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Revelation, 3 November 1831 [D&C 133]

down from god in heavn with thy garments yea from the regions that is not known clothed in his glorious appearl travling in the greatness of his strength & he shall speak I am he in righteousness mighty to save & the Lord shall be read in his appearl & his garments like him that treadeth in the wine path28

See Isaiah 63:1–2.  


& so great shall be the glory in his presence that the Sun shall hide his face in shame & the moon shall be blown out & the Stars shall be hurrelled from their sockets & his voice shall be heard I have trodden the wine press alone & have brought Judgement upon all people & none was with me & I have trampelled them in my fury & I did tread upon them in mine anger & their blood have I sprinkled upon my garments & have stained all my raiment for this was the day of vengeance which was in my heart & now the year of my redeemed is come29

See Isaiah 63:3–4.  


& they shall mention the loveing kindness of their Lord & all that he hath bestowed upon them according to his goodness & according to his loving kindness forever & ever30

See Isaiah 63:7.  


in all their afflictions he was afflicted & the angel of his presence saved them & in his love & in his pity he redeemed them & did bear them & did carry them all the days of old31

See Isaiah 63:9.  


yea & Enoch also & they which were with him the Prophets which were before him & Noah also & they which were before him & Elijah also & they which were before him & from Elijah to Moses & from Moses to John who were with Christ in his resurrection & the Holy Apostles with Abraham Isaac & Jacob shall be in the presence of the lamb & the graves of the saints shall be opened & they shall come forth & stand on the right hand of the Lamb when he shall stand upon mount Zion & upon the Holy City the New Jerusalem

The Book of Mormon indicated that, in preparation for Jesus Christ’s second coming, a city should be built on the American continent and called the New Jerusalem. The Book of Mormon further explained that the remnant of the seed of Joseph (understood to be...

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& they shall sing the Song of the lamb day & night for ever & ever32

See Revelation 15:3.  


— & for this cause that men might be partakers of the glories which were revealed the Lord sent forth the fullness of the gospel & the everlasting covenant

Generally referred to the “fulness of the gospel”—the sum total of the church’s message, geared toward establishing God’s covenant people on the earth; also used to describe individual elements of the gospel, including marriage. According to JS, the everlasting...

View Glossary
33

See Revelation, 29 Oct. 1831 [D&C 66:2].  


[p. 119]
down from god in heavn with thy garments yea  from the regions that is not known clothed in his gloriou[s]  appearl travling in the greatness of his strength & he  shall speak I am he in righteousness mighty to save  & the Lord shall be read read in his appearl & his garm ents like him that treadeth in the wine path28

See Isaiah 63:1–2.  


& so  great shall be the glory in his presence that the Sun  shall hide his face in shame & the moon shall be  blown out & the Stars shall be hurrelled from their  sockets & his voice shall be heard I have trodden the  wine press alone & have brought Judgement upon all  people & none was with me & I have trampelled  them in my fury & I did tread upon them in mine  anger & their blood have I sprinkled upon my garme nts & have stained all my raiment for this was the day  of vengeance which was in my heart & now the year  of my redeemed is come29

See Isaiah 63:3–4.  


& they shall mention the loveing  kindness of their Lord & all that he hath bestowed upon  them according to his goodness & according to his loving  kindness forever & ever30

See Isaiah 63:7.  


in all their afflictions he was afflicted  & the angel of his presenc[e] saved them & in his love & in  his pity he redeemed them & did bear them & did carry  them all the days of old31

See Isaiah 63:9.  


yea & Enoch also & they which  were with him the Prophets which were before him  & Noah also & they which were before him & Elijah also  & they which were before him & from Elijah to Moses  & from Moses to John who were with Christ in his  resurrection & the Holy Apostles with Abraham Isaac  & Jacob shall be in the presenc[e] of the lamb & the graves  of the saints shall be opened & they shall come forth & stand  on the right hand of the Lamb when he shall stand upon  mount Zion & upon the Holy City the New Jerusalem

The Book of Mormon indicated that, in preparation for Jesus Christ’s second coming, a city should be built on the American continent and called the New Jerusalem. The Book of Mormon further explained that the remnant of the seed of Joseph (understood to be...

View Glossary
wherefo  & they shall sing the Song of the lamb day & night for ever  & ever32

See Revelation 15:3.  


— & for this cause that men might be partakers  of the glories which were revealed the Lord sent forth the  fullness of the gospel & the everlasting covenant

Generally referred to the “fulness of the gospel”—the sum total of the church’s message, geared toward establishing God’s covenant people on the earth; also used to describe individual elements of the gospel, including marriage. According to JS, the everlasting...

View Glossary
33

See Revelation, 29 Oct. 1831 [D&C 66:2].  


[p. 119]
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According to a later history, JS dictated this revelation on 3 November 1831 in answer to elders

A male leader in the church generally; an ecclesiastical and priesthood office or one holding that office; a proselytizing missionary. The Book of Mormon explained that elders ordained priests and teachers and administered “the flesh and blood of Christ unto...

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’ questions about “the gathering

As directed by early revelations, church members “gathered” in communities. A revelation dated September 1830, for instance, instructed elders “to bring to pass the gathering of mine elect” who would “be gathered in unto one place, upon the face of this land...

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” and “preaching the gospel to the inhabitants of the earth.”1

JS History, vol. A-1, 166.  


The history indicates that this revelation was dictated following the two-day conference

A meeting where ecclesiastical officers and other church members could conduct church business. The “Articles and Covenants” of the church directed the elders to hold conferences to perform “Church business.” The first of these conferences was held on 9 June...

