & in as much as ye have not  lands let them buy for the present time in those regi ons round about as seemeth them good for it must  needs be nessessary that they have places to live for  the present time it must needs be nessessary that  ye save all the money that ye can (& that ye obtain all  that ye can) that in time ye may be enabled to purch ase lands for an inheritance (even the City) the place  is not yet to be revealed but after your Brethren come  from the East there are to be certain men to be app ointed & to them it shall be given to know the place  as to them it shall be revealed2

In June 1831, a revelation directed more than two dozen elders to accompany JS to Missouri, where, they were told, the precise location for “the City” (Zion) would be revealed. From fall 1830, it was known that Zion was to be built somewhere near Missouri’s western border. (Revelation, 6 June 1831 [D&C 52:5, 43]; Revelation, Sept. 1830–B [D&C 28:9].)  


& they shall be appoin ted to purchase the lands & to lay the foundation  make a commencement to lay the foundation of the  City

The Book of Mormon indicated that, in preparation for Jesus Christ’s second coming, a city should be built on the American continent and called the New Jerusalem. The Book of Mormon further explained that the remnant of the seed of Joseph (understood to be...

View Glossary
3

See Revelation, 20 July 1831 [D&C 57:1–5]; and Revelation, 1 Aug. 1831 [D&C 58:49–57].  


& then ye shall begin to be gethered

As directed by early revelations, church members “gathered” in communities. A revelation dated September 1830, for instance, instructed elders “to bring to pass the gathering of mine elect” who would “be gathered in unto one place, upon the face of this land...

View Glossary
with your  families evry man according to his family according  to his circumstances & as is appointed to them by the  Bishop

An ecclesiastical and priesthood office. JS appointed Edward Partridge as the first bishop in February 1831. Following this appointment, Partridge functioned as the local leader of the church in Missouri. Later revelations described a bishop’s duties as receiving...

View Glossary
& Elders

A male leader in the church generally; an ecclesiastical and priesthood office or one holding that office; a proselytizing missionary. The Book of Mormon explained that elders ordained priests and teachers and administered “the flesh and blood of Christ unto...

View Glossary
of the Church

The Book of Mormon related that when Christ set up his church in the Americas, “they which were baptized in the name of Jesus, were called the church of Christ.” The first name used to denote the church JS organized on 6 April 1830 was “the Church of Christ...

View Glossary
according to the laws  & commandments

Principles given to the church and its members in February 1831 revelations. In January 1831, a revelation promised the saints in New York that the law would be given after they gathered in Ohio. Once in Ohio, on 9 and 23 February 1831, JS dictated two revelations...

View Glossary
which ye have received & which ye shall  hereafter receive4

Subsequent revelations addressing the gathering of church families to Zion include Revelation, 30 Aug. 1831 [D&C 63:24–41]; Revelation, 11 Sept. 1831 [D&C 64:21–22, 26, 41–42]; and Revelation, 4 Dec. 1831–B [D&C 72:15–18].  


[p. 79]
This revelation addressed the concern about where the believers emigrating from New York

Located in northeast region of U.S. Area settled by Dutch traders, 1620s; later governed by Britain, 1664–1776. Admitted to U.S. as state, 1788. Population in 1810 about 1,000,000; in 1820 about 1,400,000; in 1830 about 1,900,000; and in 1840 about 2,400,...

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to Ohio

French explored area, 1669. British took possession following French and Indian War, 1763. Ceded to U.S., 1783. First permanent white settlement established, 1788. Northeastern portion maintained as part of Connecticut, 1786, and called Connecticut Western...

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would settle when they arrived. During the fall and winter of 1830–1831, revelations directed the New York believers to gather to Ohio, declared that a holy city known as Zion

A specific location in Missouri; also a literal or figurative gathering of believers in Jesus Christ, characterized by adherence to ideals of harmony, equality, and purity. In JS’s earliest revelations “the cause of Zion” was used to broadly describe the ...

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or the New Jerusalem

The Book of Mormon indicated that, in preparation for Jesus Christ’s second coming, a city should be built on the American continent and called the New Jerusalem. The Book of Mormon further explained that the remnant of the seed of Joseph (understood to be...

View Glossary
was to be built “among the Lamanites

A term used in the Book of Mormon to refer to the descendants or followers of Laman, as well as those who later identified themselves as Lamanites because they did not believe in the religious traditions of their ancestors. According to JS and the Book of...

