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Revelation, 29 October 1831 [D&C 66]

Behold thus saith the Lord unto you my servant William [E. McLellin]

18 Jan. 1806–14 Mar. 1883. Schoolteacher, physician, publisher. Born at Smith Co., Tennessee. Son of Charles McLellin and Sarah (a Cherokee Indian). Married first Cynthia Ann, 30 July 1829. Wife died, by summer 1831. Baptized into LDS church by Hyrum Smith...

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. Blessed are you inasmuch as you have turned away from your inequities and have received my truths saith the Lord your Redeemer, the Saviour of the world, even of as many as believe on my name. Verily I say unto you blessed are you for receiving mine everlasting Covenant

Generally referred to the “fullness of [the] gospel”—the sum total of the church’s message, geared toward establishing God’s covenant people on the earth; also used to describe individual elements of the gospel, including marriage. According to JS, the everlasting...

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even the fulness of my Gospel sent forth unto the children of men that they might have life and be made partakers of the glories which are to be revealed in the last days as it was written by the prophets and Apostles

A title indicating one sent forth to preach; later designated as a specific ecclesiastical and priesthood office. By 1830, JS and Oliver Cowdery were designated as apostles. The “Articles and Covenants” of the church explained that an “apostle is an elder...

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in days of old. Verily I say unto you my servant Wm.

18 Jan. 1806–14 Mar. 1883. Schoolteacher, physician, publisher. Born at Smith Co., Tennessee. Son of Charles McLellin and Sarah (a Cherokee Indian). Married first Cynthia Ann, 30 July 1829. Wife died, by summer 1831. Baptized into LDS church by Hyrum Smith...

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that you are clean but not all Repent therefore of those things which are not pleasing in my sight saith the Lord for the Lord will shew them unto you. And now Verily I the Lord will shew unto you what I will concerning you or what is my will concerning you. Behold Verily I say unto you that it is my will that you should proclaim my Gospel from land to land and from City to City. Yea in those regions round about where it hath not been proclaimed. Tarry not many days in this place Go not up unto the Land of Zion

A specific location in Missouri; also a literal or figurative gathering of believers in Christ, characterized by adherence to ideals of harmony, equality, and purity. In JS’s earliest revelations “the cause of Zion” was used to broadly describe the focus ...

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as yet But in as much as you can send. Send, otherwise think not of thy property. Go unto Eastern lands. Bear testimony in every place, unto every people and in their synagogues reasoning with the people Let my servant [p. [9]]
Behold thus saith the Lord u[n]to you  my servant William [E. McLellin]

18 Jan. 1806–14 Mar. 1883. Schoolteacher, physician, publisher. Born at Smith Co., Tennessee. Son of Charles McLellin and Sarah (a Cherokee Indian). Married first Cynthia Ann, 30 July 1829. Wife died, by summer 1831. Baptized into LDS church by Hyrum Smith...

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. Blessed are you  inasmuch as you have turned away from  your inequities and have received my truths  saith the Lord your Redeemer, the Saviour  of the world, even of as many as believe on  my name. Verily I say unto you blessed  are you for receiving mine everlasting  Covenant

Generally referred to the “fullness of [the] gospel”—the sum total of the church’s message, geared toward establishing God’s covenant people on the earth; also used to describe individual elements of the gospel, including marriage. According to JS, the everlasting...

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even the fulness of my Gospel1

The Saints believed that many “plain and precious things” had been removed from the Bible, but according to the “Articles and Covenants” of the church, the Book of Mormon “contains . . . the fullness of the gospel of Jesus Christ to the Gentiles and also to the Jews.” Likewise, the “Laws of the Church of Christ” counsel those proselytizing to “teach the scriptures which are in the Bible & the Book of Mormon in the which is the fullness of the Gospel.” At some point, the meaning of the term “fullness of the gospel” may have expanded to include JS’s revelations and visions. (Book of Mormon, 1830 ed., 30, 36 [1 Nephi 13:24–29; 15:13]; Articles and Covenants, ca. Apr. 1830 [D&C 20:9]; Revelation, 9 Feb. 1831; Vision, 16 Feb. 1832 [D&C 76:14].)  


 sent forth unto the children of men that  they might have life and be made par takers of the glories which are2

John Whitmer’s copy of the revelation in Revelation Book 1 has “was” instead of “are.” (Revelation Book 1, p. 111, in JSP, MRB:195.)  


to be re vealed in the last days as it was written  by the prophets and Apostles

A title indicating one sent forth to preach; later designated as a specific ecclesiastical and priesthood office. By 1830, JS and Oliver Cowdery were designated as apostles. The “Articles and Covenants” of the church explained that an “apostle is an elder...

