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Revelation, 23 February 1831 [D&C 42:74–93]

he has offended and to God that the Brethren may not speak reproachfully of him and thus shall ye conduct in all things——
How to act in cases of adultery6

The copy in Revelation Book 1 and the copy in Orson Hyde’s handwriting also include this heading but commence with the words “A commandment.” In Revelation Book 1, this paragraph appears on a separate slip of paper attached to page 67, at the conclusion of the 9 February revelation. On the paper’s obverse is written, “Feb. 23. 1831 Kirtland.” The version in Revelation Book 2 carries no descriptive heading, just “February 23d 1831.” (Revelation Book 1, p. 67; Hyde and Smith, Notebook, [21]; Revelation Book 2, pp. 117–118.)  


Behold verily I say unto you whatsoever person among you having put away their companion for the cause of fornication or in otherwords if he shall testify before you in all Lowliness of heart that this is the case ye shall not cast them out from among you but if ye shall find that any person hath left their companion for the sake of adultery and they themselves are the offender and their companions are living they shall be cast out from among you and again I say unto you that ye be watchful and careful with all inquiry that ye receive none such among you if they are married and if they are not married they shall repent of all their sins or ye shall not receive them7

See Matthew 5:32; 19:9; and Book of Mormon, 1830 ed., 481 [3 Nephi 12:31–32].  


—— [p. [8]]
he has offended and to God that the  Brethren may not speak reproachfully  of him and thus shall ye conduct in  all things——
How to act in cases of adultery6

The copy in Revelation Book 1 and the copy in Orson Hyde’s handwriting also include this heading but commence with the words “A commandment.” In Revelation Book 1, this paragraph appears on a separate slip of paper attached to page 67, at the conclusion of the 9 February revelation. On the paper’s obverse is written, “Feb. 23. 1831 Kirtland.” The version in Revelation Book 2 carries no descriptive heading, just “February 23d 1831.” (Revelation Book 1, p. 67; Hyde and Smith, Notebook, [21]; Revelation Book 2, pp. 117–118.)  


Behold verily I say unto you whatsoever  person among you having put away their  companion for the cause of fornication or in  otherwords if he shall testify before you in  all Lowliness of heart that this is the case  ye shall not cast them out from among  you but if ye shall find that any person  hath left their companion for the sake of  adultery and they themselves are the offender  and their companions are living they shall  be cast out out from among you and again  I say unto you that ye be watchful  and careful with all inquiry that ye  receive none such among you if they  are married and if they are not married  they shall repent of all their sins or  ye shall not receive them7

See Matthew 5:32; 19:9; and Book of Mormon, 1830 ed., 481 [3 Nephi 12:31–32].  


—— [p. [8]]
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On 22 February 1831, JS wrote to Martin Harris

18 May 1783–10 July 1875. Farmer. Born at Easton, Albany Co., New York. Son of Nathan Harris and Rhoda Lapham. Moved with parents to area of Swift’s landing (later in Palmyra), Ontario Co., New York, 1793. Married first his first cousin Lucy Harris, 27 Mar...

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referencing the “Laws of the Church of Christ

The Book of Mormon related that when Christ set up his church in the Americas, “they which were baptized in the name of Jesus, were called the church of Christ.” The first name used to denote the church JS organized on 6 April 1830 was “the Church of Christ...

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” that JS had dictated 9 February: “We have received the laws of the Kingdom since we came here and the Disciples

Generally, a follower of Jesus Christ, and in certain cases, one selected to lead the ministry. In the New Testament, Christ ordained twelve of his disciples as apostles. The Book of Mormon recounted that during his ministry to the Nephites, Christ similarly...

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in these parts have received them gladly.”1 The next day, 23 February, JS and seven elders met to determine “how the Elders

A male leader in the church generally; an ecclesiastical and priesthood office or one holding that office; a proselytizing missionary. The Book of Mormon explained that elders ordained priests and teachers and administered “the flesh and blood of Christ unto...

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of the church of Christ are to act upon the points of the Law,” and the following revelation was recorded. In providing detailed guidance on how to discipline serious transgressors of the moral law, the revelation significantly elaborated on the few lines offered on the subject in the church’s earlier “Articles and Covenants

A foundational document presented at the first conference of the church for the approval of church members. The Articles and Covenants included a brief historical prologue, a declaration of beliefs, and a description of the offices, ordinances, and procedures...

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.”2
Early members evidently saw the 23 February revelation as building upon the 9 February revelation, also known as “the Law,” by expanding on the guidelines it provided. After this revelation was dictated, “the Law” comprised eight sections in all, five received on 9 February and three on 23 February. Of the earliest extant copies of the Law, only the Symonds Rider

20 Nov. 1792–1 Aug. 1870. Farmer, teacher, minister. Born in Hartford, Windsor Co., Vermont. Son of Joshua Ryder and Marilla Loomis. Moved to Hiram, Portage Co., Ohio, 6 Jan. 1814. Married Mahitable Loomis, 12 Nov. 1818, in Portage Co. Served as captain in...

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copy, the version featured here, includes all eight sections; it separates the 9 February revelation from the 23 February revelation by including the date and an introductory heading between the fifth and sixth sections. The version found in Revelation Book 1 includes the first five sections, dictated 9 February, as well as a loose leaf containing only the eighth section, or final paragraph, of the 23 February dictation.3

Revelation Book 1, pp. 62–67. A manuscript in Sidney Gilbert’s handwriting and one in Zebedee Coltrin’s both include only the first five parts. An early newspaper version includes only the first two parts. A manuscript in Orson Hyde’s hand includes parts two through four as well as parts seven and eight. (Gilbert, Notebook, [13]–[23]; Coltrin, Diary, [11]–[18]; “Secret Bye Laws of the Mormonites,” Western Courier [Ravenna, OH], 1 Sept. 1831, [1]; Hyde and Smith, Notebook, [12]–[22]; see also Revelation, 9 Feb. 1831 [D&C 42:1–72].)  


Some later published versions also exclude the first two paragraphs of the 23 February revelation, possibly because those sections seem to summarize content found in the first five sections. Textually, only the eighth and final paragraph in this document employs the divine first-person, which is possibly the reason it was the only portion of the 23 February revelation to be copied into Revelation Book 1.

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