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History, 1838–1856, volume C-1 [2 November 1838–31 July 1842]

1 October 1841 • Friday

October 1 Friday October 1. 1841. Among the interesting relics of antiquity which have been brought to light’ in these days, is the following sentence from the “Courier des Etats Unis
“Sentence rendered by Pontius Pilate, acting Governor of Lower Galilee stating that Jesus of Nazareth shall suffer death on the Cross— In the year seventeen of the Emperor Tiberius Caesar and the 25th. day of March, the city of the Holy Jerusalem, Anna and Caiaphas being Priests, sacrificators of the People of God. Pontius Pilate Governor of Lower Galilee, sitting on the Presidential Chair of the Praetory, condemns Jesus of Nazareth to die on the cross between two thieves— the great and notorious evidence of the people saying: 1 Jesus is a Seducer; 2 he is seditious. 3 He is an enemy of the law. 4 He calls himself falsely the Son of God. 5 He calls himself falsely the King of Israel. 6 He entered into the Temple, followed by a multitude bearing palm branches in their hands. Order the first Centurion, Quillus Cornelius to lead him to the place of execution— Forbid to any person whomsoever either poor or rich, to oppose the death of Jesus. The witnesses who signed the condemnation of Jesus are, viz. 1 Daniel Robani; 2 Raphael Robani; 3 Capet; a Citizen. Jesus shall go out of the City of Jerusalem by the Gate of Struenus.” The above sentence is engraved on a copper plate; on one side are written these words:— “A similar plate is sent to each tribe,” it was found in an antique vase of white marble, while excavating in the ancient City of Aquila, in the Kingdom of Naples in the year 1820, and was discovered by the Commissaries of Arts attached to the French Armies. At the expedition of Naples, it was found enclosed in a box of Ebony, in the Sacristy of the Chartrem. The vase in the Chapel of Caserta. The French translation was made by the members of the Commission of Arts. The original is in the Hebrew Language. The Chartrem requested earnestly that the Plate should not be taken away from them. The request was granted, as a reward for the Sacrifice they had made for the army. M. Denon, one of the Savans, caused a plate to be made of the same model, on which he had engraved the above sentence. At the sale of his collection of antiquities &c it was bought by Lord Howard for 2,890 francs. Its intrinsic value and interest are much greater. A few years ago there was found at Catskill in New York

Located in northeast region of U.S. Area settled by Dutch traders, 1620s; later governed by Britain, 1664–1776. Admitted to U.S. as state, 1788. Population in 1810 about 1,000,000; in 1820 about 1,400,000; in 1830 about 1,900,000; and in 1840 about 2,400,...

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, a “shekel of Israel,” of the time of our Savior. On one side was the representation of a palm leaf, on the other, a picture of the Temple with the words underneath, “Holy Jerusalem,” in the Hebrew Tongue—”
Relics like these, properly authenticated have about them an inexpressible sacredness.
George M. Hinkle

13 Nov. 1801–Nov. 1861. Merchant, physician, publisher, minister, farmer. Born in Jefferson Co., Kentucky. Son of Michael Hinkle and Nancy Higgins. Married first Sarah Ann Starkey. Baptized into LDS church, 1832. Moved to Far West, Caldwell Co., Missouri....

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who robbed my house in Far West

Originally called Shoal Creek. Located fifty-five miles northeast of Independence. Surveyed 1823; first settled by whites, 1831. Site purchased, 8 Aug. 1836, before Caldwell Co. was organized for Latter-day Saints in Missouri. William W. Phelps and John Whitmer...

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while I was in prison, passing down the River

Principal U.S. river running southward from Itasca Lake, Minnesota, to Gulf of Mexico. Covered 3,160-mile course, 1839 (now about 2,350 miles). Drains about 1,100,000 square miles. Steamboat travel on Mississippi very important in 1830s and 1840s for shipping...

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with a Flat boat, I commenced suit against him before the District Court now sitting, at Burlington

Located in southeastern Iowa on west bank of Mississippi River. Site selected for construction of fort, 1805. Area settled, ca. 1833, by Europeans. Laid out, 1834. Incorporated 1837. Designated capital of Wisconsin Territory, 1837; capital of Iowa Territory...

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, Iowa, I sent Elias Smith and George W. Gee to attend to the Suit, but Hinkle

13 Nov. 1801–Nov. 1861. Merchant, physician, publisher, minister, farmer. Born in Jefferson Co., Kentucky. Son of Michael Hinkle and Nancy Higgins. Married first Sarah Ann Starkey. Baptized into LDS church, 1832. Moved to Far West, Caldwell Co., Missouri....

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gave security and got it put off till Spring.
Day stormy and cold; a few assembled, but Conference did not organize
See addenda book page 19.

