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Revelation, 6 April 1830 [D&C 21]

17th. Commandment

Generally, a divine mandate that church members were expected to obey; more specifically, a text dictated by JS in the first-person voice of Deity that served to communicate knowledge and instruction to JS and his followers. Occasionally, other inspired texts...

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AD 18291

Oliver Cowdery later crossed out “1829” and inserted “Ap[r]il 1830.” Still later, John Whitmer inserted “6” to make the date “Ap[r]il 6 1830.”  


A Revelation to Joseph the Seer

The Book of Mormon identified a seer as a “revelator, and a prophet also,” specifying, however, that a seer was “greater than a prophet.” A seer could “know of things which has past, and also of things which is to come.” The work of a seer included translation...

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by way of commandment to the Church

The Book of Mormon related that when Christ set up his church in the Americas, “they which were baptized in the name of Jesus, were called the church of Christ.” The first name used to denote the church JS organized on 6 April 1830 was “the Church of Christ...

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given at Fayette

Located in northern part of county between Seneca and Cayuga lakes. Area settled, by 1790. Officially organized as Washington Township, 14 Mar. 1800. Name changed to Fayette, 6 Apr. 1808. Population in 1830 about 3,200. Population in 1840 about 3,700. Significant...

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Seneca County State of New York
Behold there Shall a Record be kept among you2

For an extended treatment of this injunction, see “Joseph Smith and His Papers;” see also Revelation, ca. 8 Mar. 1831–B [D&C 47].  


& in it thou shalt be called a seer & Translater & Prophet3

See 1 Samuel 9:9; and Book of Mormon, 1830 ed., 172–173, 216 [Mosiah 8:13; 28:13–16].  


an Apostle

A title indicating one sent forth to preach; later designated as a specific ecclesiastical and priesthood office. By 1830, JS and Oliver Cowdery were designated as apostles. The “Articles and Covenants” of the church explained that an “apostle is an elder...

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of Jesus Christ an Elder

A male leader in the church generally; an ecclesiastical and priesthood office or one holding that office; a proselytizing missionary. The Book of Mormon explained that elders ordained priests and teachers and administered “the flesh and blood of Christ unto...

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of the Church4

In the Book of Mormon, Jesus’s twelve disciples “were called the Elders of the church.” (Book of Mormon, 1830 ed., 575 [Moroni 3:1].)  


through the will of God the Father & the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ being inspired of the Holy Ghost to lay the foundation thereof & to build it up unto the most holy faith which Church was Organized & established in the year of our Lord one thousand Eight Hundred & Thirty in the forth Month on the Sixth day of the month which is called April Wherefore meaning the Church thou shalt give heed unto all his words & commandments which he ghall shall give unto you as he receiveth them walking in all holyness before me for his word ye shall receive as if from mine own mouth in all Patience & faith for by doing these things the gaits of Hell shall not prevail against you yea & the Lord God will disperse the Powers of darkness from before you & cause the Heavens to shake for your Good & his names glory for thus saith the Lord God him have I inspired to move the cause of Zion

A specific location in Missouri; also a literal or figurative gathering of believers in Jesus Christ, characterized by adherence to ideals of harmony, equality, and purity. In JS’s earliest revelations “the cause of Zion” was used to broadly describe the ...

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in Mighty power for good & his dilligence I know & his prayers I have heard yea his weeping for Zion I have seen & I will cause that [p. 28]
17th. Comm andment

Generally, a divine mandate that church members were expected to obey; more specifically, a text dictated by JS in the first-person voice of Deity that served to communicate knowledge and instruction to JS and his followers. Occasionally, other inspired texts...

View Glossary
AD 18291

Oliver Cowdery later crossed out “1829” and inserted “Ap[r]il 1830.” Still later, John Whitmer inserted “6” to make the date “Ap[r]il 6 1830.”  


