26106

Revelation, 15 May 1831

53 Commandment

Generally, a divine mandate that church members were expected to obey; more specifically, a text dictated by JS in the first-person voice of Deity that served to communicate knowledge and instruction to JS and his followers. Occasionally, other inspired texts...

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May 15th. 1831
givn to Ezra Thayer

14 Oct. 1791–6 Sept. 1862. Farmer, gardener, builder. Born in New York. Married Elizabeth Frank. Lived at Bloomfield, Ontario Co., New York, 1820. Lived at Farmington, Ontario Co., 1830. Baptized into LDS church by Parley P. Pratt and confirmed by JS, fall...

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& Joseph Smith Sr.

12 July 1771–14 Sept. 1840. Cooper, farmer, teacher, merchant. Born at Topsfield, Essex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Asael Smith and Mary Duty. Nominal member of Congregationalist church at Topsfield. Married to Lucy Mack by Seth Austin, 24 Jan. 1796, at Tunbridge...

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concerning a farm &c1

John Whitmer likely created this heading when he copied the text into Revelation Book 1.  


Hearken unto my words & behold I will make known unto you what ye shall do as it shall be pleasing unto me for verily I say unto you it must needs be that ye let the bargain stand that ye have made concerning these farms untill it be so fulfilled Behold ye are holden for the one even so likewise thine advisary is holden for the other wherefore it must needs be that ye pay no more money for the present time untill the contract be fulfilled & let my Servent Joseph Smith Sr.

12 July 1771–14 Sept. 1840. Cooper, farmer, teacher, merchant. Born at Topsfield, Essex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Asael Smith and Mary Duty. Nominal member of Congregationalist church at Topsfield. Married to Lucy Mack by Seth Austin, 24 Jan. 1796, at Tunbridge...

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& his family go into the House after thine advisary is gone & let my Servent Ezra

14 Oct. 1791–6 Sept. 1862. Farmer, gardener, builder. Born in New York. Married Elizabeth Frank. Lived at Bloomfield, Ontario Co., New York, 1820. Lived at Farmington, Ontario Co., 1830. Baptized into LDS church by Parley P. Pratt and confirmed by JS, fall...

View Full Bio
board with him & let all the Brethren immediately assemble together & put up an house for my Servent Ezra

14 Oct. 1791–6 Sept. 1862. Farmer, gardener, builder. Born in New York. Married Elizabeth Frank. Lived at Bloomfield, Ontario Co., New York, 1820. Lived at Farmington, Ontario Co., 1830. Baptized into LDS church by Parley P. Pratt and confirmed by JS, fall...

View Full Bio
& let my Servent Frederick G. Williams

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

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’s family3

According to the 1830 census, the Williams household totaled six people, presumably including Frederick, his wife, Rebecca, and four children. (1830 U.S. Census, Kirtland Township, Geauga Co., OH, 272.)  


remain & let the house be repaired4

When copying this revelation into Revelation Book 2, Williams wrote “prepared” instead of “repaired,” apparently indicating that a house needed to be built, not just renovated. It is not known which text is in error. (Revelation Book 2, p. 92.)  


& their wants be supplied & when my Servent Frederick

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

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returns from the west Behold he taketh his family to the west5

Revelation Book 2 has “behold and lo he desireth to take his family in mine own due time unto the west.” (Revelation Book 2, p. 92.)  


