2476222

Revelation, between circa 8 and circa 24 March 1832

Verily thus saith the Lord unto you my servent Sidney Rigdon

19 Feb. 1793–14 July 1876. Tanner, farmer, minister. Born at St. Clair, Allegheny Co., Pennsylvania. Son of William Rigdon and Nancy Gallaher. Joined United Baptists, ca. 1818. Preached at Warren, Trumbull Co., Ohio, and vicinity, 1819–1821. Married Phebe...

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and Joseph I reveal unto you for your own prophet profit and instruction concerning the Bishops

An ecclesiastical and priesthood office. JS appointed Edward Partridge as the first bishop in February 1831. Following this appointment, Partridge functioned as the local leader of the church in Missouri. Later revelations described a bishop’s duties as receiving...

View Glossary
of my church

The Book of Mormon related that when Christ set up his church in the Americas, “they which were baptized in the name of Jesus, were called the church of Christ.” The first name used to denote the church JS organized on 6 April 1830 was “the Church of Christ...

View Glossary
what is their duty in the church behold it is their duty to stand in the office of their Bishoprick

Initially referred to a bishop’s ecclesiastical jurisdiction, but eventually described the ecclesiastical body comprising the bishop and his assistants, or counselors. John Corrill and Isaac Morley were called as assistants to Bishop Edward Partridge in 1831...

View Glossary
and to fill the judgement seat1

See Revelation, 1 Aug. 1831 [D&C 58:14–18].  


which I have appointed unto them to administer the benefits of the church or the overpluss of all who are in their stewardships

One who managed property and goods under the law of consecration; also someone given a specific ecclesiastical responsibility. According to the “Laws of the Church of Christ,” members of the church were to make donations to the bishop, who would record the...

View Glossary
according to the Commandments

Generally, a divine mandate that church members were expected to obey; more specifically, a text dictated by JS in the first-person voice of Deity that served to communicate knowledge and instruction to JS and his followers. Occasionally, other inspired texts...

View Glossary
2

The process of consecrating property and receiving back a stewardship was explained in a February 1831 revelation known as the “Laws of the Church of Christ.” In addition, a November 1831 revelation instructed that those who had been appointed “stewards over the revelations” should be supported from “the profits” of their stewardship. If any surplus remained after taking care of their necessities, it was to be deposited into the church storehouse. (Revelation, 9 Feb. 1831 [D&C 42:30–38, 71–72]; Revelation, 12 Nov. 1831 [D&C 70:3–8].)  


as they are severly appointed and the property or that which they receive of the church is not their own but belongeth to the church wherefore it is the property of the Lord and it is for the poor of the church to be administered according to the law3

That is, the “Laws of the Church of Christ.”  


for it is the will of the Lord that the church should be made equal in all things wherefore the bishops are accountable before the Lord for their stewardships to administer of their stewardship in the which they are appointed by commandment jointly with you my servents4

A 1 March 1832 revelation stated that the “time [had] come” for the church to organize its “Literary and Merchantile establishments” into “a perminent and everlasting establishment and firm.” When this firm was organized in April 1832, a revelation declared that those in the firm (among whom were Bishop Edward Partridge, Bishop Newel K. Whitney, JS, Rigdon, and others) were “bound together . . . in your several Stewartships to manage the literary & Mercantile concerns & the Bishoprick both in the Land of Zion & in the Land of Kirtland.” (Revelation, 1 Mar. 1832 [D&C 78:3–4, 9]; Revelation, 26 Apr. 1832 [D&C 82:11–12].)  


unto the Lord as well as you my servents or the rest of the church that the benefits of all may be dedicated unto the Lord that the Lords storehouse

Both a literal and a figurative repository for goods and land donated to the church. The book of Malachi directed the house of Israel to bring “all the tithes into the storehouse, that there may be meat in mine house.” In JS’s revision of the Old Testament...

View Glossary
may be filled always that ye may all grow in temporal as well as spiritual things5

A 12 November 1831 revelation commanded members of the church, “In all your temporal things you shall be equal in all things & this not grudgeingly otherwise the abundance of the manifestations of the spirit shall be withheld.” (Revelation, 12 Nov. 1831 [D&C 70:14].)  


and now verily I say unto you the bishops must needs be seperated unto their bishoppricks and judgement seats from care of business6

This commandment reiterated an injunction in a 4 February 1831 revelation directing Edward Partridge to “leave his merchandise & spend all his time in the labours of the Church.” One historian records that, despite this commandment, Newel K. Whitney “did not leave his merchandise but continued operating his store to support himself and his family.” (Revelation, 4 Feb. 1831 [D&C 41:9]; Staker, Hearken, O Ye People, 242.)  


but not from claim neither from council wherefore I have given unto you commandment that you should be joined together by covenent and bond7

See Revelation, 1 Mar. 1832 [D&C 78:11].  


wherefore see that ye do even as I have Commanded and unto the office of the presidency of the high Priesthood

Both the office of the president of the high priesthood and the body comprising the president and his counselors; the presiding body of the church. In November 1831, a revelation directed the appointment of a president of the high priesthood. The individual...

