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Revelation, 12 March 1832 [D&C 79]

A Revelation given to Jerad Jared Carter

14 June 1801–6 July 1849. Born at Killingworth, Middlesex Co., Connecticut. Son of Gideon Carter and Johanna Sims. Moved to Benson, Rutland Co., Vermont, by 1810. Married Lydia Ames, 20 Sept. 1823, at Benson. Moved to Chenango, Broome Co., New York, by Jan...

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March 12th 1832 in Hiram

Area settled by immigrants from Pennsylvania and New England, ca. 1802. Located in northeastern Ohio about twenty-five miles southeast of Kirtland. Population in 1830 about 500. Population in 1840 about 1,100. JS lived in township at home of John and Alice...

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Pordage Portage County Ohio,——1

It is unknown whether this heading appeared in the original manuscript. The copy made by John Whitmer in Revelation Book 1 contains the heading “Revelation given March 12 1832 Hiram Portage Ohio.” (Revelation Book 1, p. 147.)  


Verily verily I say unto you that it is my will that my Servant Jerad

14 June 1801–6 July 1849. Born at Killingworth, Middlesex Co., Connecticut. Son of Gideon Carter and Johanna Sims. Moved to Benson, Rutland Co., Vermont, by 1810. Married Lydia Ames, 20 Sept. 1823, at Benson. Moved to Chenango, Broome Co., New York, by Jan...

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should go again into the eastern countries from place, to place, and from City, City, in the power of the ordinence

A religious rite. JS taught that ordinances were covenants between man and God, in which believers could affirm faith, gain spiritual knowledge, and seek blessings. Some ordinances were considered requisite for salvation. The manner in which ordinances were...

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wherewith he has been ordained

The conferral of power and authority; to appoint, decree, or set apart. Church members, primarily adults, were ordained to ecclesiastical offices and other responsibilities by the laying on of hands by those with the proper authority. Ordinations to priesthood...

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2

In his journal, Carter wrote that “the power of the ordinan[c]e where with I had been ordained . . . was to the high privilige of administering in the name of Jesus Christ even to seal on earth and to build up the Church of Christ and to work meracles in the name of Christ.”a JS stated earlier that “the order of the High priesthood is that they have power given them to seal up the Saints unto eternal life.”b This similar terminology, as well as Carter’s reference to “the high privilege,” suggests that “the ordinence wherewith he has been ordained” refers to Carter’s ordination to the high priesthood. Though the date of his ordination is unknown, Carter’s journal provides hints. It refers to him being given “the authority of an apostle” prior to 22 September 1831 and relates an event that occurred sometime between 6 June and 22 September 1831 in which he was “endowed with power from on high” and thereafter had the ability to cast out devils and heal the sick.c Later accounts of the June 1831 conference at which the high priesthood was first bestowed referred to its conferral as an “endowment” of power, while former church member Ezra Booth noted in October 1831 that many of the Saints had “been ordained to the High Priesthood, or the order of Milchesidec; and profess to be endowed with the same power as the ancient apostles were.”d  


aCarter, Journal, 53.

bMinutes, 25–26 Oct. 1831.

cCarter, Journal, 35.

dCorrill, Brief History, 18; Ezra Booth, “Mormonism—No. II,” Ohio Star [Ravenna], 20 Oct. 1831, [3].

proclaiming glad tidings of great joy even the everlasting gospel3

See Revelation, Sept. 1830–F [D&C 31:3]; and Vision, 16 Feb. 1832 [D&C 76:40–43].  


and I will send upon him the comforter which shall teach him the truth and his way whither he shall go4

See Revelation, Sept. 1830–F [D&C 31:11]; and Revelation, 9 May 1831 [D&C 50:14].  


and in as much as he is faithful I will crown him again with sheaves5

“Sheaves” is used here as a metaphor for converts. (See Micah 4:12; Book of Mormon, 1830 ed., 497 [3 Nephi 20:18]; and Revelation, 25 Jan. 1832–A [D&C 75:5]; see also Carter, Journal, 123.)  


wherefore let your heart be glad my servant Jerad

14 June 1801–6 July 1849. Born at Killingworth, Middlesex Co., Connecticut. Son of Gideon Carter and Johanna Sims. Moved to Benson, Rutland Co., Vermont, by 1810. Married Lydia Ames, 20 Sept. 1823, at Benson. Moved to Chenango, Broome Co., New York, by Jan...

