2478231

Revelation, 3 January 1833 [D&C 88:127–137]

Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

More Info
January 3d. 1833. Revelation given to for a patern &c
The order of the house, of God prepared for the presedency

An organized body of leaders over priesthood quorums and other ecclesiastical organizations. A November 1831 revelation first described the office of president over the high priesthood and the church as a whole. By 1832, JS and two counselors constituted ...

View Glossary
,1

In the 1835 edition of the Doctrine and Covenants, this passage reads, “prepared for the presidency of the school of the prophets.” (Doctrine and Covenants 7:39, 1835 ed.)  


and instruction, in all things, that is expedient for the officers; or in other words, them who are called to the ministry in the Church

The Book of Mormon related that when Christ set up his church in the Americas, “they which were baptized in the name of Jesus, were called the church of Christ.” The first name used to denote the church JS organized on 6 April 1830 was “the Church of Christ...

View Glossary
, begining at the high Priests

An ecclesiastical and priesthood office. Christ and many ancient prophets, including Abraham, were described as being high priests. The Book of Mormon used the term high priest to denote one appointed to lead the church. However, the Book of Mormon also discussed...

View Glossary
, even down to the deacon

An ecclesiastical and priesthood office. The “Articles and Covenants” directed deacons to assist teachers in their duties. Deacons were also to “warn, expound, exhort, and teach and invite all to come unto Christ.” Although deacons did not have the authority...

View Glossary
, and this shall be the order of the house, he that is appointed, to be a teacher,2

That is, a teacher in the school, not a church officer.  


shall be found standing in his place, which shall be prepared, for him, in the house of God

The official name for the sacred edifice in Kirtland, Ohio, later known as the Kirtland temple; also the official name for other planned religious structures in Missouri. JS and the Latter-day Saints also referred to the House of the Lord in Kirtland as “...

View Glossary

JS revelation of Jan. 1831 directed Latter-day Saints to migrate to Ohio, where they would “be endowed with power from on high.” JS Revelation of Dec. 1832 directed Saints to “establish . . . an house of God.” JS Revelation of 1 June 1833 chastened Saints...

More Info
, in a place that the congregation, in the house may hear his words, correctly and distinctly; not with loud speach; and3

John Whitmer’s copy of this revelation in Revelation Book 1 includes “when” here. (Revelation Book 1, p. 166, in JSP, MRB:309.)  


he cometh into the house of God, (for he should be first in the house, behold this is beautiful, that he may be an example) let him offer himself in prayer upon his knees, before God, in token of the everlasting covenant, and when any shall, come in after him, let the teacher arise, and with uplifted hands to heaven, yea even directly, salute his brother, or brethren, with these words saying, art thou a brother, or brethren, I salute you in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ, in tocen token of the everlasting covenant, in which covenant, I receive you to fellowship, in a determination, that is fixed immovable, and unchangable, to be your friend and brother, through the grace of God, in the bonds of Love, to walk in all the commandments

Generally, a divine mandate that church members were expected to obey; more specifically, a text dictated by JS in the first-person voice of Deity that served to communicate knowledge and instruction to JS and his followers. Occasionally, other inspired texts...

View Glossary
, of God, blameless,4

See Luke 1:6.  


in thanksgiving for ever, and ever; Amen. and he that cometh, in, and is a brother, or brethren shall salute the teacher with uplifted hands to heaven, with this same prayer, and covenant or by saying amen; in token of the same, Behold verily I say unto you, this is a sample, unto you for a salutation, to one another, in the house of God,5

Here, both the copy of this revelation in Revelation Book 1 and the published version in the March 1833 issue of The Evening and the Morning Star have the phrase “And to you the called to the ministry of the ordinances of the house of God.” This phrase may have appeared in the original inscription, and Frederick G. Williams may have inadvertently left it out of his copy. The phrase was removed when the revelation was published in the 1835 edition of the Doctrine and Covenants. (“Revelation Given Kirtland, Ohio, January 3, 1833,” The Evening and the Morning Star, Mar. 1833, [6]; Revelation Book 1, p. 167, in JSP, MRB:311; Doctrine and Covenants 7:44, 1835 ed.)  


and ye are called to do this by prayer, and thanksgiving, as the spirit shall give utterance6

See Acts 2:4.  


