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Revelation, 4 December 1831–B [D&C 72:9–23]

The duty of the Bishop

An ecclesiastical and priesthood office. JS appointed Edward Partridge as the first bishop in February 1831. Following this appointment, Partridge functioned as the local leader of the church in Missouri. Later revelations described a bishop’s duties as receiving...

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as made known at the same time1

That is, at the same time that Newel K. Whitney was appointed by revelation to be a bishop.  


The word of the Lord in addition to the law which has been given2

A reference to the “Laws of the Church of Christ” dictated in February 1831 and possibly also to the revelation given earlier in the day on 4 December 1831. (Revelation, 9 Feb. 1831 [D&C 42:1–72]; Revelation, 23 Feb. 1831 [D&C 42:74–93]; Revelation, 4 Dec. 1831–A [D&C 72:1–8].)  


making known the duty of the Bishop

3/5 Feb. 1795–23 Sept. 1850. Trader, merchant. Born at Marlborough, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of Samuel Whitney and Susanna Kimball. Moved to Fairfield, Herkimer Co., New York, 1803. Merchant at Plattsburg, Clinton Co., New York, 1814. Mercantile clerk for...

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which has been ordained unto the church in this part of the vinyard which is verily this. To keep the Lords storehouse

Both a literal and a figurative repository for goods and land donated to the church. The book of Malachi directed the house of Israel to bring “all the tithes into the storehouse, that there may be meat in mine house.” In JS’s revision of the Old Testament...

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3

A May 1831 revelation told the bishop to “appoint a storehouse unto this Church & let all things both in money & in meat which is more then is needful for the want of this People be kept in the hands of the Bishop.” The Lord’s storehouse in Kirtland, Ohio, was apparently to be Newel K. Whitney’s own store, which he was commanded in August 1831 to “retain . . . for a little season.” (Revelation, 20 May 1831 [D&C 51:13]; Revelation, 30 Aug. 1831 [D&C 63:42].)  


to receive the funds of the church in this part of the vinyard to take an account of the Elders

A male leader in the church generally; an ecclesiastical and priesthood office or one holding that office; a proselytizing missionary. The Book of Mormon explained that elders ordained priests and teachers and administered “the flesh and blood of Christ unto...

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as before has been commanded and to administer to their wants4

The previous commandment referenced here may be either the revelation given earlier in the day or a February 1831 revelation in which the bishop was charged with the responsibility of supporting the families of elders “out of the property which is consecrated to the Lord.” (Revelation, 4 Dec. 1831–A [D&C 72:1–8]; Revelation, 9 Feb. 1831 [D&C 42:71].)  


who shall pay for that which they receive inasmuch as they have wherewith to pay that this also may be consecrated

The dedicating of money, lands, goods, or one’s own life for sacred purposes. Both the New Testament and Book of Mormon referred to some groups having “all things common” economically; the Book of Mormon also referred to individuals who consecrated or dedicated...

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to the good of the church to the poor and needy and he who hath not wherewith to pay an account shall be taken and handed over to the Bishop

27 Aug. 1793–27 May 1840. Hatter. Born at Pittsfield, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of William Partridge and Jemima Bidwell. Moved to Painesville, Geauga Co., Ohio. Married Lydia Clisbee, 22 Aug. 1819, at Painesville. Initially a Universal Restorationist...

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in Zion

JS revelation, dated 20 July 1831, designated Missouri as “land of promise” for gathering of Saints and place for “city of Zion,” with Independence area as “center place” of Zion. Latter-day Saint settlements elsewhere, such as in Kirtland, Ohio, became known...

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who shall pay the debt out of that which the Lord shall put into his hands and the labours of the faithfull who labour in spiritual things in [p. [1]]
The duty of the Bishop

An ecclesiastical and priesthood office. JS appointed Edward Partridge as the first bishop in February 1831. Following this appointment, Partridge functioned as the local leader of the church in Missouri. Later revelations described a bishop’s duties as receiving...

View Glossary
as made known at the  same time1

That is, at the same time that Newel K. Whitney was appointed by revelation to be a bishop.  


