We are pleased to announce that the Church Historian’s Press, the publisher of The Joseph Smith Papers, has recently released two significant publications that may be of interest to our readers.
First Fifty Years of Relief Society
In February, the press published The First Fifty Years of Relief Society: Key Documents in Latter-day Saint Women’s History. This collection of original documents explores the fascinating and largely unknown history of the Relief Society in the nineteenth century.
The story begins with the founding of the Nauvoo Female Relief Society in 1842, and the complete and unabridged minutes of that organization are reproduced for the first time in print. The large majority of the print volume covers the even lesser-known period after the Relief Society was reestablished in territorial Utah and began to spread to areas as remote as Hawaii and England.
The Church Historian’s Press website features selections from The First Fifty Years of Relief Society, including the volume introduction and the entire Nauvoo Female Relief Society Minute Book. The website also includes a bibliography, historical photographs, videos, and four hundred brief biographies of prominent figures from the documents.
Journal of George Q. Cannon
On April 14, the press released the Journal of George Q. Cannon, an online-only publication. Cannon’s remarkable journal, contained in fifty physical volumes and spanning almost five decades, is one of the most insightful and detailed records in Mormon history.
Next to Brigham Young, George Q. Cannon was arguably the best-known Latter-day Saint in the last half of the nineteenth century. Cannon was an editor and publisher, a businessman, an educator, a member of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, a territorial delegate in Congress, and a counselor in the First Presidency, the highest council in the Church.
Because Cannon’s journal is so large, the press is publishing it in several phases. This first phase covers the period from 1855 to 1875. Journal entries, photographs of Cannon and his journals, and other information are available.
In May 1829, Joseph Smith dictated a revelation for his brother Hyrum. The revelation, which emphasizes God’s “great and marvelous work” and Hyrum’s role in it, was later published as section 11 in the Doctrine and Covenants.
When we featured the revelation in Documents, Volume 1, the earliest version we knew of was the copy printed in the Book of Commandments, which was typeset between November 1 and December 31, 1832. Recently, however, we learned of an early manuscript version of the revelation, probably predating the Book of Commandments copy.
The undated version is of particular interest because it is in the handwriting of Hyrum Smith. The contents of this version and the Book of Commandments version have minor variations, mostly in spelling and punctuation; the Book of Commandments version also contains verse numbers and a heading: “1 A Revelation given to Hyrum, in Harmony, Pennsylvania, May, 1829.”
The version in Hyrum’s handwriting has long been in private possession and only recently came to our attention. The individual who owned the manuscript from around 1960 until 1982 attested that he acquired it from Hyrum’s descendants. This manuscript, which is still privately owned, is notable for being the only version in Hyrum’s handwriting. The lack of a heading, date, or other contextual evidence related to its creation suggests the manuscript is likely an early, personal version of the revelation and might be a rare original or dictation copy.
The Church Historian’s Press today announced the release of the latest volume of The Joseph Smith Papers, which chronicles the final months of the life of Joseph Smith, founder of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Journals, Volume 3: May 1843–June 1844 “captures the complexity of Joseph Smith’s life and provide a framework for understanding the events of the final year of the prophet’s life, unmatched by any other single contemporaneous source,” said volume coeditor Alex D. Smith.
The volume features the conclusion of Joseph Smith’s second Nauvoo journal, which was kept by scribe Willard Richards. Richards’s handwriting is idiosyncratic and often hurried, and many entries are brief and cryptic. As a result, many passages of the journal have been misread and misunderstood. After several years of painstaking analysis by historians with The Joseph Smith Papers, many obscure notations are now explained, providing new insight into the final months of Joseph Smith’s life.
Covering May 1843 through June 1844, this volume illuminates a time that was both turbulent and incredibly productive for the Mormon prophet. During this period, Joseph Smith served as the highly visible and determined leader of one of the largest cities in Illinois and of a church with members spread throughout the United States and other countries. He balanced roles as church president and prophet, mayor, judge, and militia leader, all while responding to escalating conflict.
This volume covers topics such as the establishment of an organization called the Council of Fifty and Joseph Smith’s candidacy for United States president. It also documents many of Joseph Smith’s sermons on subjects such as salvation, resurrection, baptism for the dead, priesthood ordinances, a multitiered heaven, and humanity’s potential to become like God. The journal also offers readers a glimpse into Smith’s activities concerning the temple, since during this time he continued to introduce temple ordinances, including eternal and plural marriage ceremonies, to a growing number of people.
