43990402

Revelation Book 2

in Zion I the Lord am well pleased that there should be a school in Zion and also with my servant Parley P. Pratt

12 Apr. 1807–13 May 1857. Farmer, editor, publisher, teacher, school administrator, legislator, explorer, author. Born at Burlington, Otsego Co., New York. Son of Jared Pratt and Charity Dickinson. Traveled west with brother William to acquire land, 1823....

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for he abideth in me and inasmuch as he continue to abide in me he shall continue to preside over the school in the Land of Zion and I will bless him with a multiplicity of blessings in expounding all scriptures and mysteries to the Edefication of the school and of the church in Zion and to the residue of the school I the Lord am willing to shew mercy nevertheless there are those that must needs be chastened and their work shall be made known, the ax is laid at the root of the trees and evry tree that bringeth not forth good fruit shall be hewn down and cast into the fire I the Lord hath spoken it, verily I say unto you all among them who know their hearts are honest and are broken and their spirits contrite and are willing to observe their covenants by sacrifice yea every sacrifice which I the Lord shall command they are all accepted of me for I the Lord will cause them to bring forth as a very fruitful tree which is planted in a goodly land by a pure stream that yealdeth much precious fruit, Verely I say unto you that it is my will that an house should be built unto me in the Land of Zion like unto the pattern which I have given you yea let it be built speedely by the tithing of my people behold this is the tithing [p. 62]
in Zion I the Lord am well pleased that there  should be a school in Zion and also with  my servant Parley [P. Pratt]

12 Apr. 1807–13 May 1857. Farmer, editor, publisher, teacher, school administrator, legislator, explorer, author. Born at Burlington, Otsego Co., New York. Son of Jared Pratt and Charity Dickinson. Traveled west with brother William to acquire land, 1823....

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for he abideth in me  and inasmuch as he continue to abide  in me he shall continue to preside over  the school in the Land of Zion and I  will bless him with a multiplicity of  blessings in expounding all scriptures  and mysteries to the Edefication of the  school and of the church in Zion and to  the residue of the school I the Lord am  willing to shew mercy nevertheless there  are those that must needs be chastened  and their work shall be mad[e] known, the  ax is laid at the root of the trees and  evry tree that bringeth not forth good  fruit shall be hewn down and cast into  the fire I the Lord hath spoken it, verily  I say unto you all among them who  know their hearts are honest and are broken  and their spirits contrite and are willing  to observe their covenants by sacrifice yea  every sacrifice which I the Lord shall  command they are all accepted of me  for I the Lord will cause them to bring  forth as a very fruitful tree which  is planted in a goodly land by a pure  stream that yealdeth much precious  fruit, Verely I say unto you that it is  my will that an house should be built  unto me in the Land of Zion like unto  the pattern which I have given you yea  let it be built speedely by the tithing  of my people behold this is the tithing [p. 62]
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“Book of Revelations,” Revelation Book 2, [ca. Feb. 1832–ca. Nov. 1834]; handwriting of Frederick G. Williams

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

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, Orson Hyde

8 Jan. 1805–28 Nov. 1878. Laborer, clerk, storekeeper, teacher, editor, businessman, lawyer, judge. Born at Oxford, New Haven Co., Connecticut. Son of Nathan Hyde and Sally Thorpe. Moved to Derby, New Haven Co., 1812. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, ...

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, Oliver Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

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, and JS in both original inscription and later redactions; handwriting of William W. Phelps

17 Feb. 1792–7 Mar. 1872. Writer, teacher, printer, newspaper editor, publisher, postmaster, lawyer. Born at Hanover, Morris Co., New Jersey. Son of Enon Phelps and Mehitabel Goldsmith. Moved to Homer, Cortland Co., New York, 1800. Married Sally Waterman,...

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, Sidney Rigdon

19 Feb. 1793–14 July 1876. Tanner, farmer, minister. Born at St. Clair, Allegheny Co., Pennsylvania. Son of William Rigdon and Nancy Gallaher. Joined United Baptists, ca. 1818. Preached at Warren, Trumbull Co., Ohio, and vicinity, 1819–1821. Married Phebe...

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, and an unknown number of unidentified scribes in later redactions only; 121 pages and two inserted leaves; Revelations Collection, CHL. Includes redactions and archival marking. Volume also contains Willard Richards

24 June 1804–11 Mar. 1854. Teacher, lecturer, doctor, clerk, printer, editor, postmaster. Born at Hopkinton, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Joseph Richards and Rhoda Howe. Moved to Richmond, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts, 1813. Moved to Chatham, Columbia...