[p. 47]
Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

More Info
January 3d. 1833. Revelation given to organize for a patern &c
The order of the house, of God prepared for the presedency

An organized body of leaders over priesthood quorums and other ecclesiastical organizations. A November 1831 revelation first described the office of president over the high priesthood and the church as a whole. By 1832, JS and two counselors constituted ...

View Glossary
,1

In the 1835 edition of the Doctrine and Covenants, this passage reads, “prepared for the presidency of the school of the prophets.” (Doctrine and Covenants 7:39, 1835 ed.)  


 and instruction, in all things, that is expedient for the  officers; or in other words, them who are called to the ministry  in the Church

The Book of Mormon related that when Christ set up his church in the Americas, “they which were baptized in the name of Jesus, were called the church of Christ.” The first name used to denote the church JS organized on 6 April 1830 was “the Church of Christ...

View Glossary
, begining at the high Priests

An ecclesiastical and priesthood office. Christ and many ancient prophets, including Abraham, were described as being high priests. The Book of Mormon used the term high priest to denote one appointed to lead the church. However, the Book of Mormon also discussed...

View Glossary
, even down to  the deacon

An ecclesiastical and priesthood office. The “Articles and Covenants” directed deacons to assist teachers in their duties. Deacons were also to “warn, expound, exhort, and teach and invite all to come unto Christ.” Although deacons did not have the authority...

View Glossary
, and this shall be the order of the house, he  that is appointed, to be a teacher,2

That is, a teacher in the school, not a church officer.  


shall be found  standing in his place, which shall be appointed pre pared, for him, in the house of God

The official name for the sacred edifice in Kirtland, Ohio, later known as the Kirtland temple; also the official name for other planned religious structures in Missouri. JS and the Latter-day Saints also referred to the House of the Lord in Kirtland as “...

View Glossary

JS revelation of Jan. 1831 directed Latter-day Saints to migrate to Ohio, where they would “be endowed with power from on high.” JS Revelation of Dec. 1832 directed Saints to “establish . . . an house of God.” JS Revelation of 1 June 1833 chastened Saints...

More Info
, in a place that  the congregation, in the house may hear his words, correctly  and distinctly; not with loud speach; and3

John Whitmer’s copy of this revelation in Revelation Book 1 includes “when” here. (Revelation Book 1, p. 166, in JSP, MRB:309.)  


he cometh  into the house of God, (for he should be first in the  house, behold this is beautiful, that he may be an  example) let him offer himself in prayer upon his  knees, before God, in token of the everlasting covenant,  and when any shall, come in after him, let the teacher  arise, and with uplifted hands to heaven, yea even  directly, salute his brother, or brethren, with these words  saying, art thou a brother, or brethren, I salute you in  the name of the Lord Jesus Christ, in tocen [token] of the ever lasting covenant, in which covenant, I receive you  to fellowship, in a determination, that is fixed  immovable, and unchangable, to be your friend  and brother, through the grace of God, in the bonds  of Love, to walk in all the commandments

Generally, a divine mandate that church members were expected to obey; more specifically, a text dictated by JS in the first-person voice of Deity that served to communicate knowledge and instruction to JS and his followers. Occasionally, other inspired texts...

View Glossary
, of God,  blameless,4

See Luke 1:6.  


in thanksgiving for ever, and ever; Amen.  and he that cometh, in, and is a brother, or brethren  shall salute the teacher with uplifted hands to  heaven, with this same prayer, and covenant  or by saying amen; in token of the same, Behold  verily I say unto you, this [is] a sample, unto you  for a salutation, to one another, in the house of  God,5

Here, both the copy of this revelation in Revelation Book 1 and the published version in the March 1833 issue of The Evening and the Morning Star have the phrase “And to you the called to the ministry of the ordinances of the house of God.” This phrase may have appeared in the original inscription, and Frederick G. Williams may have inadvertently left it out of his copy. The phrase was removed when the revelation was published in the 1835 edition of the Doctrine and Covenants. (“Revelation Given Kirtland, Ohio, January 3, 1833,” The Evening and the Morning Star, Mar. 1833, [6]; Revelation Book 1, p. 167, in JSP, MRB:311; Doctrine and Covenants 7:44, 1835 ed.)  


and ye are called to do this by prayer, and  thanksgiving, as the spirit shall give utterance6

See Acts 2:4.  


[p. 47]
Next
According to the index in Revelation Book 2, the subject of this 3 January 1833 revelation is “instructions [on] how to regulate the Elders school.”1

Revelation Book 2, Index, [1], in JSP, MRB:413.  


