31854

Revelation, 1 December 1831 [D&C 71]

Hiram

Area settled by immigrants from Pennsylvania and New England, ca. 1802. Located in northeastern Ohio about twenty-five miles southeast of Kirtland. Population in 1830 about 500. Population in 1840 about 1,100. JS lived in township at home of John and Alice...

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Portage county Ohio Dec. 1— 1831
Behold thus saith the Lord unto you my Servents that the time has verily come that it is necessary and expedient in me that you should open your mouths in proclaiming my gospel1

See Revelation, Sept. 1830–D [D&C 30:5]. An August 1831 revelation declared that the Lord was not pleased with those who “will not open their mouths but hide the tallent which I have given unto them because of the fear of man.” (Revelation, 8 Aug. 1831 [D&C 60:2].)  


the things of the kingdom expounding the misteries thereof out of the Schriptures2

A February 1831 revelation explained that the Lord would provide “Revelation upon Revelation knowledge upon knowledge that thou mayest know the mysteries & the peacible things of the kingdom.” (Revelation, 9 Feb. 1831 [D&C 42:61].)  


according to that portion of spirit and power which shall be given unto you even as I will verily I say unto you proclaim unto the world in the regions round about3

A later JS history indicates that he and Sidney Rigdon preached “in Shalersville, Ravenna, and other places” in response to these instructions. (JS History, vol. A-1, 179.)  


and in the church

The Book of Mormon related that when Christ set up his church in the Americas, “they which were baptized in the name of Jesus, were called the church of Christ.” The first name used to denote the church JS organized on 6 April 1830 was “the Church of Christ...

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also for the space of a season even untill it shall be made known unto you verily this is a mission for a season which I give unto you wherefore labour ye in my vinyard call upon the inhabitants of the earth4

See Revelation, Feb. 1831–A [D&C 43:28].  


and bear record and prepare the way for the commandments

Generally, a divine mandate that church members were expected to obey; more specifically, a text dictated by JS in the first-person voice of Deity that served to communicate knowledge and instruction to JS and his followers. Occasionally, other inspired texts...

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and the revelations which are to come Now behold this is wisdom whoso readeth let him understand5

See Revelation, 20 July 1831 [D&C 57:9].  


and receive also for unto him who receiveth it shall be given more abundantly even power wherefore confound your enemies Call upon them to meet you both in publick and in private and inasmuch as ye are faithfull their shame shall be made manifest wherefore let them bring forth their strong reasons6

See Isaiah 41:21.  


against the Lord verily thus saith the Lord unto you there is no weapon7

According to Webster’s 1828 dictionary, a weapon was “any thing used or designed to be used in destroying or annoying an enemy.” Booth’s letters could fit such a description. (“Weapon,” in American Dictionary [1828].)  


that is formed against you shall prosper8

See Book of Mormon, 1830 ed., 502 [3 Nephi 22:17].  


and if any man lift his voice against you he shall be confounded in mine own due time wherefore keep these commandments for they are true and faithfull9

See Revelation, 1 Nov. 1831–B [D&C 1:37].  


even so amen [rest of page blank] [p. [3]]
Hiram

Area settled by immigrants from Pennsylvania and New England, ca. 1802. Located in northeastern Ohio about twenty-five miles southeast of Kirtland. Population in 1830 about 500. Population in 1840 about 1,100. JS lived in township at home of John and Alice...

More Info
Portage county Ohio Dec. 1— 1831
Behold this thus saith the Lord unto you my Servents that the  time has verily come that it is necessary and expedient in me  that you should open your mouths in proclaiming my gospel1

See Revelation, Sept. 1830–D [D&C 30:5]. An August 1831 revelation declared that the Lord was not pleased with those who “will not open their mouths but hide the tallent which I have given unto them because of the fear of man.” (Revelation, 8 Aug. 1831 [D&C 60:2].)  


 the things of the kingdom expounding the misteries thereof out of  the Schriptures2

A February 1831 revelation explained that the Lord would provide “Revelation upon Revelation knowledge upon knowledge that thou mayest know the mysteries & the peacible things of the kingdom.” (Revelation, 9 Feb. 1831 [D&C 42:61].)  


according to that portion of spirit and power which  shall be given unto you even as I will verily I say unto you  proclaim unto the world in the regions round about3

A later JS history indicates that he and Sidney Rigdon preached “in Shalersville, Ravenna, and other places” in response to these instructions. (JS History, vol. A-1, 179.)  


and in the  church

The Book of Mormon related that when Christ set up his church in the Americas, “they which were baptized in the name of Jesus, were called the church of Christ.” The first name used to denote the church JS organized on 6 April 1830 was “the Church of Christ...

View Glossary
also for the space of a season even untill it shall  be made known unto you verily this is a mission for a season  which I give unto you wherefore labour ye in my vinyard call  upon the inhabitants of the earth4

See Revelation, Feb. 1831–A [D&C 43:28].  


and bear record and prepare the  way for the revelations commandments

Generally, a divine mandate that church members were expected to obey; more specifically, a text dictated by JS in the first-person voice of Deity that served to communicate knowledge and instruction to JS and his followers. Occasionally, other inspired texts...

