27559

Letter to John Thornton and Others, 25 July 1836

dangerous to the welfare of your country, and will, if suffered among you, cause the ties of peace and friendship, so desirable among all men, to be burst asunder, and bring war and desolation upon your now pleasant homes.
Under existing circumstances, while rumor is afloat with her accustomed cunning, and while public opinion is fast setting, like a flood-tide against the members of said church

The Book of Mormon related that when Christ set up his church in the Americas, “they which were baptized in the name of Jesus, were called the church of Christ.” The first name used to denote the church JS organized on 6 April 1830 was “the Church of Christ...

View Glossary
, we cannot but admire the candor with which your preamble and resolutions were clothed, as presented to the meeting of the citizens of Clay county

Settled ca. 1800. Organized from Ray Co., 1822. Original size diminished when land was taken to create several surrounding counties. Liberty designated county seat, 1822. Population in 1830 about 5,000; in 1836 about 8,500; and in 1840 about 8,300. Refuge...

More Info
, on the 29th of June last. Though, as you expressed in your report to said meeting—“We do not contend that we have the least right, under the constitution and laws of the country, to expel them by force,”—yet communities may be, at times, unexpectedly thrown into a situation, when wisdom, prudence, and that first item in nature’s law, self-defence, would dictate that the responsible and influential part should step forward and guide the public mind in a course to save difficulty, preserve rights, and spare the innocent blood from staining that soil so dearly purchased with the fortunes and lives of our fathers. And as you have come forward as “mediators,” to prevent the effusion of blood, and save disasters consequent upon civil war, we take this opportunity to present to you, though strangers, and through you, if you wish, to the people of Clay county

Settled ca. 1800. Organized from Ray Co., 1822. Original size diminished when land was taken to create several surrounding counties. Liberty designated county seat, 1822. Population in 1830 about 5,000; in 1836 about 8,500; and in 1840 about 8,300. Refuge...

More Info
, our heart-felt gratitude for every kindness rendered our friends in affliction, when driven from their peaceful homes, and to yourselves, also, for the prudent course in the present excited state of your community. But, in doing this, justice to ourselves, as communicants of that church to which our friends belong, and duty towards them as acquaintances and former fellow citizens, require us to say something to exonerate them from the foul charges brought against them, to deprive them of their constitutional privileges, and drive them from the face of society:
They have been charged, in consequence of the whims and vain notions of some few uninformed, with claiming that upper country, and that ere long they were to possess it, at all hazards, and in defiance of all consequences.—This is unjust and far from a foundation, in truth. A thing not expected, not looked for, not desired by this society, as a people, and where the idea could have originated is unknown to us—We do not, neither did we ever insinuate a thing of this kind, or hear it from the leading men of the society, now in your country. There is nothing in all our religious faith to warrant it, but on the contrary, the most strict injunctions to live in obedience to the laws, and follow peace with all men. And we doubt not, but a recurrence to the Jackson county

Settled at Fort Osage, 1808. County created, 16 Feb. 1825; organized 1826. Named after U.S. president Andrew Jackson. Featured fertile lands along Missouri River and was Santa Fe Trail departure point, which attracted immigrants to area. Area of county reduced...

More Info
difficulties, with our friends, will fully satisfy you, that at least, heretofore, such has been the course followed by them. That instead of fighting for their own rights, they have sacrificed them for a season, to wait the redress guaranteed in the law, and so anxiously looked for at a time distant from this. We have been, & are still, clearly under the conviction, that had our friends been disposed, they might have maintained their possessions in Jackson county

Settled at Fort Osage, 1808. County created, 16 Feb. 1825; organized 1826. Named after U.S. president Andrew Jackson. Featured fertile lands along Missouri River and was Santa Fe Trail departure point, which attracted immigrants to area. Area of county reduced...

