53993133

Revelations printed in The Evening and the Morning Star, June 1832–June 1833

Revelations printed in The Evening and the Morning Star, June 1832–June 1833

September 1832 Issue

Revelation, September 1830–A [D&C 29]

Revelations.
12

Revelation, Sept. 1830–A, in “A Revelation, Given September, 1830,” The Evening and the Morning Star, Sept. 1832, [2] [D&C 29]. This version reflects editing marks made in Revelation Book 1, indicating that the latter was used as a source text for the former.  


A REVELATION, GIVEN SEPTEMBER, 1830.
LISTEN to the voice of Jesus Christ, your Redeemer, the great I am, whose arm of mercy hath atoned for your sins; who will gather his people even as a hen gathereth her chickens under her wings, even as many as will hearken to my voice, and humble themselves before me, and call upon me in mighty prayer.— Behold, verily, verily I say unto you at this time your sins are forgiven you; therefore ye receive these things; but remember to sin no more, lest perils shall come upon you. Verily I say unto you, that ye are chosen out of the world to declare my gospel with the sound of rejoicing, as with the voice of a trump: lift up your hearts and be glad for I am in your midst, and am your advocate with the Father; and it is his good will to give you the kingdom; and as it is written, Whatsoever ye shall ask in faith, being united in prayer according to my command, ye shall receive; and ye are called to bring to pass the gathering of mine elect, for mine elect hear my voice and harden not their hearts: Wherefore the decree hath gone forth from the Father, that they shall be gathered in unto one place, upon the face of this land, to prepare their hearts, and be prepared in all things, against the day when tribulation and desolation are sent forth upon the wicked: for the hour is nigh, and the day is soon at hand, when the earth will be ripe; and all the proud, and they that do wickedly, shall be as stubble, and I will burn them up, saith the Lord of hosts, that wickedness shall not be upon the earth; for the hour is nigh, and that which was spoken by mine apostles must be fulfilled; for as they spoke so shall it come to pass; for I will reveal myself from heaven with power and great glory, with all the hosts thereof, and dwell in righteousness with men on earth a thousand years, and the wicked shall not stand. And again, verily, verily I say unto you, and it hath gone forth in a firm decree, by the will of the Father, that mine apostles, the twelve which were with me in my ministry at Jerusalem, shall stand at my right hand at the day of my coming in a pillar of fire, being clothed with robes of righteousness, with crowns upon their heads, in glory even as I am, to judge the whole house of Israel

Members of the church and the posterity of Jacob, or Israel, in the Old Testament. The people in the Book of Mormon were described in the text as a “remnant of the house of Israel,” descended from the Israelites of the Bible. JS revelations stated that the...

View Glossary
, even as many as have loved me and kept my commandments

Generally, a divine mandate that church members were expected to obey; more specifically, a text dictated by JS in the first-person voice of Deity that served to communicate knowledge and instruction to JS and his followers. Occasionally, other inspired texts...

View Glossary
, and none else; for a trump shall sound both long and loud, even as upon mount Sinai, and all the earth shall quake, and they shall come forth, yea, even the dead which died in me, to receive a crown of righteousness, and to be clothed upon, even as I am, to be with me, that we may be one. But behold, I say unto you, that before this great day shall come, the sun shall be darkened, and the moon shall be turned into blood, and the stars shall fall from heaven; and there shall be great signs in the heavens above, and in the earth beneath; and there shall be weeping and wailing among the inhabitants of the earth; and there shall be a great hailstorm sent forth to destroy the crops of the earth: and it shall come to pass, because of the wickedness of the world, that I will take vengeance upon the wicked, for they will not repent: for the cup of mine indignation is full; for, behold my blood shall not cleanse them if they repent not: wherefore, I will send forth flies upon the face of the earth, which shall take hold of the inhabitants thereof, and shall eat their flesh, and shall cause maggots to come in upon them, and their tongues shall be stayed that they shall not utter against me, and their flesh shall fall from off their bones, and their eyes from their sockets: and it shall come to pass, that the beasts of the forests, and the fowls of the air, shall devour them up: and that great and abominable church, which is the whore of all the earth, shall be cast down by devouring fire, according as it was spoken by the mouth of Ezekiel the prophet, which spoke of these things, which have not come to pass as yet, but surely must, as I live, for abominations shall not reign.
And again, verily, verily I say unto you, that when the thousand years are ended, and men again begin to deny their God, then will I spare the earth but for a little season; and then the end shall come, and the heaven and the earth shall be consumed, and pass away, and there shall be a new heaven and a new earth; for all old things shall pass away, and all things become new, even the heaven and the earth, and all the fulness thereof, both men and beasts; the fowls of the air, and the fishes of the sea, and not one hair, neither moat, shall be lost, for it is the workmanship of mine hand. But verily I say unto you, before the earth shall pass away, Michael, mine archangel, shall sound his trump, and then shall all the dead awake, for the graves shall be opened, and they shall come forth, yea, even all; and the righteous shall be gathered on my right hand unto eternal life; and the wicked on my left hand will I be ashamed to own before the Father: wherefore I will say unto them, depart from me ye cursed into everlasting fire, prepared for the Devil

