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History, 1838–1856, volume B-1 [1 September 1834–2 November 1838]

2 July 1836 • Saturday

The citizens of Clay county

Settled ca. 1800. Organized from Ray Co., 1822. Original size diminished when land was taken to create several surrounding counties. Liberty designated county seat, 1822. Population in 1830 about 5,000; in 1836 about 8,500; and in 1840 about 8,300. Refuge...

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met pursuant to adjournment. The Chairman July 2. and Secretary resumed their Stations, when the committee, appointed by the Public meeting of the citizens, at the Court house, in Liberty

Located in western Missouri, thirteen miles north of Independence. Settled 1820. Clay Co. seat, 1822. Incorporated as town, May 1829. Following expulsion from Jackson Co., 1833, many Latter-day Saints found refuge in Clay Co., with church leaders and other...

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, on the 29 ultimo, reported, through their chairman W. T. Moss, the foregoing Preamble and resolutions of the elders of the Church of Latter Day Saints on the 1st instant: Whereupon it was,
Resolutions “Resolved: That this meeting do accept and receive the reply of the Mormons to the resolution passed on Wednesday the 29th June as perfectly satisfactory
Be it further Resolved, by this meeting that we will use our utmost endeavors to carry into effect the object contained in the preamble and Resolutions passed on wednesday the 29th, as agreed to by the Mormons. Be it further Resolved, that we urge it on our fellow citizens to keep the peace towards the Mormons, as good faith justice, Morality and religion require us. Be it further Resolved that a committee of ten persons, two in each township be appointed to raise money by subscription to aid those of the Mormons, who may from necessity require it, to leave this county

Settled ca. 1800. Organized from Ray Co., 1822. Original size diminished when land was taken to create several surrounding counties. Liberty designated county seat, 1822. Population in 1830 about 5,000; in 1836 about 8,500; and in 1840 about 8,300. Refuge...

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.
Resolved. That Samuel Tillery, Jeremiah Minger, and Abraham Shafer, be appointed a committee to receive the pecuniary aid by subscription, for the purpose of aiding the poor persons that may belong to the Mormons, in removing from this county

Settled ca. 1800. Organized from Ray Co., 1822. Original size diminished when land was taken to create several surrounding counties. Liberty designated county seat, 1822. Population in 1830 about 5,000; in 1836 about 8,500; and in 1840 about 8,300. Refuge...

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to their place of abode, and that the elders of the Church be requested to report the above named persons to the aforesaid committee, who will judge of the proofs and facts entitling the Mormons to pecuniary aid, and appropriate the funds accordingly.
Resolved, that the said committee be authorized to employ some suitable person to accompany those that may wish to examine a new country, it is also understood that if the money which may be received by the committee, is not appropriated for the purpose above named, it shall be refunded back in proportion to the amount subscribed.
Resolved, That the chair appoint five persons in each township to carry the object of the above resolutions into effect. The following gentlemen were then appointed in the different Townships. For Liberty Township

Located in western Missouri, thirteen miles north of Independence. Settled 1820. Clay Co. seat, 1822. Incorporated as town, May 1829. Following expulsion from Jackson Co., 1833, many Latter-day Saints found refuge in Clay Co., with church leaders and other...

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; John Thornton, Joel Turnham

23 Sept. 1783–24 Aug. 1862. Judge, farmer. Born in Virginia. Married Elizabeth Rice, ca. Feb. 1806, in Jefferson Co., Kentucky. Moved to Jessamine Co., Kentucky, by 1810. Served in War of 1812 in Kentucky militia. Moved to Clay Co., Missouri, by 1822. Clay...

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, Peter Rogers, John Bird, David R. Atchison

11 Aug. 1807–26 Jan. 1886. Lawyer, judge, agriculturist, politician, farmer. Born at Frogtown, near Lexington, Fayette Co., Kentucky. Son of William Atchison and Catherine Allen. About 1830, moved to Liberty, Clay Co., Missouri, where he became a prominent...