Let that which belongeth to my Servent Frederick

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

View Full Bio
be secured unto him by deed or bond6

Neither Isaac Moore nor Frederick G. Williams secured the deeds to their respective properties until after the balance of Williams’s outstanding debt on the Kirtland farm was paid. Philo Dibble later described the circumstances in which the remaining debt was finally paid and the deed to Williams’s farm secured from Moore in early April 1832: “Brother F. G. Williams exchanged a farm he owned in Warrensville for Moore’s farm in Kirtland, on which the Smith family had moved, agreeing to pay $400.00 for the difference at a stated time. Just before the time expired for the payment of this money, Brother [Joseph] Coe, who was asked to raise it, said he could not for his wife held the money and she did not belong to the Church. I, being present, told Brother Joseph that I could raise the money. H[e] said if I would I should be blessed. This was on Saturday. I told him how I would have to raise this money. I owned 560 acres of land lying twenty miles south of Alleria [Elyria]. The Government, having sold more land there than they owned, had to buy to make up the deficiency. I told Joseph my land was worth $3.00 per acre, but that I would have to sell for $1.25. A Mr. [Leonard] Case was government agent for the purchase of that land. Joseph advised me to sell to Case who was cashier of the new bank at Cleveland [the Commercial Bank of Lake Erie]. Sunday morning I hitched up my carriage and drove to Cleveland, 28 miles away. The next morning I went and saw Case and told him my business. He said that he could offer only $1.25 an acre. I told him that under my circumstances I would have to let him have it. I then made him out a deed amounting to $700.00. I went to the bank and had to wait until the money was cut and signed, this being the first money that had been issued from the Cleveland bank. I then returned home and paid the $400.00 over to Joseph which saved the farm.” The Commercial Bank of Lake Erie opened for business on 2 April 1832; Dibble’s journey to Cleveland to sell his land and obtain the funds likely began on Sunday, 1 April. It is possible that Moore needed the outstanding balance in order to pay off his own debts on the land he had traded to Williams. Only three days after Dibble acquired the cash to pay Moore, Moore in turn paid Titus Street $360 to obtain the deed to nearly half the land he was about to deed over to Williams. Two weeks later, on 18 April, Moore paid another landowner, Turhand Kirtland, $200 for an additional parcel of roughly seventy acres that was also part of the eventual deed to Williams. After obtaining the deeds to the land from his own creditors, Moore finally signed the land over to Williams on 20 April 1832. (Dibble, Reminiscences, [4]; Orth, History of Cleveland Ohio, 640–641; Cuyahoga Co., OH, Deeds and Mortgages, 1815–1866, vol. N-13, pp. 89–90, 7 Apr. 1832, microfilm 1,994,223; Geauga Co., OH, Deed Records, 1795–1921, vol. 15, pp. 425–426, 12 Oct. 1831, microfilm 20,236, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL; Geauga Co., OH, Deed Records, 1795–1921, vol. 16, pp. 22–23, 31 May 1832, microfilm 20,236, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL.)  


& thus he willeth that the Brethren reap the good thereof let my Servent7

Revelation Book 2 has “mine aged servant.” (Revelation Book 2, p. 92.)  


Joseph Smith Sr.

12 July 1771–14 Sept. 1840. Cooper, farmer, teacher, merchant. Born at Topsfield, Essex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Asael Smith and Mary Duty. Nominal member of Congregationalist church at Topsfield. Married to Lucy Mack by Seth Austin, 24 Jan. 1796, at Tunbridge...

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govern the things of the farm & provide for the families & let him have help in as much as he standeth in need8

Lucy Mack Smith later wrote that “on this farm my family were all established with this arrangement that we were to cultivate the farm and the produce was to be applied to the suport of our families and the use of persons who were came to the place and had no acquaintances there.” Her account gives no indication of the troubles apparently surrounding the appropriation and administration of the farm. (Lucy Mack Smith, History, 1844–1845, bk. 12, [6].)  


let my servent Ezra

14 Oct. 1791–6 Sept. 1862. Farmer, gardener, builder. Born in New York. Married Elizabeth Frank. Lived at Bloomfield, Ontario Co., New York, 1820. Lived at Farmington, Ontario Co., 1830. Baptized into LDS church by Parley P. Pratt and confirmed by JS, fall...

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humble himself & at the conference

A meeting where ecclesiastical officers and other church members could conduct church business. The “Articles and Covenants” of the church directed the elders to hold conferences to perform “Church business.” The first of these conferences was held on 9 June...

