43990402

Revelation Book 2

chosen with power from on high, for this is the promise of the Father unto you. Therefore, I commanded

Generally, a divine mandate that church members were expected to obey; more specifically, a text dictated by JS in the first-person voice of Deity that served to communicate knowledge and instruction to JS and his followers. Occasionally, other inspired texts...

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you to tarry even as mine Apostles

A title indicating one sent forth to preach; later designated as a specific ecclesiastical and priesthood office. By 1830, JS and Oliver Cowdery were designated as apostles. The “Articles and Covenants” of the church explained that an “apostle is an elder...

View Glossary
at Jerusalem. nevertheless my servants sinned a verry grievous sin and contentions arose in the school of the prophets

A term occasionally used to refer to a Protestant seminary; specifically used by JS to refer to a school to prepare elders of the church for their ministry. A December 1832 revelation directed JS and the elders of the church in Kirtland, Ohio, to establish...

View Glossary
, which was verry grievous unto me saith your Lord. therefore I sent them forth to be chastened. Verily I say unto you, it is my will that you should build an house

The official name for the sacred edifice in Kirtland, Ohio, later known as the Kirtland temple; also the official name for other planned religious structures in Missouri. JS and the Latter-day Saints also referred to the House of the Lord in Kirtland as “...

View Glossary
. If ye keep my commandments ye shall have power to build it. If ye keep not my commandments the love of the father shall not continue with you therefore ye shall walk in darkness. now here is wisdom and the mind of the Lord, Let the house be built not after the manner of the world. for I give not unto you that ye shall live after the manner of the world. Therefore let it be built after the manner which I shall show unto three of you whom ye shall appoint and ordain

The conferral of power and authority; to appoint, decree, or set apart. Church members, primarily adults, were ordained to ecclesiastical offices and other responsibilities by the laying on of hands by those with the proper authority. Ordinations to priesthood...

View Glossary
unto this power and the size thereof shall be fifty and five feet in width and let it be sixty and five feet in length in the inner court thereof, and let the lower part of the inner court be dedicated unto me for your sacrament

Primarily referred to the sacrament of the Lord’s Supper, or Communion, as opposed to other religious sacraments. The “Articles and Covenants” of the church directed “that the church meet together often to partake of bread and wine in remembrance of the Lord...

View Glossary
offering and for your preaching and your fasting and your praying and the offering up your most holy desires unto me saith your lord, and let the higher part of the inner court be dedicated unto me for the school of mine Apostles saith Son Ah Man, or in otherwords Alphas, or in other words Omegas even Jesus Christ your lord Amen. — —

Revelation, 4 June 1833 [D&C 96]

Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

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June 4th 1833——
Behold I say unto you here is wisdom whereby ye may know how to act concerning this matter. for it is expedient in me that this stake

Ecclesiastical organization of church members in a particular locale. Stakes were typically large local organizations of church members; stake leaders could include a presidency, a high council, and a bishopric. Some revelations referred to stakes “to” or...

View Glossary
that I have set for the strength of Zion

A specific location in Missouri; also a literal or figurative gathering of believers in Jesus Christ, characterized by adherence to ideals of harmony, equality, and purity. In JS’s earliest revelations “the cause of Zion” was used to broadly describe the ...

View Glossary
should be made strong. Therefore let my servant Newel [K. Whitney]

3/5 Feb. 1795–23 Sept. 1850. Trader, merchant. Born at Marlborough, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of Samuel Whitney and Susanna Kimball. Moved to Fairfield, Herkimer Co., New York, 1803. Merchant at Plattsburg, Clinton Co., New York, 1814. Mercantile clerk for...

View Full Bio
take charge of the place which is named among you upon which I design to build mine holy house

The official name for the sacred edifice in Kirtland, Ohio, later known as the Kirtland temple; also the official name for other planned religious structures in Missouri. JS and the Latter-day Saints also referred to the House of the Lord in Kirtland as “...

