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Revelation, 25 January 1832–A [D&C 75:1–22]

Verily verily I say unto you I who speak even by the voice of my spirit even alpha and Omega your Lord and your God1

See, for example, Revelation 1:8; Book of Mormon, 1830 ed., 473–474 [3 Nephi 9:18]; Revelation, 7 Dec. 1830 [D&C 35:1]; and Revelation, 30 Aug. 1831 [D&C 63:60].  


Hearkon o ye who have given your names to go forth to proclaim my gospel and to prune my vinyard2

See Book of Mormon, 1830 ed., 137–138, 139 [Jacob 5:62, 69; 6:2]; Revelation, July 1830–A [D&C 24:19]; and Revelation, 5 Jan. 1831 [D&C 39:17].  


behold I say unto you that it is my will that you should go forth and not tarry neither be idle but labour with your mights3

See Book of Mormon, 1830 ed., 137–138 [Jacob 5:61–62, 71–72].  


lifting up your voices as with the sound of a trump4

See Revelation, Oct. 1830–B [D&C 33:2]; Revelation, 4 Nov. 1830 [D&C 34:6]; and Revelation, 9 Feb. 1831 [D&C 42:6].  


proclaiming the truth according to the revelations and commandments

Generally, a divine mandate that church members were expected to obey; more specifically, a text dictated by JS in the first-person voice of Deity that served to communicate knowledge and instruction to JS and his followers. Occasionally, other inspired texts...

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which I have given you and thus if ye are faithfull ye shall be laden with many sheeves5

See Revelation, Sept. 1830–F [D&C 31:5]; and Revelation, Oct. 1830–B [D&C 33:9].  


and crowned with honor and glory and immortality and eternal life6

See Romans 2:7.  


Therefore verily I say unto my servent William E. McLellin

18 Jan. 1806–14 Mar. 1883. Schoolteacher, physician, publisher. Born at Smith Co., Tennessee. Son of Charles McLellin and Sarah (a Cherokee Indian). Married first Cynthia Ann, 30 July 1829. Wife died, by summer 1831. Baptized into LDS church by Hyrum Smith...

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I revoke the commission which I gave unto him to go unto the eastern countries7

A 29 October 1831 revelation told McLellin to travel with Samuel Smith to “Eastern lands” and to “bear testimony in every place, unto every people.” (Revelation, 29 Oct. 1831 [D&C 66:7].)  


and I give unto him a new commission and a new commandment in the which I the Lord chasteneth him for the murmerings of his heart and he sinned8

As commanded in a 29 October 1831 revelation, McLellin and JS’s brother Samuel Smith departed Hiram on a mission in mid-November 1831. About a month later, however, they had to discontinue their work. As Samuel Smith wrote, “Becaus of disobedience our way was hedged up before us Brother William was taken Sick and I returned about the 25 of december (1831).” Smith’s meaning is not entirely clear: He may have meant that some kind of disobedience, perhaps mere reluctance to preach, led to the failure of the mission, which was followed by McLellin’s illness. Or he may have been implying that some kind of disobedience led to McLellin’s illness, which in itself then halted the work. JS visited the bedridden McLellin on 28 December. McLellin wrote that he was healed by JS and returned with him to Hiram the next day. (Revelation, 29 Oct. 1831 [D&C 66]; Samuel Smith, Diary, Nov.–Dec. 1831, [1]; McLellin, Journal, 28 Dec. 1831.)  


nevertheless I forgive him and say unto him again go ye into the south countries and let my servent Luke Johnson

3 Nov. 1807–8 Dec. 1861. Farmer, teacher, doctor. Born at Pomfret, Windsor Co., Vermont. Son of John Johnson and Alice (Elsa) Jacobs. Lived at Hiram, Portage Co., Ohio, when baptized into LDS church by JS, 10 May 1831. Ordained a priest by Christian Whitmer...

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go with him and proclaim the things which I have commanded them calling on the name of the Lord for the comforter which shall teach them all things that is expedient for them10

See John 14:26.  


praying always that they faint not11

See Luke 18:1; and Book of Mormon, 1830 ed., 121 [2 Nephi 32:9].  


and inasmuch as they do this I will be with them even unto the end12

See Matthew 28:20.  


behold this is the will of the Lord your God concerning you even so Amen
And again verily thus saith the Lord let my servent Orson Hyde

8 Jan. 1805–28 Nov. 1878. Laborer, clerk, storekeeper, teacher, editor, businessman, lawyer, judge. Born at Oxford, New Haven Co., Connecticut. Son of Nathan Hyde and Sally Thorpe. Moved to Derby, New Haven Co., 1812. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, ...