The journal also refers to conspiracies against Joseph Smith’s life. Controversial teachings, the practice of plural marriage, Smith’s growing political power, and other factors had led to loud criticism and threats toward Smith and other church leaders, by both disaffected church members and prominent opponents in surrounding communities. After Nauvoo civic leaders declared the anti-Mormon newspaper the Nauvoo Expositor a public nuisance and destroyed its press, Smith and several of his associates were arrested. On 27 June 1844, a mob swarmed the jail in Carthage, Illinois, where Joseph Smith and his brother Hyrum were being held, and killed both men.
Included as appendixes to Journals, Volume 3 are two additional sources—never before published—that shed light on the final two weeks of Joseph Smith’s life: an excerpt from Willard Richards’s journal for 23–27 June and an account of Smith’s 10–22 June activities made by William Clayton. Given these scribes’ proximity to Smith, their records provide invaluable primary source material for studying the events leading to his death.
Scholar Jonathan A. Stapley writes that this volume “transforms the standards by which scholars and interested observers access the heart of Joseph Smith’s documentary record. With a level of professionalism and disclosure that is pointedly incredible, the editors present the most intimate details of the Mormon prophet’s personal and religious life with generous contextualization. This work will be referenced for generations.”
This volume allows readers to study Smith’s daily activities and personality as well as to better situate him and the faith he founded within nineteenth-century American history. Aided by comprehensive annotation, this final installment of Joseph Smith’s journals constitutes an essential primary source for research into his life.
The Joseph Smith Papers, Journals, Volume 3: May 1843–June 1844, edited by Andrew H. Hedges, Alex D. Smith, and Brent M. Rogers, will be available beginning November 30, 2015, at Deseret Book, Amazon, and many other retail outlets. Visit the Purchase section of the Joseph Smith Papers website for more information.
The third and final volume of the Journals series will be published on November 30! On Thursday, December 3, we’ll be hosting a Twitter chat on our Church History account (@churchhistory) to discuss this new volume.
How to Join
Share with us your thoughts about the Joseph Smith Papers Project, and ask our historians questions about their work. We’ve invited volume editors Alex Smith, Andrew Hedges and Brent Rogers to share their insights and lead the conversation.
Be sure you add the hashtag #JSPapers to all of your tweets.
To learn more about Journals, Volume 3: May 1843–June 1844, click here.
The Joseph Smith Papers Project announces the addition of the following new content to its website, josephsmithpapers.org:
The Events page has also been redesigned, making navigation easier and aiding more in-depth research.
Also recently added are documents from ten legal cases from New York and Ohio, all documents and annotation as published in Documents, Volume 2, and photographs of the printer’s manuscript of the Book of Mormon taken in 1923. In the coming months more documents from the Documents, Journals, Histories, Revelations and Translations, Administrative Records, and Legal, Business and Financial Records series will be added. Eventually the website will contain images and/or transcripts of all extant and available Joseph Smith papers.
Today, the Joseph Smith Papers Project announced the release of Revelations and Translations, Volume 3: Printer’s Manuscript of the Book of Mormon, the eleventh published volume of The Joseph Smith Papers.
This volume features the most complete early text of the Book of Mormon—the printer’s manuscript. After Joseph Smith dictated the original manuscript of the Book of Mormon and hired a printer, he had a second copy of the text made, now known as the printer’s manuscript. The creation of the printer’s manuscript allowed the original manuscript to be kept safe while the second copy was taken to the Palmyra, New York, print shop of E. B. Grandin, where it was used to set type for the first edition of the Book of Mormon (1830).
The publication of Revelations and Translations, Volume 3: Printer’s Manuscript of the Book of Mormon builds on decades of earlier work by volume editor Royal Skousen and represents a major milestone in the longstanding collaboration between historians from the Church History Department of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and the Community of Christ (formerly Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints). For more than 100 years, the Community of Christ has preserved the priceless printer’s manuscript of the Book of Mormon, and the manuscript appears in this volume with their generous permission.
