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Revelation, 7 May 1831 [D&C 49]

51st. Commandment May 7th. 1831
A Revelation given to Sidney [Rigdon]

19 Feb. 1793–14 July 1876. Tanner, farmer, minister. Born at St. Clair, Allegheny Co., Pennsylvania. Son of William Rigdon and Nancy Gallaher. Joined United Baptists, ca. 1818. Preached at Warren, Trumbull Co., Ohio, and vicinity, 1819–1821. Married Phebe...

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& Parley [P. Pratt]

12 Apr. 1807–13 May 1857. Farmer, editor, publisher, teacher, school administrator, legislator, explorer, author. Born at Burlington, Otsego Co., New York. Son of Jared Pratt and Charity Dickinson. Traveled west with brother William to acquire land, 1823....

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& Leman [Copley]

Ca. 1781–20 Apr./May 1862. Born in Connecticut. Son of Samuel Copley. Moved to Pittsford, Rutland Co., Vermont, by 1800. Married Sally Cooley. Joined United Society of Believers in Christ’s Second Appearing (Shakers). Moved to Thompson Township, Geauga Co...

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 Received at Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

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Geauga Ohio th[e]ir mission to the  Shakers & thus saith the Lord unto them as follows1

John Whitmer likely created this heading when he copied the text into Revelation Book 1. The heading is not found in the version from Ashbel Kitchell’s account.  

 
Hearken unto my word my Servent Sidney

19 Feb. 1793–14 July 1876. Tanner, farmer, minister. Born at St. Clair, Allegheny Co., Pennsylvania. Son of William Rigdon and Nancy Gallaher. Joined United Baptists, ca. 1818. Preached at Warren, Trumbull Co., Ohio, and vicinity, 1819–1821. Married Phebe...

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& Parley

12 Apr. 1807–13 May 1857. Farmer, editor, publisher, teacher, school administrator, legislator, explorer, author. Born at Burlington, Otsego Co., New York. Son of Jared Pratt and Charity Dickinson. Traveled west with brother William to acquire land, 1823....

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& Leman

Ca. 1781–20 Apr./May 1862. Born in Connecticut. Son of Samuel Copley. Moved to Pittsford, Rutland Co., Vermont, by 1800. Married Sally Cooley. Joined United Society of Believers in Christ’s Second Appearing (Shakers). Moved to Thompson Township, Geauga Co...

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 for Behold verily I say unto you that I give unto you a comm andment

Generally, a divine mandate that church members were expected to obey; more specifically, a text dictated by JS in the first-person voice of deity that served to communicate knowledge and instruction to JS and his followers. Occasionally, other inspired texts...

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that you shall go & preach my Gospel which ye have  received even as ye have received it unto the Shakers. Behold  I say unto you that they desire to know the truth in Part but  not all for they are not right before me2

Instead of “not right before me,” the copy of this revelation that originated with Ashbel Kitchell has only “not right.” (“Mormon Interview,” 7 [D&C 49:2].)
Comprehensive Works Cited

 

 

“A Mormon Interview. Copied from Brother Ashbel Kitchell’s Pocket Journel,” 1856. Elisha D. Blakeman copy of Ashbel Kitchell, Reminiscences. Photocopy in editors’ possession. Original at Shaker Museum and Library, Old Chatham, NY. Also available as Lawrence R. Flake, “A Shaker View of a Mormon Mission,” BYU Studies 20, no. 1 (Fall 1979): 94–99.

& must needs repent  wherefore I send you my Servents sidney

19 Feb. 1793–14 July 1876. Tanner, farmer, minister. Born at St. Clair, Allegheny Co., Pennsylvania. Son of William Rigdon and Nancy Gallaher. Joined United Baptists, ca. 1818. Preached at Warren, Trumbull Co., Ohio, and vicinity, 1819–1821. Married Phebe...

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& Parley

12 Apr. 1807–13 May 1857. Farmer, editor, publisher, teacher, school administrator, legislator, explorer, author. Born at Burlington, Otsego Co., New York. Son of Jared Pratt and Charity Dickinson. Traveled west with brother William to acquire land, 1823....