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and my servent Samuel Smith

13 Mar. 1808–30 July 1844. Farmer, logger, scribe, builder, tavern operator. Born at Tunbridge, Orange Co., Vermont. Son of Joseph Smith Sr. and Lucy Mack. Moved to Royalton, Windsor Co., Vermont, by Mar. 1810; to Lebanon, Grafton Co., New Hampshire, 1811...

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take their journey into the eastern countries and proclaim the things which I have commanded them and inasmuch as they are faithfull lo I will be with them even unto the end
and again verily I say unto my servent Lyman Johnson

24 Oct. 1811–20 Dec. 1859. Merchant, lawyer, hotelier. Born at Pomfret, Windsor Co., Vermont. Son of John Johnson and Alice (Elsa) Jacobs. Moved to Hiram, Portage Co., Ohio, Mar. 1818. Baptized into LDS church by Sidney Rigdon, Feb. 1831. Ordained an elder...

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and unto my servent orson Pratt

19 Sept. 1811–3 Oct. 1881. Farmer, writer, teacher, merchant, surveyor, editor, publisher. Born at Hartford, Washington Co., New York. Son of Jared Pratt and Charity Dickinson. Moved to New Lebanon, Columbia Co., New York, 1814; to Canaan, Columbia Co., fall...

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they shall also take [p. [1]]
Verily <verily> I say unto you I who speak even by the  voice of my spirit even alpha and Omega your  Lord and your God1

See, for example, Revelation 1:8; Book of Mormon, 1830 ed., 473–474 [3 Nephi 9:18]; Revelation, 7 Dec. 1830 [D&C 35:1]; and Revelation, 30 Aug. 1831 [D&C 63:60].  


Hearkon o you ye who have given  your names to go forth to proclaim my gos pel and to prune my vinyard2

See Book of Mormon, 1830 ed., 137–138, 139 [Jacob 5:62, 69; 6:2]; Revelation, July 1830–A [D&C 24:19]; and Revelation, 5 Jan. 1831 [D&C 39:17].  


behold I say unto  you that it is my will that you should go forth  and not tarry neither be idle but labour with your  mights3

See Book of Mormon, 1830 ed., 137–138 [Jacob 5:61–62, 71–72].  


lifting up your voices as with the sound  of a trump4

See Revelation, Oct. 1830–B [D&C 33:2]; Revelation, 4 Nov. 1830 [D&C 34:6]; and Revelation, 9 Feb. 1831 [D&C 42:6].  


proclaiming the truth according to the  revelations and commandments

Generally, a divine mandate that church members were expected to obey; more specifically, a text dictated by JS in the first-person voice of Deity that served to communicate knowledge and instruction to JS and his followers. Occasionally, other inspired texts...

View Glossary
which I have  given you and thus if ye are faithfull ye shall  be laden with many sheeves5

See Revelation, Sept. 1830–F [D&C 31:5]; and Revelation, Oct. 1830–B [D&C 33:9].  


and crowned with  honor and glory and immortality and eternal life6

See Romans 2:7.  


Therefore verily I say unto my servent William [E. McLellin]

18 Jan. 1806–14 Mar. 1883. Schoolteacher, physician, publisher. Born at Smith Co., Tennessee. Son of Charles McLellin and Sarah (a Cherokee Indian). Married first Cynthia Ann, 30 July 1829. Wife died, by summer 1831. Baptized into LDS church by Hyrum Smith...