On 27–28 December 1832, JS dictated a revelation directing the elders of the church to establish a school so that they could be taught in both “the doctrines, of the kingdom” and in temporal matters before proclaiming the gospel to the world “for the last time.” It also instructed the Saints in Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

More Info
, Ohio, to build a “house of God” that, among other things, would serve as a “house of Learning.”2

Revelation, 27–28 Dec. 1832 [D&C 88:77–80, 84, 119, 122].  


This 3 January revelation provided information on how the school was to be conducted in the House of the Lord

JS revelation of Jan. 1831 directed Latter-day Saints to migrate to Ohio, where they would “be endowed with power from on high.” JS Revelation of Dec. 1832 directed Saints to “establish . . . an house of God.” JS Revelation of 1 June 1833 chastened Saints...

More Info
, including how members of the school were to act when entering it. Little is known about the circumstances of the 3 January revelation, other than that it was dictated in Kirtland, probably in Newel K. Whitney

3/5 Feb. 1795–23 Sept. 1850. Trader, merchant. Born at Marlborough, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of Samuel Whitney and Susanna Kimball. Moved to Fairfield, Herkimer Co., New York, 1803. Merchant at Plattsburg, Clinton Co., New York, 1814. Mercantile clerk for...

View Full Bio
’s white store, where JS and his family were staying.
Frederick G. Williams

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

View Full Bio
wrote the revelation as JS dictated it, but the original manuscript is not extant. Williams later copied the revelation into Revelation Book 2, probably between late January and late February 1833. On 11 January 1833, JS sent a copy of the 27–28 December 1832 revelation to William W. Phelps

17 Feb. 1792–7 Mar. 1872. Writer, teacher, printer, newspaper editor, publisher, postmaster, lawyer. Born at Hanover, Morris Co., New Jersey. Son of Enon Phelps and Mehitabel Goldsmith. Moved to Homer, Cortland Co., New York, 1800. Married Sally Waterman,...

View Full Bio
and other leaders in Jackson County

Settled at Fort Osage, 1808. County created, 16 Feb. 1825; organized 1826. Named after U.S. president Andrew Jackson. Featured fertile lands along Missouri River and was Santa Fe Trail departure point, which attracted immigrants to area. Area of county reduced...

More Info
, Missouri.3 It is unclear whether JS also included this revelation in that transmission, but Phelps published the revelation in the March 1833 issue of The Evening and the Morning Star, titling it “Revelation Given Kirtland, Ohio, January 3, 1833.”4

“Revelation Given Kirtland, Ohio, January 3, 1833,” The Evening and the Morning Star, Mar. 1833, [6].  


Though it was presented in early manuscript sources and in The Evening and the Morning Star as separate from the 27–28 December 1832 revelation, the 3 January 1833 revelation was combined with that earlier revelation into one text in the 1835 Doctrine and Covenants, probably because the 3 January revelation included instructions for implementing the school required by the 27–28 December revelation.5

In either late 1833 or early 1834, the 27–28 December revelation was published as a broadside, but it did not include the 3 January 1833 revelation. Publications thereafter included both revelations as a single text, as well as additional verses at the end of the revelation that were first added in the 1835 edition. (See Verily, thus saith the Lord unto you, who have assembled yourselves together, [Kirtland, OH: ca. Jan. 1834], copy at BYU [D&C 88–89]; Revelation, 27–28 Dec. 1832 and 3 Jan. 1833, in Doctrine and Covenants 7, 1835 ed. [D&C 88]; Revelation, 27–28 Dec. 1832 and 3 Jan. 1833, in Doctrine and Covenants 7, 1844 ed. [D&C 88]; “History of Joseph Smith,” Times and Seasons, 1 Nov. 1844, 5:688–691; and “History of Joseph Smith,” Times and Seasons, 15 Nov. 1844, 5:704–705; see also Crawley, Descriptive Bibliography, 1:43–44.)  


The two became so closely associated that when the 3 January revelation was reprinted in Evening and Morning Star (an 1835–1836 reprint of The Evening and the Morning Star), it was dated 27 December 1832.6

“Revelation, Given December 27, 1832,” Evening and Morning Star, Mar. 1833 (May 1836), 156–157.  


Likewise, the heading for the combined revelations in the 1835 edition of the Doctrine and Covenants listed the date as 27 December 1832.7

Doctrine and Covenants 7, 1835 ed.  


Facts