2 October 1841 • Saturday

2 Saturday 2. Conference met in the Grove

Before partial completion of Nauvoo temple, all large meetings were held outdoors in groves located near east and west sides of temple site. Had portable stands for speakers. JS referred to area as “temple stand” due to its location on brow of hill.

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— — — — — — — — —
The Presidency being absent laying the Corner Stone of the Nauvoo House

JS revelation, dated 19 Jan. 1841, instructed Saints to build boarding house for travelers and immigrants. Construction of planned three-story building to be funded by fifty-dollar shares. Cornerstone laid, 2 Oct. 1841, but building never completed beyond...

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, the meeting was called to order by President Brigham Young

1 June 1801–29 Aug. 1877. Carpenter, painter, glazier, colonizer. Born at Whitingham, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of John Young and Abigail (Nabby) Howe. Brought up in Methodist household; later joined Methodist church. Moved to Sherburne, Chenango Co., New...

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. The several quorums were organized and seated in order President Brigham Young

1 June 1801–29 Aug. 1877. Carpenter, painter, glazier, colonizer. Born at Whitingham, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of John Young and Abigail (Nabby) Howe. Brought up in Methodist household; later joined Methodist church. Moved to Sherburne, Chenango Co., New...

View Full Bio
opened conference by prayer. The Conference then made choice [p. 1227]

1 October 1841 • Friday

<October 1> Friday October 1. 1841. Among the interesting relics of antiquity which have  been brought to light’ in these days, is the following sentence from the “Courier des  Etats Unis
“Sentence rendered by Pontius Pilate, acting Governor of Lower Galilee  stating that Jesus of Nazareth shall suffer death on the Cross— In the year  seventeen of the Emperor Tiberius Caesar and the 25th. day of March, the city of the  Holy Jerusalem, Anna and Caiaphas being Priests, sacrificators of the People of God.  Pontius Pilate Governor of Lower Galilee, sitting on the Presidential Chair of the  Praetory, condemns Jesus of Nazareth to die on the cross between two thieves— the  great and notorious evidence of the people saying: 1 Jesus is a Seducer; 2 he  is seditious. 3 He is an enemy of the law. 4 He calls himself falsely  the Son of God. 5 He calls himself falsely the King of Israel. 6 He  entered into the Temple, followed by a multitude bearing palm branches  in their hands. Order the first Centurion, Quillus Cornelius to lead  him to the place of execution— Forbid to any person whomsoever either  poor or rich, to oppose the death of Jesus. The witnesses who signed the condemnation  of Jesus are, viz. 1 Daniel Robani; 2 Raphael Robani; 3 Capet; a Citizen. Jesus  shall go out of the City of Jerusalem by the Gate of Struenus.” The above sentence  is engraved on a copper plate; on one side are written these words:— “A similar plate  is sent to each tribe,” it was found in an antique vase of white marble, while  excavating in the ancient City of Aquila, in the Kingdom of Naples in the year  1820, and was discovered by the Commissaries of Arts attached to the French Armies.  At the expedition of Naples, it was found enclosed in a box of Ebony, in the Sacristy  of the Chartrem. The vase in the Chapel of Caserta. The French translation was  made by the members of the Commission of Arts. The original is in the Hebrew  Language. The Chartrem requested earnestly that the Plate should not be taken  away from them. The request was granted, as a reward for the Sacrifice  they had made for the army. M. Denon, one of the Savans, caused a plate  to be made of the same model, on which he had engraved the above sentence.  At the sale of his collection of antiquities &c it was bought by Lord  Howard for 2,890 francs. Its intrinsic value and interest are much  greater. A few years ago there was found at Catskill in New York

Located in northeast region of U.S. Area settled by Dutch traders, 1620s; later governed by Britain, 1664–1776. Admitted to U.S. as state, 1788. Population in 1810 about 1,000,000; in 1820 about 1,400,000; in 1830 about 1,900,000; and in 1840 about 2,400,...

More Info
, a  “shekel of Israel,” of the time of our Savior. On one side was the representation  of a palm leaf, on the other, a picture of the Temple with the words  underneath, “Holy Jerusalem,” in the Hebrew Tongue—”
Relics like these,  properly authenticated have about them an inexpressible sacredness.
<George M. Hinkle

13 Nov. 1801–Nov. 1861. Merchant, physician, publisher, minister, farmer. Born in Jefferson Co., Kentucky. Son of Michael Hinkle and Nancy Higgins. Married first Sarah Ann Starkey. Baptized into LDS church, 1832. Moved to Far West, Caldwell Co., Missouri....

View Full Bio
who robbed my house in Far West

Originally called Shoal Creek. Located fifty-five miles northeast of Independence. Surveyed 1823; first settled by whites, 1831. Site purchased, 8 Aug. 1836, before Caldwell Co. was organized for Latter-day Saints in Missouri. William W. Phelps and John Whitmer...