More Info
. They might have resorted to the same barbarous means with their neighbors, throwing down dwellings, threatening lives, driving innocent women and children from their homes, and thereby have annoyed their enemies equally, at least—But, this to their credit, and which must ever remain upon the pages of time, to their honor, they did not. They had possessions, they had homes, they had sacred rights, and more still, they had helpless harmless innocence, with an approving conscience that they had violated no law of their country or their God, to urge them forward—But, to show to all that they were willing to forego these for the peace of their country, they tamely submitted, and have since been wanderers among strangers, (though hospitable,) without homes. We think these sufficient reasons, to show to your patriotic minds, that our friends, instead of having a wish to expel a community by force of arms, would suffer their rights to be taken from them before shedding blood.
Another charge brought against our friends is that of being dangerous in societies “where slavery is tolerated and practiced.” Without occupying time here, we refer you to the April (1836) No. of the “Latter Day Saints’ Messenger and Advocate,” printed at this place, a copy of which we forward to each of you. From the length of [p. 356]
dangerous to the welfare of your coun try, and will, if suffered among you,  cause the ties of peace and friendship,  so desirable among all men, to be burst  asunder, and bring war and desolation  upon your now pleasant homes.
Under existing circumstances, while  rumor is afloat with her accustomed  cunning, and while public opinion is  fast setting, like a flood-tide against the  members of said church

The Book of Mormon related that when Christ set up his church in the Americas, “they which were baptized in the name of Jesus, were called the church of Christ.” The first name used to denote the church JS organized on 6 April 1830 was “the Church of Christ...

View Glossary
, we cannot  but admire the candor with which your  preamble and resolutions were clothed,  as presented to the meeting of the citi zens of Clay county

Settled ca. 1800. Organized from Ray Co., 1822. Original size diminished when land was taken to create several surrounding counties. Liberty designated county seat, 1822. Population in 1830 about 5,000; in 1836 about 8,500; and in 1840 about 8,300. Refuge...

More Info
, on the 29th of  June last. Though, as you expressed  in your report to said meeting—“We  do not contend that we have the least  right, under the constitution and laws  of the country, to expel them by force,” —yet communities may be, at times,  unexpectedly thrown into a situation,  when wisdom, prudence, and that first  item in nature’s law, self-defence,  would dictate that the responsible and  influential part should step forward and  guide the public mind in a course to  save difficulty, preserve rights, and  spare the innocent blood from staining  that soil so dearly purchased with the  fortunes and lives of our fathers. And  as you have come forward as “media tors,” to prevent the effusion of blood,  and save disasters consequent upon  civil war, we take this opportunity to  present to you, though strangers, and  through you, if you wish, to the people  of Clay county

Settled ca. 1800. Organized from Ray Co., 1822. Original size diminished when land was taken to create several surrounding counties. Liberty designated county seat, 1822. Population in 1830 about 5,000; in 1836 about 8,500; and in 1840 about 8,300. Refuge...

More Info
, our heart-felt gratitude  for every kindness rendered our friends  in affliction, when driven from their  peaceful homes, and to yourselves, al so, for the prudent course in the pre sent excited state of your community.  But, in doing this, justice to ourselves,  as communicants of that church to  which our friends belong, and duty to wards them as acquaintances and for mer fellow citizens, require us to say  something to exonerate them from the  foul charges brought against them, to  deprive them of their constitutional pri vileges, and drive them from the face  of society:
They have been charged, in conse quence of the whims and vain notions  of some few uninformed, with claiming  that upper country, and that ere long  they were to possess it, at all hazards,  and in defiance of all consequences.— This is unjust and far from a founda tion, in truth. A thing not expected,  not looked for, not desired by this so ciety, as a people, and where the idea  could have originated is unknown to  us—We do not, neither did we ever  insinuate a thing of this kind, or hear  it from the leading men of the society,  now in your country. There is no thing in all our religious faith to war rant it, but on the contrary, the most  strict injunctions to live in obedience  to the laws, and follow peace with all  men. And we doubt not, but a recur rence to the Jackson county

Settled at Fort Osage, 1808. County created, 16 Feb. 1825; organized 1826. Named after U.S. president Andrew Jackson. Featured fertile lands along Missouri River and was Santa Fe Trail departure point, which attracted immigrants to area. Area of county reduced...

