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Revelations printed in Evening and Morning Star, January 1835–June 1836

Revelations printed in Evening and Morning Star, January 1835–June 1836

July 1832 (February 1835) Issue

Revelation, 7 August 1831 [D&C 59]

REVELATIONS.
COMMANDMENT

Generally, a divine mandate that church members were expected to obey; more specifically, a text dictated by JS in the first-person voice of deity that served to communicate knowledge and instruction to JS and his followers. Occasionally, other inspired texts...

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FOR KEEPING THE SABBATH,
-[Given August 7, 1831.]-
Behold, saith the Lord, blessed are they who have come up unto this land with an eye single to my glory, according to my commandments; for they that live, and walk in them, faithfully, shall inherit the earth when it is prepared for them; and when they die they shall rest from all their labors and their works shall follow them: and they shall receive a crown in the mansions of my Father which I have prepared. Yea, blessed are they whose feet stand upon the land of Zion

A specific location in Missouri; also a literal or figurative gathering of believers in Christ, characterized by adherence to ideals of harmony, equality, and purity. In JS’s earliest revelations “the cause of Zion” was used to broadly describe the focus ...

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, who have obeyed my gospel; for they shall receive for their reward the good things of the earth, and it shall bring forth in its strength for them: and they shall also be crowned with blessings from above, yea, and with commandments not a few, and with revelations in their time—they who are faithful and diligent before me. Wherefore I give unto them a commandment, saying, thus:
Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, with all thy might mind and strength, and in the name of Jesus Christ thou shalt serve him.— Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself. Thou shall not steal, neither commit adultery, nor kill, nor do any thing like unto it. Thou shalt thank the Lord thy God in all things. Thou shalt offer a sacrifice unto the Lord thy God in righteousness; even that of a broken heart and a contrite spirit. And that thou mayest more fully keep thyself unspotted from the world, thou shalt go to the house of prayer and offer up thy sacraments upon my holy day; for verily, this is a day appointed unto thee to rest from thy labors, and to pay thy devotions unto the Most High. Nevertheless, thy vows should be offered up in righteousness on all days, and at all times; but remember, that on this, the Lord’s day, thou shalt offer thine oblations and thy sacraments unto the Most High, confessing thy sins unto thy brethren and before the Lord; and on this day thou shalt do none other work, only let thy food be prepared with singleness of heart, that thy fasting may be perfect, or in other words, that thy joy may be full; for verily, this is fasting and prayer; or, in other words, rejoicing and prayer. And inasmuch as ye do these things with thanksgiving, with cheerful hearts and countenances—not with much laughter for this is sin—but with a glad heart and a cheerful countenance: verily I say unto you, that inasmuch as ye do this, the fulness of the earth is yours; the beasts of the field, and the fowls of the air, and that which climbeth upon the trees, and walketh upon the earth, yea, and the herb, and the good things which come forth of the earth, whether for food or raiment, or houses, or barns, or orchards, or gardens, or vineyards; yea, all things which come forth of the earth, in the season thereof, are made for the benefit and the use of man, both to please the eye and to gladden the heart; yea, for food and raiment, for taste and smell, to strengthen the body, and to enliven the soul; and it pleases God that he has given all these things unto man; for unto this end were they made, to be used with judgment, not to excess, neither by extortion: and in nothing does man offend God, or against none is his wrath kindled save those who confess not his hand in all things, and obey not his commandments. Behold this is according to the law and the prophets.— [p. 26]

July 1832 (February 1835) Issue

Revelation, 7 August 1831 [D&C 59]

REVELATIONS.
4

Revelation, 7 Aug. 1831, in “Commandment for Keeping the Sabbath,” Evening and Morning Star, July 1832 (Feb. 1835), 26–27 [D&C 59]. This version corresponds to the version in The Evening and the Morning Star, indicating that the latter was used as a source text for the former.  