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. For Fishing River Township

Consists of two forks, Big Fishing River and Little Fishing River, which conjoin near Excelsior Springs, Missouri. River then flows southeasterly through Clay and Ray counties. River provided water power for Clay County. Early settlers in area lived along...

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; Elisha Cameron, E. Price, G. Withers, M. Welton, James Kazey; For Platte Township, T. C. Gordon, S. Harris, W. Owens, L. Rollins, J. Marsh; For Washington Township, B. Riley, S. Crawford, T. Findley, G. McIlvaine, P. Y. G. Bartee; For Gallatin Township, D. Dale, W. Nash, Wm. Todd, B. Rickets, J. Forboin. Be it further Resolved. That this meeting recommend the Mormons to the good treatment of the citizens of the adjoining counties. We also recommend the inhabitants of the neighboring counties to assist the mormons in selecting some abiding place for their people where they will be in a measure, the only occupants, and where none will be anxious to molest them. Resolved, that the proceedings of this meeting be handed over to the publishers of the “Far West” with a request that it [p. 742]

2 July 1836 • Saturday

The citizens of Clay county

Settled ca. 1800. Organized from Ray Co., 1822. Original size diminished when land was taken to create several surrounding counties. Liberty designated county seat, 1822. Population in 1830 about 5,000; in 1836 about 8,500; and in 1840 about 8,300. Refuge...

More Info
met pursuant to adjournment. The Chairman  <July 2.> and Secretary resumed their Stations, when the committee, appointed  by the Public meeting of the citizens, at the Court house, in Liberty

Located in western Missouri, thirteen miles north of Independence. Settled 1820. Clay Co. seat, 1822. Incorporated as town, May 1829. Following expulsion from Jackson Co., 1833, many Latter-day Saints found refuge in Clay Co., with church leaders and other...

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, on  the 29 ultimo, reported, through their chairman W. T. Moss, the foregoing  Preamble and resolutions of the elders of the Church of Latter Day  Saints of on the 1st instant: Whereupon it was,
<Resolutions> “Resolved: That this meeting do accept and receive the reply of the  Mormons to the resolution passed on Wednesday the 29th June as  perfectly satisfactory
Be it further Resolved, by this meeting that we will use our utmost  endeavors to carry into effect the object contained in the preamble  and Resolutions passed on wednesday the 29th, as agreed to by the  Mormons. Be it further Resolved, that we urge it on our fellow  citizens to keep the peace towards the Mormons, as good faith  justice, Morality and religion require us. Be it further Resolved  that a committee of ten persons, two in each township be appointed  to raise money by subscription to aid those of the Mormons,  who may from necessity require it, to leave this county

Settled ca. 1800. Organized from Ray Co., 1822. Original size diminished when land was taken to create several surrounding counties. Liberty designated county seat, 1822. Population in 1830 about 5,000; in 1836 about 8,500; and in 1840 about 8,300. Refuge...

More Info
.
Resolved. That Samuel Tillery, Jeremiah Minger, and Abraham  Shafer, be appointed a committee to receive the pecuniary aid  by subscription, for the purpose the purpose of aiding the poor  persons that may belong to the Mormons, in removing from this  county

Settled ca. 1800. Organized from Ray Co., 1822. Original size diminished when land was taken to create several surrounding counties. Liberty designated county seat, 1822. Population in 1830 about 5,000; in 1836 about 8,500; and in 1840 about 8,300. Refuge...

More Info
to their place of abode, and that the elders of the Church  be requested to report the above named persons to the aforesaid  committee, who will judge of the proofs and facts entitling  the Mormons to pecuniary aid, and appropriate the funds  accordingly.
Resolved, that the said committee be authorized  to employ some suitable person to accompany those that may wish  to examine a new country, it is also understood that if the money  which may be received by the committee, is not appropriated for  the purpose above named, it shall be refunded back in proportion  to the amount subscribed.
Resolved, That the chair appoint  five persons in each township to carry the object of the above resolutions  into effect. The following gentlemen were then appointed in the  different Townships. For Liberty Township

Located in western Missouri, thirteen miles north of Independence. Settled 1820. Clay Co. seat, 1822. Incorporated as town, May 1829. Following expulsion from Jackson Co., 1833, many Latter-day Saints found refuge in Clay Co., with church leaders and other...