A Revelation to Joseph the Seer

The Book of Mormon identified a seer as a “revelator, and a prophet also,” specifying, however, that a seer was “greater than a prophet.” A seer could “know of things which has past, and also of things which is to come.” The work of a seer included translation...

View Glossary
by way of comm andment to the Church

The Book of Mormon related that when Christ set up his church in the Americas, “they which were baptized in the name of Jesus, were called the church of Christ.” The first name used to denote the church JS organized on 6 April 1830 was “the Church of Christ...

View Glossary
given at Fayette

Located in northern part of county between Seneca and Cayuga lakes. Area settled, by 1790. Officially organized as Washington Township, 14 Mar. 1800. Name changed to Fayette, 6 Apr. 1808. Population in 1830 about 3,200. Population in 1840 about 3,700. Significant...

More Info
Seneca County  State of New York
Behold there Shall a Record be kept among you2

For an extended treatment of this injunction, see “Joseph Smith and His Papers;” see also Revelation, ca. 8 Mar. 1831–B [D&C 47].  


 & in it thou shalt be called a seer & Translater & Prop[h]et3

See 1 Samuel 9:9; and Book of Mormon, 1830 ed., 172–173, 216 [Mosiah 8:13; 28:13–16].  


 an Apostle

A title indicating one sent forth to preach; later designated as a specific ecclesiastical and priesthood office. By 1830, JS and Oliver Cowdery were designated as apostles. The “Articles and Covenants” of the church explained that an “apostle is an elder...

View Glossary
of Jesus Christ an Elder

A male leader in the church generally; an ecclesiastical and priesthood office or one holding that office; a proselytizing missionary. The Book of Mormon explained that elders ordained priests and teachers and administered “the flesh and blood of Christ unto...

View Glossary
of the Church4

In the Book of Mormon, Jesus’s twelve disciples “were called the Elders of the church.” (Book of Mormon, 1830 ed., 575 [Moroni 3:1].)  


through  the will of God the Father & the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ  being inspired of the Holy Ghost to lay the foundation  thereof & to build it up unto the most holy faith which  Church was Organized & established in the year of our Lord  one thousand Eight Hundred & Thirty in the forth Month  on the Sixth day of the month which is called April  Wherefore meaning the Church thou shalt give heed unto  all his words & commandments which he ghall [shall] give unto  you as he receiveth them wa[l]king in all holyness before  me for his word ye shall receive as if from mine own  mouth in all Patience & faith for by doing these things  the gaits of Hell shall not prevail against you yea & the  Lord God will disperse the Powers of darkness from before  you & cause the Heavens to shake for your Good & his  names glory for thus saith the Lord God him have I inspired  to move the cause of Zion

A specific location in Missouri; also a literal or figurative gathering of believers in Jesus Christ, characterized by adherence to ideals of harmony, equality, and purity. In JS’s earliest revelations “the cause of Zion” was used to broadly describe the ...

View Glossary
in Mighty power for good &  his dilligence I know & his prayers I have heard yea  his weeping for Zion I have seen & I will cause that [p. 28]
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Revelation, Fayette Township

Located in northern part of county between Seneca and Cayuga lakes. Area settled, by 1790. Officially organized as Washington Township, 14 Mar. 1800. Name changed to Fayette, 6 Apr. 1808. Population in 1830 about 3,200. Population in 1840 about 3,700. Significant...

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, Seneca Co., NY, to JS and Oliver Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

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, 6 Apr. 1830. Featured version, titled “17th. Commandment AD 1829 Ap[r]il 6 1830,” copied [ca. Mar. 1831] in Revelation Book 1, pp. 28–29; handwriting of John Whitmer

27 Aug. 1802–11 July 1878. Farmer, stock raiser, newspaper editor. Born in Pennsylvania. Son of Peter Whitmer Sr. and Mary Musselman. Member of German Reformed Church, Fayette, Seneca Co., New York. Baptized by Oliver Cowdery, June 1829, most likely in Seneca...

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; CHL. Includes redactions. For more complete source information, see the source note for Revelation Book 1.

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