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and William W. Phelps, “Facts left out Re[g]istered herei[n],” Notes for JS History, [Nauvoo

Principal gathering place for Saints following expulsion from Missouri. Beginning in 1839, LDS church purchased lands in earlier settlement of Commerce and planned settlement of Commerce City, as well as surrounding areas. Served as church headquarters, 1839...

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, IL], [ca. 1843]; handwriting of Willard Richards and William W. Phelps; 4 pages and one inserted leaf.
This volume consists of 152 leaves—including three flyleaves in the front, three flyleaves in the back, and two pastedowns—measuring 1115/16 x 7⅝ inches (30 x 19 cm). There are twelve gatherings of twelve leaves each. All but the pastedowns and flyleaves are ruled paper with thirty-four horizontal lines in faded blue-green ink. The text block is sewn all along over recessed cords, and the front and back covers of the volume are pasteboard. The book has a tight-back case binding with a brown calfskin quarter-leather binding. The outside covers are adorned in shell marbled paper, with red and black body and veins of green. The bound volume measures 12¼ x 7⅞ x 15/16 inches (31 x 19 x 2 cm). The front cover of the book is labeled “Book of Revelatio[ns] | <A> | <B>” in black ink. An “A” was written over the inserted “A”. The inserted “B” is written in a formal style that matches the covers of other manuscript volumes in the CHL’s holdings.1

See, for example, JS, Journal, 1835–1836.  


The inside front cover has “c c/i | pep” or “c c/i | pe/=” written in graphite pencil. Although this notation was written at an unknown time, similar markings appear in at least three other extant volumes.2

See JS Letterbook 1; Minute Book 1; and Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, Record.  


These may be merchandising notations. A slip of white paper pasted on the spine reads “KIRTLAND REVELATIONS”.
Affixed to the inside front cover is a half-page sheet containing an index of the volume’s contents through manuscript page 47. The partial index, written on cut ruled paper measuring 7¾ × 7⅝ inches (20 × 19 cm), was attached to the inside front cover with an adhesive wafer on each corner. The two upper wafers are now detached. On the verso of the index, “FGW” is written in the upper left-hand corner and a “J”, “I”, or “T” is centered along the top. What appears to be an “L” is written close to the bottom of the page. The index, which was inscribed by Frederick G. Williams

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

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, was likely begun before the revelation that begins at the bottom of manuscript page 13 was inscribed. All seven index entries up to that point appear to have been written in one sitting in the same ink flow, while the remaining entries indicate a continually updated index rather than a retrospective index. Williams interlineated the final three index entries (two for manuscript page 33 and one for manuscript page 37) where there was space in the existing text of the index, likely because no space remained at the bottom of the page. Three blank flyleaves follow the index.
The first fifteen pages contain six revelations, one vision, and one journal-like note that were copied into the book as early as February 1832. These eight items are dated circa March 1831–March 1832 and do not appear in chronological order. Manuscript pages 15–83 contain twenty-two revelations and one song, dated March 1832–December 1833, that are largely in chronological order. Manuscript pages 83–97 contain ten items, dated October 1830–April 1832, that were copied into the volume out of chronological order sometime before summer 1834. Manuscript pages 97–116 contain six items, dated February 1834–November 1834, that are out of chronological order. Manuscript pages 117–120 contain three items dated 1830, 23 February 1831, and June 1829. The first two of these items were copied into the manuscript book at the same time. The final copied revelation is followed by eighty-one blank leaves, three leaves of historical notes, three blank flyleaves, and one final pastedown.
Revelation Book 2 was used for the preparation of the 1835 Doctrine and Covenants circa 1834–1835 in Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

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, Ohio. Because there is no known reference to this book in church records from 1836 to 1843—when the church’s headquarters moved from Kirtland to Far West

Originally called Shoal Creek. Located fifty-five miles northeast of Independence. Surveyed 1823; first settled by whites, 1831. Site purchased, 8 Aug. 1836, before Caldwell Co. was organized for Latter-day Saints in Missouri. William W. Phelps and John Whitmer...

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, Missouri, and then to Nauvoo

Principal gathering place for Saints following expulsion from Missouri. Beginning in 1839, LDS church purchased lands in earlier settlement of Commerce and planned settlement of Commerce City, as well as surrounding areas. Served as church headquarters, 1839...