This volume is published in two parts, each a full-color, oversized book intended to showcase this historic manuscript. For the first time ever, each page of the manuscript is presented as a high-resolution photograph and accompanied by a color-coded transcript that shows which scribe made each change to the manuscript. In addition to the photographs and transcripts of the manuscript, this volume also includes
An accompanying article on the history of the Book of Mormon translation, written by Joseph Smith Papers scholars, will appear in the October 2015 issue of the Ensign, an official periodical of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. The article is available online now.
For more information or to purchase the volume, see the Purchase page. A set of photographs of the printer’s manuscript, taken in 1923, were consulted by the volume editors for the transcripts found in Revelations and Translations, Volume 3. The photographs may be viewed on the Joseph Smith Papers website.
The Joseph Smith Papers Project announces the inauguration of the Legal, Business, and Financial Records series on its website, josephsmithpapers.org. Twenty-eight legal documents are now published on the website, which will eventually include documents from more than two hundred court cases where Joseph Smith was plaintiff, defendant, witness, or judge. These cases represent Joseph Smith’s civil and criminal proceedings in the states of New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Missouri, Illinois, and Iowa. Ecclesiastical court cases involving Joseph Smith will be featured in the Documents series. The business and financial records include records and documents detailing Joseph Smith’s business and financial transactions, such as account books, ledgers, invoices, receipts, and property transactions.
Case proceedings featured in the Legal, Business, and Financial Records series are organized by state, the name of the case, and the date the case was filed. Individual documents are organized chronologically within each case. Business and financial records with direct ties to case proceedings are grouped with their associated court cases. Other business and financial records will be featured chronologically within the Legal, Business, and Financial Records series.
Documents for the following legal cases are now available:
Additional legal cases involving JS as plaintiff, defendant, witness, or judge are forthcoming. A large subset of the Legal, Business, and Financial Records series will be published in print volumes, while the complete series will be published on this website. As with items in the Documents series, these legal documents are being published on the web in advance of print publication; introductions and annotation will be added for these and other cases on the website following their publication in print. The volume editors of the Legal, Business, and Financial Records series are Gordon A. Madsen and Jeffrey N. Walker, with Walker as the series editor.
Also added to the website are all documents and annotation as published in Documents, Volume 2: July 1831–January 1833. Most of the documents were already on this website, but now all annotation has been included, as well as introductions and other reference material.
Many contributors to the Joseph Smith Papers presented at the fiftieth annual conference of the Mormon History Association, held in Provo, Utah, on 4–7 June 2015.
These presentations included the following:
Alexander L. Baugh, “‘I Will Soften the Hearts of the People’: Mormon-Gentile Relations in Clay County, Missouri, 1833–1839”
Christopher James Blythe, “Martyrdom Canes and Vernacular Mormonism”
Terryl L. Givens, “Joseph Smith and Translation: Notes Toward a Theoretical Framework”
William G. Hartley, “Captain Edward Bunker and His 1856 Handcart Company”
Andrew H. Hedges, “Joseph Smith, Thomas Ford, and the Third Extradition Attempt”
Richard L. Jensen, “A Record Keeping Culture? The Rise, Fall, and Partial Resuscitation of Local Latter-day Saint Historical Records”
Laurie Maffly-Kipp and Reid Neilson, “Legacies of Leonard Arrington”
Jeffrey Mahas, “‘Joseph Smith the Proclaimer of Jefferson Democracy, of Free Trade and Sailors Rights and Protection of Person and Property’: Political Slogans, American Memory, and the Presidential Election of 1844”
Spencer W. McBride, “The Shattering of American Idealism: The Misplaced Expectations of the 1839 Mormon Delegation to the Federal Government”
Reid L. Neilson, “Proclaiming the Gospel: Missionary Work and the General Epistles”
Brent M. Rogers, Shannon Kelly, Elizabeth A. Kuehn, and Christian Heimburger, “The Unfamiliar Saints: Insights from the Joseph Smith Papers”
R. Eric Smith, “‘We Feel Very Proud of Our Relief Society Building’: The History of the Newscastle, Utah, Ward Relief Society Hall, 1920–1970”
Charlotte Hansen Terry, “Rhetoric versus Reality: Mormon Women’s Diaries and Domesticity in the Early Twentieth Century”
Nathan N. Waite, “Having a Great Time, Wish You Were Here: Reporting the First Years in the Great Salt Lake Valley”
Matthew C. Godfrey, Robin Scott Jensen, Laurie Maffly-Kipp, Brent M. Rogers, Richard E. Turley Jr., and Grant Underwood chaired sessions during the conference.
