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Revelation, 27 February 1833 [D&C 89]

by revelation and the word of wisdom shewing forth the order and will of God in the temporal salvation of all saints in the last days given for a principle with promise adapted to the capasity of the weak and the weakest of all saints who are or can be called saints behold verily thus saith the Lord unto you in consequence of evils and designs which do and will exist in the hearts of conspiring men in the last day, I have warned you and forewarn you by giving unto you this word of wisdom by revelation that inasmuch as any man drinketh wine or strong drink among you behold it is not good neither meet in the sight of your father only in assembling yourselves together to offer up your sacrament

Primarily referred to the sacrament of the Lord’s Supper, or Communion, as opposed to other religious sacraments. The “Articles and Covenants” of the church directed “that the church meet together often to partake of bread and wine in remembrance of the Lord...

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before him and behold this should be wine yea pure wine of the grape of the vine of your own make, and again strong drinks are not for the belly but for the washing of your bodies, and again Tobacco is not for the body neither for the belly and is not good for man, but is an herb for bruises and all sick cattle to be used with judgment and skill and again hot drinks are not for the body or belly and again verily I say unto you all wholsome herbs God hath ordained

The conferral of power and authority; to appoint, decree, or set apart. Church members, primarily adults, were ordained to ecclesiastical offices and other responsibilities by the laying on of hands by those with the proper authority. Ordinations to priesthood...

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for the constitution nature and use of man evry herb in the season thereof and evry fruit in the season thereof, all these to be used with prudence and thanksgiving yea flesh also of beasts and of the fowls of the are [air] I the Lord hath ordained for the use of man with thanksgiving nevertheless they are to be [p. 50]
by revelation and the word of wisdom shewing  forth the order and will of God in the temporal  salvation of all saints in the last days given  for a principle with promise adapted to the  capasity of the weak and the weakest of all saints  who are or can be called saints behold verily  thus saith the Lord unto you in consequence  of evils and designs of which do and will exist  in the hearts of conspiring men in the last  day, I have warned you and forewarn you  by giving unto you this word of wisdom  by revelation that inasmuch as any man  drinketh wine or strong drink among  you behold it is not good neither meet in  the sight of your father only in assembling  yourselves together to offer up your sacrament

Primarily referred to the sacrament of the Lord’s Supper, or Communion, as opposed to other religious sacraments. The “Articles and Covenants” of the church directed “that the church meet together often to partake of bread and wine in remembrance of the Lord...

View Glossary
 before him and behold this should be wine  yea pure wine of the grape of the vine of  your own make, and again strong drinks  are not good for the belly but for the  washing of your bodies, and again Tobacco  is not for the body neither for the belly and  is not good for man, but is an herb for  bruises and all sick cattle to be used with  judgment and skill and again hot drinks  are not for the body or belly and again  verily I say unto you all wholsome herbs God  hath ordained

The conferral of power and authority; to appoint, decree, or set apart. Church members, primarily adults, were ordained to ecclesiastical offices and other responsibilities by the laying on of hands by those with the proper authority. Ordinations to priesthood...

View Glossary
for the constitution nature and use  of man evry herb in the season thereof and evry  fruit in the season thereof, all all these to be  used with prudence and thanksgiving yea  flesh also of beasts and of the fowls of the are [air]  I the Lord hath ordained for the use of man  with thanksgiving nevertheless they are to be [p. 50]
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This revelation had both a general and specific historical context. In 1830s America

North American constitutional republic. Constitution ratified, 17 Sept. 1787. Population in 1805 about 6,000,000; in 1830 about 13,000,000; and in 1844 about 20,000,000. Louisiana Purchase, 1803, doubled size of U.S. Consisted of seventeen states at time ...

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, temperance and health reform were prominent matters of discussion. It was natural for early church members to consider these issues. At the same time, the use of tobacco among some members of the newly established “school of the prophets” had raised concerns, prompting JS to seek divine guidance concerning healthy and unhealthy food and drink. This revelation, which became known as the Word of Wisdom, was not originally perceived as a commandment but as divine guidance.
Frederick G. Williams

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

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recorded this text in Revelation Book 2 perhaps in early 1833. It is designated “A Revelation for the benefit of the saints &c.” A closing notation indicates that it was “Given Februay 27—1833.” John Whitmer

27 Aug. 1802–11 July 1878. Farmer, stock raiser, newspaper editor. Born in Pennsylvania. Son of Peter Whitmer Sr. and Mary Musselman. Member of German Reformed Church, Fayette, Seneca Co., New York. Baptized by Oliver Cowdery, June 1829, most likely in Seneca...

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later recorded the text in Revelation Book 1, where it is identified as “A Revelation for the benefit of the saints, given in Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

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, February 27, 1833.” Other manuscript versions are extant. The 1835 Doctrine and Covenants included this revelation but did not give a date or location.

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