A fallen angel, or son of God, known by many names, including Lucifer, the devil, the father of lies, the prince of darkness, perdition, and the adversary. In the Bible, the Book of Mormon, and JS’s Bible revisions, Satan was described as a tempter of men...

View Glossary
and his angels. And now, behold I say unto you, never, at any time, have I declared from mine own mouth, that they should return, for where I am they can not come, for they have no power; but remember, that all my judgments are not given unto men, and as the words have gone forth out of my mouth, even so shall they be fulfilled, that the first shall be last, and that the last shall be first in all things, whatsoever I have created by the word of my power, which is the power of my spirit, for by the power of my spirit created I them, yea, all things both spiritual and temporal; firstly spiritual, secondly temporal, which is the beginning of my work: and again, firstly temporal, and secondly spiritual, which is the last of my work, speaking unto you that ye may naturally understand, but unto myself my work hath no end, neither beginning; but it is given unto you, that ye may understand, because ye have asked it of me, and are agreed: wherefore, verily I say unto you, that all things unto me are spiritual, and not at any time have I given unto you a law which was temporal, neither any man, nor the children of men; neither Adam your father, whom I created; behold I gave unto him that he should be an agent unto himsilf; and I gave unto him a commandment, but no temporal commandment gave I unto him, for my commandments are spiritual; they are not natural, nor temporal, neither carnal nor sensual; and it came to pass, that Adam, being tempted of the Devil, for behold the Devil was before Adam, for he rebelled against me, saying, Give me thine honor, which is my power, and also a third part af the host of heaven turned he away from me because of their agency: and they were thrust down, and thus came the Devil and his angels; and behold, there is a place prepared for them from the beginning, which place is hell; & it must needs be that the Devil should tempt the children of men, or they could not be agents unto themselves, for if they never should have bitter, they could not know the sweet: Wherefore, it came to pass, that the Devil tempted Adam and he partook of the forbidden fruit, and transgressed the commandment, wherein he became subject to the will of the Devil, because he yielded unto temptation: wherefore, I the Lord God caused that he should be cast out from the garden of Eden, from my presence, because of his transgression; wherein he became spiritually dead, which is the first death, even that same death which, is the last death, which is spiritual, which shall be pronounced upon the wicked when I shall say, Depart ye cursed. But behold I say unto you, that I the Lord God gave unto Adam, and unto his seed, that they should not die as to the temporal death, until I the Lord God should send forth angels to declare unto them repentance and redemption through faith on the name of mine only begotton Son; aud thus did I the Lord God appoint unto man the days of his probation, that by his natural death he might be raised in immortality unto eternal life, even as many as would believe on my name, and they that believe not, unto eternal damnation, for they can not be redeemed from their spiritual fall, because they repent not, for they love darkness more than light, and their deads are evil, and they receive their wages of whom they list to obey. But behold, I say unto you, that little children are redeemed from the foundation of the world, through mine only begotton: Wherefore they can not sin, for power is not given to Satan to tempt little children until they begin to be accountable before me, for it is given unto them even as I will, according to mine own pleasure, that great things may be required at the hand of their fathers. And again, I say unto you, that whoso, having knowledge, have not I commanded to repent? and he that hath no understanding, it remaineth in me to do according as it is written. And now, behold, I declare no more unto you at this time. Amen.

Revelation, 30 October 1831 [D&C 65]

13

Revelation, 30 Oct. 1831, in “A Revelation on Prayer, Given October 30, 1831,” The Evening and the Morning Star, Sept. 1832, [2] [D&C 65]. This version reflects editing marks made in Revelation Book 1, indicating that the latter was used as a source text for the former.  


