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Revelation, 8 August 1831 [D&C 60]

residue which is to come to this Land Behold they have been sent to preach my gospel among the congregations of the wicked wherefore I give unto them a commandment

Generally, a divine mandate that church members were expected to obey; more specifically, a text dictated by JS in the first-person voice of deity that served to communicate knowledge and instruction to JS and his followers. Occasionally, other inspired texts...

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Thus thou shalt not Idle away thy time neither shalt thou bury thy tallent that it may not be known & after thou hast come up unto the land of Zion

A specific location in Missouri; also a literal or figurative gathering of believers in Christ, characterized by adherence to ideals of harmony, equality, and purity. In JS’s earliest revelations “the cause of Zion” was used to broadly describe the focus ...

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& have proclaimed my word thou shalt speedily return preaching the word among the congregations not in haste neither in wrath nor with strife & shake off the dust of thy feet against those who receive thee not not in their presence lest thou provoke them but in secret & wash thy feet as a testimony against them in the day of Judgement this is sufficient for you & the will of him who hath sent you & by the mouth of my servent Joseph it shall be made known concerning sidney

19 Feb. 1793–14 July 1876. Tanner, farmer, minister. Born at St. Clair, Allegheny Co., Pennsylvania. Son of William Rigdon and Nancy Gallaher. Joined United Baptists, ca. 1818. Preached at Warren, Trumbull Co., Ohio, and vicinity, 1819–1821. Married Phebe...

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& Oliver

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

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the residue hereafter even so amen—— [p. 101]
residue which is to come to this Land13

Several elders appointed to travel to Missouri, including Hyrum Smith, John Murdock, David Whitmer, and Harvey Whitlock, had yet to arrive. (Revelation, 6 June 1831 [D&C 52]; see, for example, Murdock, Journal, Aug. 1831.)  


Behold they have been  sent to preach my gospel among the congregations of the wicked  wherefore I give unto them a commandment

Generally, a divine mandate that church members were expected to obey; more specifically, a text dictated by JS in the first-person voice of deity that served to communicate knowledge and instruction to JS and his followers. Occasionally, other inspired texts...

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Thus thou shalt not  Idle away thy time14

See Revelation, 9 Feb. 1831 [D&C 42:42].  


neither shalt thou bury thy tallent that it  may not be known15

See Matthew 25:25.  


& after thou hast come up unto the land  of Zion

A specific location in Missouri; also a literal or figurative gathering of believers in Christ, characterized by adherence to ideals of harmony, equality, and purity. In JS’s earliest revelations “the cause of Zion” was used to broadly describe the focus ...

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& have proclaimed my word thou shalt speedily return  preaching the word among the congregations not in haste neither  in wrath nor with strife & shake off the dust of thy feet against  those who receive thee not not in their presence lest thou provoke  them but in secret & wash thy feet as a testimony against them  in the day of Judgement16

See Mark 6:11; Luke 10:10–11; and Revelation, July 1830–A [D&C 24:15].  


this is sufficient for you & the will of  him who hath sent you & by the mouth of my servent Joseph  it shall be made known concerning sidney

19 Feb. 1793–14 July 1876. Tanner, farmer, minister. Born at St. Clair, Allegheny Co., Pennsylvania. Son of William Rigdon and Nancy Gallaher. Joined United Baptists, ca. 1818. Preached at Warren, Trumbull Co., Ohio, and vicinity, 1819–1821. Married Phebe...

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& Oliver

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

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the residue  hereafter even so amen—— [p. 101]
Previous
On 8 August 1831, JS dictated a revelation instructing “some of the Elders” who had traveled to Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

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to return to Ohio

French explored area, 1669. British took possession following French and Indian War, 1763. Ceded to U.S., 1783. First permanent white settlement established, 1788. Northeastern portion maintained as part of Connecticut, 1786, and called Connecticut Western...

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, preaching along the way. These elders had reached Missouri in mid- to late July and participated in the dedication of the land for the building of the city of Zion, the dedication of a temple site

JS revelation, dated 20 July 1831, directed temple to be built short distance west of courthouse on hill just outside of Independence, Missouri. JS directed dedication of temple site by Sidney Rigdon, 3 Aug. 1831. On same date, church claimed site for eventual...

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,1

JS History, vol. A-1, 126–127, 129, 137, 139.  


and a conference with JS and other leaders.2 “Finding but little or no business for us to accomplish” once this “work” was done, Ezra Booth

14 Feb. 1792–before 12 Jan. 1873. Farmer, minister. Born in Newtown, Fairfield Co., Connecticut. Admitted on trial to Methodist ministry, 4 Sept. 1816, and stationed in the Ohio District in Beaver, Pike Co. Admitted into full connection and elected a deacon...

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wrote, “most of us became anxious to return home.”3

Ezra Booth, “Mormonism—No. VI,” Ohio Star (Ravenna), 17 Nov. 1831, [3].  


A later JS history recounts that the elders inquired of JS “what they were to do,” and this revelation was the response.4

JS History, vol. A-1, 141.  


The original manuscript of this revelation is not extant. John Whitmer

27 Aug. 1802–11 July 1878. Farmer, stock raiser, newspaper editor. Born in Pennsylvania. Son of Peter Whitmer Sr. and Mary Musselman. Member of German Reformed Church, Fayette, Seneca Co., New York. Baptized by Oliver Cowdery, June 1829, most likely in Seneca...

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copied the revelation into Revelation Book 1 (which he was keeping in Ohio

French explored area, 1669. British took possession following French and Indian War, 1763. Ceded to U.S., 1783. First permanent white settlement established, 1788. Northeastern portion maintained as part of Connecticut, 1786, and called Connecticut Western...

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), probably shortly after the elders returned from Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

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.5

See Historical Introduction to Revelation Book 1, in JSP, MRB:5.  


Others present at the time of its dictation may have made personal copies as well; Booth

14 Feb. 1792–before 12 Jan. 1873. Farmer, minister. Born in Newtown, Fairfield Co., Connecticut. Admitted on trial to Methodist ministry, 4 Sept. 1816, and stationed in the Ohio District in Beaver, Pike Co. Admitted into full connection and elected a deacon...

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, for example, referenced the revelation in a September letter to Edward Partridge

27 Aug. 1793–27 May 1840. Hatter. Born at Pittsfield, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of William Partridge and Jemima Bidwell. Moved to Painesville, Geauga Co., Ohio. Married Lydia Clisbee, 22 Aug. 1819, at Painesville. Initially a Universal Restorationist...

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, suggesting that he had his own copy.6

Ezra Booth, “Mormonism—No. VII,” Ohio Star (Ravenna), 24 Nov. 1831, [1].  


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