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3

Rigdon and Pratt were, aside from Copley, probably the two elders most familiar with the Shakers. Rigdon had long been a proponent of communalism, and the communal “family” set up by some of his followers in Kirtland may have traded with the Shaker “families” in North Union, Ohio. Pratt grew up near the Mount Lebanon Shaker Society in New Lebanon, New York, the largest and most important Shaker community; in addition, Shaker records list several of Pratt’s extended family members among the Harvard, Massachusetts, community. (De Pillis, “Development of Mormon Communitarianism,” 56–62, 65–66.)
Comprehensive Works Cited

 

 

De Pillis, Mario S. “The Development of Mormon Communitarianism, 1826–1846.” PhD diss., Yale University, 1960.

to preach the  Gospel unto them & my servent Leman

Ca. 1781–20 Apr./May 1862. Born in Connecticut. Son of Samuel Copley. Moved to Pittsford, Rutland Co., Vermont, by 1800. Married Sally Cooley. Joined United Society of Believers in Christ’s Second Appearing (Shakers). Moved to Thompson Township, Geauga Co...

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shall be ordained

The conferral of power and authority; to appoint, decree, or set apart. Church members, primarily adults, were ordained to ecclesiastical offices and other responsibilities by the laying on of hands by those with the proper authority. Ordinations to priesthood...

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unto  this work that he may reason with them not according to that  which he hath received of them but according to that which shall  be taught them him by you my Servents & by so doing I will  bless him otherwise he shall not prosper thus saith the Lord  for I am God & have sent mine only begotten Son into the  world for the redemption of the world4

Early Shakers tended to reject Christ’s vicarious atonement and saw “the role of Christ as an example for Believers.” (Stein, Shaker Experience, 75.)
Comprehensive Works Cited

 

 

Stein, Stephen J. The Shaker Experience in America: A History of the United Society of Believers. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1992.

& have decreed that he that  receiveth him shall be saved & he that receiveth him not shall  be damned & they have done unto the Son of man even as they  listed5

See Mark 9:13.  

 
& he hath taken his power on the right hand of his  glory & now reigneth in the Heavens <& will> till he decends on the  Earth to put all enemies under his feet6

See 1 Corinthians 15:25.  

 
which time is nigh  at hand I the Lord hath spoken it but the hour & the day no  man knoweth neither the angels in Heaven nor shall they know  untill he come7

See Mark 13:32; and Matthew 24:36.  

 
wherefore I will that all men <shall> repent for all  are under sin except them which I have reserved unto myself Holy  men that ye know not of wherefore I say unto you that I have  sent unto you mine everlasting Covenant

Generally referred to the “fullness of [the] gospel”—the sum total of the church’s message, geared toward establishing God’s covenant people on the earth; also used to describe individual elements of the gospel, including marriage. According to JS, the everlasting...

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even that which was [p. 80]
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Revelation, Kirtland Township

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

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, OH, to Sidney Rigdon

19 Feb. 1793–14 July 1876. Tanner, farmer, minister. Born at St. Clair, Allegheny Co., Pennsylvania. Son of William Rigdon and Nancy Gallaher. Joined United Baptists, ca. 1818. Preached at Warren, Trumbull Co., Ohio, and vicinity, 1819–1821. Married Phebe...

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, Parley P. Pratt

12 Apr. 1807–13 May 1857. Farmer, editor, publisher, teacher, school administrator, legislator, explorer, author. Born at Burlington, Otsego Co., New York. Son of Jared Pratt and Charity Dickinson. Traveled west with brother William to acquire land, 1823....

View Full Bio
, and Leman Copley

Ca. 1781–20 Apr./May 1862. Born in Connecticut. Son of Samuel Copley. Moved to Pittsford, Rutland Co., Vermont, by 1800. Married Sally Cooley. Joined United Society of Believers in Christ’s Second Appearing (Shakers). Moved to Thompson Township, Geauga Co...

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, 7 May 1831. Featured version, titled “51st. Commandment May 7th. 1831,” copied [between ca. May and June 1831] in Revelation Book 1, pp. 80–82; handwriting of John Whitmer

27 Aug. 1802–11 July 1878. Farmer, stock raiser, newspaper editor. Born in Pennsylvania. Son of Peter Whitmer Sr. and Mary Musselman. Member of German Reformed Church, Fayette, Seneca Co., New York. Baptized by Oliver Cowdery, June 1829, most likely in Seneca...

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; CHL. Includes redactions. For more information, see the source note for Revelation Book 1.

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