View Glossary

JS revelation of Jan. 1831 directed Latter-day Saints to migrate to Ohio, where they would “be endowed with power from on high.” JS Revelation of Dec. 1832 directed Saints to “establish . . . an house of God.” JS Revelation of 1 June 1833 chastened Saints...

More Info
, and again let it be divided into lots according to wisdom for the [p. 60]
chosen with power from on high, for this is the promise of the  Father unto you. Therefore, I commanded

Generally, a divine mandate that church members were expected to obey; more specifically, a text dictated by JS in the first-person voice of Deity that served to communicate knowledge and instruction to JS and his followers. Occasionally, other inspired texts...

View Glossary
you to tarry even  as mine Apostles

A title indicating one sent forth to preach; later designated as a specific ecclesiastical and priesthood office. By 1830, JS and Oliver Cowdery were designated as apostles. The “Articles and Covenants” of the church explained that an “apostle is an elder...

View Glossary
at Jerusalem. nevertheless my servants sinned  a verry grievous sin and contentions arose in the school of  the prophets

A term occasionally used to refer to a Protestant seminary; specifically used by JS to refer to a school to prepare elders of the church for their ministry. A December 1832 revelation directed JS and the elders of the church in Kirtland, Ohio, to establish...

View Glossary
, which was verry grievous unto me saith your  Lord. therefore I sent them forth to be chastened. Verily I say  unto you, it is my will that you should build an house

The official name for the sacred edifice in Kirtland, Ohio, later known as the Kirtland temple; also the official name for other planned religious structures in Missouri. JS and the Latter-day Saints also referred to the House of the Lord in Kirtland as “...

View Glossary
. If ye  keep my commandments ye shall have power to build it. If  ye keep not my commandments the love of the father shall not  continue with you therefore ye shall walk in darkness. now  here is wisdom and the mind of the Lord, Let the house be  built not after the manner of this <the> world. for I give not unto  you that ye shall live after the manner of the world. Therefore  let it be built after the manner which I shall show unto three  of you whom ye shall appoint and ordain

The conferral of power and authority; to appoint, decree, or set apart. Church members, primarily adults, were ordained to ecclesiastical offices and other responsibilities by the laying on of hands by those with the proper authority. Ordinations to priesthood...

View Glossary
unto this power  and the size thereof shall be fifty and five feet in width  and let it be sixty and five feet in length in the inner court  thereof, and let the lower part of the inner court thereof  be dedicated unto me for your sacrament

Primarily referred to the sacrament of the Lord’s Supper, or Communion, as opposed to other religious sacraments. The “Articles and Covenants” of the church directed “that the church meet together often to partake of bread and wine in remembrance of the Lord...

View Glossary
offering and  for your preaching and your fasting and your praying  and the offering up your most holy desires unto me saith  your lord, and let the higher part of the inner court be  dedicated unto me for the school of mine Apostles saith Son  Ah Man, or in otherwords Alphas, or in other words Omegas  even Jesus Christ your lord Amen.28

TEXT: Two large pinholes, one before and one after the “A” in “Amen”, match two pinholes in a slip of paper now found loose between manuscript pages 60 and 61, indicating that the slip was pinned to this page. There are also several pinhead impressions to the right of the pinholes (indicating that the pin remained in the same general location for some time) and two smaller pinholes to the left. These smaller pinholes also match the pinholes in the slip of paper, which is transcribed on the following page herein.  


— —

Revelation, 4 June 1833 [D&C 96]

Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

More Info
June 4th 1833——
Behold I say unto you here is wisdom whereby ye may  know how to act concerning this matter. for it is expedient  in me that this stake

Ecclesiastical organization of church members in a particular locale. Stakes were typically large local organizations of church members; stake leaders could include a presidency, a high council, and a bishopric. Some revelations referred to stakes “to” or...