More Info
; John Thornton, Joel  Turnham

23 Sept. 1783–24 Aug. 1862. Judge, farmer. Born in Virginia. Married Elizabeth Rice, ca. Feb. 1806, in Jefferson Co., Kentucky. Moved to Jessamine Co., Kentucky, by 1810. Served in War of 1812 in Kentucky militia. Moved to Clay Co., Missouri, by 1822. Clay...

View Full Bio
, Peter Rogers, John Bird, David [R.] Atchison

11 Aug. 1807–26 Jan. 1886. Lawyer, judge, agriculturist, politician, farmer. Born at Frogtown, near Lexington, Fayette Co., Kentucky. Son of William Atchison and Catherine Allen. About 1830, moved to Liberty, Clay Co., Missouri, where he became a prominent...

View Full Bio
. For Fishing  River Township

Consists of two forks, Big Fishing River and Little Fishing River, which conjoin near Excelsior Springs, Missouri. River then flows southeasterly through Clay and Ray counties. River provided water power for Clay County. Early settlers in area lived along...

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; Elisha Cameron, E. Price, G. Withers, M. Welton, James  Kazey; For Platte Township, T. C. Gordon, S. Harris, W. Owens, L. Rollins,  J. Marsh; For Washington Township, B. Riley, S. Crawford, T. Findley,  G. McIlvaine, P. Y. G. Bartee; For Gallatin Township, D. Dale, W. Nash,  Wm. Todd, B. Rickets, J. Forboin. Be it further Resolved. That this  meeting recommend the Mormons to the Mormons good treatment of  the citizens of the adjoining counties. We also recommend the in habitants of the neighboring counties to assist the mormons in se lecting some abiding place for their people where they will be in  a measure, the only occupants, and where none will be anxious  to molest them. Resolved, that the proceedings of this meeting be  handed over to the publishers of the “Far West” with a request that it [p. 742]
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This document, volume B-1, is the second of the six volumes of the “Manuscript History of the Church.” The collection was compiled over the span of seventeen years, 1838 to 1856. The narrative in volume B-1 begins with the entry for 1 September 1834, just after the conclusion of the Camp of Israel (later called Zion’s Camp), and continues to 2 November 1838, when JS was interned as a prisoner of war at Far West

Originally called Shoal Creek. Located fifty-five miles northeast of Independence. Surveyed 1823; first settled by whites, 1831. Site purchased, 8 Aug. 1836, before Caldwell Co. was organized for Latter-day Saints in Missouri. William W. Phelps and John Whitmer...

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, Missouri. For a fuller discussion of the entire six-volume work, see the general introduction to the history.
Willard Richards

24 June 1804–11 Mar. 1854. Teacher, lecturer, doctor, clerk, printer, editor, postmaster. Born at Hopkinton, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Joseph Richards and Rhoda Howe. Moved to Richmond, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts, 1813. Moved to Chatham, Columbia...

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, serving as JS’s “private secretary and historian,” completed the account of JS’s history contained in volume A-1 in August 1843. It covered the period from JS’s birth in 1805 through the aftermath of the Camp of Israel in August 1834. When work resumed on the history on 1 October 1843, Richards started a new volume, eventually designated B-1.
At the time of JS’s death in June 1844, the account had been advanced to 5 August 1838, on page 812 of volume B-1. Richards

24 June 1804–11 Mar. 1854. Teacher, lecturer, doctor, clerk, printer, editor, postmaster. Born at Hopkinton, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Joseph Richards and Rhoda Howe. Moved to Richmond, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts, 1813. Moved to Chatham, Columbia...

