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Revelation Book 2

also upon Aaron and his seed throughout all the generation of the Jews which priesthood also continueth and abideth forever with the priesthood which is after holiest order of God and this greater priesthood administereth the gospel and holdeth the key [of the] mysteries of the kingdom even the key of the knowledge of God therefore in the ordinences thereof the power of Godliness is manifest and without the ordinences thereof and the authority of the Priesthood the power of Godliness is not manifest unto man in the flesh for without this no man can see the face of God even the father and live. now this Moses plainly taught to the children of Israel in the wilderness and saught dilligently to sanctify his people that they might behold the face of God, but they hardened there hearts and could not endure his presence therefore the Lord in his wrath (for his anger was kindled against them) swore that they should not enter into his rest which rest is the fulness of his glory while in the wilderness, therefore he took Moses out of there and the holy priesthood also, and the lesser, priesthood continued which priesthood holdeth the key of the ministring of Angels and the preparetory gospel which gospel is the gospel of repentance and of baptism and the remission of sins and the law of Carnal commandments which the Lord in his wrath caused to continue with the house of Aaron, among the children of Israel until John, whom God raised up being filled with the holy Ghost from his mothers womb [p. 22]
also upon Aaron and his seed throug[h]out all the generation  of the Jews which priesthood also continueth and  abideth forever with the priesthood which is after  holiest order of God and this greater priesthood  administereth the gospel and holdeth the key [of the]  mysteries of the kingdom even the key of the  knowledge of God therefore in the ordinences  thereof the power of Godliness is manifest  and without the ordinences thereof and  the authority of the Priesthood the power  of Godliness is not manifest unto man  in the flesh for without this no man  can see the face of God even the father  and live. now this Moses plainly taught  to the children of Israel in the wilderness  and saught dilligently to sanctify his  people that they might behold the  face of God, but they hardened there  hearts and could not endure his presence  therefore the Lord in his wrath (for his  anger was kindled against them) swore  that they should not enter into his rest  which rest is the fulness of his glory while in  the wilderness, therefore he took Moses out of there  and the holy priesthood also, and the lesser,  priesthood continued which priesthood holdeth  the key of the ministring of Angels and the  preparetory gospel which gospel is the gospel  of repentance and of baptism and the remission  of sins and the law of Carnal commandments  which the Lord in his wrath swore caused to con tinue with the house of Aaron, among the children  of Israel until John, whom God raised up being  filled with the holy Ghost from his mothers womb [p. 22]
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“Book of Revelations,” Revelation Book 2, [ca. Feb. 1832–ca. Nov. 1834]; handwriting of Frederick G. Williams

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

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, Orson Hyde

8 Jan. 1805–28 Nov. 1878. Laborer, clerk, storekeeper, teacher, editor, businessman, lawyer, judge. Born at Oxford, New Haven Co., Connecticut. Son of Nathan Hyde and Sally Thorpe. Moved to Derby, New Haven Co., 1812. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, ...

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, Oliver Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

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, and JS in both original inscription and later redactions; handwriting of William W. Phelps

17 Feb. 1792–7 Mar. 1872. Writer, teacher, printer, newspaper editor, publisher, postmaster, lawyer. Born at Hanover, Morris Co., New Jersey. Son of Enon Phelps and Mehitabel Goldsmith. Moved to Homer, Cortland Co., New York, 1800. Married Sally Waterman,...

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, Sidney Rigdon

19 Feb. 1793–14 July 1876. Tanner, farmer, minister. Born at St. Clair, Allegheny Co., Pennsylvania. Son of William Rigdon and Nancy Gallaher. Joined United Baptists, ca. 1818. Preached at Warren, Trumbull Co., Ohio, and vicinity, 1819–1821. Married Phebe...

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, and an unknown number of unidentified scribes in later redactions only; 121 pages and two inserted leaves; Revelations Collection, CHL. Includes redactions and archival marking. Volume also contains Willard Richards

24 June 1804–11 Mar. 1854. Teacher, lecturer, doctor, clerk, printer, editor, postmaster. Born at Hopkinton, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Joseph Richards and Rhoda Howe. Moved to Richmond, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts, 1813. Moved to Chatham, Columbia...