View Glossary
meeting he shall be ordained unto power from on high9 & he shall go from thence (if he be obedient unto my commandments) & proclaim my Gospel unto the western regions with my Servents that must go forth even unto the borders of the Lamanites

A term used in the Book of Mormon to refer to the descendants or followers of Laman, as well as those who later identified themselves as Lamanites because they did not believe in the religious traditions of their ancestors. According to JS and the Book of...

View Glossary
10

See Revelation, 6 June 1831 [D&C 52:22]. Revelation Book 2 has “borders by the Lamanites.” (Revelation Book 2, p. 92.)  


for Behold I have a great work for them to do & it shall be given unto you to know what ye shall do at the conference meeting even so Amen——
What shall the Brethren do with their money11

This question and the following paragraph appear not to be related to what preceded, although they may have been dictated at the same time as the preceding material. It is also possible that the question may not have been a part of the original dictation but rather added later by a scribe in an attempt to clarify the impetus for the lines that follow. Oliver Cowdery later (probably in 1833) crossed out the question and added a notation that this part of the revelation was “to the Palmyra Church.”  


——
Ye shall go forth & seek dilligently among the Brethren & obtain lands & save the money that it may be consecrated

The dedicating of money, lands, goods, or one’s own life for sacred purposes. Both the New Testament and Book of Mormon referred to some groups having “all things common” economically; the Book of Mormon also referred to individuals who consecrated or dedicated...

View Glossary
to purcchase lands in the west for an everlasting enheritance
even So Amen [p. 85]
53 Commandment

Generally, a divine mandate that church members were expected to obey; more specifically, a text dictated by JS in the first-person voice of Deity that served to communicate knowledge and instruction to JS and his followers. Occasionally, other inspired texts...

View Glossary
May 15th. 1831
givn to Ezra Thayer

14 Oct. 1791–6 Sept. 1862. Farmer, gardener, builder. Born in New York. Married Elizabeth Frank. Lived at Bloomfield, Ontario Co., New York, 1820. Lived at Farmington, Ontario Co., 1830. Baptized into LDS church by Parley P. Pratt and confirmed by JS, fall...

View Full Bio
& Joseph Smith [Sr.]

12 July 1771–14 Sept. 1840. Cooper, farmer, teacher, merchant. Born at Topsfield, Essex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Asael Smith and Mary Duty. Nominal member of Congregationalist church at Topsfield. Married to Lucy Mack by Seth Austin, 24 Jan. 1796, at Tunbridge...

View Full Bio
concerning a farm &c1

John Whitmer likely created this heading when he copied the text into Revelation Book 1.  


Hearken unto my words & behold I will make known  unto you what ye shall do as it shall be pleasing unto me for verily  I say unto you it must needs be that ye let the bargain stand that  ye have made concerning these2

TEXT: Or “those”.  


farms untill it be so fulfilled  Behold ye are holden for the one even so likewise thine advisary is  holden for the other wherefore it must needs be that ye pay no more  money for the present time untill the contract be fulfilled & let  my Servent Joseph [Smith Sr.]

12 July 1771–14 Sept. 1840. Cooper, farmer, teacher, merchant. Born at Topsfield, Essex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Asael Smith and Mary Duty. Nominal member of Congregationalist church at Topsfield. Married to Lucy Mack by Seth Austin, 24 Jan. 1796, at Tunbridge...

View Full Bio
& his family go into the House after thine adv isary is gone & let my Servent Ezra

14 Oct. 1791–6 Sept. 1862. Farmer, gardener, builder. Born in New York. Married Elizabeth Frank. Lived at Bloomfield, Ontario Co., New York, 1820. Lived at Farmington, Ontario Co., 1830. Baptized into LDS church by Parley P. Pratt and confirmed by JS, fall...