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and fear not saith your Lord even Jesus Christ Amen—— [p. 12]
A Revelation given to Jerad [Jared] Carter

14 June 1801–6 July 1849. Born at Killingworth, Middlesex Co., Connecticut. Son of Gideon Carter and Johanna Sims. Moved to Benson, Rutland Co., Vermont, by 1810. Married Lydia Ames, 20 Sept. 1823, at Benson. Moved to Chenango, Broome Co., New York, by Jan...

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March 12th 1832  in Hiram

Area settled by immigrants from Pennsylvania and New England, ca. 1802. Located in northeastern Ohio about twenty-five miles southeast of Kirtland. Population in 1830 about 500. Population in 1840 about 1,100. JS lived in township at home of John and Alice...

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Pordage [Portage] County Ohio,——1

It is unknown whether this heading appeared in the original manuscript. The copy made by John Whitmer in Revelation Book 1 contains the heading “Revelation given March 12 1832 Hiram Portage Ohio.” (Revelation Book 1, p. 147.)  


Verily verily I say unto you that it is my  will that my Servant Jerad

14 June 1801–6 July 1849. Born at Killingworth, Middlesex Co., Connecticut. Son of Gideon Carter and Johanna Sims. Moved to Benson, Rutland Co., Vermont, by 1810. Married Lydia Ames, 20 Sept. 1823, at Benson. Moved to Chenango, Broome Co., New York, by Jan...

View Full Bio
should go again  into the eastern countries from place, to place,  and from City, City, in the power of the ordinence

A religious rite. JS taught that ordinances were covenants between man and God, in which believers could affirm faith, gain spiritual knowledge, and seek blessings. Some ordinances were considered requisite for salvation. The manner in which ordinances were...

View Glossary
 wherewith he has been ordained

The conferral of power and authority; to appoint, decree, or set apart. Church members, primarily adults, were ordained to ecclesiastical offices and other responsibilities by the laying on of hands by those with the proper authority. Ordinations to priesthood...

View Glossary
2

In his journal, Carter wrote that “the power of the ordinan[c]e where with I had been ordained . . . was to the high privilige of administering in the name of Jesus Christ even to seal on earth and to build up the Church of Christ and to work meracles in the name of Christ.”a JS stated earlier that “the order of the High priesthood is that they have power given them to seal up the Saints unto eternal life.”b This similar terminology, as well as Carter’s reference to “the high privilege,” suggests that “the ordinence wherewith he has been ordained” refers to Carter’s ordination to the high priesthood. Though the date of his ordination is unknown, Carter’s journal provides hints. It refers to him being given “the authority of an apostle” prior to 22 September 1831 and relates an event that occurred sometime between 6 June and 22 September 1831 in which he was “endowed with power from on high” and thereafter had the ability to cast out devils and heal the sick.c Later accounts of the June 1831 conference at which the high priesthood was first bestowed referred to its conferral as an “endowment” of power, while former church member Ezra Booth noted in October 1831 that many of the Saints had “been ordained to the High Priesthood, or the order of Milchesidec; and profess to be endowed with the same power as the ancient apostles were.”d  


aCarter, Journal, 53.

bMinutes, 25–26 Oct. 1831.

cCarter, Journal, 35.

dCorrill, Brief History, 18; Ezra Booth, “Mormonism—No. II,” Ohio Star [Ravenna], 20 Oct. 1831, [3].

proclaiming  glad tidings of great joy even the everlasting  gospel3

See Revelation, Sept. 1830–F [D&C 31:3]; and Vision, 16 Feb. 1832 [D&C 76:40–43].  


and I will send upon him the comforter  which shall teach him the truth and his  way whither he shall go4

See Revelation, Sept. 1830–F [D&C 31:11]; and Revelation, 9 May 1831 [D&C 50:14].  


and in as much as he  is faithful I will crown him again with sheaves5

“Sheaves” is used here as a metaphor for converts. (See Micah 4:12; Book of Mormon, 1830 ed., 497 [3 Nephi 20:18]; and Revelation, 25 Jan. 1832–A [D&C 75:5]; see also Carter, Journal, 123.)  


 wherefore let your heart be glad my servant  Jerad

14 June 1801–6 July 1849. Born at Killingworth, Middlesex Co., Connecticut. Son of Gideon Carter and Johanna Sims. Moved to Benson, Rutland Co., Vermont, by 1810. Married Lydia Ames, 20 Sept. 1823, at Benson. Moved to Chenango, Broome Co., New York, by Jan...

