30488

Letter from Edward Partridge, between 14 and 19 November 1833

Liberty

Located in western Missouri, thirteen miles north of Independence. Settled 1820. Clay Co. seat, 1822. Incorporated as town, May 1829. Following expulsion from Jackson Co., 1833, many Latter-day Saints found refuge in Clay Co., with church leaders and other...

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Clay Co. Mo. 1 Nov. 1833
Beloved Brother Joseph
I set myself down this evening to write you a few lines, I shall not attempt to give you a full history of what has happened unto us within a few days past, for I suppose that br. [William W.] Phelps

17 Feb. 1792–7 Mar. 1872. Writer, teacher, printer, newspaper editor, publisher, postmaster, lawyer. Born at Hanover, Morris Co., New Jersey. Son of Enon Phelps and Mehitabel Goldsmith. Moved to Homer, Cortland Co., New York, 1800. Married Sally Waterman,...

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has given you the particulars, Suffice it to say that br. [John] Corrill

17 Sept. 1794–26 Sept. 1842. Surveyor, politician, author. Born at Worcester Co., Massachusetts. Married Margaret Lyndiff, ca. 1830. Lived at Harpersfield, Ashtabula Co., Ohio, 1830. Baptized into LDS church, 10 Jan. 1831, at Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio. Ordained...

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& myself are now living within 3 miles of Liberty

Located in western Missouri, thirteen miles north of Independence. Settled 1820. Clay Co. seat, 1822. Incorporated as town, May 1829. Following expulsion from Jackson Co., 1833, many Latter-day Saints found refuge in Clay Co., with church leaders and other...

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& about 10 from Independence

Located twelve miles from western Missouri border. Permanently settled, platted, and designated county seat, 1827. Hub for steamboat travel on Missouri River. Point of departure for Santa Fe Trail. Population in 1831 about 300. Mormon population by summer...

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most of our brethren have left Jackson Co.

Settled at Fort Osage, 1808. County created, 16 Feb. 1825; organized 1826. Named after U.S. president Andrew Jackson. Featured fertile lands along Missouri River and was Santa Fe Trail departure point, which attracted immigrants to area. Area of county reduced...

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many have come to this Co.

Settled ca. 1800. Organized from Ray Co., 1822. Original size diminished when land was taken to create several surrounding counties. Liberty designated county seat, 1822. Population in 1830 about 5,000; in 1836 about 8,500; and in 1840 about 8,300. Refuge...

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Some have gone South & some east. When it was concluded that we would go, there appeared to be a spirit almost universal for leaving the land forthwith. our move has been speedy & we have had many inconveniences to encounter. the Lord for the most part as yet has given us very favorable weather. many are living in tents & shanties not being able to procure houses. as yet. We are in hopes that we shall be able to return to our houses & lands before a great while but how this is to be accomplished is all in the dark to us as yet, br. Parley [P. Pratt]

12 Apr. 1807–13 May 1857. Farmer, editor, publisher, teacher, school administrator, legislator, explorer, author. Born at Burlington, Otsego Co., New York. Son of Jared Pratt and Charity Dickinson. Traveled west with brother William to acquire land, 1823....

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has prophesied that we shall be enabled to return to our houses by the first of next Jany & enjoy the fruit of our labor & none to molest or make afraid. he says he was constrained to prophesy & if he ever spoke by the spirit of God he then did & if it does not come to pass we may call him a false prophet. the next night after this prophecy was deliverd from 1 or 2 oclock till day light on the morning of the 13th Nov. there appeared an extraordinary phenomenon the heavens were literally filled with meteors or shooting stars as they are called. I was encamped on the N. side of Missouri

One of longest rivers in North America, in excess of 3,000 miles. From headwaters in Montana to confluence with Mississippi near Saint Louis, Missouri river drains 580,000 square miles (about one-sixth of continental U.S.). Explored by Lewis and Clark, 1804...

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opposite Independence

Located twelve miles from western Missouri border. Permanently settled, platted, and designated county seat, 1827. Hub for steamboat travel on Missouri River. Point of departure for Santa Fe Trail. Population in 1831 about 300. Mormon population by summer...

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& it appeared to us that they shot off every way from us none comeing directly down that came very near the ground though it is said that they struck the ground in Independence

Located twelve miles from western Missouri border. Permanently settled, platted, and designated county seat, 1827. Hub for steamboat travel on Missouri River. Point of departure for Santa Fe Trail. Population in 1831 about 300. Mormon population by summer...