A REVELATION ON PRAYER, GIVEN OCTOBER 30, 1831.
HEARKEN, and lo, a voice as of one sent down from on high, who is mighty and powerful, whose going forth is unto the ends of the earth; yea, whose voice is unto men, Prepare ye the way of the Lord, make his paths strait. The keys of the kingdom of God, are committed unto man on the earth, and from thence shall the gospel roll forth unto the ends of the earth, as the stone which is hewn from the mountain without hands shall roll forth, until it has filled the whole earth; yea, a voice crying, Prepare ye the way of the Lord, prepare ye the supper of the Lamb, make ready for the bridegroom; pray unto the Lord; call upon his holy name; make known his wonderful works among the people; call upon the Lord; that his kingdom may go forth upon the earth; that the inhabitants thereof may receive it, and be prepared for the days to come, in the which the Son of man shall come down in heaven, clothed in the brightness of his glory, to meet the kingdom of God which is set up on the earth: Wherefore, may the kingdom of God go forth, that the kingdom of heaven may come, that thou O God may be glorified in heaven, so on earth, that thine enemies may be subdued; for thine is the honor, power and glory, forever and ever: Amen. [p. [2]]

September 1832 Issue

Revelation, September 1830–A [D&C 29]

Revelations.
12

Revelation, Sept. 1830–A, in “A Revelation, Given September, 1830,” The Evening and the Morning Star, Sept. 1832, [2] [D&C 29]. This version reflects editing marks made in Revelation Book 1, indicating that the latter was used as a source text for the former.  


A REVELATION, GIVEN SEPTEMBER, 1830.
LISTEN to the voice of Jesus Christ, your Redeemer, the great I am, whose  arm of mercy hath atoned for your sins; who will gather his people even as  a hen gathereth her chickens under her wings, even as many as will hearken to my  voice, and humble themselves before me, and call upon me in mighty prayer.—  Behold, verily, verily I say unto you at this time your sins are forgiven you; there fore ye receive these things; but remember to sin no more, lest perils shall come  upon you. Verily I say unto you, that ye are chosen out of the world to declare  my gospel with the sound of rejoicing, as with the voice of a trump: lift up your  hearts and be glad for I am in your midst, and am your advocate with the Father;  and it is his good will to give you the kingdom; and as it is written, Whatsoever  ye shall ask in faith, being united in prayer according to my command, ye shall re ceive; and ye are called to bring to pass the gathering of mine elect, for mine elect  hear my voice and harden not their hearts: Wherefore the decree hath gone forth  from the Father, that they shall be gathered in unto one place, upon the face of  this land, to prepare their hearts, and be prepared in all things, against the day  when tribulation and desolation are sent forth upon the wicked: for the hour is  nigh, and the day is soon at hand, when the earth will be ripe; and all the proud,  and they that do wickedly, shall be as stubble, and I will burn them up, saith the  Lord of hosts, that wickedness shall not be upon the earth; for the hour is nigh,  and that which was spoken by mine apostles must be fulfilled; for as they spoke  so shall it come to pass; for I will reveal myself from heaven with power and great  glory, with all the hosts thereof, and dwell in righteousness with men on earth a  thousand years, and the wicked shall not stand. And again, verily, verily I say  unto you, and it hath gone forth in a firm decree, by the will of the Father, that  mine apostles, the twelve which were with me in my ministry at Jerusalem, shall  stand at my right hand at the day of my coming in a pillar of fire, being clothed  with robes of righteousness, with crowns upon their heads, in glory even as I am,  to judge the whole house of Israel

Members of the church and the posterity of Jacob, or Israel, in the Old Testament. The people in the Book of Mormon were described in the text as a “remnant of the house of Israel,” descended from the Israelites of the Bible. JS revelations stated that the...

View Glossary
, even as many as have loved me and kept my  commandments

Generally, a divine mandate that church members were expected to obey; more specifically, a text dictated by JS in the first-person voice of Deity that served to communicate knowledge and instruction to JS and his followers. Occasionally, other inspired texts...