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 I revoke the commission which I gave unto him to  go unto the eastern countries7

A 29 October 1831 revelation told McLellin to travel with Samuel Smith to “Eastern lands” and to “bear testimony in every place, unto every people.” (Revelation, 29 Oct. 1831 [D&C 66:7].)  


and I give unto him  a new commission and a new commandment in  the which I the Lord chasteneth him for the murm erings of his heart and he sinned8

As commanded in a 29 October 1831 revelation, McLellin and JS’s brother Samuel Smith departed Hiram on a mission in mid-November 1831. About a month later, however, they had to discontinue their work. As Samuel Smith wrote, “Becaus of disobedience our way was hedged up before us Brother William was taken Sick and I returned about the 25 of december (1831).” Smith’s meaning is not entirely clear: He may have meant that some kind of disobedience, perhaps mere reluctance to preach, led to the failure of the mission, which was followed by McLellin’s illness. Or he may have been implying that some kind of disobedience led to McLellin’s illness, which in itself then halted the work. JS visited the bedridden McLellin on 28 December. McLellin wrote that he was healed by JS and returned with him to Hiram the next day. (Revelation, 29 Oct. 1831 [D&C 66]; Samuel Smith, Diary, Nov.–Dec. 1831, [1]; McLellin, Journal, 28 Dec. 1831.)  


nevertheless I forgive  him and say unto him again go ye into9

TEXT: Possibly “unto”.  


the south  countries and let my servent Luke [Johnson]

3 Nov. 1807–8 Dec. 1861. Farmer, teacher, doctor. Born at Pomfret, Windsor Co., Vermont. Son of John Johnson and Alice (Elsa) Jacobs. Lived at Hiram, Portage Co., Ohio, when baptized into LDS church by JS, 10 May 1831. Ordained a priest by Christian Whitmer...

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go with him  and proclaim the things which I have commanded them  calling on the name of the Lord teaching for the com forter which shall teach them all things that is  expedient for them10

See John 14:26.  


praying always that they faint  not11

See Luke 18:1; and Book of Mormon, 1830 ed., 121 [2 Nephi 32:9].  


and inasmuch as they do this I will be with  them even unto the end12

See Matthew 28:20.  


behold this is the will of the  Lord your God concerning you even so Amen
And again verily thus saith the Lord let my servent  Orson Hyde

8 Jan. 1805–28 Nov. 1878. Laborer, clerk, storekeeper, teacher, editor, businessman, lawyer, judge. Born at Oxford, New Haven Co., Connecticut. Son of Nathan Hyde and Sally Thorpe. Moved to Derby, New Haven Co., 1812. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, ...

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and my servent Samuel [Smith]

13 Mar. 1808–30 July 1844. Farmer, logger, scribe, builder, tavern operator. Born at Tunbridge, Orange Co., Vermont. Son of Joseph Smith Sr. and Lucy Mack. Moved to Royalton, Windsor Co., Vermont, by Mar. 1810; to Lebanon, Grafton Co., New Hampshire, 1811...

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take their jour ney into the eastern countries and proclaim the things  which I have commanded them and inasmuch as  they are faithfull lo I will be with them even  unto the end
and again verily I say unto my servent Lyman [Johnson]

24 Oct. 1811–20 Dec. 1859. Merchant, lawyer, hotelier. Born at Pomfret, Windsor Co., Vermont. Son of John Johnson and Alice (Elsa) Jacobs. Moved to Hiram, Portage Co., Ohio, Mar. 1818. Baptized into LDS church by Sidney Rigdon, Feb. 1831. Ordained an elder...

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and  unto my servent orson Pratt

19 Sept. 1811–3 Oct. 1881. Farmer, writer, teacher, merchant, surveyor, editor, publisher. Born at Hartford, Washington Co., New York. Son of Jared Pratt and Charity Dickinson. Moved to New Lebanon, Columbia Co., New York, 1814; to Canaan, Columbia Co., fall...

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they shall also take [p. [1]]
Next
JS dictated this revelation and the one that follows at a general conference

A meeting where ecclesiastical officers and other church members could conduct church business. The “Articles and Covenants” of the church directed the elders to hold conferences to perform “Church business.” The first of these conferences was held on 9 June...

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in Amherst

Located in northeastern Ohio on southern shore of Lake Erie. Area settled, ca. 1810. County organized, 1824. Formed from Black River Township, Dec. 1829. Population in 1830 about 600. Population in 1840 about 1,200. Parley P. Pratt settled in township, Dec...

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, Ohio, fifty miles west of Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

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, Ohio, on 25 January 1832.1

Although there are no surviving minutes from the 25 January 1832 conference, it is clear that it was a general conference because the minutes of a 25–26 October 1831 general conference note that “another General Conference” was to be held in Amherst on 25 January 1832. (Minutes, 25–26 Oct. 1831.)  


