53991682

Letterbook 2

down, and with it much valuable property destroyed. Next they went to the Store

JS revelation, dated 20 July 1831, directed A. Sidney Gilbert, Newel K. Whitney’s Ohio business partner, to establish store in Independence. Gilbert first purchased vacated log courthouse, located on lot 59 at intersection of Lynn and Lexington Streets, to...

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for the same purpose, but Mr [Sidney] Gilbert

28 Dec. 1789–29 June 1834. Merchant. Born at New Haven, New Haven Co., Connecticut. Son of Eli Gilbert and Lydia Hemingway. Moved to Huntington, Fairfield Co., Connecticut; to Monroe, Monroe Co., Michigan Territory, by Sept. 1818; to Painesville, Geauga Co...

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, one of the owners, agreeing to close it, they abandoned their design. Their next move was, the dragging of Bishop [Edward] Partridge

27 Aug. 1793–27 May 1840. Hatter. Born at Pittsfield, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of William Partridge and Jemima Bidwell. Moved to Painesville, Geauga Co., Ohio. Married Lydia Clisbee, 22 Aug. 1819, at Painesville. Initially a Universal Restorationist...

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from his house and family to the public square, where, surrounded by hundreds, they partly stripped him of his clothes, and tarred and feathered him from head to foot. A man by the name of [Charles] Allen

26 Dec. 1806–after 1870. Farmer, auctioneer. Born in Somerset Co., Pennsylvania. Son of Charles Allen and Mary. Married first Eliza Tibbits, ca. 1832. Baptized into LDS church. Moved to Independence, Jackson Co., Missouri. Tarred and feathered during mob ...

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was also tarred and feathered at the same time. This was on Saturday, and the mob agreed to meet on the folowing Tuesday to accomplish their purpose of driving or massacreeing the society.
Tuesday came and the mob came also, bearing with them a red flag in token of blood. Some two or three of the principal men of the society offered them their lives, if that would appease the wrath of the mob, so that the rest of the society might dwell in peace upon their lands. The answer was that unless the Society would agree to leave immediately, every man should die for himself.
Being in a defenceless situation, to save a general massacree it was agreed that one half of the Society should leave the country by the first of the next January, and the remainder by the first of the following April.
A treaty was ratified, and all things went on smoothly for a while, but some time in October, the wrath of the Mob began again to be kindled insomuch that they shot at some of our people, whipped others, and threw down their houses, and also committed many other depredations. Indeed the society of Saints were harassed for some time both day and night: Their houses were brickbatted and broken open, women and Children insulted &c &c , The Storehouse

JS revelation, dated 20 July 1831, directed A. Sidney Gilbert, Newel K. Whitney’s Ohio business partner, to establish store in Independence. Gilbert first purchased vacated log courthouse, located on lot 59 at intersection of Lynn and Lexington Streets, to...

More Info
of A S, Gilbert

28 Dec. 1789–29 June 1834. Merchant. Born at New Haven, New Haven Co., Connecticut. Son of Eli Gilbert and Lydia Hemingway. Moved to Huntington, Fairfield Co., Connecticut; to Monroe, Monroe Co., Michigan Territory, by Sept. 1818; to Painesville, Geauga Co...

View Full Bio
and co was broken open, ransacked, and some of the goods strewed in the street. These abuses with many others of a very aggravated nature, so stirred up the indignant feelings of our people that a party of them, say about thirty met a company of the Mob of about double their number, when a battle took place, in which some two or three of the mob, and one of our people were killed. This raised, as it were the whole county

Settled at Fort Osage, 1808. County created, 16 Feb. 1825; organized 1826. Named after U.S. president Andrew Jackson. Featured fertile lands along Missouri River and was Santa Fe Trail departure point, which attracted immigrants to area. Area of county reduced...

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in arms, and nothing would satisfy them but an immediate surrender of the arms of our people, and they forthwith to leave the County

Settled at Fort Osage, 1808. County created, 16 Feb. 1825; organized 1826. Named after U.S. president Andrew Jackson. Featured fertile lands along Missouri River and was Santa Fe Trail departure point, which attracted immigrants to area. Area of county reduced...