More Info
while I was in prison, passing down the River

Principal U.S. river running southward from Itasca Lake, Minnesota, to Gulf of Mexico. Covered 3,160-mile course, 1839 (now about 2,350 miles). Drains about 1,100,000 square miles. Steamboat travel on Mississippi very important in 1830s and 1840s for shipping...

More Info
with a Flat boat, I commenced suit against him before the District  Court now sitting, at Burlington

Located in southeastern Iowa on west bank of Mississippi River. Site selected for construction of fort, 1805. Area settled, ca. 1833, by Europeans. Laid out, 1834. Incorporated 1837. Designated capital of Wisconsin Territory, 1837; capital of Iowa Territory...

More Info
, Iowa, I sent Elias Smith and George W. Gee to attend to the Suit, but Hinkle

13 Nov. 1801–Nov. 1861. Merchant, physician, publisher, minister, farmer. Born in Jefferson Co., Kentucky. Son of Michael Hinkle and Nancy Higgins. Married first Sarah Ann Starkey. Baptized into LDS church, 1832. Moved to Far West, Caldwell Co., Missouri....

View Full Bio
gave security and got it put off till Spring.>
Minutes of a Conference of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints  held in Nauvoo

Principal gathering place for Saints following expulsion from Missouri. Beginning in 1839, LDS church purchased lands in earlier settlement of Commerce and planned settlement of Commerce City, as well as surrounding areas. Served as church headquarters, 1839...

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, Ill, commencing Octr. 1. 1841. Friday October 1 In  consequence of the inclemency of the weather, the congregation were  prevented from assembling; and conference, from business.
<Day stormy and cold; a few assembled, but Conference did not organize>
<See addenda book page 19.>

2 October 1841 • Saturday

<2> Saturday 2. Conference <met in the Grove

Before partial completion of Nauvoo temple, all large meetings were held outdoors in groves located near east and west sides of temple site. Had portable stands for speakers. JS referred to area as “temple stand” due to its location on brow of hill.

More Info
> — — — — — — — — —
The Presidency <being> absent laying the Corner Stone of the Nauvoo  House

JS revelation, dated 19 Jan. 1841, instructed Saints to build boarding house for travelers and immigrants. Construction of planned three-story building to be funded by fifty-dollar shares. Cornerstone laid, 2 Oct. 1841, but building never completed beyond...

More Info
, <the meeting was called to order by President B[righam] Young

1 June 1801–29 Aug. 1877. Carpenter, painter, glazier, colonizer. Born at Whitingham, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of John Young and Abigail (Nabby) Howe. Brought up in Methodist household; later joined Methodist church. Moved to Sherburne, Chenango Co., New...

View Full Bio
. The several quorums  were organized and seated in order> <President> Brigham Young

1 June 1801–29 Aug. 1877. Carpenter, painter, glazier, colonizer. Born at Whitingham, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of John Young and Abigail (Nabby) Howe. Brought up in Methodist household; later joined Methodist church. Moved to Sherburne, Chenango Co., New...

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opened <conference  by prayer.> The Conference then made choice [p. 1227]
PreviousNext
This document, volume C-1, is the third of six volumes of the “Manuscript History of the Church.” The collection was compiled over an eighteen-year span from 1838 to 1856 and covers the period from 23 December 1805 to 8 August 1844. The narrative in this volume commences on 2 November 1838 with JS and other church leaders being held prisoner by the “Governor

14 Dec. 1796–14 Mar. 1860. Bookkeeper, bank cashier, merchant, Indian agent and trader, lawyer, doctor, postmaster, politician. Born at Lexington, Fayette Co., Kentucky. Son of John M. Boggs and Martha Oliver. Served in War of 1812. Moved to St. Louis, ca...

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’s forces” at Far West

Originally called Shoal Creek. Located fifty-five miles northeast of Independence. Surveyed 1823; first settled by whites, 1831. Site purchased, 8 Aug. 1836, before Caldwell Co. was organized for Latter-day Saints in Missouri. William W. Phelps and John Whitmer...

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, Missouri, and concludes with the death of Bishop Vinson Knight

14 Mar. 1804–31 July 1842. Farmer, druggist, school warden. Born at Norwich, Hampshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of Rudolphus Knight and Rispah (Rizpah) Lee. Married Martha McBride, 14 Mar. 1826. Moved to Perrysburg, Cattaraugus Co., New York, by Mar. 1834....

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at Nauvoo

Principal gathering place for Saints following expulsion from Missouri. Beginning in 1839, LDS church purchased lands in earlier settlement of Commerce and planned settlement of Commerce City, as well as surrounding areas. Served as church headquarters, 1839...