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,” and appointed Edward Partridge

27 Aug. 1793–27 May 1840. Hatter. Born at Pittsfield, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of William Partridge and Jemima Bidwell. Moved to Painesville, Geauga Co., Ohio. Married Lydia Clisbee, 22 Aug. 1819, at Painesville. Initially a Universal Restorationist...

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as bishop

An ecclesiastical and priesthood office. JS appointed Edward Partridge as the first bishop in February 1831. Following this appointment, Partridge functioned as the local leader of the church in Missouri. Later revelations described a bishop’s duties as receiving...

View Glossary
to the Church of Christ

The Book of Mormon related that when Christ set up his church in the Americas, “they which were baptized in the name of Jesus, were called the church of Christ.” The first name used to denote the church JS organized on 6 April 1830 was “the Church of Christ...

View Glossary
, all matters relevant to this question.1 Because “the Law,” an extensive revelation dated 9 February, declared that the bishop had the responsibility to oversee “the properties of my church” and “administer to the poor and needy,” the question was especially relevant to Partridge.2

Revelation, 9 Feb. 1831 [D&C 42:31–34].  


The immediate context for both this revelation and key parts of the 9 February revelation a month earlier was the anticipated arrival of more than one hundred church members from New York

Located in northeast region of U.S. Area settled by Dutch traders, 1620s; later governed by Britain, 1664–1776. Admitted to U.S. as state, 1788. Population in 1810 about 1,000,000; in 1820 about 1,400,000; in 1830 about 1,900,000; and in 1840 about 2,400,...

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.3

“Mormon Emigration,” Painesville (OH) Telegraph, 17 May 1831, [3].  


In response to a question from Ohio

French explored area, 1669. British took possession following French and Indian War, 1763. Ceded to U.S., 1783. First permanent white settlement established, 1788. Northeastern portion maintained as part of Connecticut, 1786, and called Connecticut Western...

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believers, “What preperations we shall make for our Brethren from the East & when & how?”4

Though the featured version of Revelation, 9 Feb. 1831 [D&C 42:1–72], gives the final words of this question as “when & how,” other manuscript versions have “where & how.” Significantly, the revelatory answer to the question explains “where” the Ohio believers were to make preparations for the settlement of the immigrants but not “when.” (See Revelation, 9 Feb. 1831, in Revelation Book 1, p. 67; and Gilbert, Notebook, [22].)  


the 9 February revelation stated that individuals should be appointed to assist the bishop in “obtaining places” for the New York believers and advised that members cluster together, with “every Church . . . organized in as close bodies as they can be.”5

Revelation, 9 Feb. 1831 [D&C 42:73].  


JS also requested that New York church member Martin Harris

18 May 1783–10 July 1875. Farmer. Born at Easton, Albany Co., New York. Son of Nathan Harris and Rhoda Lapham. Moved with parents to area of Swift’s landing (later in Palmyra), Ontario Co., New York, 1793. Married first his first cousin Lucy Harris, 27 Mar...

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aid in the efforts to organize the settlement, telling Harris in a 22 February letter, “It is nec[e]ssary for you to come here as soon as you can in order to choose a place which may be best adapted to the circumstances of yourself and breatheren in the east to settle on.”6 By 10 March, Harris had not yet arrived and, according to John Whitmer

27 Aug. 1802–11 July 1878. Farmer, stock raiser, newspaper editor. Born in Pennsylvania. Son of Peter Whitmer Sr. and Mary Musselman. Member of German Reformed Church, Fayette, Seneca Co., New York. Baptized by Oliver Cowdery, June 1829, most likely in Seneca...

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, there had been “no preparation made for the reception of the Saints,” making Edward Partridge

27 Aug. 1793–27 May 1840. Hatter. Born at Pittsfield, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of William Partridge and Jemima Bidwell. Moved to Painesville, Geauga Co., Ohio. Married Lydia Clisbee, 22 Aug. 1819, at Painesville. Initially a Universal Restorationist...

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“anxious to know something” about how places were to be obtained for the anticipated newcomers.7

“Mormon Emigration,” Wayne Sentinel (Palmyra, NY), 27 May 1831, [3]; Whitmer, History, 23. The heading for this revelation in the 1833 Book of Commandments noted that it was specifically addressed “to the bishop” as well as “to the church in Kirtland.” (Book of Commandments 51.)  


Whitmer further explained that another purpose of the revelation was to provide clarification because “some had supposed that it [Ohio] was the place of gathering even the place of the New Jerusalam spoken of in the Book of Mormon. according to the visions and revelations received in the last days.”8

Whitmer, History, 23.  


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