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and William W. Phelps, “Facts left out Re[g]istered herei[n],” Notes for JS History, [Nauvoo

Principal gathering place for Saints following expulsion from Missouri. Beginning in 1839, LDS church purchased lands in earlier settlement of Commerce and planned settlement of Commerce City, as well as surrounding areas. Served as church headquarters, 1839...

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, IL], [ca. 1843]; handwriting of Willard Richards and William W. Phelps; 4 pages and one inserted leaf.
This volume consists of 152 leaves—including three flyleaves in the front, three flyleaves in the back, and two pastedowns—measuring 1115/16 x 7⅝ inches (30 x 19 cm). There are twelve gatherings of twelve leaves each. All but the pastedowns and flyleaves are ruled paper with thirty-four horizontal lines in faded blue-green ink. The text block is sewn all along over recessed cords, and the front and back covers of the volume are pasteboard. The book has a tight-back case binding with a brown calfskin quarter-leather binding. The outside covers are adorned in shell marbled paper, with red and black body and veins of green. The bound volume measures 12¼ x 7⅞ x 15/16 inches (31 x 19 x 2 cm). The front cover of the book is labeled “Book of Revelatio[ns] | <A> | <B>” in black ink. An “A” was written over the inserted “A”. The inserted “B” is written in a formal style that matches the covers of other manuscript volumes in the CHL’s holdings.1

See, for example, JS, Journal, 1835–1836.  


The inside front cover has “c c/i | pep” or “c c/i | pe/=” written in graphite pencil. Although this notation was written at an unknown time, similar markings appear in at least three other extant volumes.2

See JS Letterbook 1; Minute Book 1; and Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, Record.  


These may be merchandising notations. A slip of white paper pasted on the spine reads “KIRTLAND REVELATIONS”.
Affixed to the inside front cover is a half-page sheet containing an index of the volume’s contents through manuscript page 47. The partial index, written on cut ruled paper measuring 7¾ × 7⅝ inches (20 × 19 cm), was attached to the inside front cover with an adhesive wafer on each corner. The two upper wafers are now detached. On the verso of the index, “FGW” is written in the upper left-hand corner and a “J”, “I”, or “T” is centered along the top. What appears to be an “L” is written close to the bottom of the page. The index, which was inscribed by Frederick G. Williams

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

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, was likely begun before the revelation that begins at the bottom of manuscript page 13 was inscribed. All seven index entries up to that point appear to have been written in one sitting in the same ink flow, while the remaining entries indicate a continually updated index rather than a retrospective index. Williams interlineated the final three index entries (two for manuscript page 33 and one for manuscript page 37) where there was space in the existing text of the index, likely because no space remained at the bottom of the page. Three blank flyleaves follow the index.
The first fifteen pages contain six revelations, one vision, and one journal-like note that were copied into the book as early as February 1832. These eight items are dated circa March 1831–March 1832 and do not appear in chronological order. Manuscript pages 15–83 contain twenty-two revelations and one song, dated March 1832–December 1833, that are largely in chronological order. Manuscript pages 83–97 contain ten items, dated October 1830–April 1832, that were copied into the volume out of chronological order sometime before summer 1834. Manuscript pages 97–116 contain six items, dated February 1834–November 1834, that are out of chronological order. Manuscript pages 117–120 contain three items dated 1830, 23 February 1831, and June 1829. The first two of these items were copied into the manuscript book at the same time. The final copied revelation is followed by eighty-one blank leaves, three leaves of historical notes, three blank flyleaves, and one final pastedown.
Revelation Book 2 was used for the preparation of the 1835 Doctrine and Covenants circa 1834–1835 in Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

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, Ohio. Because there is no known reference to this book in church records from 1836 to 1843—when the church’s headquarters moved from Kirtland to Far West

Originally called Shoal Creek. Located fifty-five miles northeast of Independence. Surveyed 1823; first settled by whites, 1831. Site purchased, 8 Aug. 1836, before Caldwell Co. was organized for Latter-day Saints in Missouri. William W. Phelps and John Whitmer...

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, Missouri, and then to Nauvoo

Principal gathering place for Saints following expulsion from Missouri. Beginning in 1839, LDS church purchased lands in earlier settlement of Commerce and planned settlement of Commerce City, as well as surrounding areas. Served as church headquarters, 1839...

