26061

Visions of Moses, June 1830 [Moses 1]

Images of this item © Community of Christ and licensed to the Joseph Smith Papers Project. Inquiries about high-resolution images of this item for scholarly use should be directed to the Community of Christ Library-Archives, Independence, Missouri.
& commanded saying I am the only begotten worship me And it came to pass that Moses began to fear exceedingly & as he began to fear he saw the bitterness of Hell Nevertheless calling upon God he received strength & he commanded saying Depart hence Satan for this one God only will I worship which is the God of glory & now Satan began to tremble & the Earth shook & Moses receiving strength called upon God saying In the name of Jesus Christ depart hence Satan And it came to pass that satan cried with a loud voice with weeping & wailing & gnashing of teeth & departed hence yea from the presence of Moses that he beheld him not And now of this thing Moses bore record but because of wickedness it is not had among the children of men And it came to pass that when Satan had departed from the presence of Moses he lifted up his eyes unto Heaven being filled with the Holy Ghost which beareth record of the Father & the Son & calling upon the name of God he beheld again his glory for it was upon him & he heard a voice saying Blessed art thou Moses for I the Almighty have chosen thee & thou shalt be made stronger than the many waters for they shall obey thy command even as if thou wert God & lo I am with you even to the end of thy days for thou shalt deliver my people from bondage even Israel my chosen And it came to pass as the voice was still speaking he cast his eyes & he beheld the Earth yea even all all the face of it & there was not a particle of it which he did not behold diserning it by the Spirit of God & he beheld also the inhabitants thereof & there was not a soul which he beheld not & he discerned them by the Spirit of God & their numbers were great even as numberless as the sand upon the sea shore & he beheld many lands & each land was called Earth & there were inhabitants upon the face thereof And it came to pass that Moses called upon God saying tell me I pray thee why these things are so & by what thou madest them & behold the glory of God was upon Moses that Moses stood in the presence of God & he talked with him face to face & the Lord God said unto Moses For mine own purpose have I made these things here is wisdom & it remaineth in me & by the word of my power have I created them which is mine only begotten Son full of grace & truth & worlds without number have I created & I also created them for mine own purpose & by the same I created them which is mine only begotten & the first man of all men have I called Adam which is many but only an account of this Earth & the inhabitants thereof give I unto you for behold there are many worlds which have passed away by the word of my power & there are many also which now stand & numberless are they unto man but all things are numbered unto me for they are mine & I know them And it came to pass that Moses spake unto the Lord saying Be merciful unto thy Servant O God & tell me concerning this Earth & the inhabitants thereof & also the Heavens & then thy Servant will be content [p. [2]]
& comma[n]ded saying I am the only begotten worship me And it came  to pass that Moses began to fear exceedingly & as he began to fear he  saw the bitterness of Hell Nevertheless calling upon God he received stren gth & he commanded saying Depart hence Satan for this one God only  will I worship which is the God of glory & now Satan began to tremble  & the Earth shook & Moses receiving strength called upon God saying  In the name of Jesus Christ depart hence Satan And it came to pass that  satan cried with a loud voice with weeping & wailing & gnashing of teeth  & departed hence yea from the presence of Moses that he beheld him not  And now of this thing <thing> Moses bore record but because of wickedness it is  not had among the children of men 6

TEXT: Different ink begins.  


And it came to pass that when  Satan had departed from the presence of Moses he lifted up his  eyes unto Heaven being filled with the Holy Ghost which beareth  record of the Father & the Son & calling upon the name of God he beheld  again his glory for it was upon him & he heard a voice saying Blessed  art thou Moses for I the Almighty have chosen thee & thou shalt  be made stronger than the many waters for they shall obey thy command  even as if thou wert God & lo I am with you even to the end of thy days  for thou shalt deliver my people from bondage even Israel my chose[n]  And it came to pass as the voice was still speaking he cast his eyes & h[e]  beheld the Earth yea even all all the face of it & there was not a particl[e]  of it which he did not behold diserning it by the Spirit of God & he be held also the inhabitants thereof & there was not a soul which he be[held]  not & he discerned them by the Spirit of God & their numbers were grea[t]  even as numberless as the sand upon the sea shore & he beheld many lands  & each land was called Earth & there were inhabitants upon the face there of And it came to pass that Moses called upon God saying tell me I pray  thee why these things are so & by what thou madest them & behold the glory  of God was upon Moses that Moses stood in the presence of God & he talk[ed]  with him face to face & the Lord God said unto Moses For mine own  purpose have I made these things here is wisdom & it remaineth in me  & by the word of my power have I created them which is mine only be gotten Son full of grace & truth & worlds without number have I cre ated & I also created them for mine own purpose & by the same I  created them which is mine only begotten & the first man of all men  have I called Adam which is many but only an account of this  Earth & the inhabitants thereof give I unto you for behold there are  many worlds which have passed away by the word of my power &  there are many also which now stand & numberless are they unto man bu[t]  all things are numbered unto me for they are mine & I know them  And it came to pass that Moses spake unto the Lord saying Be merciful  [u]nto thy Servant O God & tell me concerning this Earth & the inhabitan[ts]  [the]reof & also the H[eavens] & then thy Servant will be content [p. [2]]
PreviousNext
JS’s translation

To produce a text from one written in another language; in JS’s usage, most often through divine means. JS considered the ability to translate to be a gift of the spirit, like the gift of interpreting tongues. He recounted that he translated “reformed Egyptian...

