Nauvoo Relief Society Minute Book

9 June 1842 • Thursday

Minutes of the Proceedings
of the
Eleventh Meeting of the Society.
Grove, June 9th. <1842>
Prest J. Smith opened the meeting by pray’r  and proceeded to address the congregation on the design  of the Institution— said it is no matter how fast the  Society increases if all are virtuous— that we must be  as particular with regard to the character of members as  when the Society first started— that sometimes persons wish  to put themselves into a Society of this kind, when they  do not intend to pursue the ways of purity and righ teousness, as if the Society would be a shelter to them  in their iniquity.
Prest. S. said that henceforth no person  shall be admitted but by presenting regular petitions  signed by two or three members in good standing in the  Society— whoever comes in must be of good report.
Harriet Luce and Mary Luce  were receiv’d into the Society by recommend.
Objections previously made against Mahala  Overton were remov’d— after which Prest Smith  continued his address— said he was going to preach mercy  Supposing that Jesus Christ and angels should object  to us on frivolous things, what would become of us? We  must be merciful and overlook small things.
Respecting the reception of Sis. Overton, Prest. Smith [said]  It grieves me that there is no fuller fellowship— if one  member suffer all feel it— by union of feeling we obtain  pow’r with God. Christ said he came to call sinners  to repentance and save them. Christ was condemn’d  by the righteous jews because he took sinners into his  society— he took them upon the principle that they [p. 61]
On 17 March 1842, JS first formally organized Latter-day Saint women in a group with distinct responsibilities and authority. At JS’s invitation, twenty women assembled in the large room above his dry goods store in Nauvoo, Illinois, to be organized, as one woman recalled his description, “under the priesthood after the pattern of the priesthood” (Sarah M. Kimball, “Auto-biography,” Woman’s Exponent, 1 Sept. 1883, 51). Priesthood quorums—units of men assembled according to priesthood office and usually headed by a president and two counselors—had been organized previously. The women assembled on 17 March elected JS’s wife Emma Hale Smith president, and she selected two counselors; a member of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles ordained or set apart the three-member presidency to their new callings or offices. These were the first ecclesiastical positions in the church for women.
The name the women selected for their institution, the Female Relief Society of Nauvoo, paralleled that of contemporaneous women’s benevolent societies in the United States. Two or three weeks prior to the 17 March meeting, a group of Nauvoo women had met to form a “ladies society” to sew shirts for temple workmen, an effort probably informed by the broader benevolent movement. When JS invited these women to be organized as part of the church structure, they abandoned their plans for an independent society with a constitution and bylaws. JS told them at the initial meeting, “The minutes of your meetings will be precedents for you to act upon—your Constitution and law” (Minutes, 17 Mar. 1842). This record of Relief Society “organization and proceedings” includes minutes for seventeen meetings in 1842, thirteen in 1843, and four in 1844. By the last recorded meeting in March 1844, a total of 1,331 women had enrolled as members, most of them joining the first year (Maureen C. Ward, “‘This Institution Is a Good One’: The Female Relief Society of Nauvoo, 17 March 1842 to 16 March 1844,” Mormon Historical Studies 3 [Fall 2002]: 87–203).
JS attended nine Relief Society meetings in 1842 and addressed six of them. These minutes document his instructions regarding women’s new responsibilities, authority, and forthcoming temple blessings—the only record of teachings JS directed specifically to women. The minutes detail donations for and visits with the poor, contributions for temple construction, and women’s efforts at moral reform and civic activism. Discussions reported in this record refer explicitly or implicitly to tensions mounting in Nauvoo over JS’s political influence and threatened extradition to Missouri, the defection of prominent church and civic leader John C. Bennett, and the tumult surrounding the introduction of plural marriage. The record of the Female Relief Society of Nauvoo ends on 16 March 1844; a decade passed before Relief Society meetings resumed in the Salt Lake Valley.