On 10 January 1832, a revelation stated that at the next conference, the “severall missions” the elders

A male leader in the church generally; an ecclesiastical and priesthood office or one holding that office; a proselytizing missionary. The Book of Mormon explained that elders ordained priests and teachers and administered “the flesh and blood of Christ unto...

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were to fulfill would be “made known unto them.”2

Revelation, 10 Jan. 1832 [D&C 73:2].  


William E. McLellin

18 Jan. 1806–14 Mar. 1883. Schoolteacher, physician, publisher. Born at Smith Co., Tennessee. Son of Charles McLellin and Sarah (a Cherokee Indian). Married first Cynthia Ann, 30 July 1829. Wife died, by summer 1831. Baptized into LDS church by Hyrum Smith...

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later wrote that the 25 January conference was attended by “between 70 and 80 official characters”—apparently men who held church offices—from various locations.3

William E. McLellin, Independence, MO, to “Beloved Relatives,” Carthage, TN, 4 Aug. 1832, photocopy, CHL.  


Minutes of the conference, if kept, are not extant, but a later JS history recounts that “considerable business was done to advance the kingdom.”4

JS History, vol. A-1, 180. Given the importance of the conference, it seems likely that minutes would have been kept. If so, Frederick G. Williams, who served as clerk of the conference, likely kept them. (See Elder’s License for Reynolds Cahoon, 25 Jan. 1832, Reynolds Cahoon, Papers, private possession.)  


This included the licensing of one or more elders,5

Elder’s License for Reynolds Cahoon, 25 Jan. 1832, Reynolds Cahoon, Papers, private possession.  


the appointment of Orson Pratt

19 Sept. 1811–3 Oct. 1881. Farmer, writer, teacher, merchant, surveyor, editor, publisher. Born at Hartford, Washington Co., New York. Son of Jared Pratt and Charity Dickinson. Moved to New Lebanon, Columbia Co., New York, 1814; to Canaan, Columbia Co., fall...

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as president of the elders, and the ordaining

The conferral of power and authority; to appoint, decree, or set apart. Church members, primarily adults, were ordained to ecclesiastical offices and other responsibilities by the laying on of hands by those with the proper authority. Ordinations to priesthood...

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of JS as the “President of the High Priesthood

Both the office of the president of the high priesthood and the body comprising the president and his counselors; the presiding body of the church. In November 1831, a revelation directed the appointment of a president of the high priesthood. The individual...

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,” following instruction in a November 1831 revelation that “one be appointed” to that office.6

“History of Orson Pratt,” 12, Historian’s Office, Histories of the Twelve, ca. 1858–1880, CHL; Minutes, 26–27 Apr. 1832; Revelation, 11 Nov. 1831–B [D&C 107:65].  


Some of the conference participants apparently also petitioned JS for guidance.7

Pratt recounted that, at “the request of the priesthood,” JS “inquired of the Lord, and a revelation was given.” A later JS history explains that the elders “seemed anxious for me to enquire of the Lord, that they might know his will.” (“History of Orson Pratt,” 12, Historian’s Office, Histories of the Twelve, ca. 1858–1880, CHL; JS History, vol. A-1, 180.)  


In response, this 25 January 1832 revelation and the revelation that follows assigned various individuals to preach the gospel in specific locations. The 25 January revelations indicate that the men appointed to missions were ones who volunteered to preach, but earlier instructions suggest that proselytizing was a duty rather than a choice for faithful elders.8 The minutes of an October 1831 conference noted that “the Spirit” declared that proclaiming the gospel and “warn[ing] the inhabitants of the earth of the things known in the Church of Christ

The Book of Mormon related that when Christ set up his church in the Americas, “they which were baptized in the name of Jesus, were called the church of Christ.” The first name used to denote the church JS organized on 6 April 1830 was “the Church of Christ...

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in these last days” was one of the elders’ duties.9 A November 1831 revelation reiterated that commandment

Generally, a divine mandate that church members were expected to obey; more specifically, a text dictated by JS in the first-person voice of Deity that served to communicate knowledge and instruction to JS and his followers. Occasionally, other inspired texts...

View Glossary
, instructing “all the faithful Elders” to go “unto all the world” and “preach the gospel to every creature acting in the authority which I have given you baptising in the name of the Father & of the Son & of the Holy Ghost.”10

Revelation, 1 Nov. 1831–A [D&C 68:7–8].  