More Info
.
Fifty one guns were given up which have never been returned, nor paid for to this day. The next day parties of the mob, from thirty to seventy, headed by priests, went from house to house, threatening women and children with death if they were not off before they returned, this so alarmed them, that they fled in different directions; some took shelter in the woods, while others wandered on the prairies till their feet bled. In the mean time, the weather being very cold, their sufferings in other respects were very great.
The society made their escape to Clay County

Settled ca. 1800. Organized from Ray Co., 1822. Original size diminished when land was taken to create several surrounding counties. Liberty designated county seat, 1822. Population in 1830 about 5,000; in 1836 about 8,500; and in 1840 about 8,300. Refuge...

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as fast as they possibly could, where the people received them kindly and administered to their wants. After the society had left Jackson County

Settled at Fort Osage, 1808. County created, 16 Feb. 1825; organized 1826. Named after U.S. president Andrew Jackson. Featured fertile lands along Missouri River and was Santa Fe Trail departure point, which attracted immigrants to area. Area of county reduced...

More Info
, their buildings, amounting to about two hundred, were [p. 28]
down, and with it much valuable property destroyed. Next they went to the Store

JS revelation, dated 20 July 1831, directed A. Sidney Gilbert, Newel K. Whitney’s Ohio business partner, to establish store in Independence. Gilbert first purchased vacated log courthouse, located on lot 59 at intersection of Lynn and Lexington Streets, to...

More Info
 for the same purpose, but Mr [Sidney] Gilbert

28 Dec. 1789–29 June 1834. Merchant. Born at New Haven, New Haven Co., Connecticut. Son of Eli Gilbert and Lydia Hemingway. Moved to Huntington, Fairfield Co., Connecticut; to Monroe, Monroe Co., Michigan Territory, by Sept. 1818; to Painesville, Geauga Co...

View Full Bio
, one of the owners, agreeing to close it, they  abandoned their design. Their next move was, the dragging of Bishop [Edward] Partridge

27 Aug. 1793–27 May 1840. Hatter. Born at Pittsfield, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of William Partridge and Jemima Bidwell. Moved to Painesville, Geauga Co., Ohio. Married Lydia Clisbee, 22 Aug. 1819, at Painesville. Initially a Universal Restorationist...

View Full Bio
 from his house and family to the public square, where, surrounded by hundreds, they  partly stripped him of his clothes, and tarred and feathered him from head to  foot. A man by the name of [Charles] Allen

26 Dec. 1806–after 1870. Farmer, auctioneer. Born in Somerset Co., Pennsylvania. Son of Charles Allen and Mary. Married first Eliza Tibbits, ca. 1832. Baptized into LDS church. Moved to Independence, Jackson Co., Missouri. Tarred and feathered during mob ...

View Full Bio
was also tarred and feathered at the same  time. This was on Saturday, and the mob agreed to meet on the folowing  Tuesday to accomplish their purpose of driving or massacreeing the society.
Tuesday came and the mob came also, bearing with them a red flag in  token of blood. Some two or three of the principal men of the society offered them  their lives, if that would appease the wrath of the mob, so that the rest of the  society might dwell in peace upon their lands. The answer was that unless the  Society would agree to leave immediately, every man should die for himself.
Being in a defenceless situation, to save a general massacree it was  agreed that one half of the Society should leave the country by the first of the  next January, and the remainder by the first of the following April.
A treaty was ratified, and all things went on smoothly  for a while, but some time in October, the wrath of the Mob began again to be  kindled insomuch that they shot at some of our people, whipped others, and threw  down their houses, and also committed many other depredations. Indeed  the society of Saints were harassed for some time both day and night: Their  houses were brickbatted and broken open, women and Children insulted &c  &c , The Storehouse

JS revelation, dated 20 July 1831, directed A. Sidney Gilbert, Newel K. Whitney’s Ohio business partner, to establish store in Independence. Gilbert first purchased vacated log courthouse, located on lot 59 at intersection of Lynn and Lexington Streets, to...

More Info
of A S, Gilbert

28 Dec. 1789–29 June 1834. Merchant. Born at New Haven, New Haven Co., Connecticut. Son of Eli Gilbert and Lydia Hemingway. Moved to Huntington, Fairfield Co., Connecticut; to Monroe, Monroe Co., Michigan Territory, by Sept. 1818; to Painesville, Geauga Co...