View Full Bio
board with him & let all the  Brethren immediately assemble together & put up an house for  my Servent Ezra

14 Oct. 1791–6 Sept. 1862. Farmer, gardener, builder. Born in New York. Married Elizabeth Frank. Lived at Bloomfield, Ontario Co., New York, 1820. Lived at Farmington, Ontario Co., 1830. Baptized into LDS church by Parley P. Pratt and confirmed by JS, fall...

View Full Bio
& let my Servents Frederick [G. Williams]

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

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’s family3

According to the 1830 census, the Williams household totaled six people, presumably including Frederick, his wife, Rebecca, and four children. (1830 U.S. Census, Kirtland Township, Geauga Co., OH, 272.)  


remain  & let the house be repaired4

When copying this revelation into Revelation Book 2, Williams wrote “prepared” instead of “repaired,” apparently indicating that a house needed to be built, not just renovated. It is not known which text is in error. (Revelation Book 2, p. 92.)  


& their wants be supplied & when my  Servent Frederick

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

View Full Bio
returns from the west Behold he taketh his  family to the west5

Revelation Book 2 has “behold and lo he desireth to take his family in mine own due time unto the west.” (Revelation Book 2, p. 92.)  


Let that which belongeth to my Servent  Frederick

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

View Full Bio
be secured unto him by deed or bond6

Neither Isaac Moore nor Frederick G. Williams secured the deeds to their respective properties until after the balance of Williams’s outstanding debt on the Kirtland farm was paid. Philo Dibble later described the circumstances in which the remaining debt was finally paid and the deed to Williams’s farm secured from Moore in early April 1832: “Brother F. G. Williams exchanged a farm he owned in Warrensville for Moore’s farm in Kirtland, on which the Smith family had moved, agreeing to pay $400.00 for the difference at a stated time. Just before the time expired for the payment of this money, Brother [Joseph] Coe, who was asked to raise it, said he could not for his wife held the money and she did not belong to the Church. I, being present, told Brother Joseph that I could raise the money. H[e] said if I would I should be blessed. This was on Saturday. I told him how I would have to raise this money. I owned 560 acres of land lying twenty miles south of Alleria [Elyria]. The Government, having sold more land there than they owned, had to buy to make up the deficiency. I told Joseph my land was worth $3.00 per acre, but that I would have to sell for $1.25. A Mr. [Leonard] Case was government agent for the purchase of that land. Joseph advised me to sell to Case who was cashier of the new bank at Cleveland [the Commercial Bank of Lake Erie]. Sunday morning I hitched up my carriage and drove to Cleveland, 28 miles away. The next morning I went and saw Case and told him my business. He said that he could offer only $1.25 an acre. I told him that under my circumstances I would have to let him have it. I then made him out a deed amounting to $700.00. I went to the bank and had to wait until the money was cut and signed, this being the first money that had been issued from the Cleveland bank. I then returned home and paid the $400.00 over to Joseph which saved the farm.” The Commercial Bank of Lake Erie opened for business on 2 April 1832; Dibble’s journey to Cleveland to sell his land and obtain the funds likely began on Sunday, 1 April. It is possible that Moore needed the outstanding balance in order to pay off his own debts on the land he had traded to Williams. Only three days after Dibble acquired the cash to pay Moore, Moore in turn paid Titus Street $360 to obtain the deed to nearly half the land he was about to deed over to Williams. Two weeks later, on 18 April, Moore paid another landowner, Turhand Kirtland, $200 for an additional parcel of roughly seventy acres that was also part of the eventual deed to Williams. After obtaining the deeds to the land from his own creditors, Moore finally signed the land over to Williams on 20 April 1832. (Dibble, Reminiscences, [4]; Orth, History of Cleveland Ohio, 640–641; Cuyahoga Co., OH, Deeds and Mortgages, 1815–1866, vol. N-13, pp. 89–90, 7 Apr. 1832, microfilm 1,994,223; Geauga Co., OH, Deed Records, 1795–1921, vol. 15, pp. 425–426, 12 Oct. 1831, microfilm 20,236, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL; Geauga Co., OH, Deed Records, 1795–1921, vol. 16, pp. 22–23, 31 May 1832, microfilm 20,236, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL.)  