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& in other places round about, I viewed them for more than an hour before daylight & probably saw thousands, at one time in the N.E. there appeared probably 50 or 100 at one time they streamed down almost as thick as rain that appears at a distance when the sun shone upon it. during this sight our people rejoiced but the worlds people were much frightened. there has some other signs appeared of late, & rumor says many but I put no confidence in the reports of our enemies
If we are delivered & permitted to return to our homes it must be by the interposition of God, for we can see no prospect of help from goverment & it appears to me that nought but the judgements of God will open the way for our return, some of our brn. have their fears that we shall be driven from city to city & from sinagouge to sinagouge & few be left to receive an inheritance

Generally referred to land promised by or received from God for the church and its members. A January 1831 revelation promised church members a land of inheritance. In March and May 1831, JS dictated revelations commanding members “to purchase lands for an...

View Glossary
in the land, & this probably will be the case unless we are soon restored back, for notwithstanding that many are kind to us in this Co.

Settled ca. 1800. Organized from Ray Co., 1822. Original size diminished when land was taken to create several surrounding counties. Liberty designated county seat, 1822. Population in 1830 about 5,000; in 1836 about 8,500; and in 1840 about 8,300. Refuge...

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yet we have every reas reasonto believe that they will shortly be stirred up against us & want to drive [p. [1]]
Liberty

Located in western Missouri, thirteen miles north of Independence. Settled 1820. Clay Co. seat, 1822. Incorporated as town, May 1829. Following expulsion from Jackson Co., 1833, many Latter-day Saints found refuge in Clay Co., with church leaders and other...

More Info
Clay Co. Mo. 1 Nov. 1833
Beloved Brother Joseph
I set myself down this evening to write  you a few lines, I shall not attempt to give you a full history of what  has happened unto us within a few days <past,> for I suppose that br. [William W.] Phelps

17 Feb. 1792–7 Mar. 1872. Writer, teacher, printer, newspaper editor, publisher, postmaster, lawyer. Born at Hanover, Morris Co., New Jersey. Son of Enon Phelps and Mehitabel Goldsmith. Moved to Homer, Cortland Co., New York, 1800. Married Sally Waterman,...

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has  given you the particulars, I simply <Suffice it to> say that br. [John] Corrill

17 Sept. 1794–26 Sept. 1842. Surveyor, politician, author. Born at Worcester Co., Massachusetts. Married Margaret Lyndiff, ca. 1830. Lived at Harpersfield, Ashtabula Co., Ohio, 1830. Baptized into LDS church, 10 Jan. 1831, at Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio. Ordained...

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& myself are  now living within 3 miles of Liberty

Located in western Missouri, thirteen miles north of Independence. Settled 1820. Clay Co. seat, 1822. Incorporated as town, May 1829. Following expulsion from Jackson Co., 1833, many Latter-day Saints found refuge in Clay Co., with church leaders and other...

More Info
Clay Co. & about 10 from Independenc[e]

Located twelve miles from western Missouri border. Permanently settled, platted, and designated county seat, 1827. Hub for steamboat travel on Missouri River. Point of departure for Santa Fe Trail. Population in 1831 about 300. Mormon population by summer...

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 most of our br[ethre]n have left Jackson Co.

Settled at Fort Osage, 1808. County created, 16 Feb. 1825; organized 1826. Named after U.S. president Andrew Jackson. Featured fertile lands along Missouri River and was Santa Fe Trail departure point, which attracted immigrants to area. Area of county reduced...

More Info
many have come to this Co.

Settled ca. 1800. Organized from Ray Co., 1822. Original size diminished when land was taken to create several surrounding counties. Liberty designated county seat, 1822. Population in 1830 about 5,000; in 1836 about 8,500; and in 1840 about 8,300. Refuge...

More Info
 Some have gone South & some east. When it was concluded that  we would go, there appeared to be a spirit almost universal for leav ing the land forthwith. our move has been speedy & we have had  many inconveniences to encounter. yet are the Lord for the most part as  yet has given us very favorable weather. many are living as yet  in tents & shanties not being able to procure houses. <as yet.> We are in hopes  that we shall be able to return to our houses & lands before a grea[t]  while but how this is to be accomplished is all in the dark to us as yet,   br. Parley [P. Pratt]

12 Apr. 1807–13 May 1857. Farmer, editor, publisher, teacher, school administrator, legislator, explorer, author. Born at Burlington, Otsego Co., New York. Son of Jared Pratt and Charity Dickinson. Traveled west with brother William to acquire land, 1823....