COMMANDMENT

Generally, a divine mandate that church members were expected to obey; more specifically, a text dictated by JS in the first-person voice of deity that served to communicate knowledge and instruction to JS and his followers. Occasionally, other inspired texts...

View Glossary
FOR KEEPING  THE SABBATH,
-[Given August 7, 1831.]-
Behold, saith the Lord, blessed are  they who have come up unto this land  with an eye single to my glory, accor ding to my commandments; for they  that live, and walk in them, faithfully,  shall inherit the earth when it is pre pared for them; and when they die they  shall rest from all their labors and their  works shall follow them: and they shall  receive a crown in the mansions of my  Father which I have prepared. Yea,  blessed are they whose feet stand upon  the land of Zion

A specific location in Missouri; also a literal or figurative gathering of believers in Christ, characterized by adherence to ideals of harmony, equality, and purity. In JS’s earliest revelations “the cause of Zion” was used to broadly describe the focus ...

View Glossary
, who have obeyed my  gospel; for they shall receive for their  reward the good things of the earth,  and it shall bring forth in its strength  for them: and they shall also be crown ed with blessings from above, yea, and  with commandments not a few, and  with revelations in their time—they  who are faithful and diligent before  me. Wherefore I give unto them a  commandment, saying, thus:
Thou shalt love the Lord thy God  with all thy heart, with all thy might  mind and strength, and in the name of  Jesus Christ thou shalt serve him.—  Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself.  Thou shall not steal, neither commit  adultery, nor kill, nor do any thing like  unto it. Thou shalt thank the Lord  thy God in all things. Thou shalt offer  a sacrifice unto the Lord thy God in  righteousness; even that of a broken  heart and a contrite spirit. And that  thou mayest more fully keep thyself  unspotted from the world, thou shalt  go to the house of prayer and offer up  thy sacraments upon my holy day; for  verily, this is a day appointed unto thee  to rest from thy labors, and to pay thy  devotions unto the Most High. Nev ertheless, thy vows should be offered  up in righteousness on all days, and at  all times; but remember, that on this,  the Lord’s day, thou shalt offer thine  oblations and thy sacraments unto the  Most High, confessing thy sins unto  thy brethren and before the Lord; and  on this day thou shalt do none other  work, only let thy food be prepared  with singleness of heart, that thy fast ing may be perfect, or in other words,  that thy joy may be full; for verily, this  is fasting and prayer; or, in other words,  rejoicing and prayer. And inasmuch  as ye do these things with thanksgiv ing, with cheerful hearts and counte nances—not with much laughter for this  is sin—but with a glad heart and a  cheerful countenance: verily I say un to you, that inasmuch as ye do this,  the fulness of the earth is yours; the  beasts of the field, and the fowls of the  air, and that which climbeth upon the  trees, and walketh upon the earth, yea,  and the herb, and the good things  which come forth of the earth, wheth er for food or raiment, or houses, or  barns, or orchards, or gardens, or vine yards; yea, all things which come forth  of the earth, in the season thereof, are  made for the benefit and the use of  man, both to please the eye and to  gladden the heart; yea, for food and  raiment, for taste and smell, to strength en the body, and to enliven the soul;  and it pleases God that he has given  all these things unto man; for unto this  end were they made, to be used with  judgment, not to excess, neither by ex tortion: and in nothing does man offend  God, or against none is his wrath kin dled save those who confess not his  hand in all things, and obey not his  commandments. Behold this is accor ding to the law and the prophets.— [p. 26]
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In December 1833, six months after the printing office

JS revelations, dated 20 July and 1 Aug. 1831, directed establishment of LDS church’s first printing office in Independence, Missouri. Dedicated by Bishop Edward Partridge, 29 May 1832. Located on Lot 76, on Liberty Street just south of courthouse square....

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in Independence

Located twelve miles from western Missouri border. Permanently settled, platted, and designated county seat, 1827. Hub for steamboat travel on Missouri River. Point of departure for Santa Fe Trail. Population in 1831 about 300. Mormon population by summer...