View Glossary
I have given authority to preside with the assistence of his councellers8

JS was ordained president of the high priesthood on 25 January 1832 at a conference in Amherst, Ohio. On 8 March 1832, JS appointed Jesse Gause and Rigdon “to be my councillers of the ministry of the presidency of th[e] high Pristhood.” Here, the phrase “office of the presidency of the high Priesthood” apparently refers to just the office of the president. (“History of Orson Pratt,” 12, Historian’s Office, Histories of the Twelve, ca. 1858–1880, CHL; Minutes, 26–27 Apr. 1832; Note, 8 Mar. 1832.)  


over all the Concerns of the church wherefore stand ye fast claim your Priesthood

Power or authority of God. The priesthood was conferred through the laying on of hands upon adult male members of the church in good standing; no specialized training was required. Priesthood officers held responsibility for administering the sacrament of...

View Glossary
in authority yet in meekness and I am able to make you abound and be fruitfull and you shall never fall9

See 2 Peter 1:8–10.  


for unto you I have given the keys

Authority or knowledge of God given to humankind. In the earliest records, the term keys primarily referred to JS’s authority to unlock the “mysteries of the kingdom.” Early revelations declared that both JS and Oliver Cowdery held the keys to bring forth...

View Glossary
of the kingdom10

See Matthew 16:19; see also Revelation, 11 Sept. 1831 [D&C 64:4–5]; and Revelation, 30 Oct. 1831 [D&C 65:2].  


and if you transgress not they shall never be taken from you,11

An 11 September 1831 revelation proclaimed, “I have given unto you the Kingdom & the keys of the mysteries of the kingdom shall not be taken from my Servent Joseph while he liveth in-as-much as he obeyeth mine ordinances.” Likewise, a 30 October 1831 revelation declared, “The keys of the kingdom of God is committed unto man on the Earth.” (Revelation, 11 Sept. 1831 [D&C 64:4–5]; Revelation, 30 Oct. 1831 [D&C 65:2].)  


wherefore feed my sheep12

See John 21:15–17.  


even so amen [p. [1]]
Verily thus saith the Lord unto you my servent Sidney [Rigdon]

19 Feb. 1793–14 July 1876. Tanner, farmer, minister. Born at St. Clair, Allegheny Co., Pennsylvania. Son of William Rigdon and Nancy Gallaher. Joined United Baptists, ca. 1818. Preached at Warren, Trumbull Co., Ohio, and vicinity, 1819–1821. Married Phebe...

View Full Bio
 and Joseph I reveal unto you for your own prophet [profit] and  instruction concerning the Bishops

An ecclesiastical and priesthood office. JS appointed Edward Partridge as the first bishop in February 1831. Following this appointment, Partridge functioned as the local leader of the church in Missouri. Later revelations described a bishop’s duties as receiving...

View Glossary
of my church

The Book of Mormon related that when Christ set up his church in the Americas, “they which were baptized in the name of Jesus, were called the church of Christ.” The first name used to denote the church JS organized on 6 April 1830 was “the Church of Christ...

View Glossary
what is  their duty in the church behold it is their duty to stand in the  office of their Bishoprick

Initially referred to a bishop’s ecclesiastical jurisdiction, but eventually described the ecclesiastical body comprising the bishop and his assistants, or counselors. John Corrill and Isaac Morley were called as assistants to Bishop Edward Partridge in 1831...

View Glossary
and to fill the judgement seat1

See Revelation, 1 Aug. 1831 [D&C 58:14–18].  


 which I have appointed unto them to and to administer  the benefits of the church or the overpluss of all who  are in their stewardships

One who managed property and goods under the law of consecration; also someone given a specific ecclesiastical responsibility. According to the “Laws of the Church of Christ,” members of the church were to make donations to the bishop, who would record the...

View Glossary
according to the Commandments

Generally, a divine mandate that church members were expected to obey; more specifically, a text dictated by JS in the first-person voice of Deity that served to communicate knowledge and instruction to JS and his followers. Occasionally, other inspired texts...

