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Revelation, 15 June 1831 [D&C 56]

And after that I have commanded & the commandment is broken Wherefore I the lord command & revoke as it seemeth me good & all this to be answered upon the heads of the rebelious saith the Lord Wherefore I revoke the commandment which was given unto my servent Thomas

1 Nov. 1800–Jan. 1866. Farmer, hotel worker, waiter, horse groom, grocer, type foundry worker, teacher. Born at Acton, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts. Son of James Marsh and Molly Law. Married first Elizabeth Godkin, 1 Nov. 1820, at New York City. Moved to ...

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& Ezra

14 Oct. 1791–6 Sept. 1862. Farmer, gardener, builder. Born in New York. Married Elizabeth Frank. Lived at Bloomfield, Ontario Co., New York, 1820. Lived at Farmington, Ontario Co., 1830. Baptized into LDS church by Parley P. Pratt and confirmed by JS, fall...

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2 & give a new commandment unto my Servent Thomas

1 Nov. 1800–Jan. 1866. Farmer, hotel worker, waiter, horse groom, grocer, type foundry worker, teacher. Born at Acton, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts. Son of James Marsh and Molly Law. Married first Elizabeth Godkin, 1 Nov. 1820, at New York City. Moved to ...

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that he shall take up his Journey speedily to the land of Missorie

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

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& my servent Sealy Selah Griffin

Ca. 1795–after 1860. Blacksmith. Born in Virginia. Married first Polly. Lived in Morgan Township, Ashtabula Co., Ohio, by 1820. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, by 1826. Supervisor of highways, 1827, and fence viewer, 1829, in Kirtland. Baptized into ...

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shall also go with him for behold I revoke the commandment which was given to my servents Sealy

Ca. 1795–after 1860. Blacksmith. Born in Virginia. Married first Polly. Lived in Morgan Township, Ashtabula Co., Ohio, by 1820. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, by 1826. Supervisor of highways, 1827, and fence viewer, 1829, in Kirtland. Baptized into ...

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& Newel Knight

13 Sept. 1800–11 Jan. 1847. Miller, merchant. Born at Marlborough, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of Joseph Knight Sr. and Polly Peck. Moved to Jericho (later Bainbridge), Chenango Co., New York, ca. 1809. Moved to Windsor (later in Colesville), Broome Co., New...

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3 in consequence of the stiffneckedness of my people which are in Thompson

Located about twenty miles northeast of Kirtland, Ohio. Settled 1800. Surveyed 1809. Incorporated 1817. Population in 1830 about 700. Population in 1840 about 1,000. Latter-day Saints from Colesville, New York, were directed to settle in area on 759 acres...

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& their rebelions Wherefore let my servent Newel

13 Sept. 1800–11 Jan. 1847. Miller, merchant. Born at Marlborough, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of Joseph Knight Sr. and Polly Peck. Moved to Jericho (later Bainbridge), Chenango Co., New York, ca. 1809. Moved to Windsor (later in Colesville), Broome Co., New...

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remain with them & as many as will go may go that are contrite before me & be led by him to the land which I have appointed & again verily I say unto you that my servent Ezra Thayer

14 Oct. 1791–6 Sept. 1862. Farmer, gardener, builder. Born in New York. Married Elizabeth Frank. Lived at Bloomfield, Ontario Co., New York, 1820. Lived at Farmington, Ontario Co., 1830. Baptized into LDS church by Parley P. Pratt and confirmed by JS, fall...