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in Hiram

Area settled by immigrants from Pennsylvania and New England, ca. 1802. Located in northeastern Ohio about twenty-five miles southeast of Kirtland. Population in 1830 about 500. Population in 1840 about 1,100. JS lived in township at home of John and Alice...

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, Ohio, which focused on the publication of JS’s revelations in the Book of Commandments. This revelation, which was later designated as the “appendix” to the Book of Commandments, followed the 1 November dictation of the “preface” to that book.2

JS History, vol. A-1, 166; Minutes, 1–2 Nov. 1831.  


The preface placed JS’s revelations in a millenarian context, and this 3 November revelation continued in that millenarian theme.3 Beginning with a call for the Saints to prepare for the second coming of Jesus Christ by leaving Babylon and gathering to Zion

A specific location in Missouri; also a literal or figurative gathering of believers in Jesus Christ, characterized by adherence to ideals of harmony, equality, and purity. In JS’s earliest revelations “the cause of Zion” was used to broadly describe the ...

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, the revelation then extended this message to all people. It warned of Christ’s imminent return to the earth in power and glory and of the events that would precede and accompany that return. It also provided an explicit statement that God wanted JS’s revelations to go to the world to prepare the inhabitants of the earth for Christ’s return.
Because two early copies of this revelation bear different dates, there is some uncertainty about the exact date of this revelation. When John Whitmer

27 Aug. 1802–11 July 1878. Farmer, stock raiser, newspaper editor. Born in Pennsylvania. Son of Peter Whitmer Sr. and Mary Musselman. Member of German Reformed Church, Fayette, Seneca Co., New York. Baptized by Oliver Cowdery, June 1829, most likely in Seneca...

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copied it into Revelation Book 1, likely before leaving for Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

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on 20 November 1831, he dated it 3 November.4

Whitmer, History, 38.  


JS’s later history also places this revelation after the 1–2 November conference.5

JS History, vol. A-1, 166.  


However, another copy of the revelation in Sidney Rigdon

19 Feb. 1793–14 July 1876. Tanner, farmer, minister. Born at St. Clair, Allegheny Co., Pennsylvania. Son of William Rigdon and Nancy Gallaher. Joined United Baptists, ca. 1818. Preached at Warren, Trumbull Co., Ohio, and vicinity, 1819–1821. Married Phebe...

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’s handwriting was inserted into Revelation Book 1 as a loose copy, bearing the endorsement “Luke Johnson

3 Nov. 1807–8 Dec. 1861. Farmer, teacher, doctor. Born at Pomfret, Windsor Co., Vermont. Son of John Johnson and Alice (Elsa) Jacobs. Lived at Hiram, Portage Co., Ohio, when baptized into LDS church by JS, 10 May 1831. Ordained a priest by Christian Whitmer...

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s Nov 2 1831” in unidentified handwriting, suggesting it may have been written during the 1–2 November conference, which Johnson attended.6

Revelation, 3 Nov. 1831, [5], in JSP, MRB:403 [D&C 133]. The date of the revelation’s dictation is also given as 2 November at another location in this document, although an unknown scribe later changed that date to 3 November.  


Because Rigdon transcribed this copy on loose leaves, it is difficult to determine exactly when the copy was made. It may have been placed into Revelation Book 1 before Whitmer left for Missouri, but it could have been inserted much later as well.7 Whitmer, on the other hand, likely copied the revelation into the bound book before Whitmer and Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

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took the book to Missouri on 20 November 1831.8

Historical Introduction to Revelation Book 1; Whitmer, History, 38.  


Whitmer’s copy is apparently an earlier transcript than the Rigdon copy and therefore more reliable regarding the date—a conclusion corroborated by the fact that the 1–2 November conference minutes do not mention this revelation, and no other sources confirm its presentation on either 1 or 2 November.9
Although the 3 November revelation does not refer to itself as an “appendix,” it may have been dictated specifically to serve as an appendix to JS’s revelations—much like the 1 November revelation was presented as the preface. The Rigdon

19 Feb. 1793–14 July 1876. Tanner, farmer, minister. Born at St. Clair, Allegheny Co., Pennsylvania. Son of William Rigdon and Nancy Gallaher. Joined United Baptists, ca. 1818. Preached at Warren, Trumbull Co., Ohio, and vicinity, 1819–1821. Married Phebe...

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copy contains the endorsement “An appendix to Revelation,” suggesting an early designation of the revelation as an appendix. When the revelation was first published in the May 1833 issue of The Evening and the Morning Star, William W. Phelps

17 Feb. 1792–7 Mar. 1872. Writer, teacher, printer, newspaper editor, publisher, postmaster, lawyer. Born at Hanover, Morris Co., New Jersey. Son of Enon Phelps and Mehitabel Goldsmith. Moved to Homer, Cortland Co., New York, 1800. Married Sally Waterman,...

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explained that it was known as “the close” or “the Appendix,” indicating it had received that designation at least by the spring 1833.10

Revelations,” The Evening and the Morning Star, May 1833, [1]; Appendix 1: Revelation, 3 Nov. 1831, [6], in JSP, MRB:405 [D&C 133].  


According to a later JS history, it was called the appendix because of “its importance, and for distinction.”11

JS History, vol. A-1, 166. The revelation was never published in the Book of Commandments, probably because it was to be one of the last items printed and the printing of the book was halted by violence in Missouri. The revelation was labeled as the appendix in the 1835 edition of the Doctrine and Covenants. (See “Proposed Sixth Gathering of the Book of Commandments;Doctrine and Covenants 100, 1835 ed., 247–250.)  


Facts