The word of the Lord in addition to the law which has  been given2

A reference to the “Laws of the Church of Christ” dictated in February 1831 and possibly also to the revelation given earlier in the day on 4 December 1831. (Revelation, 9 Feb. 1831 [D&C 42:1–72]; Revelation, 23 Feb. 1831 [D&C 42:74–93]; Revelation, 4 Dec. 1831–A [D&C 72:1–8].)  


making known the duty of the Bishop

3/5 Feb. 1795–23 Sept. 1850. Trader, merchant. Born at Marlborough, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of Samuel Whitney and Susanna Kimball. Moved to Fairfield, Herkimer Co., New York, 1803. Merchant at Plattsburg, Clinton Co., New York, 1814. Mercantile clerk for...

View Full Bio
which has  been ordained unto the church in this part of the vinyard which  is verily this. To keep the Lords storehouse

Both a literal and a figurative repository for goods and land donated to the church. The book of Malachi directed the house of Israel to bring “all the tithes into the storehouse, that there may be meat in mine house.” In JS’s revision of the Old Testament...

View Glossary
3

A May 1831 revelation told the bishop to “appoint a storehouse unto this Church & let all things both in money & in meat which is more then is needful for the want of this People be kept in the hands of the Bishop.” The Lord’s storehouse in Kirtland, Ohio, was apparently to be Newel K. Whitney’s own store, which he was commanded in August 1831 to “retain . . . for a little season.” (Revelation, 20 May 1831 [D&C 51:13]; Revelation, 30 Aug. 1831 [D&C 63:42].)  


to receive the fun ds of the church in this part of the vinyard to take an acc ount of the Elders

A male leader in the church generally; an ecclesiastical and priesthood office or one holding that office; a proselytizing missionary. The Book of Mormon explained that elders ordained priests and teachers and administered “the flesh and blood of Christ unto...

View Glossary
as before has been commanded and to admin ister to their wants4

The previous commandment referenced here may be either the revelation given earlier in the day or a February 1831 revelation in which the bishop was charged with the responsibility of supporting the families of elders “out of the property which is consecrated to the Lord.” (Revelation, 4 Dec. 1831–A [D&C 72:1–8]; Revelation, 9 Feb. 1831 [D&C 42:71].)  


who shall pay for that which they receive  inasmuch as they have wherewith to pay that this also may be  consecrated

The dedicating of money, lands, goods, or one’s own life for sacred purposes. Both the New Testament and Book of Mormon referred to some groups having “all things common” economically; the Book of Mormon also referred to individuals who consecrated or dedicated...

View Glossary
to the good of the church to the poor and needy and he  who hath not wherewith to pay an account shall be taken and  handed over to the Bishop

27 Aug. 1793–27 May 1840. Hatter. Born at Pittsfield, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of William Partridge and Jemima Bidwell. Moved to Painesville, Geauga Co., Ohio. Married Lydia Clisbee, 22 Aug. 1819, at Painesville. Initially a Universal Restorationist...

View Full Bio
in Zion

JS revelation, dated 20 July 1831, designated Missouri as “land of promise” for gathering of Saints and place for “city of Zion,” with Independence area as “center place” of Zion. Latter-day Saint settlements elsewhere, such as in Kirtland, Ohio, became known...

More Info
who shall pay the debt out  of that which the Lord shall put into his hands and the labours of the faithfull who labour in spiritual things in [p. [1]]
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JS dictated this revelation at the same 4 December 1831 conference

A meeting where ecclesiastical officers and other church members could conduct church business. The “Articles and Covenants” of the church directed the elders to hold conferences to perform “Church business.” The first of these conferences was held on 9 June...

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in Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

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, Ohio, at which he dictated two other revelations, including one calling for the appointment of Newel K. Whitney

3/5 Feb. 1795–23 Sept. 1850. Trader, merchant. Born at Marlborough, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of Samuel Whitney and Susanna Kimball. Moved to Fairfield, Herkimer Co., New York, 1803. Merchant at Plattsburg, Clinton Co., New York, 1814. Mercantile clerk for...

View Full Bio
as a bishop

An ecclesiastical and priesthood office. JS appointed Edward Partridge as the first bishop in February 1831. Following this appointment, Partridge functioned as the local leader of the church in Missouri. Later revelations described a bishop’s duties as receiving...