More Info
difficulties,  with our friends, will fully satisfy you,  that at least, heretofore, such has been  the course followed by them. That  instead of fighting for their own rights,  they have sacrificed them for a season,  to wait the redress guaranteed in the  law, and so anxiously looked for at a  time distant from this. We have been,  & are still, clearly under the conviction,  that had our friends been disposed,  they might have maintained their pos sessions in Jackson county

Settled at Fort Osage, 1808. County created, 16 Feb. 1825; organized 1826. Named after U.S. president Andrew Jackson. Featured fertile lands along Missouri River and was Santa Fe Trail departure point, which attracted immigrants to area. Area of county reduced...

More Info
. They  might have resorted to the same bar barous means with their neighbors,  throwing down dwellings, threatening  lives, driving innocent women and  children from their homes, and there by have annoyed their enemies equal ly, at least—But, this to their credit,  and which must ever remain upon the  pages of time, to their honor, they did  not. They had possessions, they had  homes, they had sacred rights, and  more still, they had helpless harmless  innocence, with an approving con science that they had violated no law  of their country or their God, to urge  them forward—But, to show to all that  they were willing to forego these for  the peace of their country, they tamely  submitted, and have since been wan derers among strangers, (though hos pitable,) without homes. We think  these sufficient reasons, to show to  your patriotic minds, that our friends,  instead of having a wish to expel a  community by force of arms, would  suffer their rights to be taken from  them before shedding blood.
Another charge brought against our  friends is that of being dangerous in  societies “where slavery is tolerated  and practiced.” Without occupying  time here, we refer you to the April  (1836) No. of the “Latter Day Saints’  Messenger and Advocate,” printed at  this place, a copy of which we forward  to each of you. From the length of [p. 356]
PreviousNext
JS, Sidney Rigdon

19 Feb. 1793–14 July 1876. Tanner, farmer, minister. Born at St. Clair, Allegheny Co., Pennsylvania. Son of William Rigdon and Nancy Gallaher. Joined United Baptists, ca. 1818. Preached at Warren, Trumbull Co., Ohio, and vicinity, 1819–1821. Married Phebe...

View Full Bio
, Oliver Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

View Full Bio
, Frederick G. Williams

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

View Full Bio
, and Hyrum Smith

9 Feb. 1800–27 June 1844. Farmer, cooper. Born at Tunbridge, Orange Co., Vermont. Son of Joseph Smith Sr. and Lucy Mack. Moved to Randolph, Orange Co., 1802; to Tunbridge, before May 1803; to Royalton, Windsor Co., Vermont, 1804; to Sharon, Windsor Co., by...

View Full Bio
, Letter, Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

More Info
, OH, to John Thornton, Peter Rogers, Andrew Robertson, James T. V. Thompson, William T. Wood

25 Mar. 1809–11 May 1902. Lawyer. Born in Gordon Station (likely near present-day Harrodsburg), Mercer Co., Kentucky. Son of William Wood and Sallie Thomas. Mason. Moved to Columbia, Boone Co., Missouri, 1829. Moved to Clay Co., Missouri, by 1830. Appointed...

View Full Bio
, Woodson J. Moss, James Hughs, David R. Atchison

11 Aug. 1807–26 Jan. 1886. Lawyer, judge, agriculturist, politician, farmer. Born at Frogtown, near Lexington, Fayette Co., Kentucky. Son of William Atchison and Catherine Allen. About 1830, moved to Liberty, Clay Co., Missouri, where he became a prominent...

View Full Bio
, and Alexander Doniphan

9 July 1808–8 Aug. 1887. Lawyer, military general, insurance/bank executive. Born near Maysville, Mason Co., Kentucky. Son of Joseph Doniphan and Ann Smith. Father died, 1813; sent to live with older brother George, 1815, in Augusta, Bracken Co., Kentucky...

View Full Bio
, Clay County

Settled ca. 1800. Organized from Ray Co., 1822. Original size diminished when land was taken to create several surrounding counties. Liberty designated county seat, 1822. Population in 1830 about 5,000; in 1836 about 8,500; and in 1840 about 8,300. Refuge...

More Info
, MO, 25 July 1836; Latter Day Saints’ Messenger and Advocate, Aug. 1836, pp. 355–359.

Facts