View Full Bio
and company was broken open, ran sacked, and some of the goods strewed in the street. These abuses and with  many others of a very aggravated nature, so stirred up the indignant feelings  of our people that a party of them, say about thirty met a company of the Mob  of about double their number, when a battle took place, in which some two  or three of the mob, and one of our people were killed. This raised, as it were  the whole county

Settled at Fort Osage, 1808. County created, 16 Feb. 1825; organized 1826. Named after U.S. president Andrew Jackson. Featured fertile lands along Missouri River and was Santa Fe Trail departure point, which attracted immigrants to area. Area of county reduced...

More Info
in arms, and nothing would satisfy them but an immediate  surrender of the arms of our people, and they forthwith to leave the County

Settled at Fort Osage, 1808. County created, 16 Feb. 1825; organized 1826. Named after U.S. president Andrew Jackson. Featured fertile lands along Missouri River and was Santa Fe Trail departure point, which attracted immigrants to area. Area of county reduced...

More Info
.
Fifty one guns were given up which have never been returned, nor paid for  to this day. The next day parties of the mob, from thirty to seventy, headed  by priests, went from house to house, threatening women and children with death if they were  not off before they returned, this so alarmed them, that they fled in different directions; some  took shelter in the woods, while others wandered on the prairies till their feet bled. In  the mean time, the weather being very cold, their sufferings in other respects were very great.
The society made their escape to Clay County

Settled ca. 1800. Organized from Ray Co., 1822. Original size diminished when land was taken to create several surrounding counties. Liberty designated county seat, 1822. Population in 1830 about 5,000; in 1836 about 8,500; and in 1840 about 8,300. Refuge...

More Info
as fast as they possibly could, where  the people received them kindly and administered to their wants. After the society had  left Jackson County

Settled at Fort Osage, 1808. County created, 16 Feb. 1825; organized 1826. Named after U.S. president Andrew Jackson. Featured fertile lands along Missouri River and was Santa Fe Trail departure point, which attracted immigrants to area. Area of county reduced...

More Info
, their buildings, amounting to about two hundred, were [p. 28]
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Letterbook 2, [1839–ca. summer 1843]; handwriting of Howard Coray

6 May 1817–16 Jan. 1908. Bookkeeper, clerk, teacher, farmer. Born in Dansville, Steuben Co., New York. Son of Silas Coray and Mary Stephens. Moved to Providence, Luzerne Co., Pennsylvania, ca. 1827; to Williams, Northampton Co., Pennsylvania, by 1830; and...

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, James Mulholland

1804–3 Nov. 1839. Born in Ireland. Baptized into LDS church. Married Sarah Scott, 8 Feb. 1838, at Far West, Caldwell Co., Missouri. Engaged in clerical work for JS, 1838, at Far West. Ordained a seventy, 28 Dec. 1838. After expulsion from Missouri, lived ...

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, Robert B. Thompson

1 Oct. 1811–27 Aug. 1841. Clerk, editor. Born in Great Driffield, Yorkshire, England. Member of Methodist church. Immigrated to Upper Canada, 1834. Baptized into LDS church by Parley P. Pratt, May 1836, in Upper Canada. Ordained an elder by John Taylor, 22...

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, Willard Richards

24 June 1804–11 Mar. 1854. Teacher, lecturer, doctor, clerk, printer, editor, postmaster. Born at Hopkinton, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Joseph Richards and Rhoda Howe. Moved to Richmond, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts, 1813. Moved to Chatham, Columbia...

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, John Fullmer

21 July 1807–8 Oct. 1883. Farmer, newsman, postmaster, teacher, merchant. Born at Huntington, Luzerne Co., Pennsylvania. Son of Peter Fullmer and Susannah Zerfass. Moved to Nashville, Davidson Co., Tennessee, spring 1832. Married Mary Ann Price, 24 May 1837...

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, William Clayton

17 July 1814–4 Dec. 1879. Bookkeeper, clerk. Born at Charock Moss, Penwortham, Lancashire, England. Son of Thomas Clayton and Ann Critchley. Married Ruth Moon, 9 Oct. 1836, at Penwortham. Baptized into LDS church by Heber C. Kimball, 21 Oct. 1837, in River...

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, and George Walker; 238 leaves, 245 pages of letters, plus 26 pages of index and 83 pages of company records for Rigdon, Smith, & Co.; JS Collection, CHL.
Note: This book was originally used as a ledger, then turned over and repurposed as a letterbook. The ledger portion will be posted on this website at a later date.

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