View Glossary
in Ohio

French explored area, 1669. British took possession following French and Indian War, 1763. Ceded to U.S., 1783. First permanent white settlement established, 1788. Northeastern portion maintained as part of Connecticut, 1786, and called Connecticut Western...

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.1

For additional information on these revelations, see Revelation, 4 Dec. 1831–A [D&C 72:1–8].  


A November 1831 revelation explained that when other bishops were appointed, they would “act in the same office” as Edward Partridge

27 Aug. 1793–27 May 1840. Hatter. Born at Pittsfield, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of William Partridge and Jemima Bidwell. Moved to Painesville, Geauga Co., Ohio. Married Lydia Clisbee, 22 Aug. 1819, at Painesville. Initially a Universal Restorationist...

View Full Bio
, bishop in Zion

JS revelation, dated 20 July 1831, designated Missouri as “land of promise” for gathering of Saints and place for “city of Zion,” with Independence area as “center place” of Zion. Latter-day Saint settlements elsewhere, such as in Kirtland, Ohio, became known...

More Info
.2

Revelation, 11 Nov. 1831–B [D&C 107:74–75].  


The revelation designating Whitney as bishop stated that his responsibilities would be “made known” both by revelation and “by the voice of the conference,” indicating that some of these duties may have been discussed at the conference at which the revelation was dictated.3 This 4 December revelation specified Whitney’s duties, in coordination with Partridge’s, and emphasized that Whitney and Partridge should maintain close ties. Whitney was to operate the storehouse

Both a literal and a figurative repository for goods and land donated to the church. The book of Malachi directed the house of Israel to bring “all the tithes into the storehouse, that there may be meat in mine house.” In JS’s revision of the Old Testament...

View Glossary
in Ohio to provide for the needs of the elders

A male leader in the church generally; an ecclesiastical and priesthood office or one holding that office; a proselytizing missionary. The Book of Mormon explained that elders ordained priests and teachers and administered “the flesh and blood of Christ unto...

View Glossary
preaching the gospel and of the stewards

One who managed property and goods under the law of consecration; also someone given a specific ecclesiastical responsibility. According to the “Laws of the Church of Christ,” members of the church were to make donations to the bishop, who would record the...

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over the revelations. Any debts these individuals incurred for obtaining goods from the storehouse but could not repay would be covered by funds or assets held by Partridge in Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

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.4

See Revelation, 20 May 1831 [D&C 51:13]; and Revelation, 20 July 1831 [D&C 57:7–8].  


Whitney was also to receive accounts—apparently both temporal and spiritual—from the elders of their stewardships.5

Joseph Coe, for example, sent Whitney a letter detailing the missionary activities he undertook in fall 1831. Orson Hyde did the same in 1833. (Joseph Coe, Report, 7 Mar. 1832, Missionary Reports, 1831–1900, CHL; Hyde, Journal, 13 Mar. 1833.)  


He was then to recommend the faithful to Partridge as worthy to receive an inheritance

Generally referred to land promised by or received from God for the church and its members. A January 1831 revelation promised church members a land of inheritance. In March and May 1831, JS dictated revelations commanding members “to purchase lands for an...

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in Zion. Since other revelations declared that JS and conferences of elders would decide who should relocate to Missouri,6

See Revelation, 1 Aug. 1831 [D&C 58:56]; and Revelation, 30 Aug. 1831 [D&C 63:41].  


Whitney likely was not tasked with actually sending individuals to Zion—only with providing recommends when such individuals were designated to go.
Although early manuscript versions indicate that this was a separate revelation from the one appointing Whitney

3/5 Feb. 1795–23 Sept. 1850. Trader, merchant. Born at Marlborough, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of Samuel Whitney and Susanna Kimball. Moved to Fairfield, Herkimer Co., New York, 1803. Merchant at Plattsburg, Clinton Co., New York, 1814. Mercantile clerk for...

View Full Bio
a bishop, the two revelations were combined with a third and presented as a single revelation when published.7

See “A Revelation Given December 4, 1831,” The Evening and the Morning Star, Dec. 1832, [5]–[6]; and Revelation, 4 Dec. 1831, in Doctrine and Covenants 89, 1835 ed. [D&C 72]; see also Historical Introduction to Revelation, 4 Dec. 1831–A [D&C 72:1–8].  


Facts