The Mormon History Association was created in 1965 as an affiliate of the American Historical Association and became a separate organization in 1972. Its purpose is to encourage understanding and scholarship in the field of Mormon history.
After years of research, Dean C. Jessee is publishing his research on the creation of Joseph Smith’s 1838–1856 history (often called the “Manuscript History of the Church”) online. Jessee has worked with Joseph Smith’s papers for more than forty years. He has served as general editor of the Joseph Smith Papers Project and is currently a member of the project’s National Advisory Board.
The manuscript history was compiled by several scribes and clerks of the church—including George W. Robinson, James Mulholland, Robert B. Thompson, William W. Phelps, Willard Richards, and others—from 1838 to 1856 in an effort to record the history of Joseph Smith and the church he founded. However, the primary sources were not always recorded in the history and many have, until now, remained undocumented. Jessee’s work, which involves identifying primary sources for the information presented in the history, lends a critical eye to the text, helping researchers understand its origins and its place within Mormon historical studies.
Images and transcripts of volumes A-1 through D-1 are currently available on the Joseph Smith Papers website. Images of volumes E-1 and F-1 are also available on the site, with transcripts forthcoming. Footnotes containing Jessee’s research have already been added to the transcripts of volumes A-1 and B-1. We will continue to publish this work online as it becomes available.
The American Society for Indexing has selected Documents, Volume 3 for the 2015 ASI/EIS Award for Publishing Excellence in Indexing.
When evaluating candidates for the award, judges looked for indexes that “address the text with high standards of index quality and are well-typeset, providing the user with easy, excellent access to the material in the book.” Indexes are judged on the following criteria: elegance, usability, coverage, analysis, access, cross-referencing, accuracy, and style.
The Church Historian’s Press and staff of the Joseph Smith Papers Project are grateful for the expertise and talent of Kate Mertes, the volume’s indexer, who created an index that assists readers in accessing the volume’s documents and annotation.
Mertes and a representative from the Church Historian’s Press received the award at the conference of the American Society for Indexing earlier this month. At the conference, Mertes remarked, “I am pleased to say that, in working with the good people at the Church Historian’s Press, I have found a client who is a full partner in the indexing process, and their input and feedback have been essential in creating an index I can really be proud of.”
Volumes of The Joseph Smith Papers were recently reviewed in three publications:
In the Journal of the Early Republic, Kenneth P. Minkema, executive editor of The Works of Jonathan Edwards and of the Jonathan Edwards Center & Online Archive at Yale University, reviewed volumes 1 and 2 of the Documents series. He stated, “Well researched, scrupulously proofread, and expertly annotated, these volumes, and this edition, will surely stand as the definitive one for many generations.”
In BYU Studies Quarterly, James B. Allen, an emeritus professor of history at Brigham Young University and former assistant church historian of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, wrote of the Histories series, “The new Joseph Smith Papers volumes are well worth studying. . . . The painstaking editing and production ensure complete accuracy, and the editorial introductions provide insight into the efforts to produce a history of the Church during Joseph Smith’s lifetime. The editors have also provided several valuable study aids. The footnotes are copious and carefully prepared, providing important explanations and insights in addition to references to the source material.”
Thomas A. Wayment, associate professor of ancient scripture at Brigham Young University, wrote in the Religious Educator, “The volumes [of the Joseph Smith Papers] published so far represent the high-water mark for LDS documentary editing. . . . The editors should be commended for their painstaking attention to detail and the overall quality of the publications.”
The Joseph Smith Papers Project announces the addition of the following new content to its website, josephsmithpapers.org:
Also recently added are more than four hundred documents from January through September 1840, the transcript of the 1835 edition of the Doctrine and Covenants, and four suggested lesson plans for using the Joseph Smith Papers in the classroom. In the coming months more documents from the Documents, Journals, Histories, Revelations and Translations, Administrative Records, and Legal, Business, and Financial Records series will be added. Eventually the website will contain images and/or transcripts of all extant and available Joseph Smith papers.