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, Missouri, was destroyed

20 Jul. 1833

Vigilantes, demanding removal of Latter-day Saints from Jackson County, Missouri, destroyed printing office and tarred and feathered Edward Partridge and Charles Allen, Independence, Jackson County, Missouri; a few dozen copies of unfinished Book of Commandments...

and publication efforts there were permanently halted, printing commenced on a newly acquired press in Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

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, Ohio. That press, operated by F. G. Williams & Co.

After the destruction of the church printing office in Missouri in 1833, the United Firm formed F. G. Williams & Co. as a commercial entity in Kirtland, Ohio, with publishing as its primary purpose. Following the dissolution of the United Firm in 1834, F....

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, continued printing The Evening and the Morning Star, the newspaper begun in Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

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, through September 1834. The September 1834 issue of that paper contained a prospectus announcing that the paper’s two volumes would be reprinted.1

“Prospectus,” The Evening and the Morning Star, Sept. 1834, 192.  


The first issue of the reprinted newspaper, which appeared under the slightly modified title Evening and Morning Star, was published in January 1835.2

The title that appears in the newspaper’s nameplate was likely shortened because of a reduction in the newspaper’s size. The longer original title, The Evening and the Morning Star, is printed at the middle and end of each issue with other publication information. For the sake of clarity, the reprinted paper is referred to by its shortened title for all references in The Joseph Smith Papers.  


Though touted as a reprint that would correct typographical and other errors,3

“Prospectus,” The Evening and the Morning Star, Sept. 1834, 192.  


Evening and Morning Star actually contained significant changes to the revelation texts. In the first issue, editor Oliver Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

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explained the revisions he was making in the reprinted versions of the revelations:
On the revelations we merely say, that we were not a little surprised to find the previous print so different from the original. We have given them a careful comparison, assisted by individuals whose known integrity and ability is uncensurable. Thus saying we cast no reflections upon those who were entrusted with the responsibility of publishing them in Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

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, as our own labors were included in that important service to the church, and it was our unceasing endeavor to have them correspond with the copy furnished us. We believe they are now correct. If not in every word, at least in principle.4

Notice, Evening and Morning Star, June 1832 (Jan. 1835), 16. The prospectus to Evening and Morning Star also states “that in the first 14 numbers, in the Revelations, are many errors, typographical, and others, occasioned by transcribing manuscript; but as we shall have access to originals, we shall endeavor to make proper corrections.” (“Prospectus,” The Evening and the Morning Star, Sept. 1834, 192.)  


Despite the implications of Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

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’s statement, very few of the changes in the reprint represent a restoration back to the earliest text, though Cowdery consulted early manuscript sources when reprinting some of the revelations.5

On 4 February 1835, Cowdery wrote to Newel K. Whitney requesting that the latter send “the original copy of the Revelation given to 12 elders Feb. 1831 called ‘The Law of the Church.’” Cowdery explained, “We are preparing the old Star for re-printing, and have no copy from which to correct, and kno[w] of no other beside yours.” (Oliver Cowdery, Kirtland, OH, to Newel K. Whitney, 4 Feb. 1835, Newel K. Whitney, Papers, BYU.)  


Because the revelations were meant to be used as a guide for the current operations of the church, they were edited in 1835 to reflect current organization, doctrine, and practice, which had continued to develop since the revelations were first dictated. For example, the version of a 9 February 1831 revelation printed in Evening and Morning Star includes discussion of the duties of elders, priests, teachers, bishops, high priests, and the high council.6

Revelation, 9 Feb. 1831, in “Extract of Covenants for the Church of the Latter Day Saints,” Evening and Morning Star, July 1832 (Feb. 1835), 30–31 [D&C 42].  


Early versions of the revelation, however, make no mention of the office of high priest, which did not exist until June 1831,7

See Minute Book 2, 3 June 1831.  


or of the high council, a body that was not organized until February 1834.8

Minute Book 1, 17 Feb. 1834; see also Minutes, 17 Feb. 1834, in Doctrine and Covenants 5, 1835 ed. [D&C 102].  