View Glossary
that I have set for the strength of  Zion

A specific location in Missouri; also a literal or figurative gathering of believers in Jesus Christ, characterized by adherence to ideals of harmony, equality, and purity. In JS’s earliest revelations “the cause of Zion” was used to broadly describe the ...

View Glossary
should be made strong. Therefore let my servant  Newel [K. Whitney]

3/5 Feb. 1795–23 Sept. 1850. Trader, merchant. Born at Marlborough, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of Samuel Whitney and Susanna Kimball. Moved to Fairfield, Herkimer Co., New York, 1803. Merchant at Plattsburg, Clinton Co., New York, 1814. Mercantile clerk for...

View Full Bio
take charge of the place which is named among you  upon which I design to build mine holy house

The official name for the sacred edifice in Kirtland, Ohio, later known as the Kirtland temple; also the official name for other planned religious structures in Missouri. JS and the Latter-day Saints also referred to the House of the Lord in Kirtland as “...

View Glossary

JS revelation of Jan. 1831 directed Latter-day Saints to migrate to Ohio, where they would “be endowed with power from on high.” JS Revelation of Dec. 1832 directed Saints to “establish . . . an house of God.” JS Revelation of 1 June 1833 chastened Saints...

More Info
, and again  let it be divided into lots according to wisdom for the [p. 60]
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“Book of Revelations,” Revelation Book 2, [ca. Feb. 1832–ca. Nov. 1834]; handwriting of Frederick G. Williams

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

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, Orson Hyde

8 Jan. 1805–28 Nov. 1878. Laborer, clerk, storekeeper, teacher, editor, businessman, lawyer, judge. Born at Oxford, New Haven Co., Connecticut. Son of Nathan Hyde and Sally Thorpe. Moved to Derby, New Haven Co., 1812. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, ...

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, Oliver Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

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, and JS in both original inscription and later redactions; handwriting of William W. Phelps

17 Feb. 1792–7 Mar. 1872. Writer, teacher, printer, newspaper editor, publisher, postmaster, lawyer. Born at Hanover, Morris Co., New Jersey. Son of Enon Phelps and Mehitabel Goldsmith. Moved to Homer, Cortland Co., New York, 1800. Married Sally Waterman,...

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, Sidney Rigdon

19 Feb. 1793–14 July 1876. Tanner, farmer, minister. Born at St. Clair, Allegheny Co., Pennsylvania. Son of William Rigdon and Nancy Gallaher. Joined United Baptists, ca. 1818. Preached at Warren, Trumbull Co., Ohio, and vicinity, 1819–1821. Married Phebe...

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, and an unknown number of unidentified scribes in later redactions only; 121 pages and two inserted leaves; Revelations Collection, CHL. Includes redactions and archival marking. Volume also contains Willard Richards

24 June 1804–11 Mar. 1854. Teacher, lecturer, doctor, clerk, printer, editor, postmaster. Born at Hopkinton, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Joseph Richards and Rhoda Howe. Moved to Richmond, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts, 1813. Moved to Chatham, Columbia...

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and William W. Phelps, “Facts left out Re[g]istered herei[n],” Notes for JS History, [Nauvoo

Principal gathering place for Saints following expulsion from Missouri. Beginning in 1839, LDS church purchased lands in earlier settlement of Commerce and planned settlement of Commerce City, as well as surrounding areas. Served as church headquarters, 1839...