On 10 March 2015, four Joseph Smith Papers historians—Matthew C. Godfrey, Robin Scott Jensen, Spencer W. McBride, and Brent M. Rogers—conducted the first live question-and-answer session the project has held via Twitter. Participants tweeted their questions using the hashtag #AskJSP and the historians answered using the LDS Church History Library’s Twitter account, @churchhistory.
The event was an effort to connect with followers of the Papers and answer their questions. “In this digital age, ink, pen, and paper are being replaced by keyboard, screen, and web interface,” said Robin Scott Jensen, associate managing historian. “Combining the two worlds brings history to life.”
The event created a surge in engagement on the Church History Twitter account. “We sent seventy-nine tweets and got engagement from over a thousand people,” said Laurel Teuscher, the social media producer who organized and oversaw the session. The tweets reached a record number of individuals for the account.
Matthew C. Godfrey, who is the JSP’s managing historian, stated, “I was hoping that this would enable people to get to know the project and our goals a bit better. I think we accomplished that. All of the questions were very thoughtful.” He added that the chat was “a great way to engage the general public about the project and get them excited for what we are producing about Joseph Smith and early Mormon history.”
The event was also significant for the historians involved. Spencer W. McBride, coeditor of the Documents series, said the event was more than just an opportunity for the project “to demonstrate the historical value of Joseph Smith’s papers in an innovative way.” The Twitter chat, he said, “provided me greater insights into how others view my work. As a historian and writer, gaining a better understanding of my audience is always a helpful thing.”
To see a transcript of the chat, visit http://ldschurchhistory.tumblr.com/post/113462094263/joseph-smith-papers-twitter-chat.
Joseph Smith’s firsthand accounts of his first vision of Deity are now available on josephsmithpapers.org in ten languages. Readers and researchers can now read these accounts in Chinese, French, German, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Portuguese, Russian, and Spanish. English transcripts are given side-by-side with the documents’ images; links to those documents are available here.
This marks the first time the Papers has translated material into non-English languages. We are pleased to be able to offer these foundational Mormon history documents to an international audience.
The Joseph Smith Papers recently implemented two noteworthy staff changes. Managing historian Matthew C. Godfrey has been promoted to general editor, joining Matthew J. Grow and Ronald K. Esplin in that position. Mark Ashurst-McGee will assume the role of senior research and review editor, replacing Richard L. Jensen, who will retire later this year.
Godfrey and Ashurst-McGee have been vital to the success of the Joseph Smith Papers, and they will continue to benefit the project with their expertise in history and documentary editing.
Full biographies of these historians and the rest of the Joseph Smith Papers team are available on the Project Team page.
The Joseph Smith Papers recently made previously published volumes available in a more accessible, electronic format.
Documents, volumes 1, 2, and 3; Histories, volumes 1 and 2; and Journals, volumes 1 and 2 are now available on Amazon and Deseret Bookshelf as e-books. Forthcoming volumes will be released in both print and electronic format.
The Joseph Smith Papers Project announces the addition of the following new content to its website, josephsmithpapers.org:
Also recently added are more than two hundred documents from January through March 1840, images for the Book of the Law of the Lord, and updates to the Calendar of Documents. In the coming months more documents from the Documents, Journals, Histories, Revelations and Translations, Legal and Business Records, and Administrative Records series will be added. Eventually the website will contain images and/or transcripts of all extant and available Joseph Smith papers.
The Joseph Smith Papers has collaborated with FamilySearch to identify living descendants of the more than six hundred individuals identified in the documents published on our website thus far. The purpose of the partnership is to help those descendants access documents, stories, and additional information about their ancestors found on josephsmithpapers.org.
“Though the primary audience for the Joseph Smith Papers is scholars,” said Ben Godfrey, product manager for the Joseph Smith Papers website, “an important secondary audience includes members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints who have an interest in the church’s history. This collaboration with FamilySearch helps us reach members of this important audience.” The effort will also serve people who are interested in their family history and who are not members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.
So far the effort has reached roughly 250,000 people, and it is expected to reach 500,000 descendants in all. The project is already seeing results; the first phase of the campaign generated the most visits and unique visitors to the site on a single day since the Joseph Smith Papers site was launched.