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Revelation, 2 January 1831 [D&C 38]

The commandment

Generally, a divine mandate that church members were expected to obey; more specifically, a text dictated by JS in the first-person voice of deity that served to communicate knowledge and instruction to JS and his followers. Occasionally, other inspired texts...

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that ye should go to the Ohio

French explored area, 1669. British took possession following French and Indian War, 1763. Ceded to U.S., 1783. First permanent white settlement established, 1788. Northeastern portion maintained as part of Connecticut, 1786, and called Connecticut Western...

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& there  I will give unto you my law & there you shall be endowed  with power from on high & from thence whomsoever I will  shall go forth among all Nations & it shall be told them what  they shall do for I have a great work laid up in store for  Israel shall be saved & I will lead them whithersoever I will  & no power can stay my hand And now I give unto the  church

The Book of Mormon related that when Christ set up his church in the Americas, “they which were baptized in the name of Jesus, were called the church of Christ.” The first name used to denote the church JS organized on 6 April 1830 was “the Church of Christ...

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in these parts a commandment that certain men among  them shall be appointed & they shall be appointed by the  voice of the Church & they shall look to the poor & the  needy & administer to their relief that they shall not suffer  & send them forth to the place which I have commanded  them & this shall be their Work to govern the affairs  of the Church Property of this the Church & they that have  farms that cannot be sold let them be left or rented as  as seemeth them good see that all things are preserved  & when men are endowed with power from on high  & are sent forth all these things shall be gethered unto  the Bosom of the Church & if ye seek the riches which  is the will of the Father to give unto you ye shall be  the richest of all People for ye shall have the riches of  eternity & it must needs be that the riches of the Earth is  mine to give but beware of Pride lest ye become as  the Nephites of old & again I say unto you I give unto  you a commandment that evry man both Elder

A male leader in the church generally; an ecclesiastical and priesthood office or one holding that office; a proselytizing missionary. The Book of Mormon explained that elders ordained priests and teachers and administered “the flesh and blood of Christ unto...

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Priest

An ecclesiastical and priesthood office. In the Book of Mormon, priests were described as those who baptized, administered “the flesh and blood of Christ unto the church,” and taught “the things pertaining to the kingdom of God.” A June 1829 revelation directed...

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 & Teacher

Generally, one who instructs, but also an ecclesiastical and priesthood office. The Book of Mormon explained that teachers were to be ordained “to preach repentance and remission of sins through Jesus Christ, by the endurance of faith on his name to the end...

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& also Member go to with his might with the  Labour of his hands to prepare & accomplish these things  which I have commanded & let your preaching be the  warning voice evry man to his Neighbour in mildness  & in meekness & go ye out from among the wicked save  yourselves be ye clean that bear the vesels of the Lord even so amen [p. 52]
Previous
A revelation in September 1830 first proclaimed a central gathering of church members in one place. With continuing opposition in New York

Located in northeast region of U.S. Area settled by Dutch traders, 1620s; later governed by Britain, 1664–1776. Admitted to U.S. as state, 1788. Population in 1810 about 1,000,000; in 1820 about 1,400,000; in 1830 about 1,900,000; and in 1840 about 2,400,...

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and word of growing numbers of members in Ohio

French explored area, 1669. British took possession following French and Indian War, 1763. Ceded to U.S., 1783. First permanent white settlement established, 1788. Northeastern portion maintained as part of Connecticut, 1786, and called Connecticut Western...

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, a move to Ohio seemed attractive. This revelation was the second of two (see also Revelation, 30 December 1830 [D&C 37]) that instructed JS and other members to assemble in Ohio.
John Whitmer

27 Aug. 1802–11 July 1878. Farmer, stock raiser, newspaper editor. Born in Pennsylvania. Son of Peter Whitmer Sr. and Mary Musselman. Member of German Reformed Church, Fayette, Seneca Co., New York. Baptized by Oliver Cowdery, June 1829, most likely in Seneca...

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copied this text into Revelation Book 1 as “41st Commandment AD Jan 2nd 1831” sometime between March and June 1831. The 1833 Book of Commandments dates this revelation to January 1831 at Fayette Township

Located in northern part of county between Seneca and Cayuga lakes. Area settled, by 1790. Officially organized as Washington Township, 14 Mar. 1800. Name changed to Fayette, 6 Apr. 1808. Population in 1830 about 3,200. Population in 1840 about 3,700. Significant...

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, New York, as does the 1835 Doctrine and Covenants.

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