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, IL], [ca. 1843]; handwriting of Willard Richards and William W. Phelps; 4 pages and one inserted leaf.
This volume consists of 152 leaves—including three flyleaves in the front, three flyleaves in the back, and two pastedowns—measuring 1115/16 x 7⅝ inches (30 x 19 cm). There are twelve gatherings of twelve leaves each. All but the pastedowns and flyleaves are ruled paper with thirty-four horizontal lines in faded blue-green ink. The text block is sewn all along over recessed cords, and the front and back covers of the volume are pasteboard. The book has a tight-back case binding with a brown calfskin quarter-leather binding. The outside covers are adorned in shell marbled paper, with red and black body and veins of green. The bound volume measures 12¼ x 7⅞ x 15/16 inches (31 x 19 x 2 cm). The front cover of the book is labeled “Book of Revelatio[ns] | <A> | <B>” in black ink. An “A” was written over the inserted “A”. The inserted “B” is written in a formal style that matches the covers of other manuscript volumes in the CHL’s holdings.1

See, for example, JS, Journal, 1835–1836.  


The inside front cover has “c c/i | pep” or “c c/i | pe/=” written in graphite pencil. Although this notation was written at an unknown time, similar markings appear in at least three other extant volumes.2

See JS Letterbook 1; Minute Book 1; and Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, Record.  


These may be merchandising notations. A slip of white paper pasted on the spine reads “KIRTLAND REVELATIONS”.
Affixed to the inside front cover is a half-page sheet containing an index of the volume’s contents through manuscript page 47. The partial index, written on cut ruled paper measuring 7¾ × 7⅝ inches (20 × 19 cm), was attached to the inside front cover with an adhesive wafer on each corner. The two upper wafers are now detached. On the verso of the index, “FGW” is written in the upper left-hand corner and a “J”, “I”, or “T” is centered along the top. What appears to be an “L” is written close to the bottom of the page. The index, which was inscribed by Frederick G. Williams

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

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, was likely begun before the revelation that begins at the bottom of manuscript page 13 was inscribed. All seven index entries up to that point appear to have been written in one sitting in the same ink flow, while the remaining entries indicate a continually updated index rather than a retrospective index. Williams interlineated the final three index entries (two for manuscript page 33 and one for manuscript page 37) where there was space in the existing text of the index, likely because no space remained at the bottom of the page. Three blank flyleaves follow the index.
The first fifteen pages contain six revelations, one vision, and one journal-like note that were copied into the book as early as February 1832. These eight items are dated circa March 1831–March 1832 and do not appear in chronological order. Manuscript pages 15–83 contain twenty-two revelations and one song, dated March 1832–December 1833, that are largely in chronological order. Manuscript pages 83–97 contain ten items, dated October 1830–April 1832, that were copied into the volume out of chronological order sometime before summer 1834. Manuscript pages 97–116 contain six items, dated February 1834–November 1834, that are out of chronological order. Manuscript pages 117–120 contain three items dated 1830, 23 February 1831, and June 1829. The first two of these items were copied into the manuscript book at the same time. The final copied revelation is followed by eighty-one blank leaves, three leaves of historical notes, three blank flyleaves, and one final pastedown.
Revelation Book 2 was used for the preparation of the 1835 Doctrine and Covenants circa 1834–1835 in Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

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, Ohio. Because there is no known reference to this book in church records from 1836 to 1843—when the church’s headquarters moved from Kirtland to Far West

Originally called Shoal Creek. Located fifty-five miles northeast of Independence. Surveyed 1823; first settled by whites, 1831. Site purchased, 8 Aug. 1836, before Caldwell Co. was organized for Latter-day Saints in Missouri. William W. Phelps and John Whitmer...

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, Missouri, and then to Nauvoo

Principal gathering place for Saints following expulsion from Missouri. Beginning in 1839, LDS church purchased lands in earlier settlement of Commerce and planned settlement of Commerce City, as well as surrounding areas. Served as church headquarters, 1839...

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, Illinois, and it was not being used to record revelations—it is unknown who had possession of the manuscript book during this time. When compiling JS’s history in 1843, Willard Richards

24 June 1804–11 Mar. 1854. Teacher, lecturer, doctor, clerk, printer, editor, postmaster. Born at Hopkinton, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Joseph Richards and Rhoda Howe. Moved to Richmond, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts, 1813. Moved to Chatham, Columbia...