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must repent of his pride & his selfishness & obey the former commandment which I have given him concerning the place upon which he lives & if he will do this4

Another early copy of this revelation has “if he will not do this,” apparently a scribal error. (Revelations Collection, CHL [D&C 56:9].)  


as there shall no divisions be made upon the land he shall be appointed still to go to the land of Missorie

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

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otherwise he shall receive the money which he has paid & shall leave the place & shall be cut off out of my Church saith the Lord god of host & though the Heavens & the Earth pass away these words shall not pass away but shall be fulfilled & if my servent Joseph must needs pay the money Behold I the Lord will pay it unto him again in the land of Missorie

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

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that those of whom he shall receive may be rewarded again according to that which they do they shall receive5

Another early copy of this revelation has “& those of whome he shal receive may be rewarded again in the land of according to that which they do for according to that which they do they shal receive.” The published versions of the revelation also use this wording. (Revelations Collection, CHL; Book of Commandments 58:14; Doctrine and Covenants 69:4, 1835 ed. [D&C 56:13].)  


even in lands for their in heritance Behold thus saith the lord unto my people you have many things to do & to repent of for behold your sins have come up unto me & are not pardoned because you seek to council in your own ways & your hearts are not satisfied & y obey not the truth but have pleasure in unrighteousness6

See 2 Thessalonians 2:12.  


wo! unto you rich men that will not give your substance to the poor for your riches will kanker your souls And this shall be your lamentation in the day of visitation & of Judgement & of indignation the Harvest is past the summer is ended & my soul is not saved7

An earlier revelation used the same imagery and language. (Revelation, ca. 7 Mar. 1831 [D&C 45:2].)  


wo! unto you poor men whose hearts are not broken whose spirits are not contrite & whose bellys are not satisfied & whose hands are not stayed from laying hold upon other mens goods whose eyes are full of greediness who will not labour with their own hands8

The revealed law for the Church of Christ, recorded in February, had warned, “Thou Shalt not be Idle for he that is Idle shall not eat the bread nor wear the garment of the labourer.” (Revelation, 9 Feb. 1831 [D&C 42:42].)  


[p. 92]
And after that I have commanded & the commandment is broken  Wherefore I the lord command & revoke as it seemeth me good &  all this to be answered upon the heads of the rebelious saith the Lord  Wherefore I revoke the commandment which was given unto my servent  Thomas

1 Nov. 1800–Jan. 1866. Farmer, hotel worker, waiter, horse groom, grocer, type foundry worker, teacher. Born at Acton, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts. Son of James Marsh and Molly Law. Married first Elizabeth Godkin, 1 Nov. 1820, at New York City. Moved to ...

View Full Bio
& Ezra

14 Oct. 1791–6 Sept. 1862. Farmer, gardener, builder. Born in New York. Married Elizabeth Frank. Lived at Bloomfield, Ontario Co., New York, 1820. Lived at Farmington, Ontario Co., 1830. Baptized into LDS church by Parley P. Pratt and confirmed by JS, fall...

View Full Bio
2 & give a new commandment unto my Servent Thomas

1 Nov. 1800–Jan. 1866. Farmer, hotel worker, waiter, horse groom, grocer, type foundry worker, teacher. Born at Acton, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts. Son of James Marsh and Molly Law. Married first Elizabeth Godkin, 1 Nov. 1820, at New York City. Moved to ...

View Full Bio
 that he shall take up his Journey speedily to the land of Missorie

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

More Info
& my  servent Sealy [Selah] Griffin

Ca. 1795–after 1860. Blacksmith. Born in Virginia. Married first Polly. Lived in Morgan Township, Ashtabula Co., Ohio, by 1820. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, by 1826. Supervisor of highways, 1827, and fence viewer, 1829, in Kirtland. Baptized into ...

View Full Bio
shall also go with him for behold I revoke the  commandment which was given to my servents Sealy

Ca. 1795–after 1860. Blacksmith. Born in Virginia. Married first Polly. Lived in Morgan Township, Ashtabula Co., Ohio, by 1820. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, by 1826. Supervisor of highways, 1827, and fence viewer, 1829, in Kirtland. Baptized into ...

View Full Bio
& Newel [Knight]

13 Sept. 1800–11 Jan. 1847. Miller, merchant. Born at Marlborough, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of Joseph Knight Sr. and Polly Peck. Moved to Jericho (later Bainbridge), Chenango Co., New York, ca. 1809. Moved to Windsor (later in Colesville), Broome Co., New...