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, Illinois, and it was not being used to record revelations—it is unknown who had possession of the manuscript book during this time. When compiling JS’s history in 1843, Willard Richards

24 June 1804–11 Mar. 1854. Teacher, lecturer, doctor, clerk, printer, editor, postmaster. Born at Hopkinton, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Joseph Richards and Rhoda Howe. Moved to Richmond, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts, 1813. Moved to Chatham, Columbia...

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and William W. Phelps

17 Feb. 1792–7 Mar. 1872. Writer, teacher, printer, newspaper editor, publisher, postmaster, lawyer. Born at Hanover, Morris Co., New Jersey. Son of Enon Phelps and Mehitabel Goldsmith. Moved to Homer, Cortland Co., New York, 1800. Married Sally Waterman,...

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turned the manuscript book upside down and used three blank leaves at the back of the volume for notations about their history-writing effort. The title on the back cover, partially worn off and written in black ink that later turned brown, reflects this usage: “Facts left out | Re[g]istered | herei[n]”. Revelation Book 2 is listed on the Church Historian’s Office 1846 inventory as “Book of ‘Revelations B.’” Subsequent inventories have listed similar titles, indicating continuous custody.3

“Schedule of Church Records. Nauvoo 1846,” [1]; “Inventory. Historian’s Office. 4th April 1855,” [1], Historian’s Office, Catalogs and Inventories, 1846–1904, CHL.  


Revelation Book 2 is a manuscript book of revelations and other texts copied into the book over a period of almost three years, from as early as February 1832 to late 1834. The February and March 1832 revelations, as well as other documents transcribed on pages 1–19 of Revelation Book 2, were likely copied before JS left Hiram

Area settled by immigrants from Pennsylvania and New England, ca. 1802. Located in northeastern Ohio about twenty-five miles southeast of Kirtland. Population in 1830 about 500. Population in 1840 about 1,100. JS lived in township at home of John and Alice...

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, Ohio, on 1 April 1832 to journey to Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

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. The revelations dated August and September 1832 were signed by Frederick G. Williams

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

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, who served as a scribe for JS during this period. He likely copied these revelations into the book shortly after they were initially recorded. The December 1832 and January 1833 revelations, the first of which was signed by Williams as both scribe and counselor to JS, were likely copied after Williams was appointed as counselor, which occurred by 22 January 1833.4

Minute Book 1, 22 Jan. 1833.  


Ten items within the book (manuscript pages 83–97) are dated between October 1830 and the end of April 1832. While three of the ten had been published previously,5

Revelation, 4 Feb. 1831, in Book of Commandments 43 [D&C 41]; Revelation, 30 Oct. 1831, in “A Revelation on Prayer, Given October 30, 1831,” The Evening and the Morning Star, Sept. 1832, [2] [D&C 65]; Revelation, 30 Apr. 1832, in “Items in Addition to the Laws for the Government of the Church of Christ, Given April, 1832,” The Evening and the Morning Star, Jan. 1833, [6] [D&C 83].  


the presence of the other seven items appears to be the result of an effort to collect revelations that were not in print by 1834. All are dated several years before they were copied into Revelation Book 2, and four of them were not included in the Book of Commandments although they were available for publication. Of these ten items, nine were later published in the 1835 Doctrine and Covenants.6

Revelation, 15 May 1831, was not published in the 1835 Doctrine and Covenants. (See Revelation Book 2, pp. 91–92.)  


Note: At present, the transcript of Revelation Book 2 on this website includes only the original inscriptions, not the later redactions made to the manuscript book to prepare the revelations for publication. A transcript showing the later redactions will eventually be added to this site. Until that time, readers will notice many discrepancies between the images and the transcript. For a transcript that includes the redactions, consult Revelations and Translations: Manuscript Revelation Books, facsimile ed. (Salt Lake City: Church Historian’s Press, 2009) or Revelations and Translations, Volume 1: Manuscript Revelation Books (Salt Lake City: Church Historian’s Press, 2011).
Except as described in this note, Revelation Book 2 is presented here electronically as a complete record. In contrast, the Documents series presents each revelation separately, placed in chronological order with other documents of various genres. That series includes the earliest and best extant version of each revelation, providing contextual annotation and a historical introduction for each. Readers should consult the Documents series for information about the setting and significance of individual revelations.

Facts