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and William W. Phelps

17 Feb. 1792–7 Mar. 1872. Writer, teacher, printer, newspaper editor, publisher, postmaster, lawyer. Born at Hanover, Morris Co., New Jersey. Son of Enon Phelps and Mehitabel Goldsmith. Moved to Homer, Cortland Co., New York, 1800. Married Sally Waterman,...

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turned the manuscript book upside down and used three blank leaves at the back of the volume for notations about their history-writing effort. The title on the back cover, partially worn off and written in black ink that later turned brown, reflects this usage: “Facts left out | Re[g]istered | herei[n]”. Revelation Book 2 is listed on the Church Historian’s Office 1846 inventory as “Book of ‘Revelations B.’” Subsequent inventories have listed similar titles, indicating continuous custody.3

“Schedule of Church Records. Nauvoo 1846,” [1]; “Inventory. Historian’s Office. 4th April 1855,” [1], Historian’s Office, Catalogs and Inventories, 1846–1904, CHL.  


Revelation Book 2 is a manuscript book of revelations and other texts copied into the book over a period of almost three years, from as early as February 1832 to late 1834. The February and March 1832 revelations, as well as other documents transcribed on pages 1–19 of Revelation Book 2, were likely copied before JS left Hiram

Area settled by immigrants from Pennsylvania and New England, ca. 1802. Located in northeastern Ohio about twenty-five miles southeast of Kirtland. Population in 1830 about 500. Population in 1840 about 1,100. JS lived in township at home of John and Alice...

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, Ohio, on 1 April 1832 to journey to Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

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. The revelations dated August and September 1832 were signed by Frederick G. Williams

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

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, who served as a scribe for JS during this period. He likely copied these revelations into the book shortly after they were initially recorded. The December 1832 and January 1833 revelations, the first of which was signed by Williams as both scribe and counselor to JS, were likely copied after Williams was appointed as counselor, which occurred by 22 January 1833.4

Minute Book 1, 22 Jan. 1833.  


Ten items within the book (manuscript pages 83–97) are dated between October 1830 and the end of April 1832. While three of the ten had been published previously,5

Revelation, 4 Feb. 1831, in Book of Commandments 43 [D&C 41]; Revelation, 30 Oct. 1831, in “A Revelation on Prayer, Given October 30, 1831,” The Evening and the Morning Star, Sept. 1832, [2] [D&C 65]; Revelation, 30 Apr. 1832, in “Items in Addition to the Laws for the Government of the Church of Christ, Given April, 1832,” The Evening and the Morning Star, Jan. 1833, [6] [D&C 83].  


the presence of the other seven items appears to be the result of an effort to collect revelations that were not in print by 1834. All are dated several years before they were copied into Revelation Book 2, and four of them were not included in the Book of Commandments although they were available for publication. Of these ten items, nine were later published in the 1835 Doctrine and Covenants.6

Revelation, 15 May 1831, was not published in the 1835 Doctrine and Covenants. (See Revelation Book 2, pp. 91–92.)  


Note: At present, the transcript of Revelation Book 2 on this website includes only the original inscriptions, not the later redactions made to the manuscript book to prepare the revelations for publication. A transcript showing the later redactions will eventually be added to this site. Until that time, readers will notice many discrepancies between the images and the transcript. For a transcript that includes the redactions, consult Revelations and Translations: Manuscript Revelation Books, facsimile ed. (Salt Lake City: Church Historian’s Press, 2009) or Revelations and Translations, Volume 1: Manuscript Revelation Books (Salt Lake City: Church Historian’s Press, 2011).
Except as described in this note, Revelation Book 2 is presented here electronically as a complete record. In contrast, the Documents series presents each revelation separately, placed in chronological order with other documents of various genres. That series includes the earliest and best extant version of each revelation, providing contextual annotation and a historical introduction for each. Readers should consult the Documents series for information about the setting and significance of individual revelations.

Facts