& thus he willeth  that the Brethren reap the good thereof let my Servent7

Revelation Book 2 has “mine aged servant.” (Revelation Book 2, p. 92.)  


Joseph [Smith Sr.]

12 July 1771–14 Sept. 1840. Cooper, farmer, teacher, merchant. Born at Topsfield, Essex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Asael Smith and Mary Duty. Nominal member of Congregationalist church at Topsfield. Married to Lucy Mack by Seth Austin, 24 Jan. 1796, at Tunbridge...

View Full Bio
 govern the things of the farm & provide for the families & let  him have help in as much as he standeth in need8

Lucy Mack Smith later wrote that “on this farm my family were all established with this arrangement that we were to cultivate the farm and the produce was to be applied to the suport of our families and the use of persons who were came to the place and had no acquaintances there.” Her account gives no indication of the troubles apparently surrounding the appropriation and administration of the farm. (Lucy Mack Smith, History, 1844–1845, bk. 12, [6].)  


let my servent  Ezra

14 Oct. 1791–6 Sept. 1862. Farmer, gardener, builder. Born in New York. Married Elizabeth Frank. Lived at Bloomfield, Ontario Co., New York, 1820. Lived at Farmington, Ontario Co., 1830. Baptized into LDS church by Parley P. Pratt and confirmed by JS, fall...

View Full Bio
humble himself & at the conference

A meeting where ecclesiastical officers and other church members could conduct church business. The “Articles and Covenants” of the church directed the elders to hold conferences to perform “Church business.” The first of these conferences was held on 9 June...

View Glossary
meeting he shall be ordained  unto power from on high9 & he shall go from thence (if he be obedi ent unto my commandments) & proclaim my Gospel unto the weste rn regions with my Servents that must go forth even unto the bord ers of the Lamanit[e]s

A term used in the Book of Mormon to refer to the descendants or followers of Laman, as well as those who later identified themselves as Lamanites because they did not believe in the religious traditions of their ancestors. According to JS and the Book of...

View Glossary
10

See Revelation, 6 June 1831 [D&C 52:22]. Revelation Book 2 has “borders by the Lamanites.” (Revelation Book 2, p. 92.)  


for Behold I have a great work for them to do  & it shall be given unto you to know what ye shall do at the conferenc[e]  meeting even so Amen——
What shall the Brethren do with their money11

This question and the following paragraph appear not to be related to what preceded, although they may have been dictated at the same time as the preceding material. It is also possible that the question may not have been a part of the original dictation but rather added later by a scribe in an attempt to clarify the impetus for the lines that follow. Oliver Cowdery later (probably in 1833) crossed out the question and added a notation that this part of the revelation was “to the Palmyra Church.”  


——
Ye shall go forth & seek dilligently among the Brethren &  obtain lands & save the money that it may be consecrated

The dedicating of money, lands, goods, or one’s own life for sacred purposes. Both the New Testament and Book of Mormon referred to some groups having “all things common” economically; the Book of Mormon also referred to individuals who consecrated or dedicated...

View Glossary
to purc chase lands in the west for an everlasting enheritance
even So Amen [p. 85]
The heading that John Whitmer

27 Aug. 1802–11 July 1878. Farmer, stock raiser, newspaper editor. Born in Pennsylvania. Son of Peter Whitmer Sr. and Mary Musselman. Member of German Reformed Church, Fayette, Seneca Co., New York. Baptized by Oliver Cowdery, June 1829, most likely in Seneca...

