Nauvoo Relief Society Minute Book

The motion was seconded by Counsellor Cleveland  and unanimously carried, on the amendment by Elder  Taylor.
The Prest. then suggested that she would like an  argument with Elder Taylor on the words Relief  and Benevolence.
Prest. J. Smith mov’d that the vote for  amendment, be rescinded, which was carried—
Motion for adjournment by Elder Richards  and objected by Prest. J. Smith.—
Prest. J. Smith— Benevolent is a popular  term— and the term Relief is not known among  popular Societies— Relief is more extended in its  signification than Benevolent and might extend to  the liberation of the culprit— and might be wrongly  construed by our enemies to say that the Society was  to relieve criminals from punishment &c. &c— to  relieve a murderer, which would not be a benevo lent act—
Prest. Emma Smith, said the popularity of  the word benevolent is one great objection— no person  can think of the word as associated with public Instit utions, without thinking of the Washingtonian  Benevolent Society which was one of the most corrupt  Institutions of the day— do not wish to have it  call’d after other Societies in the world—
Prest. J. Smith arose to state that he had no  objection to the word Relief— that on question they  ought to deliberate candidly and investigate all  subjects.
Counsellor Cleveland arose to remark concerning  the question before the house, that we should not regard [p. 11]
On 17 March 1842, JS first formally organized Latter-day Saint women in a group with distinct responsibilities and authority. At JS’s invitation, twenty women assembled in the large room above his dry goods store in Nauvoo, Illinois, to be organized, as one woman recalled his description, “under the priesthood after the pattern of the priesthood” (Sarah M. Kimball, “Auto-biography,” Woman’s Exponent, 1 Sept. 1883, 51). Priesthood quorums—units of men assembled according to priesthood office and usually headed by a president and two counselors—had been organized previously. The women assembled on 17 March elected JS’s wife Emma Hale Smith president, and she selected two counselors; a member of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles ordained or set apart the three-member presidency to their new callings or offices. These were the first ecclesiastical positions in the church for women.
The name the women selected for their institution, the Female Relief Society of Nauvoo, paralleled that of contemporaneous women’s benevolent societies in the United States. Two or three weeks prior to the 17 March meeting, a group of Nauvoo women had met to form a “ladies society” to sew shirts for temple workmen, an effort probably informed by the broader benevolent movement. When JS invited these women to be organized as part of the church structure, they abandoned their plans for an independent society with a constitution and bylaws. JS told them at the initial meeting, “The minutes of your meetings will be precedents for you to act upon—your Constitution and law” (Minutes, 17 Mar. 1842). This record of Relief Society “organization and proceedings” includes minutes for seventeen meetings in 1842, thirteen in 1843, and four in 1844. By the last recorded meeting in March 1844, a total of 1,331 women had enrolled as members, most of them joining the first year (Maureen C. Ward, “‘This Institution Is a Good One’: The Female Relief Society of Nauvoo, 17 March 1842 to 16 March 1844,” Mormon Historical Studies 3 [Fall 2002]: 87–203).
JS attended nine Relief Society meetings in 1842 and addressed six of them. These minutes document his instructions regarding women’s new responsibilities, authority, and forthcoming temple blessings—the only record of teachings JS directed specifically to women. The minutes detail donations for and visits with the poor, contributions for temple construction, and women’s efforts at moral reform and civic activism. Discussions reported in this record refer explicitly or implicitly to tensions mounting in Nauvoo over JS’s political influence and threatened extradition to Missouri, the defection of prominent church and civic leader John C. Bennett, and the tumult surrounding the introduction of plural marriage. The record of the Female Relief Society of Nauvoo ends on 16 March 1844; a decade passed before Relief Society meetings resumed in the Salt Lake Valley.