26033

Revelation, March 1829 [D&C 5]

against my words Behold I deliver them up unto Satan for he reigneth & hath much Power at this time for he hath got great hold upon the hearts of the People of this Generation & how far from the iniquities of Sodom and Gomorrah do they come at this time & Behold the Swoard of Justice doth hang above their heads & if they persist in the hardness of ther hearts the time cometh that it must fall upon them Behold I tell you these things even as I also told the People of the destruction of Jerusalem9

See Matthew 24:1–2; and Luke 21:20–24.  


& my word shall be verrified at this time as it hath hitherto been verrified & now I command my Servant Joseph that he repenteth & walketh more uprightly before me & yield to the perswations of men no more & that he be firm in Keeping the commandments

Generally, a divine mandate that church members were expected to obey; more specifically, a text dictated by JS in the first-person voice of Deity that served to communicate knowledge and instruction to JS and his followers. Occasionally, other inspired texts...

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which I have commanded him10

See Revelation, July 1828 [D&C 3:5–9].  


& if he do this Behold I grant unto him Eternal life even if he should be slain. And now I speak again concerning the man that desireeth the Witness11 Behold I say unto him if he exalteth himself & doth not humble himself sufficiently before me I will grant unto him no such vews but if he will go out & bow down before me & humble himself in mighty prayer & faith in the sincerity of his heart then will I grant unto him a vew of the things which he desireth to vew then shall he say unto the People of this Generation Behold I have seen the things & I know of a surety that they are true for I have seen them & they have been shone unto me by the Power of God12

As early as 1831, a newspaper reported that Harris had spoken of seeing the plates. While there are few other early accounts of his experience with the plates, Harris frequently affirmed later in his life that he had seen them. (“Mormonism,” Painesville [OH] Telegraph, 15 Mar. 1831, [1]; see also, for example, Thomas Godfrey, John E. Godfrey, and John Buttars, Affidavits, Cache Co., UT, 2 July 1933, Jesse P. Rich, Affidavits concerning Martin Harris, 1933, CHL; and William Pilkington, Affidavit, Cache Co., UT, 3 Apr. 1934, William Pilkington, Autobiography and Statements, 1934–1939, CHL.)  


& I command him that he say no more except I have seen them & they have been shone unto me by the Power of God13

Years later, Martin Harris may have had this passage in mind when he told an interviewer, “I am forbidden to say anything how the Lord showed them to me, except that by the power of God I have seen them.” (“Mormonism—No. II,” Tiffany’s Monthly, Aug. 1859, 166.)  


& these are the words which he shall say but if he deny this he shall brake the covenant

A binding agreement between two parties, particularly between God and man. The term covenant was often associated with “commandments,” referring to revelation texts. The gospel as preached by JS—including the need for faith, repentance, baptism, and reception...

View Glossary
which he hath covenanted with me & Behold he is condemned & now except he humble himself & acknowledge unto me the things which he hath done that is wrong & covenant with me that he will Keep my commandments & exercise faith in me Behold I say unto him he shall have no such vews for I will grant unto him no such vews of which I have spoken & if this be the case I command him that he shall do no more nor trouble me no more Concerning this matter & if this be the case Behold I say unto you Joseph when thou hast translated

To produce a text from one written in another language; in JS’s usage, most often through divine means. JS considered the ability to translate to be a gift of the spirit, like the gift of interpreting tongues. He recounted that he translated “reformed Egyptian...

View Glossary
a few more [p. 2]
against my words Behold I deliver them up unto Satan for  he reigneth & hath much Power at this time for he that hath  hath got great hold upon the hearts of the People of this  Generation & how far from the iniquities of Sodom and  Gomorrah do they come at this time & Behold the Swoard  of Justice doth hang above their heads & if they persist in the  hardness of ther hearts the time cometh that it must fall upon  them Behold I tell you these things even as I also told the People  of the destruction of Jerusalem9

See Matthew 24:1–2; and Luke 21:20–24.  


& my word shall be verrified  at this time as it hath hitherto been verrified & now I com mand my Servant Joseph that he repenteth & walketh  more uprightly before me & yield to the perswations of men  no more & that he be firm in Keeping the commandments

Generally, a divine mandate that church members were expected to obey; more specifically, a text dictated by JS in the first-person voice of Deity that served to communicate knowledge and instruction to JS and his followers. Occasionally, other inspired texts...

View Glossary
 which I have commanded him10

See Revelation, July 1828 [D&C 3:5–9].  


& if he do this Behold I grant  unto him Eternal life even if he should be slain. And  now I speak again concerning the the man that desireeth the Wit ness11 Behold I say unto him if he exalteth himself & doth not  humble himself sufficiently before me I will grant unto  him no such vews but if he will go out & bow down before  me & humble himself in mighty prayer & faith in the  sincerity of his heart then will I grant unto him a vew  of the things which he desireth to vew then shall he say un to the People of this Generation Behold I have seen the things &  I know of a surety that they are true for I have seen  them & they have been shone unto me by the Power  of God12

As early as 1831, a newspaper reported that Harris had spoken of seeing the plates. While there are few other early accounts of his experience with the plates, Harris frequently affirmed later in his life that he had seen them. (“Mormonism,” Painesville [OH] Telegraph, 15 Mar. 1831, [1]; see also, for example, Thomas Godfrey, John E. Godfrey, and John Buttars, Affidavits, Cache Co., UT, 2 July 1933, Jesse P. Rich, Affidavits concerning Martin Harris, 1933, CHL; and William Pilkington, Affidavit, Cache Co., UT, 3 Apr. 1934, William Pilkington, Autobiography and Statements, 1934–1939, CHL.)  