View Glossary
2

The process of consecrating property and receiving back a stewardship was explained in a February 1831 revelation known as the “Laws of the Church of Christ.” In addition, a November 1831 revelation instructed that those who had been appointed “stewards over the revelations” should be supported from “the profits” of their stewardship. If any surplus remained after taking care of their necessities, it was to be deposited into the church storehouse. (Revelation, 9 Feb. 1831 [D&C 42:30–38, 71–72]; Revelation, 12 Nov. 1831 [D&C 70:3–8].)  


 as they are severly appointed and the property or that  which they receive of the church is not their own but belongeth  to the church wherefore it is the property of the Lord and  it is for the poor of the church to be administered acc ording to the law3

That is, the “Laws of the Church of Christ.”  


for it is the will of the Lord that the  church should be made equal in all things wherefore the  bishops are accountable before the Lord for their stewardships  to administer of their stewardship in the which they are  appointed by commandment jointly with you my servents4

A 1 March 1832 revelation stated that the “time [had] come” for the church to organize its “Literary and Merchantile establishments” into “a perminent and everlasting establishment and firm.” When this firm was organized in April 1832, a revelation declared that those in the firm (among whom were Bishop Edward Partridge, Bishop Newel K. Whitney, JS, Rigdon, and others) were “bound together . . . in your several Stewartships to manage the literary & Mercantile concerns & the Bishoprick both in the Land of Zion & in the Land of Kirtland.” (Revelation, 1 Mar. 1832 [D&C 78:3–4, 9]; Revelation, 26 Apr. 1832 [D&C 82:11–12].)  


 under <unto> the Lord as well as you my servents or the rest of  the church that the benefits of all may be dedicated unto  the Lord that the Lords storehouse

Both a literal and a figurative repository for goods and land donated to the church. The book of Malachi directed the house of Israel to bring “all the tithes into the storehouse, that there may be meat in mine house.” In JS’s revision of the Old Testament...

View Glossary
may be filled always that  ye may all grow in temporal as well as spiritual things5

A 12 November 1831 revelation commanded members of the church, “In all your temporal things you shall be equal in all things & this not grudgeingly otherwise the abundance of the manifestations of the spirit shall be withheld.” (Revelation, 12 Nov. 1831 [D&C 70:14].)  


 and now verily I say unto you the bishops must needs  be seperated unto their bishoppricks and judgement seats  from care of business6

This commandment reiterated an injunction in a 4 February 1831 revelation directing Edward Partridge to “leave his merchandise & spend all his time in the labours of the Church.” One historian records that, despite this commandment, Newel K. Whitney “did not leave his merchandise but continued operating his store to support himself and his family.” (Revelation, 4 Feb. 1831 [D&C 41:9]; Staker, Hearken, O Ye People, 242.)  


but not from claim neither from coun cil wherefore I have given unto you commandment that you  should be joined together by covenent and bond7

See Revelation, 1 Mar. 1832 [D&C 78:11].  


wherefore see that  ye do even as I have Commanded and unto the office of the  presidency of the high Priesthood

Both the office of the president of the high priesthood and the body comprising the president and his counselors; the presiding body of the church. In November 1831, a revelation directed the appointment of a president of the high priesthood. The individual...

View Glossary
I have given authority to  preside with the assistence of his councellers8

JS was ordained president of the high priesthood on 25 January 1832 at a conference in Amherst, Ohio. On 8 March 1832, JS appointed Jesse Gause and Rigdon “to be my councillers of the ministry of the presidency of th[e] high Pristhood.” Here, the phrase “office of the presidency of the high Priesthood” apparently refers to just the office of the president. (“History of Orson Pratt,” 12, Historian’s Office, Histories of the Twelve, ca. 1858–1880, CHL; Minutes, 26–27 Apr. 1832; Note, 8 Mar. 1832.)  


over all the  Concerns of the church wherefore stand ye fast claim your  Priesthood

Power or authority of God. The priesthood was conferred through the laying on of hands upon adult male members of the church in good standing; no specialized training was required. Priesthood officers held responsibility for administering the sacrament of...

View Glossary
in authority yet in meekness and I am able to  make you abound and be fruitfull and you shall never fall9

See 2 Peter 1:8–10.  


 for unto you I have given the keys

Authority or knowledge of God given to humankind. In the earliest records, the term keys primarily referred to JS’s authority to unlock the “mysteries of the kingdom.” Early revelations declared that both JS and Oliver Cowdery held the keys to bring forth...