View Glossary
, and none else; for a trump shall sound both long and loud, even  as upon mount Sinai, and all the earth shall quake, and they shall come forth, yea,  even the dead which died in me, to receive a crown of righteousness, and to be  clothed upon, even as I am, to be with me, that we may be one. But behold, I say  unto you, that before this great day shall come, the sun shall be darkened, and the  moon shall be turned into blood, and the stars shall fall from heaven; and there  shall be great signs in the heavens above, and in the earth beneath; and there shall  be weeping and wailing among the inhabitants of the earth; and there shall be a  great hailstorm sent forth to destroy the crops of the earth: and it shall come to  pass, because of the wickedness of the world, that I will take vengeance upon the  wicked, for they will not repent: for the cup of mine indignation is full; for, behold  my blood shall not cleanse them if they repent not: wherefore, I will send forth  flies upon the face of the earth, which shall take hold of the inhabitants thereof, and  shall eat their flesh, and shall cause maggots to come in upon them, and their  tongues shall be stayed that they shall not utter against me, and their flesh shall  fall from off their bones, and their eyes from their sockets: and it shall come to  pass, that the beasts of the forests, and the fowls of the air, shall devour them up:  and that great and abominable church, which is the whore of all the earth, shall be  cast down by devouring fire, according as it was spoken by the mouth of Ezekiel  the prophet, which spoke of these things, which have not come to pass as yet, but  surely must, as I live, for abominations shall not reign.
And again, verily, verily I say unto you, that when the thousand years are end ed, and men again begin to deny their God, then will I spare the earth but for a  little season; and then the end shall come, and the heaven and the earth shall be  consumed, and pass away, and there shall be a new heaven and a new earth; for  all old things shall pass away, and all things become new, even the heaven and the  earth, and all the fulness thereof, both men and beasts; the fowls of the air, and  the fishes of the sea, and not one hair, neither moat, shall be lost, for it is the work manship of mine hand. But verily I say unto you, before the earth shall pass away,  Michael, mine archangel, shall sound his trump, and then shall all the dead awake,  for the graves shall be opened, and they shall come forth, yea, even all; and the  righteous shall be gathered on my right hand unto eternal life; and the wicked on  my left hand will I be ashamed to own before the Father: wherefore I will say un to them, depart from me ye cursed into everlasting fire, prepared for the Devil

A fallen angel, or son of God, known by many names, including Lucifer, the devil, the father of lies, the prince of darkness, perdition, and the adversary. In the Bible, the Book of Mormon, and JS’s Bible revisions, Satan was described as a tempter of men...

View Glossary
and  his angels. And now, behold I say unto you, never, at any time, have I declared  from mine own mouth, that they should return, for where I am they can not come,  for they have no power; but remember, that all my judgments are not given unto  men, and as the words have gone forth out of my mouth, even so shall they be ful filled, that the first shall be last, and that the last shall be first in all things, whatso ever I have created by the word of my power, which is the power of my spirit, for  by the power of my spirit created I them, yea, all things both spiritual and tempo ral; firstly spiritual, secondly temporal, which is the beginning of my work: and  again, firstly temporal, and secondly spiritual, which is the last of my work, speak ing unto you that ye may naturally understand, but unto myself my work hath no  end, neither beginning; but it is given unto you, that ye may understand, because  ye have asked it of me, and are agreed: wherefore, verily I say unto you, that all  things unto me are spiritual, and not at any time have I given unto you a law which  was temporal, neither any man, nor the children of men; neither Adam your father,  whom I created; behold I gave unto him that he should be an agent unto himsilf;  and I gave unto him a commandment, but no temporal commandment gave I unto  him, for my commandments are spiritual; they are not natural, nor temporal, nei ther carnal nor sensual; and it came to pass, that Adam, being tempted of the Dev il, for behold the Devil was before Adam, for he rebelled against me, saying, Give  me thine honor, which is my power, and also a third part af the host of heaven  turned he away from me because of their agency: and they were thrust down, and  thus came the Devil and his angels; and behold, there is a place prepared for them  from the beginning, which place is hell; & it must needs be that the Devil should  tempt the children of men, or they could not be agents unto themselves, for if they  never should have bitter, they could not know the sweet: Wherefore, it came to  pass, that the Devil tempted Adam and he partook of the forbidden fruit, and  transgressed the commandment, wherein he became subject to the will of the Devil,  because he yielded unto temptation: wherefore, I the Lord God caused that he  should be cast out from the garden of Eden, from my presence, because of his  transgression; wherein he became spiritually dead, which is the first death, even  that same death which, is the last death, which is spiritual, which shall be pro nounced upon the wicked when I shall say, Depart ye cursed. But behold I say  unto you, that I the Lord God gave unto Adam, and unto his seed, that they  should not die as to the temporal death, until I the Lord God should send forth an gels to declare unto them repentance and redemption through faith on the name of  mine only begotton Son; aud thus did I the Lord God appoint unto man the days  of his probation, that by his natural death he might be raised in immortality unto  eternal life, even as many as would believe on my name, and they that believe not,  unto eternal damnation, for they can not be redeemed from their spiritual fall, be cause they repent not, for they love darkness more than light, and their deads are  evil, and they receive their wages of whom they list to obey. But behold, I say  unto you, that little children are redeemed from the foundation of the world, through  mine only begotton: Wherefore they can not sin, for power is not given to Satan  to tempt little children until they begin to be accountable before me, for it is given  unto them even as I will, according to mine own pleasure, that great things may  be required at the hand of their fathers. And again, I say unto you, that whoso,  having knowledge, have not I commanded to repent? and he that hath no under standing, it remaineth in me to do according as it is written. And now, behold, I  declare no more unto you at this time. Amen.

