31843

Revelation, 1 November 1831–B [D&C 1]

771

John Whitmer assigned this number to the revelation after recording it in Revelation Book 1.  


Revelation
Given in Hiram

Area settled by immigrants from Pennsylvania and New England, ca. 1802. Located in northeastern Ohio about twenty-five miles southeast of Kirtland. Population in 1830 about 500. Population in 1840 about 1,100. JS lived in township at home of John and Alice...

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Novm. 1st. 1831
A Preface or instructions upon the Book of Commandments which were given of the Lord unto his Church

The Book of Mormon related that when Christ set up his church in the Americas, “they which were baptized in the name of Jesus, were called the church of Christ.” The first name used to denote the church JS organized on 6 April 1830 was “the Church of Christ...

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through him whom he appointed to this work by the voice of his Saints through the prayer of faith2

At a 26 September 1830 conference of elders, JS “was appointd by the voice of the Conference to receive and write Revelations & Commandments for this Church.” (Minutes, 26 Sept. 1830; see also Revelation, Sept. 1830–B [D&C 28:13].)  


this church being organized according to the will of him who rules all things on the Sixth day of April in the year of our Lord 18303

This heading likely did not appear in the original manuscript; John Whitmer likely added it when he copied the revelation into Revelation Book 1. The heading was not included in the revelation as published in The Evening and the Morning Star, but it was included in the Book of Commandments. (“Revelation Given, Hiram, Ohio, November 1, 1831,” The Evening and the Morning Star, Mar. 1833, [6]; Book of Commandments 1.)  


Hearken O ye People of my Church saith the voice of him who dwells on high & whose eyes are upon all men yea verily I say hearken ye People from afar & ye that are upon the Islands of the sea listen to gether for verily the voice of the Lord is unto all men & there is none to escape & there is no eye that shall not see neither ear that shall not hear neither heart that shall not be penetrated & the rebelious shall be pierced with much sorrow for their iniquities shall be spoken upon the house tops & their seceret acts shall be revealed & the voice of warning shall be unto all people by the mouth of my Deciples whom I have chosen in these last days they shall go forth & none shall stay them for I the Lord have commanded them Behold this is mine authority & the authority of my servents & my preface unto the Book of my Commandments which I have given them to Publish unto you O Inhabitants of the Earth wherefore fear & tremble O ye People for what I the Lord have decreed in them shall be fulfilled & verily I say unto you that they who go forth bearing these tidings unto the Inhabitants of the Earth to them is power given to seal both on Earth & in Heaven the unbelieveing & rebelious5

At the conference held in Orange, Cuyahoga County, Ohio, on 25–26 October 1831, JS stated that “the order of the High priesthood is that they have power given them to seal up the Saints unto eternal life.” This revelation appears to extend that power to sealing the unrighteous to their fate as well. (Minutes, 25–26 Oct. 1831.)  


yea verily to seal them up unto the day when the wrath of God shall be poured out upon the wicked without measure6

See Revelation 16:1; and Book of Mormon, 1830 ed., 58 [1 Nephi 22:16].  


unto the day when the Lord shall come to recompence unto every man according to his works & measure to every man according to the measure which he has measured to his fellow man wherefore the voice of the Lord is unto unto the end of the Earth that all that will [p. 125]
<771

John Whitmer assigned this number to the revelation after recording it in Revelation Book 1.  


Revelation>
Given in Hiram

Area settled by immigrants from Pennsylvania and New England, ca. 1802. Located in northeastern Ohio about twenty-five miles southeast of Kirtland. Population in 1830 about 500. Population in 1840 about 1,100. JS lived in township at home of John and Alice...

More Info
Novm. 1st. 1831
A Preface or instructions upon the Book of Commandments which  were given of the Lord unto his Church

The Book of Mormon related that when Christ set up his church in the Americas, “they which were baptized in the name of Jesus, were called the church of Christ.” The first name used to denote the church JS organized on 6 April 1830 was “the Church of Christ...

View Glossary
through him whom he appoin ted to this work by the voice of his Saints through the prayer of faith2

At a 26 September 1830 conference of elders, JS “was appointd by the voice of the Conference to receive and write Revelations & Commandments for this Church.” (Minutes, 26 Sept. 1830; see also Revelation, Sept. 1830–B [D&C 28:13].)  


 this church being organized according to the will of him who rules all  things on the Sixth day of April in the year of our Lord 18303

This heading likely did not appear in the original manuscript; John Whitmer likely added it when he copied the revelation into Revelation Book 1. The heading was not included in the revelation as published in The Evening and the Morning Star, but it was included in the Book of Commandments. (“Revelation Given, Hiram, Ohio, November 1, 1831,” The Evening and the Morning Star, Mar. 1833, [6]; Book of Commandments 1.)  


Hearken O ye People of my Church saith the voice of him who  dwells on high & whose eyes are upon all men yea verily I say hearken  ye People from afar & ye4

TEXT: Or “yet”.  


that are upon the Islands of the sea listen  to gether for verily the voice of the Lord is unto all men & there is  none to escape & there is no eye that shall not see neither ear that  shall not hear neither heart that shall not be penetrated & the rebelious  shall be pierced with much sorrow for their iniquities shall be spoken  upon the house tops & their seceret acts shall be revealed & the voice  of warning shall be unto all people by the mouth of my Deciples  whom I have chosen in these last days they shall go forth & none  shall stay them for I the Lord have commanded them Behold this is  mine authority & the authority of my servents & my preface unto the  Book of my Commandments which I have given them to Publish unto you  O Inhabitants of the Earth wherefore fear & tremble O ye People for what  I the Lord have decreed in them shall be fulfilled & verily I say unto  you that they who go forth bearing these tidings unto the Inhabitants of  the Earth to them is power given to seal both on Earth & in Heaven the  unbelieveing & rebelious5