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included with this document in Revelation Book 1 explains only that it was “givn to Ezra Thayer

14 Oct. 1791–6 Sept. 1862. Farmer, gardener, builder. Born in New York. Married Elizabeth Frank. Lived at Bloomfield, Ontario Co., New York, 1820. Lived at Farmington, Ontario Co., 1830. Baptized into LDS church by Parley P. Pratt and confirmed by JS, fall...

View Full Bio
& Joseph Smith [Sr.]

12 July 1771–14 Sept. 1840. Cooper, farmer, teacher, merchant. Born at Topsfield, Essex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Asael Smith and Mary Duty. Nominal member of Congregationalist church at Topsfield. Married to Lucy Mack by Seth Austin, 24 Jan. 1796, at Tunbridge...

View Full Bio
concerning a farm &c.” The farm in question belonged to Frederick G. Williams

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

View Full Bio
, and when Williams copied this revelation into Revelation Book 2, he provided a different heading: “Revelation given May 1831 in Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

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concerning the farm owned by Frederick and also concrning Joseph & Ezra.”1

Revelation Book 2, p. 91.  


JS dictated this revelation while Williams was in Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

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on a mission to the American Indians.2

See Historical Introductions to Revelation, Sept. 1830–B [D&C 28]; and to Revelation, Oct. 1830–A [D&C 32].  


Despite Williams’s absence, the revelation addressed the situation of those living on his land and apparently referred to a legal dispute surrounding the property.
Williams

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

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acquired 144 acres of land, with at least one accompanying house, by means of an exchange of land with Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

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resident Isaac Moore in the winter of 1829–1830.3

Geauga Co., OH, Deed Records, 1795–1921, vol. 16, pp. 22–23, 31 May 1832, microfilm 20,236, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL; Palmer, Bench and Bar of Illinois, 896.  


Moore took possession of Williams’ 140½ acres in Warrensville, Ohio, while Williams received Moore’s Kirtland holdings.4

Cuyahoga Co., OH, Deeds and Mortgages, 1815–1866, vol. N-13, pp. 89–90, 7 Apr. 1832, microfilm 1,994,223; Geauga Co., OH, Deed Records, 1795–1921, vol. 16, pp. 22–23, 31 May 1832, microfilm 20,236, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL.  


The two properties differed in value by $500, in part because the Kirtland property included a house and possibly other structures.5

For a discussion of other possible structures on the property, see Williams, Life of Dr. Frederick G. Williams, chap. 5.  


Although the exchange took place in late 1829 or early 1830, the 1830 census lists Moore and nine members of his household as residents of Kirtland rather than of Warrensville but does not indicate where in Kirtland they actually resided.6

1830 U.S. Census, Kirtland Township, Geauga Co., OH, 268.  


While Moore had apparently already been paid $100 toward the difference in the property value, this revelation suggests that he had refused to vacate the house on the Kirtland property, probably awaiting the receipt of the balance due before turning over the property entirely to Williams. Moore’s refusal was likely also influenced by Williams’s recent baptism

An ordinance in which an individual is immersed in water for the remission of sins. The Book of Mormon explained that those with necessary authority were to baptize individuals who had repented of their sins. Baptized individuals also received the gift of...

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into the Church of Christ

The Book of Mormon related that when Christ set up his church in the Americas, “they which were baptized in the name of Jesus, were called the church of Christ.” The first name used to denote the church JS organized on 6 April 1830 was “the Church of Christ...

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. Moore was a leader of the Campbellite group in the Kirtland area, and he had vociferously resisted the efforts of the earliest missionaries to make converts among those belonging to the movement. Not only had Williams embraced the teachings of the Mormon proselytizers, he had also joined them on their mission to preach to the Indians in the area around western Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

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.7

A Campbellite historian gave this account of Moore’s response to the rise of Mormonism in the Kirtland area: “The opposition to it was quick on its feet, in rank, and doing effective work to check the imposture . . . Isaac Moore stood up, and became a shield to many.” The same historian later referred to Moore as a “leading member” of the Campbellite movement in the area. In a letter written years later, Jasper Jesse Moss, a Kirtland resident and follower of Alexander Campbell, explained that he and Moore were the first to begin “the battle in opposition” to Mormon teachings in Kirtland. Moss explained that they did so initially at a Mormon meeting with “Br. Moore making the first speech & I the second the same evening in one of their meetings & the battle once begun we never ceased firing.” (Hayden, Early History of the Disciples in the Western Reserve, 215, 472; J. J. Moss, Dallas, OR, to James T. Cobb, 17 Dec. 1878, in Theodore Albert Schroeder Papers.)  


