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Revelation, 27 February 1833 [D&C 89]

used sparingly, and it is pleasing unto me that they should not be used only in times of winter or of famine, all grain is ordained

The conferral of power and authority; to appoint, decree, or set apart. Church members, primarily adults, were ordained to ecclesiastical offices and other responsibilities by the laying on of hands by those with the proper authority. Ordinations to priesthood...

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for the use of man and of beasts to be the staff of life not only for man but for the beasts of the feald and the fowls of heaven and all wild animals than that run or creap on the earth and these hath God made for the use of man only in times of famine and excess of hunger all gain grain is good for the food of man as also the fruit of the vine that which yealdeth fruit whether in the ground or above the ground never theless wheet for man and corn for the ox and oats for the horse and rye for the fowls & for swine and for all beasts of the field and barley for all useful animals and for mild drink as also other grain, and all saints who remember to keep and do these sayings walking in obedience to the commandments

Generally, a divine mandate that church members were expected to obey; more specifically, a text dictated by JS in the first-person voice of Deity that served to communicate knowledge and instruction to JS and his followers. Occasionally, other inspired texts...

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shall receive health in their navel and marrow to their bones and shall find wisdom and great treasure of knowledge even hiden treasures and shall run and not be weary and shall walk and not faint and I the Lord give unto them a promise that the distroying angel shall pass by them as the Children of Israel and not slay them Amen
Given February 27— 1833 [p. 51]
used sparingly, and it is pleasing unto me that they  should not be used only in times of winter or of  famine, all grain is ordained

The conferral of power and authority; to appoint, decree, or set apart. Church members, primarily adults, were ordained to ecclesiastical offices and other responsibilities by the laying on of hands by those with the proper authority. Ordinations to priesthood...

View Glossary
for the use of  man and of beasts to be the staff of life not  only for man but for the beasts of the feald and  the fowls of heaven and all wild animals than [that]  run or creap on the earth and these hath  God made for the use of man only in times  of famine and excess of hunger all gain [grain] is  good for the food of man as also the fruit of  the vine that which yealdeth fruit whether  in the ground or above the ground never the less wheet for man and corn for the ox  and oats for the horse and rye for the swine  fowls & for swine and for all beasts of the  field and barley for all useful animals and  for mild drink as also other grain, and  all saints who remember to keep and do these  sayings walking in obedience to the com mandments

Generally, a divine mandate that church members were expected to obey; more specifically, a text dictated by JS in the first-person voice of Deity that served to communicate knowledge and instruction to JS and his followers. Occasionally, other inspired texts...

View Glossary
shall receive health in their  navel and marrow to their bones and shall  find wisdom and great treasure of knowledge  even hiden treasures and shall run and not  be weary and shall walk and not faint  and I the Lord give unto them a promise  that the distroying angel shall pass by  them as the Children of Israel and  not slay them Amen
Given Februa[r]y 27— 1833 [p. 51]
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This revelation had both a general and specific historical context. In 1830s America

North American constitutional republic. Constitution ratified, 17 Sept. 1787. Population in 1805 about 6,000,000; in 1830 about 13,000,000; and in 1844 about 20,000,000. Louisiana Purchase, 1803, doubled size of U.S. Consisted of seventeen states at time ...

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, temperance and health reform were prominent matters of discussion. It was natural for early church members to consider these issues. At the same time, the use of tobacco among some members of the newly established “school of the prophets” had raised concerns, prompting JS to seek divine guidance concerning healthy and unhealthy food and drink. This revelation, which became known as the Word of Wisdom, was not originally perceived as a commandment but as divine guidance.
Frederick G. Williams

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

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recorded this text in Revelation Book 2 perhaps in early 1833. It is designated “A Revelation for the benefit of the saints &c.” A closing notation indicates that it was “Given Februay 27—1833.” John Whitmer

27 Aug. 1802–11 July 1878. Farmer, stock raiser, newspaper editor. Born in Pennsylvania. Son of Peter Whitmer Sr. and Mary Musselman. Member of German Reformed Church, Fayette, Seneca Co., New York. Baptized by Oliver Cowdery, June 1829, most likely in Seneca...

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later recorded the text in Revelation Book 1, where it is identified as “A Revelation for the benefit of the saints, given in Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

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, February 27, 1833.” Other manuscript versions are extant. The 1835 Doctrine and Covenants included this revelation but did not give a date or location.

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