At the conference held in Orange, Cuyahoga County, Ohio, on 25–26 October 1831, JS stated that “the order of the High priesthood is that they have power given them to seal up the Saints unto eternal life.” This revelation appears to extend that power to sealing the unrighteous to their fate as well. (Minutes, 25–26 Oct. 1831.)  


yea verily to seal them up unto the day when  the wrath of God shall be poured out upon the wicked without measure6

See Revelation 16:1; and Book of Mormon, 1830 ed., 58 [1 Nephi 22:16].  


 unto the day when the Lord shall come to recompence unto every man  according to his works & measure to every man according to the measure  which he has measured to his fellow man wherefore the voice of the Lord  is unto his fellow man unto the end of the Earth that all that will [p. 125]
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At a conference

A meeting where ecclesiastical officers and other church members could conduct church business. The “Articles and Covenants” of the church directed the elders to hold conferences to perform “Church business.” The first of these conferences was held on 9 June...

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of elders

A male leader in the church generally; an ecclesiastical and priesthood office or one holding that office; a proselytizing missionary. The Book of Mormon explained that elders ordained priests and teachers and administered “the flesh and blood of Christ unto...

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in Hiram

Area settled by immigrants from Pennsylvania and New England, ca. 1802. Located in northeastern Ohio about twenty-five miles southeast of Kirtland. Population in 1830 about 500. Population in 1840 about 1,100. JS lived in township at home of John and Alice...

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, Ohio, on 1 November 1831, JS dictated a revelation designated as a preface for the Book of Commandments, a proposed compilation of JS’s revelations.1

For additional information on this conference, see Minutes, 1–2 Nov. 1831.  


According to the minutes of the 1 November conference, this revelatory preface was “received by inspiration” during a recess between the morning and afternoon sessions.2

Minutes, 1–2 Nov. 1831. A later JS history merely relates that the revelation came at a “Special Conference” in Hiram. (JS History, vol. A-1, 157.)  


William E. McLellin

18 Jan. 1806–14 Mar. 1883. Schoolteacher, physician, publisher. Born at Smith Co., Tennessee. Son of Charles McLellin and Sarah (a Cherokee Indian). Married first Cynthia Ann, 30 July 1829. Wife died, by summer 1831. Baptized into LDS church by Hyrum Smith...

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, one of the conference participants, gave a more detailed account of the production of the preface fifty years later to William Kelley, an elder in the Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. According to Kelley’s account of the conversation, McLellin said that he, Sidney Rigdon

19 Feb. 1793–14 July 1876. Tanner, farmer, minister. Born at St. Clair, Allegheny Co., Pennsylvania. Son of William Rigdon and Nancy Gallaher. Joined United Baptists, ca. 1818. Preached at Warren, Trumbull Co., Ohio, and vicinity, 1819–1821. Married Phebe...

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, and Oliver Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

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had been given the assignment to write the preface to the Book of Commandments, but when they presented their draft to the conference, the “Conference picked it all to pieces” and requested that JS petition the Lord for a preface. After JS and the elders bowed in prayer, JS, who was “sitting by a window,” dictated the preface “by the Spirit,” while Rigdon served as scribe. “Joseph would deliver a few sentences and Sydney would write them down,” McLellin told Kelley, “then read them aloud, and if correct, then Joseph would proceed and deliver more.” In this way, “the preface was given.”3

“Letter from Elder W. H. Kelley,” Saints’ Herald, 1 Mar. 1882, 67.  


As with prefaces to other published works, this revelation informed readers of the subject and purpose of the volume. Speaking in the voice of Deity, it told both the church

The Book of Mormon related that when Christ set up his church in the Americas, “they which were baptized in the name of Jesus, were called the church of Christ.” The first name used to denote the church JS organized on 6 April 1830 was “the Church of Christ...

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and the world why God revealed these commandments

Generally, a divine mandate that church members were expected to obey; more specifically, a text dictated by JS in the first-person voice of Deity that served to communicate knowledge and instruction to JS and his followers. Occasionally, other inspired texts...

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to JS and painted an apocalyptic picture of the wrath that God would unleash against the wicked unless they responded to the new revelations by repenting. The revelations were thus a “voice of warning” to the world to prepare them for Jesus Christ’s second coming.
The original manuscript of the preface is no longer extant. John Whitmer

27 Aug. 1802–11 July 1878. Farmer, stock raiser, newspaper editor. Born in Pennsylvania. Son of Peter Whitmer Sr. and Mary Musselman. Member of German Reformed Church, Fayette, Seneca Co., New York. Baptized by Oliver Cowdery, June 1829, most likely in Seneca...

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copied the revelation into Revelation Book 1 likely between 12 November 1831, the date of the revelation that precedes it in the revelation book, and 20 November, the date that he and Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

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left for Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

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with the revelation book.4

See Historical Introduction to Revelation Book 1; Revelation, 1 Nov. 1831–B, in Revelation Book 1, pp. 125–127 [D&C 1]; Whitmer, History, 38.  


The revelation was printed as the preface to the Book of Commandments about a year later.5

The first gathering of the Book of Commandments was printed in December 1832; The Evening and the Morning Star published the preface in March 1833. (Notice, The Evening and the Morning Star, Dec. 1832, [8]; “Revelation Given, Hiram, Ohio, November 1, 1831,” The Evening and the Morning Star, Mar. 1833, [6].)  


Facts