View Glossary
and <the> revelations which  are to come Now behold this is wisdom whoso readeth let  him understand5

See Revelation, 20 July 1831 [D&C 57:9].  


and receive also for unto him who receiveth  it shall be given more abundantly even power wherefore  confound your enemies Call upon them to meet you <both in> at publi ck both in publick and in private and inasmuch as ye are  faithfull their shame shall be made manifest wherefore  let them bring forth their strong reasons6

See Isaiah 41:21.  


against the Lord  verily thus saith the Lord unto you there is no weapon7

According to Webster’s 1828 dictionary, a weapon was “any thing used or designed to be used in destroying or annoying an enemy.” Booth’s letters could fit such a description. (“Weapon,” in American Dictionary [1828].)  


 that <is> formed against you shall prosper8

See Book of Mormon, 1830 ed., 502 [3 Nephi 22:17].  


and if any man lift  his voice against you he shall be confounded in mine  own due time wherefore keep these commandments for  they are true and faithfull9

See Revelation, 1 Nov. 1831–B [D&C 1:37].  


even so amen [rest of page blank] [p. [3]]
Next
After holding several conferences

A meeting where ecclesiastical officers and other church members could conduct church business. The “Articles and Covenants” of the church directed the elders to hold conferences to perform “Church business.” The first of these conferences was held on 9 June...

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early in November regarding the publication of the revelations, JS dictated a revelation on 1 December 1831 directing the Lord’s “Servents” to proclaim the gospel “in the regions round about . . . for the space of a season.” Later copies of this revelation identified the “Servents” as JS and Sidney Rigdon

19 Feb. 1793–14 July 1876. Tanner, farmer, minister. Born at St. Clair, Allegheny Co., Pennsylvania. Son of William Rigdon and Nancy Gallaher. Joined United Baptists, ca. 1818. Preached at Warren, Trumbull Co., Ohio, and vicinity, 1819–1821. Married Phebe...

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.1

A copy of the revelation in Revelation Book 1, probably made around April 1832, calls it “A Revelation to Joseph & Sidney.” A copy in Revelation Book 2, probably made around March 1832, titles it “A commandment given to us Joseph and Sidney in these words.” (See Historical Introductions to Revelation Book 1 and Revelation Book 2; Revelation Book 1, p. 134; and Revelation Book 2, p. 11.)  


This revelation directed JS and Rigdon to pave the way for the publication of the revelations through preaching. The need to preach seems to have grown more urgent because of the actions of Ezra Booth

14 Feb. 1792–before 12 Jan. 1873. Farmer, minister. Born in Newtown, Fairfield Co., Connecticut. Admitted on trial to Methodist ministry, 4 Sept. 1816, and stationed in the Ohio District in Beaver, Pike Co. Admitted into full connection and elected a deacon...

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and Symonds Rider

20 Nov. 1792–1 Aug. 1870. Farmer, teacher, minister. Born in Hartford, Windsor Co., Vermont. Son of Joshua Ryder and Marilla Loomis. Moved to Hiram, Portage Co., Ohio, 6 Jan. 1814. Married Mahitable Loomis, 12 Nov. 1818, in Portage Co. Served as captain in...

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, who had begun to antagonize the church. A conference of elders

A male leader in the church generally; an ecclesiastical and priesthood office or one holding that office; a proselytizing missionary. The Book of Mormon explained that elders ordained priests and teachers and administered “the flesh and blood of Christ unto...

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including JS disciplined Booth on 6 September 1831, and in October the Ravenna, Ohio, newspaper Ohio Star began publishing Booth’s letters criticizing JS and the Church of Christ

The Book of Mormon related that when Christ set up his church in the Americas, “they which were baptized in the name of Jesus, were called the church of Christ.” The first name used to denote the church JS organized on 6 April 1830 was “the Church of Christ...

View Glossary
.2

Minutes, 6 Sept. 1831; Ezra Booth, Nelson, OH, to Rev. Ira Eddy, 12 Sept, 1831, Ohio Star (Ravenna), 13 Oct. 1831, [3].  


The issue of the Ohio Star published shortly before this revelation was dictated printed Booth’s seventh letter, which included a message to Edward Partridge

27 Aug. 1793–27 May 1840. Hatter. Born at Pittsfield, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of William Partridge and Jemima Bidwell. Moved to Painesville, Geauga Co., Ohio. Married Lydia Clisbee, 22 Aug. 1819, at Painesville. Initially a Universal Restorationist...

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. Booth counseled Partridge to “place yourself from under the influence of the men who have deceived you” and to “fly from the habitations haunted by impostors.”3

Ezra Booth, “Mormonism—No. VII,” Ohio Star (Ravenna), 24 Nov. 1831, [1].  


A couple of months earlier, Rider

20 Nov. 1792–1 Aug. 1870. Farmer, teacher, minister. Born in Hartford, Windsor Co., Vermont. Son of Joshua Ryder and Marilla Loomis. Moved to Hiram, Portage Co., Ohio, 6 Jan. 1814. Married Mahitable Loomis, 12 Nov. 1818, in Portage Co. Served as captain in...