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’s poor health led to the curtailment of work on B-1 for several months, until 11 December 1844. On that date, Richards and William W. Phelps

17 Feb. 1792–7 Mar. 1872. Writer, teacher, printer, newspaper editor, publisher, postmaster, lawyer. Born at Hanover, Morris Co., New Jersey. Son of Enon Phelps and Mehitabel Goldsmith. Moved to Homer, Cortland Co., New York, 1800. Married Sally Waterman,...

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, assisted by Thomas Bullock, resumed gathering the records and reports needed to draft the history. Richards then composed and drafted roughed-out notes while Thomas Bullock compiled the text of the history and inscribed it in B-1. They completed their work on the volume on or about 24 February 1845. Richards, Willmer Benson, and Jonathan Grimshaw later added ten pages of “Addenda,” which provided notes, extensive revisions, or additional text to be inserted in the original manuscript where indicated.
Though JS did not dictate or revise any of the text recorded in B-1, Willard Richards

24 June 1804–11 Mar. 1854. Teacher, lecturer, doctor, clerk, printer, editor, postmaster. Born at Hopkinton, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Joseph Richards and Rhoda Howe. Moved to Richmond, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts, 1813. Moved to Chatham, Columbia...

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and Thomas Bullock chose to maintain the first-person, chronological narrative format established in A-1 as if JS were the author. They drew from a variety of primary and secondary sources including JS’s diaries and letters, minutes of meetings, the first edition of the Doctrine and Covenants, church and other periodicals, reports of JS’s discourses, and the reminiscences and recollections of church members. As was the case with A-1, after JS’s death, Brigham Young

1 June 1801–29 Aug. 1877. Carpenter, painter, glazier, colonizer. Born at Whitingham, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of John Young and Abigail (Nabby) Howe. Brought up in Methodist household; later joined Methodist church. Moved to Sherburne, Chenango Co., New...

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, Heber C. Kimball

14 June 1801–22 June 1868. Blacksmith, potter. Born at Sheldon, Franklin Co., Vermont. Son of Solomon Farnham Kimball and Anna Spaulding. Married Vilate Murray, 22 Nov. 1822, at Mendon, Monroe Co., New York. Member of Baptist church at Mendon, 1831. Baptized...

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, George A. Smith

26 June 1817–1 Sept. 1875. Born at Potsdam, St. Lawrence Co., New York. Son of John Smith and Clarissa Lyman. Baptized into LDS church by Joseph H. Wakefield, 10 Sept. 1832, at Potsdam. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, 1833. Labored on Kirtland temple...

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, and others modified and corrected the manuscript as they reviewed material before its eventual publication.
Beginning in March 1842 the church’s Nauvoo periodical, the Times and Seasons, began publishing the narrative as the “History of Joseph Smith.” It was also published in England in the church periodical the Millennial Star beginning in June 1842. Once a press was established in Utah and the Deseret News began publication, the “History of Joseph Smith” once more appeared in print in serialized form. Beginning with the November 1851 issue, the narrative picked up where the Times and Seasons had left off over five years earlier.
The narrative recorded in B-1 continued the story of JS’s life as the prophet and president of the church he labored to establish. The account encompasses significant developments in the church’s two centers at that time—Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

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, Ohio, and northwest Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

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—during a four-year-span. Critical events included the organization of the Quorums of the Twelve Apostles and the Seventy, the dedication of the House of the Lord in Kirtland, Ohio, the establishment of the Kirtland Safety Society, dissension and apostasy in Kirtland and Missouri, the first mission to England, JS’s flight from Kirtland to Missouri in the winter of 1838, the Saints’ exodus from Kirtland later that year, the disciplining of the Missouri presidency, and the outbreak of the Missouri War and arrest of JS. Thus, B-1 provides substantial detail regarding a significant period of church expansion and transition as well as travail.

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