View Glossary
and revision of ancient scripture formed a foundational part of his religious beliefs and teachings. His largest work of translation was the Book of Mormon, which he finished by July 1829. During the translation of the Book of Mormon he produced a text said to be the translation of a lost Johannine parchment1 and also dictated a revelation stating that there were additional “records which contain much of my gospel, which have been kept back because of the wickedness of the people” and that Oliver Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

View Full Bio
was to assist JS “in bringing to light” such scripture

The sacred, written word of God containing the “mind & will of the Lord” and “matters of divine revelation.” Members of the church considered the Bible, the Book of Mormon, and JS’s revelations to be scripture. Revelations in 1830 and 1831 directed JS to ...

View Glossary
.2

Revelation, Apr. 1829–A [D&C 6:26–27]; see also Revelation, Apr. 1829–B [D&C 8:1, 11].  


Book of Mormon passages also spoke of “plain and precious things” missing from the Bible and promised that these “plain and most precious parts of the Gospel of the Lamb” would be restored.3

Book of Mormon, 1830 ed., 30–31 [1 Nephi 13:28, 32].  


JS dictated these passages in the spring of 1829 and may have understood them as calling for a reexamination and new “translation” of the Bible, but even as late as March 1830, when the Book of Mormon was published, there are no indications in surviving records that JS planned another extensive translation project.
This June 1830 revelation began a new episode in JS’s involvement with ancient texts, becoming as it did the opening portion of a much larger Genesis-related manuscript.4

Images and a transcript of the full “Old Testament Manuscript 1” may be viewed here. The copy of the King James Bible that JS used for his revision work, which began in summer or fall 1830, was purchased in early October 1829. A notation on the flyleaf, in the handwriting of JS, reads: “The Book of the Jews and the property of Joseph Smith junior and Oliver Cowdery Bought October the 8th 1829 at E. B. Grandins Book Store Palmyra Wayne County New York Price $3.75 H[o]liness to the L[ord].” This Bible, an 1828 stereotype edition printed by H. and E. Phinney of Cooperstown, New York, is now in possession of the Community of Christ Library-Archives, Independence, MO.  


As JS and Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

View Full Bio
had with the Johannine parchment text, they likely saw the “Visions of Moses” as providing insight into a biblical figure and event; in this case, the revelation expands the view of Moses but also records narratives at best hinted at in biblical texts. As JS’s work on the Bible unfolded over the next several months, it became a revision and often an expansion of the King James Version of Genesis. Although it is unknown whether JS or Cowdery originally saw this revelation as the initial step of the larger project, which JS referred to as his “translation” of the Bible, the “Visions of Moses” and the texts that follow in the manuscript became an integral part of that nearly three-year endeavor.5

The translation was not a Bible translation in the conventional sense; rather, it was seen as an inspired revision that included the restoration by revelation of missing texts. In some instances, grammatical or other linguistic changes were made, but in other places modifications elaborated or clarified doctrine. By the time JS stopped working on the translation manuscripts in July 1833, he had revised more than three thousand verses and added phrases, verses, and occasionally even whole chapters to the Bible. He made his most extensive textual changes to Genesis. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints included the revelation featured here as “Visions of Moses” in its Pearl of Great Price, which was canonized in 1880. (Letter to Church Leaders in Jackson County, Missouri, 2 July 1833; see also Matthews, Plainer Translation, chap. 3; Howard, Restoration Scriptures, chaps. 4–6; and Faulring et al., Joseph Smith’s New Translation of the Bible.)  


The text is in the handwriting of Oliver Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

View Full Bio
and, similar to many of JS’s revelations in Revelation Book 1, bears a simple heading: “A Revelation given to Joseph the Revelator June 1830.”6

JS’s history, which attempted to place his revelations in chronological order, left this revelation out of the original draft of the history, but William W. Phelps inserted a copy of it after a lengthy description of JS’s arrest and acquittal in the first few days of July 1830. (JS History, vol. A-1, 48; see also JS History, vol. A-1, miscellaneous papers.)  


The heading did not identify the location. During June, JS possibly visited all three branches

An ecclesiastical organization of church members in a particular locale. A branch was generally smaller than a stake or a conference. Branches were also referred to as churches, as in “the Church of Shalersville.” In general, a branch was led by a presiding...

View Glossary
of the church (in Manchester

Settled 1793. Formed as Burt Township when divided from Farmington Township, 31 Mar. 1821. Name changed to Manchester, 16 Apr. 1822. Included village of Manchester. Population in 1825 about 2,700. Population in 1830 about 2,800. JS reported first vision of...

More Info
, Fayette

Located in northern part of county between Seneca and Cayuga lakes. Area settled, by 1790. Officially organized as Washington Township, 14 Mar. 1800. Name changed to Fayette, 6 Apr. 1808. Population in 1830 about 3,200. Population in 1840 about 3,700. Significant...

More Info
, and Colesville

Area settled, beginning 1785. Formed from Windsor Township, Apr. 1821. Population in 1830 about 2,400. Villages within township included Harpursville, Nineveh, and Colesville. Susquehanna River ran through eastern portion of township. JS worked for Joseph...

More Info
, New York)7

See Historical Introduction to Revelation, July 1830–A [D&C 24]. JS was in Fayette, New York, on 9 June 1830, at the first conference of the church. By the end of June he was in the Colesville, New York, area, at South Bainbridge, where he was tried on charges of being a disorderly person. (Minutes, 9 June 1830; Knight, Autobiographical Sketch, 2; “Mormonism,” Morning Star, 16 Nov. 1832, 114; JS History, vol. A-1, 44–47.)  


and may also have returned to his home in Harmony

Located in northeastern Pennsylvania. Area settled, by 1787. Organized 1809. Population in 1830 about 340. Population in 1840 about 520. Contained Harmony village (no longer in existence). Josiah Stowell hired JS to help look for treasure in area, Oct. 1825...

More Info
, Pennsylvania, making it difficult to identify where the text was produced.

Facts