View Full Bio
3 in con sequence of the stiffneckedness of my people which are in Thompson

Located about twenty miles northeast of Kirtland, Ohio. Settled 1800. Surveyed 1809. Incorporated 1817. Population in 1830 about 700. Population in 1840 about 1,000. Latter-day Saints from Colesville, New York, were directed to settle in area on 759 acres...

More Info
&  their rebelions Wherefore let my servent Newel

13 Sept. 1800–11 Jan. 1847. Miller, merchant. Born at Marlborough, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of Joseph Knight Sr. and Polly Peck. Moved to Jericho (later Bainbridge), Chenango Co., New York, ca. 1809. Moved to Windsor (later in Colesville), Broome Co., New...

View Full Bio
remain with them & as  many as will go may go that are contrite before me & be led by him  to the land which I have appointed & again verily I say unto you that  my servent Ezra Thayer

14 Oct. 1791–6 Sept. 1862. Farmer, gardener, builder. Born in New York. Married Elizabeth Frank. Lived at Bloomfield, Ontario Co., New York, 1820. Lived at Farmington, Ontario Co., 1830. Baptized into LDS church by Parley P. Pratt and confirmed by JS, fall...

View Full Bio
must repent of his pride & his selfishness &  obey the former commandment which I have given him concerning  the place upon which he lives & if he will do this4

Another early copy of this revelation has “if he will not do this,” apparently a scribal error. (Revelations Collection, CHL [D&C 56:9].)  


as there shall no  divisions be <be> made upon the land he shall be appointed still to go  to the land of Missorie

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

More Info
otherwise he shall receive the money which  he has paid & shall leave the place & shall be cut off out of my Church  saith the Lord god of host & though the Heavens & the Earth pass away  these words shall not pass away but shall be fulfilled & if my servent  Joseph must needs pay the money Behold I the Lord will pay <it> unto  him again in the land of Missorie

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

More Info
that those of whom he shall receive  may be rewarded again according to that which they do they shall receive5

Another early copy of this revelation has “& those of whome he shal receive may be rewarded again in the land of according to that which they do for according to that which they do they shal receive.” The published versions of the revelation also use this wording. (Revelations Collection, CHL; Book of Commandments 58:14; Doctrine and Covenants 69:4, 1835 ed. [D&C 56:13].)  


 even in lands for their in heritance Behold thus saith the lord unto  my people you have many things to do & to repent of for behold  your sins have come up unto me & are not pardoned because you  seek to council in your own ways & your hearts are not satisfied  & y obey not the truth but have pleasure in unrighteousness6

See 2 Thessalonians 2:12.  


wo!  unto you rich men that will not give your substance to the poor  for your riches will kanker your souls And this shall be your  lamentation in the day of visitation & of Judgement & of indignation  the Harvest is past the summer is ended & my soul is not saved7

An earlier revelation used the same imagery and language. (Revelation, ca. 7 Mar. 1831 [D&C 45:2].)  


wo!  unto you poor men whose hearts are not broken whose spirits are  not contrite & whose bellys are not satisfied & whose hands are not  stayed from laying hold upon other mens goods whose eyes are  full of greediness whos will not labour with their own hands8

The revealed law for the Church of Christ, recorded in February, had warned, “Thou Shalt not be Idle for he that is Idle shall not eat the bread nor wear the garment of the labourer.” (Revelation, 9 Feb. 1831 [D&C 42:42].)  


[p. 92]
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Revelation, [Kirtland Township

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

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, OH], 15 June 1831. Featured version, titled “59th. Commandment June 15th. 1831,” copied [ca. June 1831] in Revelation Book 1, pp. 91–93; handwriting of John Whitmer

27 Aug. 1802–11 July 1878. Farmer, stock raiser, newspaper editor. Born in Pennsylvania. Son of Peter Whitmer Sr. and Mary Musselman. Member of German Reformed Church, Fayette, Seneca Co., New York. Baptized by Oliver Cowdery, June 1829, most likely in Seneca...

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; CHL. Includes redactions. For more information, see the source note for Revelation Book 1.

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