View Glossary
of the kingdom10

See Matthew 16:19; see also Revelation, 11 Sept. 1831 [D&C 64:4–5]; and Revelation, 30 Oct. 1831 [D&C 65:2].  


and if you  transgress not they shall never be taken from you,11

An 11 September 1831 revelation proclaimed, “I have given unto you the Kingdom & the keys of the mysteries of the kingdom shall not be taken from my Servent Joseph while he liveth in-as-much as he obeyeth mine ordinances.” Likewise, a 30 October 1831 revelation declared, “The keys of the kingdom of God is committed unto man on the Earth.” (Revelation, 11 Sept. 1831 [D&C 64:4–5]; Revelation, 30 Oct. 1831 [D&C 65:2].)  


wherefore  feed my sheep12

See John 21:15–17.  


even so amen [p. [1]]
Next
JS dictated this revelation dealing with the responsibilities of bishops

An ecclesiastical and priesthood office. JS appointed Edward Partridge as the first bishop in February 1831. Following this appointment, Partridge functioned as the local leader of the church in Missouri. Later revelations described a bishop’s duties as receiving...

View Glossary
in the church circa March 1832. This revelation built on several 1831 revelations about a bishop’s duties. Edward Partridge

27 Aug. 1793–27 May 1840. Hatter. Born at Pittsfield, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of William Partridge and Jemima Bidwell. Moved to Painesville, Geauga Co., Ohio. Married Lydia Clisbee, 22 Aug. 1819, at Painesville. Initially a Universal Restorationist...

View Full Bio
, for example, was told in two revelations that he should serve as a judge in Israel while also overseeing the consecration

The dedicating of money, lands, goods, or one’s own life for sacred purposes. Both the New Testament and Book of Mormon referred to some groups having “all things common” economically; the Book of Mormon also referred to individuals who consecrated or dedicated...

View Glossary
of property and providing “inheritance[s]

Generally referred to land promised by or received from God for the church and its members. A January 1831 revelation promised church members a land of inheritance. In March and May 1831, JS dictated revelations commanding members “to purchase lands for an...

View Glossary
” to the Saints in the city of Zion

Also referred to as New Jerusalem. JS revelation, dated Sept. 1830, prophesied that “city of Zion” would be built among Lamanites (American Indians). JS directed Oliver Cowdery and other missionaries preaching among American Indians in Missouri to find location...

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.1 On 4 December 1831, a revelation appointed Newel K. Whitney

3/5 Feb. 1795–23 Sept. 1850. Trader, merchant. Born at Marlborough, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of Samuel Whitney and Susanna Kimball. Moved to Fairfield, Herkimer Co., New York, 1803. Merchant at Plattsburg, Clinton Co., New York, 1814. Mercantile clerk for...

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to serve as a bishop in Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

More Info
, Ohio. Whitney was told that his responsibilities were “to keep the Lord’s storehouse

Both a literal and a figurative repository for goods and land donated to the church. The book of Malachi directed the house of Israel to bring “all the tithes into the storehouse, that there may be meat in mine house.” In JS’s revision of the Old Testament...

View Glossary
to receive the funds of the church in this part of the vinyard to take an account of the Elders

A male leader in the church generally; an ecclesiastical and priesthood office or one holding that office; a proselytizing missionary. The Book of Mormon explained that elders ordained priests and teachers and administered “the flesh and blood of Christ unto...

View Glossary
as before has been commanded and to administer to their wants.”2
This circa March 1832 revelation also had a more immediate context. A 1 March 1832 revelation called for the establishment of a firm

An organization that supervised the management of church enterprises and properties from 1832 to 1834. In March and April 1832, revelations directed that the church’s publishing and mercantile endeavors be organized. In accordance with this direction, the...

View Glossary
to oversee the church’s publishing and mercantile efforts, declaring that such a firm would help the church in its quest to be “equal in earthly things.”3

Revelation, 1 Mar. 1832 [D&C 78:3–6].  


The firm’s mandate on the one hand and Whitney

3/5 Feb. 1795–23 Sept. 1850. Trader, merchant. Born at Marlborough, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of Samuel Whitney and Susanna Kimball. Moved to Fairfield, Herkimer Co., New York, 1803. Merchant at Plattsburg, Clinton Co., New York, 1814. Mercantile clerk for...

View Full Bio
’s and Partridge

27 Aug. 1793–27 May 1840. Hatter. Born at Pittsfield, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of William Partridge and Jemima Bidwell. Moved to Painesville, Geauga Co., Ohio. Married Lydia Clisbee, 22 Aug. 1819, at Painesville. Initially a Universal Restorationist...

View Full Bio
’s financial responsibilities as bishops on the other overlapped somewhat, which may have prompted a clarification of the bishop’s role. As JS continued revising the New Testament in March, he may have had questions about bishops after reading Paul’s statements in 1 Timothy 3 about qualifications of bishops. It is also possible that, prior to dictating this revelation, JS received a January 1832 letter from Oliver Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

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that included minutes from a Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

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conference

A meeting where ecclesiastical officers and other church members could conduct church business. The “Articles and Covenants” of the church directed the elders to hold conferences to perform “Church business.” The first of these conferences was held on 9 June...