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in days  of old.3

See 1 Peter 5:1; and Romans 8:18.  


Verily I say unto you my servant  Wm.

18 Jan. 1806–14 Mar. 1883. Schoolteacher, physician, publisher. Born at Smith Co., Tennessee. Son of Charles McLellin and Sarah (a Cherokee Indian). Married first Cynthia Ann, 30 July 1829. Wife died, by summer 1831. Baptized into LDS church by Hyrum Smith...

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that you are clean but not all4

See John 13:10–11; and Revelation, 2 Jan. 1831 [D&C 38:10].  


 Repent therefore of those things which are  not pleasing in my sight saith the Lord  for the Lord will shew them unto you.  And now Verily I the the Lord will shew  unto you what I will concerning you  or what is my will concerning you.  Behold Verily I say unto you that it is  my will that you should proclaim  my Gospel from land to land and from  City to City. Yea in those regions round  about where it hath not been procla imed. Tarry not many days in this place5

According to McLellin, “I had expected to remain here and read and write for some weeks and probably months, but having received the will of the Lord I determined to obey it.” Therefore, McLellin continued, “I only remained here [in Hiram] about three weeks.” (McLellin, Journal, 29 Oct.–16 Nov. 1831.)  


 Go not up unto the Land of Zion

A specific location in Missouri; also a literal or figurative gathering of believers in Christ, characterized by adherence to ideals of harmony, equality, and purity. In JS’s earliest revelations “the cause of Zion” was used to broadly describe the focus ...

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as yet  But in as much as you can send. Send, otherwis[e]  think not of thy property. Go unto Eastern  lands. Bear testimony in every place, unto  every people and in their synagogues6

John Whitmer’s copy in Revelation Book 1 presents this list in a different order: “bear testimony unto every people & in every Place & in their synnagogues.” Although “synagogue” specifically refers to a Jewish house of worship, it is also used in the Book of Mormon to denote a general place of worship. (Revelation Book 1, p. 112, in JSP, MRB:197; see, for example, Book of Mormon, 1830 ed., 492 [3 Nephi 18:32].)  


reason ing with the people Let my servant [p. [9]]
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On 29 October 1831, William E. McLellin

18 Jan. 1806–14 Mar. 1883. Schoolteacher, physician, publisher. Born at Smith Co., Tennessee. Son of Charles McLellin and Sarah (a Cherokee Indian). Married first Cynthia Ann, 30 July 1829. Wife died, by summer 1831. Baptized into LDS church by Hyrum Smith...

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wrote in his journal, “The Lord condecended to hear my prayr and give me a revelation of his will, through his prophet or Seer (Joseph).”1

McLellin, Journal, 29 Oct. 1831.  


McLellin, a recent convert from Paris

Seat of justice located in rich agricultural area ten miles west of Illinois-Indiana border. Area settled, 1821. Land for village donated, 1823. Functioned as county seat, by 1833. Incorporated 1849. Population in 1837 about 280. Population in 1840 about ...

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, Illinois, met JS for the first time at the 25–26 October 1831 conference in Orange

Located about five miles south of Kirtland Township. Area settled, 1815. Organized 1820. Population in 1830 about 300. Population in 1838 about 800. Sixty-five Latter-day Saints lived in township, by Nov. 1830. Joseph and Julia Murdock, twins adopted by JS...

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, Cuyahoga County, Ohio, where McLellin was ordained to the high priesthood. At the conclusion of the conference, he accompanied JS to Hiram

Area settled by immigrants from Pennsylvania and New England, ca. 1802. Located in northeastern Ohio about twenty-five miles southeast of Kirtland. Population in 1830 about 500. Population in 1840 about 1,100. JS lived in township at home of John and Alice...

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, Ohio, arriving there on 29 October.2

McLellin, Journal, 26–29 Oct. 1831; see also Minutes, 25–26 Oct. 1831.  


McLellin later recalled that on that day, he “went before the Lord in secret, and on my knees asked him to reveal the answer to five questions through his Prophet.”3

William E. McLellin, Editorial, Ensign of Liberty, Jan. 1848, 61.  


At McLellin’s request, JS dictated a revelation for him,4

JS History, vol. A-1, 156.  


perhaps in the southeast upstairs bedroom of the John

14 Apr. 1779–30 July 1843. Farmer, innkeeper. Born at Chesterfield, Cheshire Co., New Hampshire. Son of Israel Johnson and Abigail Higgins. Married Alice (Elsa) Jacobs, 22 June 1800. Moved to Pomfret, Windsor Co., Vermont, ca. 1803. Settled at Hiram, Portage...