View Full Bio
has prophesied that we shall be enabled to return  to our houses by the first of next Jany & enjoy the fruit of our  labor & none to molest or make afraid. he says he was constrained  to prophesy & if he ever spoke by the spirit of God he then did & if it  does not come to pass we may call him a false prophet. the next  night after this prophecy was deliverd from 1 or 2 oclock till  day light <on the morning of the 13th Nov.> there appeared an extraordinary ph[enomenon] the heavens  were literally filled with meteors or shooting stars as they are  called. I was encamped on the N. side of Missouri

One of longest rivers in North America, in excess of 3,000 miles. From headwaters in Montana to confluence with Mississippi near Saint Louis, Missouri river drains 580,000 square miles (about one-sixth of continental U.S.). Explored by Lewis and Clark, 1804...

More Info
opposite Independenc[e]

Located twelve miles from western Missouri border. Permanently settled, platted, and designated county seat, 1827. Hub for steamboat travel on Missouri River. Point of departure for Santa Fe Trail. Population in 1831 about 300. Mormon population by summer...

More Info
 & it appeared to us that they shot off every way from us none come ing <directly I> down very near us that came very near the ground though it is  said that they struck the ground in Independence

Located twelve miles from western Missouri border. Permanently settled, platted, and designated county seat, 1827. Hub for steamboat travel on Missouri River. Point of departure for Santa Fe Trail. Population in 1831 about 300. Mormon population by summer...

More Info
& in other places  round about, I viewed them for more than an hour before daylight  & probably saw thousands, at one time in the N.E. there appeared  probably 50 or 100 at one time they streamed down almost a[s] thick as  rain you have seen <that appears> at a distance when the sun shone upon it. during  this sight our people rejoiced but the worlds people were much  frightened. there has some other signs appeared of late, & rumor  says many but I put no confidence in the reports of our enemies
If we are delivered & permitted to return to our homes it must be by the  interposition of God, for we can see no prospect of help from goverment  & it appears to me that nought but the judgements of God will open  the way for our return, some of our brn. have their fears that  we shall be driven from city to city & from sinagouge to sinagouge  & few be left to receive an inheritance

Generally referred to land promised by or received from God for the church and its members. A January 1831 revelation promised church members a land of inheritance. In March and May 1831, JS dictated revelations commanding members “to purchase lands for an...

View Glossary
in the land, & this probably  will be the case unless we are soon restored back, for notwithstan ding that many are kind to us in this Co.

Settled ca. 1800. Organized from Ray Co., 1822. Original size diminished when land was taken to create several surrounding counties. Liberty designated county seat, 1822. Population in 1830 about 5,000; in 1836 about 8,500; and in 1840 about 8,300. Refuge...

More Info
yet we have every reas  [reason]to believe that they will shortly be stir[r]ed up agai[nst] us & want to drive [p. [1]]
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Bishop Edward Partridge

27 Aug. 1793–27 May 1840. Hatter. Born at Pittsfield, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of William Partridge and Jemima Bidwell. Moved to Painesville, Geauga Co., Ohio. Married Lydia Clisbee, 22 Aug. 1819, at Painesville. Initially a Universal Restorationist...

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, the church’s presiding officer in Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

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, wrote this letter two weeks after renewed vigilante violence drove about one thousand church members from Jackson County

Settled at Fort Osage, 1808. County created, 16 Feb. 1825; organized 1826. Named after U.S. president Andrew Jackson. Featured fertile lands along Missouri River and was Santa Fe Trail departure point, which attracted immigrants to area. Area of county reduced...

More Info
, Missouri. Partridge painted a bleak picture of the expulsion’s aftermath, reporting that he saw no prospect of help from the Missouri government. The expectation of further violence was ever present. Partridge also requested advice regarding the disposition of members’ land in Jackson County. Finally, he noted that learning the Lord’s will in the matter was crucial. Partridge sent this letter from Liberty

Located in western Missouri, thirteen miles north of Independence. Settled 1820. Clay Co. seat, 1822. Incorporated as town, May 1829. Following expulsion from Jackson Co., 1833, many Latter-day Saints found refuge in Clay Co., with church leaders and other...

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, Missouri, to JS at Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

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, Ohio, and retained an unsigned copy in his records.

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