View Glossary
held on 23–24 January. This conference passed a resolution that “moneys or properties” consecrated to the church “be expended for the use and benefit of this church” and that if a bishop was removed from office, “such money or properties . . . shall be handed over to his successor.”4 This resolution may have invited clarification. Whatever the reasons, this revelation, which was directed to JS and Sidney Rigdon

19 Feb. 1793–14 July 1876. Tanner, farmer, minister. Born at St. Clair, Allegheny Co., Pennsylvania. Son of William Rigdon and Nancy Gallaher. Joined United Baptists, ca. 1818. Preached at Warren, Trumbull Co., Ohio, and vicinity, 1819–1821. Married Phebe...

View Full Bio
, reiterated the bishop’s duties to oversee the consecration of property to the church. But it also emphasized what an 11 November 1831 revelation had declared: that “the office of a Bishop is not equal” to the president of the high priesthood

Both the office of the president of the high priesthood and the body comprising the president and his counselors; the presiding body of the church. In November 1831, a revelation directed the appointment of a president of the high priesthood. The individual...

View Glossary
.5
Rigdon

19 Feb. 1793–14 July 1876. Tanner, farmer, minister. Born at St. Clair, Allegheny Co., Pennsylvania. Son of William Rigdon and Nancy Gallaher. Joined United Baptists, ca. 1818. Preached at Warren, Trumbull Co., Ohio, and vicinity, 1819–1821. Married Phebe...

View Full Bio
recorded this revelation, which was then apparently given to Whitney

3/5 Feb. 1795–23 Sept. 1850. Trader, merchant. Born at Marlborough, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of Samuel Whitney and Susanna Kimball. Moved to Fairfield, Herkimer Co., New York, 1803. Merchant at Plattsburg, Clinton Co., New York, 1814. Mercantile clerk for...

View Full Bio
. Even though the instructions pertained to bishops in general, there is no indication that either JS or Rigdon ever discussed this revelation with Partridge

27 Aug. 1793–27 May 1840. Hatter. Born at Pittsfield, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of William Partridge and Jemima Bidwell. Moved to Painesville, Geauga Co., Ohio. Married Lydia Clisbee, 22 Aug. 1819, at Painesville. Initially a Universal Restorationist...

View Full Bio
or gave him a copy of it, or that it was ever provided to the general church membership.6

John Whitmer, for example, did not record the revelation into Revelation Book 1—evidence that he never had a copy of it. The revelation was never published.  


The revelation itself indicates that it was for JS’s and Rigdon’s “own prophet [profit] and instruction” and not necessarily for the bishops’ use, which may be one reason why it was not sent to Partridge. The only known copy of the revelation is the one Whitney owned, which Whitney docketed as “Duty of Bishops & c To Joseph & Sidney march 1832.”
The March 1832 date Whitney

3/5 Feb. 1795–23 Sept. 1850. Trader, merchant. Born at Marlborough, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of Samuel Whitney and Susanna Kimball. Moved to Fairfield, Herkimer Co., New York, 1803. Merchant at Plattsburg, Clinton Co., New York, 1814. Mercantile clerk for...

View Full Bio
assigned this revelation in his docket is likely correct. The revelation was likely written sometime between 8 March and 24 March: JS wrote a note dated 8 March 1832 that detailed his recent activities but did not mention this revelation, which suggests that this revelation was dictated after 8 March.7 On the night of 24–25 March, JS and Rigdon

19 Feb. 1793–14 July 1876. Tanner, farmer, minister. Born at St. Clair, Allegheny Co., Pennsylvania. Son of William Rigdon and Nancy Gallaher. Joined United Baptists, ca. 1818. Preached at Warren, Trumbull Co., Ohio, and vicinity, 1819–1821. Married Phebe...

View Full Bio
were attacked by a group of men in Hiram

Area settled by immigrants from Pennsylvania and New England, ca. 1802. Located in northeastern Ohio about twenty-five miles southeast of Kirtland. Population in 1830 about 500. Population in 1840 about 1,100. JS lived in township at home of John and Alice...

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. Rigdon was incapacitated for several days, after which he moved back to Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

More Info
before leaving for Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

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in April.8

JS History, vol. A-1, 205–209.  


Because Rigdon served as scribe for this revelation, it is unlikely that the revelation was dictated after the attack, when Rigdon was seriously injured and likely not capable of performing scribal duties.

Facts