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and Alice (Elsa) Johnson home, where JS worked on his revision of the Bible.5

This “translating” room was the largest room upstairs and probably originally the bedroom of John and Alice (Elsa) Johnson. The Johnsons created a new bedroom by partitioning off a “single large work space on the west end of the second floor” into two smaller rooms while JS was attending the October conference in Orange. Much of the work was done by the time JS and McLellin reached the Johnson home on 29 October, but the partition wall was not plastered until that evening. (Staker, Hearken, O Ye People, 314.)  


According to McLellin, the revelation answered the questions “to my full and entire satisfaction.”6

William E. McLellin, Editorial, Ensign of Liberty, Jan. 1848, 61. McLellin noted that these questions “had dwelt upon my mind with anxiety yet with uncertainty.” (McLellin, Journal, 29 Oct. 1831.)  


Although McLellin never explained what his five queries were, the revelation’s contents indicate that he was probably concerned about his standing before God and about what the Lord desired him to do.
McLellin

18 Jan. 1806–14 Mar. 1883. Schoolteacher, physician, publisher. Born at Smith Co., Tennessee. Son of Charles McLellin and Sarah (a Cherokee Indian). Married first Cynthia Ann, 30 July 1829. Wife died, by summer 1831. Baptized into LDS church by Hyrum Smith...

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recounted that he wrote the words of this revelation as JS spoke them.7

McLellin, Journal, 29 Oct. 1831.  


Two copies of the revelation in McLellin’s hand exist, but it does not appear that either is the original manuscript.8

Both are fairly clean copies written in small script and with an even hand.  


One copy is in McLellin’s journal,9

McLellin, Journal, 29 Oct. 1831.  


probably made soon after the revelation was dictated. The other is the copy in McLellin’s notebook, featured below. McLellin apparently inscribed this copy sometime before 16 November 1831, when he departed on a mission. Three revelations precede the 29 October revelation in McLellin’s notebook, including one dated 30 October 1831, indicating McLellin did not make these copies before that date. McLellin’s journal corroborates this dating, stating that he stayed in Hiram

Area settled by immigrants from Pennsylvania and New England, ca. 1802. Located in northeastern Ohio about twenty-five miles southeast of Kirtland. Population in 1830 about 500. Population in 1840 about 1,100. JS lived in township at home of John and Alice...

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from 29 October to 16 November and “read and copyed revelations, &c.”10

McLellin, Journal, 29 Oct.–16 Nov. 1831.  


John Whitmer

27 Aug. 1802–11 July 1878. Farmer, stock raiser, newspaper editor. Born in Pennsylvania. Son of Peter Whitmer Sr. and Mary Musselman. Member of German Reformed Church, Fayette, Seneca Co., New York. Baptized by Oliver Cowdery, June 1829, most likely in Seneca...

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also copied the revelation into Revelation Book 1 sometime before he left for Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

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on 20 November.11

See Historical Introduction to Revelation Book 1, in JSP, MRB:5; and Revelation Book 1, pp. 111–112, in JSP, MRB: 195–197. For the date of Whitmer’s departure, see Whitmer, History, 38, in JSP, H2:49.  


McLellin

18 Jan. 1806–14 Mar. 1883. Schoolteacher, physician, publisher. Born at Smith Co., Tennessee. Son of Charles McLellin and Sarah (a Cherokee Indian). Married first Cynthia Ann, 30 July 1829. Wife died, by summer 1831. Baptized into LDS church by Hyrum Smith...

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’s notebook copy appears to be a more complete reflection of the original revelation than either the journal copy or the copy John Whitmer

27 Aug. 1802–11 July 1878. Farmer, stock raiser, newspaper editor. Born in Pennsylvania. Son of Peter Whitmer Sr. and Mary Musselman. Member of German Reformed Church, Fayette, Seneca Co., New York. Baptized by Oliver Cowdery, June 1829, most likely in Seneca...

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made in Revelation Book 1. The journal copy probably predates the other two versions, but the spelling of certain words (“shew” instead of “show,” which is in the journal copy, for example), the use of contractions, and the lack of punctuation suggest that the copies in McLellin’s notebook and in Revelation Book 1 were derived from a nonextant copy of the original. The notebook version also appears to be more complete than the copy in Revelation Book 1 because the notebook contains an endnote regarding McLellin belonging to the lineage of Ephraim in the Old Testament (a note that also appears in the journal copy).

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