Revelation, 30 October 1831 [D&C 65]

13

Revelation, 30 Oct. 1831, in “A Revelation on Prayer, Given October 30, 1831,” The Evening and the Morning Star, Sept. 1832, [2] [D&C 65]. This version reflects editing marks made in Revelation Book 1, indicating that the latter was used as a source text for the former.  


A REVELATION ON PRAYER, GIVEN OCTOBER 30, 1831.
HEARKEN, and lo, a voice as of one sent down from on high, who is mighty  and powerful, whose going forth is unto the ends of the earth; yea, whose  voice is unto men, Prepare ye the way of the Lord, make his paths strait. The  keys of the kingdom of God, are committed unto man on the earth, and from thence  shall the gospel roll forth unto the ends of the earth, as the stone which is hewn  from the mountain without hands shall roll forth, until it has filled the whole earth;  yea, a voice crying, Prepare ye the way of the Lord, prepare ye the supper of the  Lamb, make ready for the bridegroom; pray unto the Lord; call upon his holy  name; make known his wonderful works among the people; call upon the Lord;  that his kingdom may go forth upon the earth; that the inhabitants thereof may re ceive it, and be prepared for the days to come, in the which the Son of man shall  come down in heaven, clothed in the brightness of his glory, to meet the kingdom  of God which is set up on the earth: Wherefore, may the kingdom of God go  forth, that the kingdom of heaven may come, that thou O God may be glorified in  heaven, so on earth, that thine enemies may be subdued; for thine is the honor,  power and glory, forever and ever: Amen. [p. [2]]
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Soon after his baptism

An ordinance in which an individual is immersed in water for the remission of sins. The Book of Mormon explained that those with necessary authority were to baptize individuals who had repented of their sins. Baptized individuals also received the gift of...

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into the church in 1831, William W. Phelps

17 Feb. 1792–7 Mar. 1872. Writer, teacher, printer, newspaper editor, publisher, postmaster, lawyer. Born at Hanover, Morris Co., New Jersey. Son of Enon Phelps and Mehitabel Goldsmith. Moved to Homer, Cortland Co., New York, 1800. Married Sally Waterman,...

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was instructed by revelation to relocate to Independence

Located twelve miles from western Missouri border. Permanently settled, platted, and designated county seat, 1827. Hub for steamboat travel on Missouri River. Point of departure for Santa Fe Trail. Population in 1831 about 300. Mormon population by summer...

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, Missouri, “and be established as a printer unto the church.” Oliver Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

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, who had been previously appointed to work on church publications, was directed to assist him.1

Revelation, 20 July 1831, in Doctrine and Covenants 27:5, 1835 ed. [D&C 57:11, 13]; Revelation, 14 June 1831, in Doctrine and Covenants 68:2, 1835 ed. [D&C 55:4].  


In early 1832, Phelps and his associates in Independence began work on the church’s first newspaper, The Evening and the Morning Star. Because of the difficulty of getting paper and other supplies to Independence, however, months passed before the first issue of the newspaper was printed in June 1832.
The newspaper’s prospectus announced that it would, in part, “be devoted to the revelations of God as made known to his servants by the Holy Ghost

A right or privilege bestowed through the confirmation ordinance. Individuals were confirmed members of the church and received the gift of the Holy Ghost through the laying on of hands. The Book of Mormon explained that remission of sins requires not only...

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, at sundry times since the creation of man, but more especially in these last days.”2

William W. Phelps, The Evening and the Morning Star Prospectus, Evening and Morning Star, June 1832 (Jan. 1835), 1–2; Crawley, Descriptive Bibliography, 1:32.  


