Wisconsin Territory 

 

Summary

Area settled by French, before 1700.1 Became part of U.S. by Treaty of Paris, 1783.2 Territory officially formed, 1836, with Belmont established as capital.3 Capitol moved to present-day Burlington, Iowa, 1837.4 Territory initially included all or part of present-day states of Wisconsin, Minnesota, Iowa, North Dakota, and South Dakota.5 Reduced to areas east of Mississippi River by creation of Iowa Territory, and capitol moved to Madison, 1838.6 Admitted to U.S. as state, 1848.7 Population in 1838 about 18,000.8 Population in 1840 about 31,000.9 Population in 1847 about 210,000. Saints resided in Wisconsin, by 1835.10 JS letters, dated 1836, mentioned possible exploration of and migration to territory.11 By 1838, branch of LDS church established in Burlington area, with around 100 members.12 Twelve Apostles met in Nauvoo, 29 May 1843, and sent missionaries to Wisconsin.13 Lumbering operation near Black River provided timber for construction of Nauvoo House and Nauvoo temple, 1841–1845.14 Seven LDS branches functioned in territory, 1844.15 Following JS’s death, many Wisconsin members joined westward migration of Saints.16 Lyman Wight led 150 Saints from Wisconsin branches to settle in Republic of Texas, fall 1845.17 See also “Pine country.”