Whether motivated by his religious opposition to the new Mormon faith or by financial concerns, or a mixture of both, Moore’s opposition in the dispute over the farm was enough for the revelation to refer to him as an “advisary.” Moore’s refusal to leave may even have led to a legal dispute between the two parties. In a letter sent from Missouri in April 1831, Williams included instructions to his wife, Rebecca, “that respecting that suit at Law that there can be nothing done on there part more till August term.” This letter was likely received in Kirtland just prior to the date of this revelation and may have led to the inquiries that precipitated it.8

Letter from Oliver Cowdery, 8 Apr. 1831. There is no existing record of this lawsuit.  


Other factors contributed to the need for a resolution of the ongoing dispute about the property. Although Joseph Smith Sr.

12 July 1771–14 Sept. 1840. Cooper, farmer, teacher, merchant. Born at Topsfield, Essex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Asael Smith and Mary Duty. Nominal member of Congregationalist church at Topsfield. Married to Lucy Mack by Seth Austin, 24 Jan. 1796, at Tunbridge...

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had been in Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

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for some time, his wife, Lucy

8 July 1775–14 May 1856. Oilcloth painter, nurse, fund-raiser, author. Born at Gilsum, Cheshire Co., New Hampshire. Daughter of Solomon Mack Sr. and Lydia Gates. Moved to Montague, Franklin Co., Massachusetts, 1779; to Tunbridge, Orange Co., Vermont, 1788...

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, had recently arrived from New York

Located in northeast region of U.S. Area settled by Dutch traders, 1620s; later governed by Britain, 1664–1776. Admitted to U.S. as state, 1788. Population in 1810 about 1,000,000; in 1820 about 1,400,000; in 1830 about 1,900,000; and in 1840 about 2,400,...

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with eight members of their family, and they were all staying in the crowded accommodations temporarily provided for them in the home of Isaac

11 Mar. 1786–24 June 1865. Farmer, cooper, merchant, postmaster. Born at Montague, Hampshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of Thomas Morley and Editha (Edith) Marsh. Family affiliated with Presbyterian church. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, before 1812. Married...

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and Lucy Morley.9

Porter, Study of the Origins, 125, 129n106; Lucy Mack Smith, History, 1844–1845, bk. 12, [5]–[6].  


More permanent living arrangements for the Smith family were anticipated in the home on Williams

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

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’s farm, once Moore departed. The revelation commanded that payments to Moore be ended until he fulfilled his part of the bargain, indicating that the Mormons saw Moore’s refusal to vacate the property as a breach of the agreement between Moore and Williams. This cessation of payments, rather than the legal suit mentioned by Williams, may have motivated Moore to move to Warrensville. In any case, Moore vacated the house by late May 1831, and it was soon occupied by Lucy Mack Smith

8 July 1775–14 May 1856. Oilcloth painter, nurse, fund-raiser, author. Born at Gilsum, Cheshire Co., New Hampshire. Daughter of Solomon Mack Sr. and Lydia Gates. Moved to Montague, Franklin Co., Massachusetts, 1779; to Tunbridge, Orange Co., Vermont, 1788...

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and her family.10

Smith recorded that she and her family moved into the house on the Williams farm about two weeks after her arrival in Kirtland. (Lucy Mack Smith, History, 1844–1845, bk. 12, [6].)  