Though a small number of JS’s revelations appeared first in non-Mormon newspapers elsewhere,3

See, for example, Articles and Covenants, ca. Apr. 1830, and Revelations, 16 Apr. 1830 and ca. Aug. 1830, in “The Mormon Creed,” Painesville Telegraph, 19 Apr. 1831, [4] [D&C 20, 22, and 27:1–5, 14–15, 18]; Revelation, 7 Dec. 1830, in “Miscellaneous,” Painesville Telegraph, 17 Jan. 1832, [1] [D&C 35]; Revelation, 9 Feb. 1831, in “Secret Bye Laws of the Mormonites,” Painesville Telegraph, 13 Sept. 1831, [1] [D&C 42:1–69]; and Revelation, Sept. 1830–B, in Ezra Booth, “Mormonism—Nos. VIII–IX,” Ohio Star, 8 Dec. 1831, [1] [D&C 28].  


the Star was the first official periodical of the church to print them. As the church’s only periodical at the time, the Star also published counsel to church members, local and world news, editorials, hymns, and letters from missionaries. The Star regularly published general announcements to missionaries serving throughout the country and letters from church members in other states, evidencing that its circulation reached well beyond Independence

Located twelve miles from western Missouri border. Permanently settled, platted, and designated county seat, 1827. Hub for steamboat travel on Missouri River. Point of departure for Santa Fe Trail. Population in 1831 about 300. Mormon population by summer...

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.4

See, for example, Notice, The Evening and the Morning Star, Aug. 1832, [7]; “Letters,” The Evening and the Morning Star, Nov. 1832, [4]; “Extract” and “Letters,” The Evening and the Morning Star, Jan. 1833, [7]; and “Extracts of Letters from the Elders Abroad,” The Evening and the Morning Star, Feb. 1833, [5]–[6]. JS, in a November 1832 letter to Phelps, added ten new subscribers to the Star, nine from Guyandotte, Virginia (now West Virginia), and one from Wooster Township, Ohio. (JS, Kirtland, OH, to William W. Phelps, [Independence, MO], 27 Nov. 1832, in JS Letterbook 1, pp. 1–4.)  


The press owned by W. W. Phelps & Co.

The corporate name of the church’s printing establishment in Independence, Missouri. The company included church printer William W. Phelps and likely John Whitmer and Oliver Cowdery, who were appointed by the Literary Firm to assist Phelps in reviewing and...

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, which was operated under the direction of the Literary Firm

The branch of the United Firm responsible for church publications. In November 1831, a revelation appointed JS, Martin Harris, Oliver Cowdery, John Whitmer, Sidney Rigdon, and William W. Phelps as “stewards over the revelations & commandments.” In March 1832...

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, was the only press in Independence

Located twelve miles from western Missouri border. Permanently settled, platted, and designated county seat, 1827. Hub for steamboat travel on Missouri River. Point of departure for Santa Fe Trail. Population in 1831 about 300. Mormon population by summer...

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and indeed the only press for roughly one hundred miles.5

Notice, The Evening and the Morning Star, June 1832, [6].  


Reading material was scarce on the frontier, and it is likely that the town’s non-Mormon residents read the Star in addition to the Upper Missouri Advertiser, the secular paper Phelps

17 Feb. 1792–7 Mar. 1872. Writer, teacher, printer, newspaper editor, publisher, postmaster, lawyer. Born at Hanover, Morris Co., New Jersey. Son of Enon Phelps and Mehitabel Goldsmith. Moved to Homer, Cortland Co., New York, 1800. Married Sally Waterman,...

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published on the same press.6

The only known surviving copy of the Upper Missouri Advertiser—no. 3, dated 11 July 1832—is located at the American Antiquarian Society, Worcester, MA.  


In July 1833, when religious and political tensions between the Mormons and their neighbors had already created a tinderbox environment, an article titled “Free People of Color” appeared in The Evening and the Morning Star, quoting from Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

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statutes respecting the immigration of free persons of African descent. Many Missourians, largely sympathetic to the practice of slavery, interpreted the article as an attempt to invite free black people to settle in Missouri and were outraged.7

“Free People of Color,” The Evening and the Morning Star, July 1833, 109; “To His Excellency, Daniel Dunklin,” The Evening and the Morning Star, Dec. 1833, 114–115.  