& I command him that he say no more except  I have seen them & they have been shone unto me by the  Power of God13

Years later, Martin Harris may have had this passage in mind when he told an interviewer, “I am forbidden to say anything how the Lord showed them to me, except that by the power of God I have seen them.” (“Mormonism—No. II,” Tiffany’s Monthly, Aug. 1859, 166.)  


& these are the words which he shall say  but if he deny this he shall brake the covenant

A binding agreement between two parties, particularly between God and man. The term covenant was often associated with “commandments,” referring to revelation texts. The gospel as preached by JS—including the need for faith, repentance, baptism, and reception...

View Glossary
which  he hath covenanted with me & Behold he is condemn ed & now except he humble himself & acknowledge unto  me the things which he hath done that is wrong & cove nant with me that he will Keep my commandments  & exercise faith in me Behold I say unto him he shall  have no such vews for I will grant unto him no such vews  of which I have spoken & if this be the case I command him  that he shall do no more nor trouble me no more Con cerning this matter & if this be the case Behold I say unto  you Joseph when thou hast translated

To produce a text from one written in another language; in JS’s usage, most often through divine means. JS considered the ability to translate to be a gift of the spirit, like the gift of interpreting tongues. He recounted that he translated “reformed Egyptian...

View Glossary
a few more [p. 2]
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Revelation, [Harmony Township

Located in northeastern Pennsylvania. Area settled, by 1787. Organized 1809. Population in 1830 about 340. Population in 1840 about 520. Contained Harmony village (no longer in existence). Josiah Stowell hired JS to help look for treasure in area, Oct. 1825...

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, Susquehanna Co., PA, Mar. 1829]. Featured version copied [ca. Apr. 1829]; handwriting of Oliver Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

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; three pages; Newel K. Whitney, Papers, BYU. Includes docket, later notations, and archival marking.
Single foolscap page folded in half to create two leaves, each measuring 12⅜ × 7½ inches (31 × 19 cm). Docket in handwriting of Newel K. Whitney

3/5 Feb. 1795–23 Sept. 1850. Trader, merchant. Born at Marlborough, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of Samuel Whitney and Susanna Kimball. Moved to Fairfield, Herkimer Co., New York, 1803. Merchant at Plattsburg, Clinton Co., New York, 1814. Mercantile clerk for...

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on the verso of the final leaf reads “Respecting translating the | Book of mormon”. Other writing, consisting of unrelated lists of names and mathematical calculations, in both pencil and ink by an unidentified scribe appears to have been created circa mid-1830.
This document is part of a collection of revelations found within the Newel K. Whitney

3/5 Feb. 1795–23 Sept. 1850. Trader, merchant. Born at Marlborough, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of Samuel Whitney and Susanna Kimball. Moved to Fairfield, Herkimer Co., New York, 1803. Merchant at Plattsburg, Clinton Co., New York, 1814. Mercantile clerk for...

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Papers, which comprise three different groups of material: early Mormon material, largely relating to the finances of the church; Newel K. Whitney personal papers; and Whitney family papers. The Whitney papers include nineteen manuscript revelations. The dates of the majority of the revelations indicate that Whitney, likely in his role as bishop of the church, received and retained copies of revelations from mid-1831 through late 1833. Because the featured text was dictated well before Whitney joined the church, it is unknown when or under what circumstances Whitney acquired this manuscript.
According to the register of the Newel K. Whitney

3/5 Feb. 1795–23 Sept. 1850. Trader, merchant. Born at Marlborough, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of Samuel Whitney and Susanna Kimball. Moved to Fairfield, Herkimer Co., New York, 1803. Merchant at Plattsburg, Clinton Co., New York, 1814. Mercantile clerk for...

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Papers, following the death of Whitney, his daughter Mary Jane, who married Isaac Groo, obtained possession of the papers. The Brigham Young University library, Provo, Utah, acquired these papers from descendants of Mary Jane and Isaac Groo between 1969 and 1974.
All extant versions of this revelation that bear a date have it as March 1829. Although the featured version gives no explicit date of creation, Oliver Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

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’s handwriting provides a clue to the dating. This document appears to provide one of only two known samples of Cowdery’s early stylized or formalized handwriting. The other is a 6 April 1829 agreement between JS and his father-in-law, Isaac Hale

21 Mar. 1763–11 Jan. 1839. Farmer, hunter, innkeeper. Born in Waterbury, New Haven Co., Connecticut. Son of Reuben Hale and Diantha Ward. Member of Methodist church. Moved to Wells, Albany Co., New York (later in Rutland Co., Vermont), ca. 1771, to live with...

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.1 Once Cowdery began taking dictation from JS of the Book of Mormon translation, his handwriting evolved into the style that characterized his handwriting for the remainder of his life. If, as the similarities of handwriting style would suggest, this copy of the revelation was created around the same time as the above-mentioned agreement, the document would have been created circa April 1829. This creation date would make this the earliest extant version of any revelation text dictated by JS.

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