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, Illinois, on 31 July 1842. For a more complete discussion of the entire six-volume work, see the general introduction to this history.
Volume C-1 was created beginning on or just after 24 February 1845 and its narrative completed on 3 May although work continued on the volume through 3 July of that year (Richards, Journal, 24 and 28 Feb. 1845; Historian’s Office, Journal, 3 May 1845; 3 and 4 July 1845). It is in the handwriting of Thomas Bullock and contains 512 pages of primary text, plus 24 pages of addenda. Additional addenda for this volume were created at a later date in a separate volume, and will appear in this collection as a separate document. Compilers Willard Richards

24 June 1804–11 Mar. 1854. Teacher, lecturer, doctor, clerk, printer, editor, postmaster. Born at Hopkinton, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Joseph Richards and Rhoda Howe. Moved to Richmond, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts, 1813. Moved to Chatham, Columbia...

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and Thomas Bullock drew heavily from JS’s letters, discourses, and diary entries; meeting minutes; church and other periodicals and journals; and reminiscences, recollections, and letters of church members and other contacts. At JS’s behest, they had maintained the first-person, chronological-narrative format established in previous volumes, as if JS were the author. Brigham Young

1 June 1801–29 Aug. 1877. Carpenter, painter, glazier, colonizer. Born at Whitingham, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of John Young and Abigail (Nabby) Howe. Brought up in Methodist household; later joined Methodist church. Moved to Sherburne, Chenango Co., New...

View Full Bio
, Heber C. Kimball

14 June 1801–22 June 1868. Blacksmith, potter. Born at Sheldon, Franklin Co., Vermont. Son of Solomon Farnham Kimball and Anna Spaulding. Married Vilate Murray, 22 Nov. 1822, at Mendon, Monroe Co., New York. Member of Baptist church at Mendon, 1831. Baptized...

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, George A. Smith

26 June 1817–1 Sept. 1875. Born at Potsdam, St. Lawrence Co., New York. Son of John Smith and Clarissa Lyman. Baptized into LDS church by Joseph H. Wakefield, 10 Sept. 1832, at Potsdam. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, 1833. Labored on Kirtland temple...

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, and others reviewed and modified the manuscript prior to its eventual publication in the Salt Lake City newspaper Deseret News.
The historical narrative recorded in volume C-1 continued the account of JS’s life as prophet and president of the church. Critical events occurring within the forty-five-month period of this volume include the Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

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Mormon War; subsequent legal trials of church leaders; expulsion of the Saints from Missouri; missionary efforts in England by the Twelve

Members of a governing body in the church, with special administrative and proselytizing responsibilities. A June 1829 revelation commanded Oliver Cowdery and David Whitmer to call twelve disciples, similar to the twelve apostles in the New Testament and ...

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and others; attempts by JS to obtain federal redress for the Missouri depredations; publication of the LDS Millennial Star in England; the migration of English converts to America; missionary efforts in other nations; the death of church patriarch Joseph Smith Sr.

12 July 1771–14 Sept. 1840. Cooper, farmer, teacher, merchant. Born at Topsfield, Essex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Asael Smith and Mary Duty. Nominal member of Congregationalist church at Topsfield. Married to Lucy Mack by Seth Austin, 24 Jan. 1796, at Tunbridge...

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; the establishment of the Nauvoo

Principal gathering place for Saints following expulsion from Missouri. Beginning in 1839, LDS church purchased lands in earlier settlement of Commerce and planned settlement of Commerce City, as well as surrounding areas. Served as church headquarters, 1839...

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city charter; the commencement of construction of the Nauvoo temple

JS revelation, dated Jan. 1841, commanded Saints to build temple and hotel (Nauvoo House). Cornerstone laid, 6 Apr. 1841. Saints volunteered labor, money, and other resources for temple construction. Construction directed by committee, which included Reynolds...

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; the Wisconsin “pinery”

Also known as pinery. Area near Black River where lumbering operation was established to provide timber for construction of Nauvoo temple, Nauvoo House, and other public buildings. Four mills established on Black River, ca. Sept. 1841: three near Black River...

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expedition that facilitated temple construction; the introduction of the doctrine of proxy baptism for deceased persons; the dedicatory prayer by Orson Hyde

8 Jan. 1805–28 Nov. 1878. Laborer, clerk, storekeeper, teacher, editor, businessman, lawyer, judge. Born at Oxford, New Haven Co., Connecticut. Son of Nathan Hyde and Sally Thorpe. Moved to Derby, New Haven Co., 1812. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, ...

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on the Mount of Olives in Palestine; publication of the “Book of Abraham” in the Nauvoo Times and Seasons; publication of the JS history often referred to as the “Wentworth letter;” the organization of the Female Relief Society of Nauvoo; and the inception of Nauvoo-era temple endowment ceremonies.

Facts