Four days after the editors of The Evening and the Morning Star printed a broadside extra in an attempt to calm the situation by clarifying the message of the offending article,8

The Evening and the Morning Star, Extra, 16 July 1833, [1].  


a group of Missouri vigilantes destroyed the printing office

20 Jul. 1833

Vigilantes, demanding removal of Latter-day Saints from Jackson County, Missouri, destroyed printing office and tarred and feathered Edward Partridge and Charles Allen, Independence, Jackson County, Missouri; a few dozen copies of unfinished Book of Commandments...

and most of the sheets of the still-unfinished Book of Commandments.
The destruction of the printing office

JS revelations, dated 20 July and 1 Aug. 1831, directed establishment of LDS church’s first printing office in Independence, Missouri. Dedicated by Bishop Edward Partridge, 29 May 1832. Located on Lot 76, on Liberty Street just south of courthouse square....

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caused a six-month hiatus in the publication of the Star. In September 1833, F. G. Williams & Co.

A firm established by the United Firm on 11 September 1833 to print newspapers in Kirtland, Ohio. In December 1833, F. G. Williams & Co. resumed the interrupted printing of the church newspaper The Evening and the Morning Star. After the United Firm was reorganized...

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was established in Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

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, Ohio, for the purpose of printing church materials, and Oliver Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

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was sent to New York

Located in northeast region of U.S. Area settled by Dutch traders, 1620s; later governed by Britain, 1664–1776. Admitted to U.S. as state, 1788. Population in 1810 about 1,000,000; in 1820 about 1,400,000; in 1830 about 1,900,000; and in 1840 about 2,400,...

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to purchase a printing press and type. Upon his return, Cowdery resumed printing the Star in Kirtland from January until September 1834. Beginning in October 1834, the Latter Day Saints’ Messenger and Advocate succeeded the Star as the official church periodical.
Over the course of the Star’s fourteen-month run in Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

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, the paper printed nineteen full and seven partial revelation texts. Only two issues of the Missouri newspaper did not contain featured revelations: the April 1833 issue and the July 1833 issue, which was the final issue printed in Missouri. As in the Book of Commandments and the first edition of the Doctrine and Covenants (1835), little, if any, introduction or commentary accompanied the featured revelations. In addition to publishing the revelations as stand-alone pieces, The Evening and the Morning Star often published articles that quoted from the revelations—both from those printed as featured documents in the paper and from those that had not been published therein. Well before the Book of Commandments was expected to be completed, the editors of the Star advised readers to “search the revelations which we publish,” an admonition that presumed that the Latter-day Saints had access to earlier issues.9

“To the Honorable Men of the World,” The Evening and the Morning Star, Aug. 1832, [6].  


In fact, for Mormons in Independence

Located twelve miles from western Missouri border. Permanently settled, platted, and designated county seat, 1827. Hub for steamboat travel on Missouri River. Point of departure for Santa Fe Trail. Population in 1831 about 300. Mormon population by summer...

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, as well as those scattered around the country, the Star became the most accessible source for JS’s revelatory texts.
The revelations published in The Evening and the Morning Star appear to have been selected for their importance. Many of the published revelations addressed topics relating to church government, such as the roles of specific church officers,10

See, for example, Articles and Covenants, ca. Apr. 1830, in “The Articles and Covenants of the Church of Christ,” The Evening and the Morning Star, June 1832, [1], and June 1833, 97–98 [D&C 20]; Revelation, 1 Nov. 1831–A, in “A Revelation, Given November 1831,” The Evening and the Morning Star, Oct. 1832, [3] [D&C 68]; and Revelation, 4 Dec. 1831, in “A Revelation Given December 4, 1831,” The Evening and the Morning Star, Dec. 1832, [5]–[6] [D&C 72].  


the laws and commandments to be kept by church members,11

See, for example, Revelation, 9 and 23 Feb. 1831, in “Extract from the Laws for the Government of the Church of Christ” and “Items of Law for the Government of the Church of Christ,” The Evening and the Morning Star, July 1832, [1], and Oct. 1832, [2] [D&C 42:11–93].  


and the proper administration of the sacrament

Primarily referred to the sacrament of the Lord’s Supper, or Communion, as opposed to other religious sacraments. The “Articles and Covenants” of the church directed “that the church meet together often to partake of bread and wine in remembrance of the Lord...

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of the Lord’s Supper.12

See, for example, Revelation, ca. Aug. 1830, in “Revelations,” The Evening and the Morning Star, Mar. 1833, [6] [D&C 27].  