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and fear not saith your Lord even  Jesus Christ Amen—— [p. 12]
Jared Carter

14 June 1801–6 July 1849. Born at Killingworth, Middlesex Co., Connecticut. Son of Gideon Carter and Johanna Sims. Moved to Benson, Rutland Co., Vermont, by 1810. Married Lydia Ames, 20 Sept. 1823, at Benson. Moved to Chenango, Broome Co., New York, by Jan...

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spent much of late 1831 and early 1832 proselytizing in Ohio

French explored area, 1669. British took possession following French and Indian War, 1763. Ceded to U.S., 1783. First permanent white settlement established, 1788. Northeastern portion maintained as part of Connecticut, 1786, and called Connecticut Western...

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, Pennsylvania

Area first settled by Swedish immigrants, 1628. William Penn received grant for territory from King Charles II, 1681, and established British settlement, 1682. Philadelphia was center of government for original thirteen U.S. colonies from time of Revolutionary...

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, New York

Located in northeast region of U.S. Area settled by Dutch traders, 1620s; later governed by Britain, 1664–1776. Admitted to U.S. as state, 1788. Population in 1810 about 1,000,000; in 1820 about 1,400,000; in 1830 about 1,900,000; and in 1840 about 2,400,...

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, and Vermont

Area served as early thoroughfare for traveling Indian tribes. French explored area, 1609, and erected fort on island in Lake Champlain, 1666. First settled by Massachusetts emigrants, 1724. Claimed by British colonies of New York and New Hampshire, but during...

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.1

Carter, Journal, 35–49.  


A few weeks after returning to his home in Amherst

Located in northeastern Ohio on southern shore of Lake Erie. Area settled, ca. 1810. County organized, 1824. Formed from Black River Township, Dec. 1829. Population in 1830 about 600. Population in 1840 about 1,200. Parley P. Pratt settled in township, Dec...

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, Ohio, he traveled to Hiram

Area settled by immigrants from Pennsylvania and New England, ca. 1802. Located in northeastern Ohio about twenty-five miles southeast of Kirtland. Population in 1830 about 500. Population in 1840 about 1,100. JS lived in township at home of John and Alice...

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, Ohio, where JS was living in the home of John

14 Apr. 1779–30 July 1843. Farmer, innkeeper. Born at Chesterfield, Cheshire Co., New Hampshire. Son of Israel Johnson and Abigail Higgins. Married Alice (Elsa) Jacobs, 22 June 1800. Moved to Pomfret, Windsor Co., Vermont, ca. 1803. Settled at Hiram, Portage...

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and Alice (Elsa) Jacobs Johnson. Carter recorded in his journal that the purpose of his trip was to visit “the Seaer to enquier the will of the Lord concerning my minestry the ensuin[g] season.”2

Carter, Journal, 53.  


On 12 March 1832, JS dictated a revelation directing Carter to preach the gospel again in the eastern United States

North American constitutional republic. Constitution ratified, 17 Sept. 1787. Population in 1805 about 6,000,000; in 1830 about 13,000,000; and in 1844 about 20,000,000. Louisiana Purchase, 1803, doubled size of U.S. Consisted of seventeen states at time ...

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. When Carter departed for his new mission on 15 April 1832, he likely had the original manuscript of the revelation or a copy of it in his possession.3

Carter, Journal, 53–54. Carter recorded exact phrases from the revelation when discussing it in his journal. However, his journal appears to be a retrospective account, so he could have obtained a copy of the revelation after his return. (See Carter, Journal, 33–122.)  


The revelation was probably originally inscribed by Sidney Rigdon

19 Feb. 1793–14 July 1876. Tanner, farmer, minister. Born at St. Clair, Allegheny Co., Pennsylvania. Son of William Rigdon and Nancy Gallaher. Joined United Baptists, ca. 1818. Preached at Warren, Trumbull Co., Ohio, and vicinity, 1819–1821. Married Phebe...

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, Jesse Gause

Ca. 1784–ca. Sept. 1836. Schoolteacher. Born at East Marlborough, Chester Co., Pennsylvania. Son of William Gause (Goss) and Mary Beverly. Joined Society of Friends (Quakers), 1806. Moved to Fayette Co., Pennsylvania, 1808; to Chester Co., 1811; and to Wilmington...

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, or Frederick G. Williams

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

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, who served as scribes for JS in 1832.4

See Scribal Directory, in JSP, MRB:683–684; Jennings, “Consequential Counselor,” 183; and Faulring et al., Joseph Smith’s New Translation of the Bible, 46–48.  


Williams copied the revelation into Revelation Book 2, probably sometime before JS left for Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

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on 1 April 1832.

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