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, who had also become disaffected, provided a copy of the February 1831 revelation titled “Laws of the Church of Christ” to the Western Courier, another Ravenna newspaper, stating that “the Prophets or Preachers, declare it to be a Law revealed to them from heaven.” Rider requested that the newspaper publish the revelation, noting that church leaders “were commanded not to communicate it to the world, nor even to their followers, until they become strong in the faith.”4

“Secret Bye Laws of the Mormonites,” Western Courier, (Ravenna, OH), 1 Sept. 1831, [1].  


Rider later declared that new converts could learn from these materials “that a plot was laid to take their property from them and place it under the control of Joseph Smith the prophet.”5

Symonds Rider, Hiram, OH, to A. S. Hayden, 1 Feb. 1868, in Hayden, Early History of the Disciples in the Western Reserve, 221.  


This 1 December revelation instructed JS and Rigdon

19 Feb. 1793–14 July 1876. Tanner, farmer, minister. Born at St. Clair, Allegheny Co., Pennsylvania. Son of William Rigdon and Nancy Gallaher. Joined United Baptists, ca. 1818. Preached at Warren, Trumbull Co., Ohio, and vicinity, 1819–1821. Married Phebe...

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to counteract the work of such “enemies.”
In response to these criticisms and prompted by the revelation, Rigdon

19 Feb. 1793–14 July 1876. Tanner, farmer, minister. Born at St. Clair, Allegheny Co., Pennsylvania. Son of William Rigdon and Nancy Gallaher. Joined United Baptists, ca. 1818. Preached at Warren, Trumbull Co., Ohio, and vicinity, 1819–1821. Married Phebe...

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invited Booth

14 Feb. 1792–before 12 Jan. 1873. Farmer, minister. Born in Newtown, Fairfield Co., Connecticut. Admitted on trial to Methodist ministry, 4 Sept. 1816, and stationed in the Ohio District in Beaver, Pike Co. Admitted into full connection and elected a deacon...

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to a lecture in Ravenna on 25 December, where he would “review” Booth’s letters and show them to be “an unfair and false representation of the subjects on which they treat.” Rigdon also challenged Rider

20 Nov. 1792–1 Aug. 1870. Farmer, teacher, minister. Born in Hartford, Windsor Co., Vermont. Son of Joshua Ryder and Marilla Loomis. Moved to Hiram, Portage Co., Ohio, 6 Jan. 1814. Married Mahitable Loomis, 12 Nov. 1818, in Portage Co. Served as captain in...

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to a public debate on the Book of Mormon.6

Sidney Rigdon, “To the Public,” Ohio Star (Ravenna), 15 Dec. 1831, [3].  


Both men declined Rigdon’s invitations.7

See Sidney Rigdon, “To the Public,” Ohio Star (Ravenna), 12 Jan. 1832, [3].  


Rigdon still lectured in Ravenna against Booth’s letters, and he and JS preached in Shalersville “and other places, setting forth the truth.”8

JS History, vol. A-1, 179; Hyrum Smith, Diary and Account Book, 25–26 Dec. 1831; Cahoon, Diary, Dec. 1831.  


JS probably dictated this revelation in the upstairs bedroom of the John

14 Apr. 1779–30 July 1843. Farmer, innkeeper. Born at Chesterfield, Cheshire Co., New Hampshire. Son of Israel Johnson and Abigail Higgins. Married Alice (Elsa) Jacobs, 22 June 1800. Moved to Pomfret, Windsor Co., Vermont, ca. 1803. Settled at Hiram, Portage...

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and Alice (Elsa) Jacobs Johnson home in Hiram

Area settled by immigrants from Pennsylvania and New England, ca. 1802. Located in northeastern Ohio about twenty-five miles southeast of Kirtland. Population in 1830 about 500. Population in 1840 about 1,100. JS lived in township at home of John and Alice...

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, Ohio. Rigdon

19 Feb. 1793–14 July 1876. Tanner, farmer, minister. Born at St. Clair, Allegheny Co., Pennsylvania. Son of William Rigdon and Nancy Gallaher. Joined United Baptists, ca. 1818. Preached at Warren, Trumbull Co., Ohio, and vicinity, 1819–1821. Married Phebe...

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, who was then serving as JS’s scribe on the Bible revision, likely wrote the revelation as JS dictated it. The original manuscript is apparently not extant. The copy featured here, which is in Rigdon’s handwriting, later came into the possession of Newel K. Whitney

3/5 Feb. 1795–23 Sept. 1850. Trader, merchant. Born at Marlborough, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of Samuel Whitney and Susanna Kimball. Moved to Fairfield, Herkimer Co., New York, 1803. Merchant at Plattsburg, Clinton Co., New York, 1814. Mercantile clerk for...

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in Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

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, Ohio. But because Rigdon wrote this copy of the 1 December revelation on the same sheet of paper as a 4 December 1831 revelation—with the 4 December revelation coming first—it is unlikely that Whitney’s copy is the original inscription.

Facts