Other published revelations announced newly received theological principles13

See, for example, Vision, 16 Feb. 1832, in “A Vision,” The Evening and the Morning Star, July 1832, [2]–[3] [D&C 76].  


or looked forward to the second coming of Christ.14

See, for example, excerpt of Revelation, ca. 7 Mar. 1831, in “A Prophecy Given to the Church of Christ, March 7, 1831,” The Evening and the Morning Star, June 1832, [2] [D&C 45:1–67, 71].  


Revelations that were given to specific individuals providing counsel or commandment

Generally, a divine mandate that church members were expected to obey; more specifically, a text dictated by JS in the first-person voice of Deity that served to communicate knowledge and instruction to JS and his followers. Occasionally, other inspired texts...

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were not published.15

Revelations addressed to individuals were officially restricted “to the parties concerned” until they could be published in the Book of Commandments. (Minute Book 2, 30 Apr. 1832.)  


After the Star moved to Ohio

French explored area, 1669. British took possession following French and Indian War, 1763. Ceded to U.S., 1783. First permanent white settlement established, 1788. Northeastern portion maintained as part of Connecticut, 1786, and called Connecticut Western...

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, no revelations were included in the ten issues of the newspaper published there.
The table that follows lists each of the revelatory items printed in the Star and its reprint, along with its bibliographic information. See Revelations Printed in The Evening and the Morning Star for a side-by-side comparison of the revelations printed in the Star and its reprint.
Key to column titles
Vol:Issue:Volume and issue number
Star Print Date:Month in which the item was printed in The Evening and the Morning Star
Star Pages:Pages on which the item was printed in The Evening and the Morning Star
Reprint Print Date:Month in which the item was printed in Evening and Morning Star
Reprint Pages:Pages on which the item was printed in Evening and Morning Star
Date:Date of item, followed by section number in Doctrine and Covenants, 1981 edition, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
Vol: IssueStar Print DateStar PagesReprint Print DateReprint PagesDate
1:1June 1832[1]Jan. 18352–410 Apr. 1830 [D&C 20]
1:1June 1832[1]–[2]16 Apr. 1830 [D&C 22]
1:1June 1832[2]Jan. 18355–6ca. 7 Mar. 1831 [D&C 45:1–67, 71]
1:2July 1832[1]Feb. 183530–319 and 23 Feb. 1831 [D&C 42:11–77]
1:2July 1832[1]Feb. 183526–277 Aug. 1831 [D&C 59]
1:2July 1832[2]–[3]Feb. 183527–3016 Feb. 1832 [D&C 76]
1:3Aug. 1832[1]Mar. 183542–43ca. 8 Mar. 1831–A [D&C 46]
1:3Aug. 1832[1]Mar. 183543–449 May 1831 [D&C 50]
1:4Sept. 1832[2]Apr. 183560–62Sept. 1830–A [D&C 29]
1:4Sept. 1832[2]Apr. 18356230 Oct. 1831 [D&C 65]
1:5Oct. 1832[2]June 18357423 Feb. 1831 [D&C 42:78-93]
1:5Oct. 1832[2]–[3]June 183574Feb. 1831–A [D&C 43:15–35]
1:5Oct. 1832[3]June 183573–741 Nov. 1831–A [D&C 68]
1:6Nov. 1832[7]Sept. 183593–947 May 1831 [D&C 49]
1:7Dec. 1832[5]Apr. 1836105–10612 Aug. 1831 [D&C 61]
1:7Dec. 1832[5]–[6]Apr. 1836106–1074 Dec. 1831 [D&C 72]
1:8Jan. 1833[5]–[6]Apr. 1836125–1262 Jan. 1831 [D&C 38]
1:8Jan. 1833[6]Apr. 183612630 Apr. 1832 [D&C 83]
1:9Feb. 1833[5]May 183613827–28 Dec. 1832 [D&C 88:117–126]
1:9Feb. 1833[6]–[7]May 1836140–14130 Aug. 1831 [D&C 63:1–64]
1:10Mar. 1833[6]May 1836155ca. Aug. 1830 [D&C 27]
1:10Mar. 1833[6]May 1836155–1561 Nov. 1831–B [D&C 1]
1:10Mar. 1833[6]May 1836156–1573 Jan. 1833 [D&C 88:127–137]
1:12May 1833[1]–[2]June 1836177–1793 Nov. 1831 [D&C 133]
2:13June 183397–98June 1836193–19610 Apr. 1830 [D&C 20]

Facts