However, it seems the practice was that the men who made known their desire or willingness to preach were then assigned. Most of the individuals mentioned in this 25 January revelation attended an October 1831 conference; at that conference, “several brethren were then called by the Clerk who were desirous to preach the gospel,” and JS examined them for fitness to be ordained.11 These men were likely the ones assigned in this revelation to preach.
Perhaps because the two 25 January revelations were later printed together, reminiscences describe JS dictating a revelation on that day but do not specifically describe two separate texts. A reminiscence written by Pratt

19 Sept. 1811–3 Oct. 1881. Farmer, writer, teacher, merchant, surveyor, editor, publisher. Born at Hartford, Washington Co., New York. Son of Jared Pratt and Charity Dickinson. Moved to New Lebanon, Columbia Co., New York, 1814; to Canaan, Columbia Co., fall...

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, for example, states that a revelation was “written in the presence of the whole assembly” on 25 January.12

“History of Orson Pratt,” 12, Historian’s Office, Histories of the Twelve, ca. 1858–1880, CHL.  


Edson Barney, who was also present, recalled that Sidney Rigdon

19 Feb. 1793–14 July 1876. Tanner, farmer, minister. Born at St. Clair, Allegheny Co., Pennsylvania. Son of William Rigdon and Nancy Gallaher. Joined United Baptists, ca. 1818. Preached at Warren, Trumbull Co., Ohio, and vicinity, 1819–1821. Married Phebe...

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inscribed the revelation text as JS pronounced it on that day.13

“Prophet Joseph’s Birthday,” Saint George Utah Stake, General Minutes, 23 Dec. 1880. It is possible that Barney’s memory was faulty and that Frederick G. Williams initially inscribed the revelation. A license for Reynolds Cahoon created at the same conference is in the handwriting of Williams, clerk of the conference. (Elder’s License for Reynolds Cahoon, 25 Jan. 1832, Reynolds Cahoon, Papers, private possession.)  


In both of these accounts, it is unclear whether the author is referring to just one or to both of the 25 January revelations. Yet it appears that these were indeed two distinct revelations. Newel K. Whitney

3/5 Feb. 1795–23 Sept. 1850. Trader, merchant. Born at Marlborough, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of Samuel Whitney and Susanna Kimball. Moved to Fairfield, Herkimer Co., New York, 1803. Merchant at Plattsburg, Clinton Co., New York, 1814. Mercantile clerk for...

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’s copies of the 25 January 1832 revelations, which are in the handwriting of Rigdon, are inscribed on two separate leaves differing in both size and thickness. Whitney also added separate dockets to the two revelations, noting that the first was given to “10 Elders” while the second was given to “the Elders.” The collection of revelations kept by Samuel Smith

13 Mar. 1808–30 July 1844. Farmer, logger, scribe, builder, tavern operator. Born at Tunbridge, Orange Co., Vermont. Son of Joseph Smith Sr. and Lucy Mack. Moved to Royalton, Windsor Co., Vermont, by Mar. 1810; to Lebanon, Grafton Co., New Hampshire, 1811...

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and Orson Hyde

8 Jan. 1805–28 Nov. 1878. Laborer, clerk, storekeeper, teacher, editor, businessman, lawyer, judge. Born at Oxford, New Haven Co., Connecticut. Son of Nathan Hyde and Sally Thorpe. Moved to Derby, New Haven Co., 1812. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, ...

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—who were appointed as companion missionaries in the first revelation—includes the first revelation but not the second.14

Revelation, 25 Jan. 1832–A, Newel K. Whitney, Papers, BYU [D&C 75]; Hyde and Smith, Notebook, [28]–[30].  


When John Whitmer

27 Aug. 1802–11 July 1878. Farmer, stock raiser, newspaper editor. Born in Pennsylvania. Son of Peter Whitmer Sr. and Mary Musselman. Member of German Reformed Church, Fayette, Seneca Co., New York. Baptized by Oliver Cowdery, June 1829, most likely in Seneca...

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copied both revelations into Revelation Book 1, he introduced the second as “Another Revelation Received at the same time & place.”15

Revelation Book 1, p. 131.  


Upon their publication in the 1835 Doctrine and Covenants, however, the revelations were combined into a single text, a pattern followed in subsequent publications.16

Facts