The revelation was revised in 1835 to reflect these additional roles. Most of the changes made to revelations in the early issues of Evening and Morning Star are also reflected in the same revelations as published in the first edition of the Doctrine and Covenants (1835), and the editing work on that volume, in turn, influenced the presentation of revelations in later issues of Evening and Morning Star.9

For example, the updates made in Revelation, 9 February 1831, for publication in Evening and Morning Star were then introduced into Doctrine and Covenants 13:8, 10, 19, 1835 ed. [D&C 42:31, 34, 71].  


The table that follows lists each of the revelatory items printed in the Star and its reprint, along with its bibliographic information. See Revelations Printed in The Evening and the Morning Star for a side-by-side comparison of the revelations printed in the Star and its reprint.
Key to column titles
Vol:Issue:Volume and issue number
Star Print Date:Month in which the item was printed in The Evening and the Morning Star
Star Pages:Pages on which the item was printed in The Evening and the Morning Star
Reprint Print Date:Month in which the item was printed in Evening and Morning Star
Reprint Pages:Pages on which the item was printed in Evening and Morning Star
Date:Date of item, followed by section number in Doctrine and Covenants, 1981 edition, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
Vol: IssueStar Print DateStar PagesReprint Print DateReprint PagesDate
1:1June 1832[1]Jan. 18352–410 Apr. 1830 [D&C 20]
1:1June 1832[1]–[2]16 Apr. 1830 [D&C 22]
1:1June 1832[2]Jan. 18355–6ca. 7 Mar. 1831 [D&C 45:1–67, 71]
1:2July 1832[1]Feb. 183530–319 and 23 Feb. 1831 [D&C 42:11–77]
1:2July 1832[1]Feb. 183526–277 Aug. 1831 [D&C 59]
1:2July 1832[2]–[3]Feb. 183527–3016 Feb. 1832 [D&C 76]
1:3Aug. 1832[1]Mar. 183542–43ca. 8 Mar. 1831–A [D&C 46]
1:3Aug. 1832[1]Mar. 183543–449 May 1831 [D&C 50]
1:4Sept. 1832[2]Apr. 183560–62Sept. 1830–A [D&C 29]
1:4Sept. 1832[2]Apr. 18356230 Oct. 1831 [D&C 65]
1:5Oct. 1832[2]June 18357423 Feb. 1831 [D&C 42:78-93]
1:5Oct. 1832[2]–[3]June 183574Feb. 1831–A [D&C 43:15–35]
1:5Oct. 1832[3]June 183573–741 Nov. 1831–A [D&C 68]
1:6Nov. 1832[7]Sept. 183593–947 May 1831 [D&C 49]
1:7Dec. 1832[5]Apr. 1836105–10612 Aug. 1831 [D&C 61]
1:7Dec. 1832[5]–[6]Apr. 1836106–1074 Dec. 1831 [D&C 72]
1:8Jan. 1833[5]–[6]Apr. 1836125–1262 Jan. 1831 [D&C 38]
1:8Jan. 1833[6]Apr. 183612630 Apr. 1832 [D&C 83]
1:9Feb. 1833[5]May 183613827–28 Dec. 1832 [D&C 88:117–126]
1:9Feb. 1833[6]–[7]May 1836140–14130 Aug. 1831 [D&C 63:1–64]
1:10Mar. 1833[6]May 1836155ca. Aug. 1830 [D&C 27]
1:10Mar. 1833[6]May 1836155–1561 Nov. 1831–B [D&C 1]
1:10Mar. 1833[6]May 1836156–1573 Jan. 1833 [D&C 88:127–137]
1:12May 1833[1]–[2]June 1836177–1793 Nov. 1831 [D&C 133]
2:13June 183397–98June 1836193–19610 Apr. 1830 [D&C 20]

Facts