Difficulties concerning the farm and its management apparently continued after this revelation. A subsequent revelation dated 15 June 1831 suggests that Ezra Thayer

14 Oct. 1791–6 Sept. 1862. Farmer, gardener, builder. Born in New York. Married Elizabeth Frank. Lived at Bloomfield, Ontario Co., New York, 1820. Lived at Farmington, Ontario Co., 1830. Baptized into LDS church by Parley P. Pratt and confirmed by JS, fall...

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may have been the one who paid the $100 toward satisfying a portion of the debt on the property. Thayer may have attempted to obtain some sort of title to a portion of the farm, as the 15 June revelation declared that “there shall no divisions be made upon the land” and that Thayer could either go on his mission to Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

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or “otherwise he shall receive the money which he has paid & shall leave the place & shall be cut off out of my Church.”11

Revelation, 15 June 1831 [D&C 56:9–10].  


A few months later, on 10 October 1831, a church conference

A meeting where ecclesiastical officers and other church members could conduct church business. The “Articles and Covenants” of the church directed the elders to hold conferences to perform “Church business.” The first of these conferences was held on 9 June...

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reproved both Thayer and Joseph Smith Sr.

12 July 1771–14 Sept. 1840. Cooper, farmer, teacher, merchant. Born at Topsfield, Essex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Asael Smith and Mary Duty. Nominal member of Congregationalist church at Topsfield. Married to Lucy Mack by Seth Austin, 24 Jan. 1796, at Tunbridge...

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for the “unwise course they have taken.” The conference further directed that “Br Frederick G Williams

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

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’ family be provided with a comfortable dwelling by this Church,” indicating that perhaps the reproof of Smith and Thayer was partly for their subsequent failure to build a house and see that the “wants be supplied” for Williams’s family, as directed in this revelation. The minutes of the October conference referred to the directions given in this revelation as a “commandment of the Lord.”12

Minute Book 2, 10 Oct. 1831.  


The final paragraph of this document, separated from the first section by “Amen,” was likely another revelation received the same day, perhaps even at the same time. It begins with the question “What shall the Brethren do with their money[?],” and was apparently not referring to Joseph Smith Sr.

12 July 1771–14 Sept. 1840. Cooper, farmer, teacher, merchant. Born at Topsfield, Essex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Asael Smith and Mary Duty. Nominal member of Congregationalist church at Topsfield. Married to Lucy Mack by Seth Austin, 24 Jan. 1796, at Tunbridge...

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or Ezra Thayer

14 Oct. 1791–6 Sept. 1862. Farmer, gardener, builder. Born in New York. Married Elizabeth Frank. Lived at Bloomfield, Ontario Co., New York, 1820. Lived at Farmington, Ontario Co., 1830. Baptized into LDS church by Parley P. Pratt and confirmed by JS, fall...

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. Oliver Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

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later added a notation to this paragraph indicating that it was “to the Palmyra

Known as Swift’s Landing and Tolland before being renamed Palmyra, 1796. Incorporated, Mar. 1827, two years after completion of adjacent Erie Canal. Population in 1820 about 3,700. Joseph Sr. and Lucy Mack Smith family lived in village briefly, beginning ...

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Church.” The group of members from Palmyra had only recently arrived in Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

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,13

News Item, Wayne Sentinel (Palmyra, NY), 27 May 1831, [3].  


and this section of the text directs them to obtain lands and save some of the money to be consecrated to purchase land for their “everlasting enheritance” in the West.
At some point, Oliver Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

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wrote across the top of this revelation in Revelation Book 1, “This Commandment

Generally, a divine mandate that church members were expected to obey; more specifically, a text dictated by JS in the first-person voice of Deity that served to communicate knowledge and instruction to JS and his followers. Occasionally, other inspired texts...

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is not to be printed.”14

Revelation Book 1, p. 85.  


Unlike most other revelations found in Revelation Book 1, it was not published in either the 1833 Book of Commandments or the 1835 Doctrine and Covenants.

Facts