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Nauvoo Relief Society Minute Book

they need his instruction— ask him, he will give it from  time to time.
Let this Presidency serve as a constitution— all their  decisions be considered law; and acted upon as such.
If any Officers are wanted to carry out the designs of  the Institution, let them be appointed and set apart, as  Deacons, Teachers &c. are among us.
The minutes of your meetings will be precedents  for you to act upon— your Constitution and law.
He then suggested the propriety of electing a Presidency  to continue in office during good behavior, or so long as they  shall continue to fill the office with dignity &c. like the  first Presidency of the church.
Motioned by Sister Whitney and seconded by  Sister Packard that Mrs. Emma Smith be chosen President—  passed unanimously—
Mov’d by Prest. Smith, that Mrs. Smith proceed  to choose her Counsellors, that they may be ordain’d to  preside over this Society, in taking care of the poor— administ ering to their wants, and attending to the various affairs  of this Institution.
The Presidentess Elect, then made choice of Mrs.  Sarah M. Cleveland and Mrs. Elizabeth Ann Whitney  for Counsellors—
President Smith read the Revelation to Emma  Smith, from the book of Doctrine and Covenants; and  stated that she was ordain’d at the time, the Revelation  was given, to expound the scriptures to all; and to teach  the female part of community; and that not she alone,  but others, may attain to the same blessings.— [p. 8]
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On 17 March 1842, JS first formally organized Latter-day Saint women in a group with distinct responsibilities and authority. At JS’s invitation, twenty women assembled in the large room above his dry goods store in Nauvoo, Illinois, to be organized, as one woman recalled his description, “under the priesthood after the pattern of the priesthood” (Sarah M. Kimball, “Auto-biography,” Woman’s Exponent, 1 Sept. 1883, 51). Priesthood quorums—units of men assembled according to priesthood office and usually headed by a president and two counselors—had been organized previously. The women assembled on 17 March elected JS’s wife Emma Hale Smith president, and she selected two counselors; a member of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles ordained or set apart the three-member presidency to their new callings or offices. These were the first ecclesiastical positions in the church for women.
The name the women selected for their institution, the Female Relief Society of Nauvoo, paralleled that of contemporaneous women’s benevolent societies in the United States. Two or three weeks prior to the 17 March meeting, a group of Nauvoo women had met to form a “ladies society” to sew shirts for temple workmen, an effort probably informed by the broader benevolent movement. When JS invited these women to be organized as part of the church structure, they abandoned their plans for an independent society with a constitution and bylaws. JS told them at the initial meeting, “The minutes of your meetings will be precedents for you to act upon—your Constitution and law” (Minutes, 17 Mar. 1842). This record of Relief Society “organization and proceedings” includes minutes for seventeen meetings in 1842, thirteen in 1843, and four in 1844. By the last recorded meeting in March 1844, a total of 1,331 women had enrolled as members, most of them joining the first year (Maureen C. Ward, “‘This Institution Is a Good One’: The Female Relief Society of Nauvoo, 17 March 1842 to 16 March 1844,” Mormon Historical Studies 3 [Fall 2002]: 87–203).
JS attended nine Relief Society meetings in 1842 and addressed six of them. These minutes document his instructions regarding women’s new responsibilities, authority, and forthcoming temple blessings—the only record of teachings JS directed specifically to women. The minutes detail donations for and visits with the poor, contributions for temple construction, and women’s efforts at moral reform and civic activism. Discussions reported in this record refer explicitly or implicitly to tensions mounting in Nauvoo over JS’s political influence and threatened extradition to Missouri, the defection of prominent church and civic leader John C. Bennett, and the tumult surrounding the introduction of plural marriage. The record of the Female Relief Society of Nauvoo ends on 16 March 1844; a decade passed before Relief Society meetings resumed in the Salt Lake Valley.

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