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, Illinois, and it was not being used to record revelations—it is unknown who had possession of the manuscript book during this time. When compiling JS’s history in 1843, Willard Richards

24 June 1804–11 Mar. 1854. Teacher, lecturer, doctor, clerk, printer, editor, postmaster. Born at Hopkinton, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Joseph Richards and Rhoda Howe. Moved to Richmond, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts, 1813. Moved to Chatham, Columbia...

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and William W. Phelps

17 Feb. 1792–7 Mar. 1872. Writer, teacher, printer, newspaper editor, publisher, postmaster, lawyer. Born at Hanover, Morris Co., New Jersey. Son of Enon Phelps and Mehitabel Goldsmith. Moved to Homer, Cortland Co., New York, 1800. Married Sally Waterman,...

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turned the manuscript book upside down and used three blank leaves at the back of the volume for notations about their history-writing effort. The title on the back cover, partially worn off and written in black ink that later turned brown, reflects this usage: “Facts left out | Re[g]istered | herei[n]”. Revelation Book 2 is listed on the Church Historian’s Office 1846 inventory as “Book of ‘Revelations B.’” Subsequent inventories have listed similar titles, indicating continuous custody.3

“Schedule of Church Records. Nauvoo 1846,” [1]; “Inventory. Historian’s Office. 4th April 1855,” [1], Historian’s Office, Catalogs and Inventories, 1846–1904, CHL.  


Revelation Book 2 is a manuscript book of revelations and other texts copied into the book over a period of almost three years, from as early as February 1832 to late 1834. The February and March 1832 revelations, as well as other documents transcribed on pages 1–19 of Revelation Book 2, were likely copied before JS left Hiram

Area settled by immigrants from Pennsylvania and New England, ca. 1802. Located in northeastern Ohio about twenty-five miles southeast of Kirtland. Population in 1830 about 500. Population in 1840 about 1,100. JS lived in township at home of John and Alice...

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, Ohio, on 1 April 1832 to journey to Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

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. The revelations dated August and September 1832 were signed by Frederick G. Williams

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

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, who served as a scribe for JS during this period. He likely copied these revelations into the book shortly after they were initially recorded. The December 1832 and January 1833 revelations, the first of which was signed by Williams as both scribe and counselor to JS, were likely copied after Williams was appointed as counselor, which occurred by 22 January 1833.4

Minute Book 1, 22 Jan. 1833.  


Ten items within the book (manuscript pages 83–97) are dated between October 1830 and the end of April 1832. While three of the ten had been published previously,5

Revelation, 4 Feb. 1831, in Book of Commandments 43 [D&C 41]; Revelation, 30 Oct. 1831, in “A Revelation on Prayer, Given October 30, 1831,” The Evening and the Morning Star, Sept. 1832, [2] [D&C 65]; Revelation, 30 Apr. 1832, in “Items in Addition to the Laws for the Government of the Church of Christ, Given April, 1832,” The Evening and the Morning Star, Jan. 1833, [6] [D&C 83].  


the presence of the other seven items appears to be the result of an effort to collect revelations that were not in print by 1834. All are dated several years before they were copied into Revelation Book 2, and four of them were not included in the Book of Commandments although they were available for publication. Of these ten items, nine were later published in the 1835 Doctrine and Covenants.6

Revelation, 15 May 1831, was not published in the 1835 Doctrine and Covenants. (See Revelation Book 2, pp. 91–92.)  


Note: At present, the transcript of Revelation Book 2 on this website includes only the original inscriptions, not the later redactions made to the manuscript book to prepare the revelations for publication. A transcript showing the later redactions will eventually be added to this site. Until that time, readers will notice many discrepancies between the images and the transcript. For a transcript that includes the redactions, consult Revelations and Translations: Manuscript Revelation Books, facsimile ed. (Salt Lake City: Church Historian’s Press, 2009) or Revelations and Translations, Volume 1: Manuscript Revelation Books (Salt Lake City: Church Historian’s Press, 2011).
Except as described in this note, Revelation Book 2 is presented here electronically as a complete record. In contrast, the Documents series presents each revelation separately, placed in chronological order with other documents of various genres. That series includes the earliest and best extant version of each revelation, providing contextual annotation and a historical introduction for each. Readers should consult the Documents series for information about the setting and significance of individual revelations.

Facts