31828

Revelation, 30 August 1831 [D&C 63]

Hearken O ye people and open your hearts and give ear from afar and listen you that call yourselves the people of the Lord & hear the word of the Lord & his will concerning you yea verily I say hear the word of him whose anger is kindled against the wicked & rebellious who willeth to take even them whom he will take & preserveth in life them whom he will preserve who buildeth up at his own will & pleasure & destroyeth when he please & is able to cast the soul down to hell. Behold I the Lord uttereth my voice & & it shall be obeyed wherefore verily I say let the wicked take heed & let the rebellious fear & tremble & let the unbelieving hold their lips for the day of wrath shall come upon them as a whirlwind & all flesh shall know that I am God.1

See Isaiah 49:26; and Book of Mormon, 1830 ed., 56, 75 [1 Nephi 21:26; 2 Nephi 6:18].  


And he that seeketh signs shall see signs but not unto salvation Verily I say unto you There are those among you who seeketh signs & there has been such even from the beginning2

A March 1831 revelation similarly warned against an individual asking “for a sign” in order to “consume it upon his lusts.” (Revelation, ca. 8 Mar. 1831–A [D&C 46:9]; see also Matthew 12:38–39; Mark 8:11–12; and Luke 11:16, 29.)  


But behold faith cometh not by signs but signs follow those that believe3

See Mark 16:17; Book of Mormon, 1830 ed., 537, 547 [Mormon 9:24; Ether 4:18]; and Revelation, 1 Aug. 1831 [D&C 58:64].  


yea signs cometh by faith not by the will of men nor as they please but by the will of God4

A July 1830 revelation instructed JS to “require not Miracles except I shall command you.” (Revelation, July 1830–A [D&C 24:13].)  


yea signs cometh by faith unto mighty works for without faith no man pleaseth God5

See Hebrews 11:6.  


& with whom God is angry he is not well pleased wherefore unto such he sheweth no signs only in wrath unto their condemnation Wherefore I the Lord am not pleased with those among you who have sought after signs & wonders for faith & not for the good of men unto my glory Nevertheless I gave commandments

Generally, a divine mandate that church members were expected to obey; more specifically, a text dictated by JS in the first-person voice of Deity that served to communicate knowledge and instruction to JS and his followers. Occasionally, other inspired texts...

View Glossary
& many have turned away from my commandments & have not kept them There were among you adulterers & adulteresses some of whom have turned away from you & others remain with you that hereafter shall be revealed let such be aware & repent speedily lest judgements shall come upon them as a snare & their folly shall be made manifest6

See 2 Timothy 3:8–9.  


& their works shall follow them in the eyes of the people & verily I say unto you as I have said before he that looketh on a woman to lust after her or if any shall commit adultry in his heart they shall not have the spirit but shall deny the faith & shall fear7

See Matthew 5:28; Book of Mormon, 1830 ed., 481 [3 Nephi 12:28]; and Revelation, 9 Feb. 1831 [D&C 42:23].  


Wherefore I the Lord have said that the fearful & the unbelieving & all liars & whosoever loveth & maketh a lie & the whoarmunger & the sorcerer should have their part in that lake which burneth with fire & brimstone which is the second death8

See Revelation 21:8; 22:14–15.  


Verily I say that they shall not have part in the first resurrection And now behold I the Lord saith unto you that ye are not justified because these things are among you nevertheless he that endureth in faith & doeth my will the same shall overcome & shall receive an inheritance upon the Earth when the day of transfiguration shall come when the earth shall be transfigured even according to the pattern which was shown unto mine apostles upon the mount of which account the fulness ye have not yet received.9

This passage seems to promise further information on transfiguration. The only extant record of such comes from JS’s Bible revision. When JS revised Matthew 17:1–13, sometime between 7 April and 19 June 1831, he added clarifying information about the identity and mission of Elias, who appeared on the mount at the time that Christ was transfigured. (Faulring et al., Joseph Smith’s New Translation of the Bible, 66; New Testament Revision 1, pp. 41–42 [Joseph Smith Translation, Matthew 17:8–14].)  


And now verily I say unto you that as I said that I would make known my will unto you behold I will make it known unto you not by the way of commandment for their are many who observe not to keep my commandments but unto him that keepeth my commandments I will give the mysteries of my Kingdom & the same shall be in him a well of living water springing up unto everlasting life10

See John 4:10–14.  


And now behold this is the will of the Lord your God concerning his saints that they should assemble themselves together unto the land of Zion

JS revelation, dated 20 July 1831, designated Missouri as “land of promise” for gathering of Saints and place for “city of Zion,” with Independence area as “center place” of Zion. Latter-day Saint settlements elsewhere, such as in Kirtland, Ohio, became known...

More Info
11

See Revelation, 7 May 1831 [D&C 49:25]; and Revelation, 13 Aug. 1831 [D&C 62:4].  


not in haste lest there should be confusion which bringeth pestilence12

According to Webster’s 1828 dictionary, “pestilence” denotes not only infectious disease but also “corruption or moral disease destructive to happiness.” (“Pestilence,” in American Dictionary [1828].)  


Behold the land of Zion I the Lord holdeth it in mine own hands nevertheless I the Lord rendereth unto Cezar the things which are Cezars13

See Luke 20:25.  


Wherefore I the Lord willeth that you should purchase the lands that you may have advantage of the world that you may have claim on the world14

See Revelation, 20 July 1831 [D&C 57:4–5]; and Revelation, 1 Aug. 1831 [D&C 58:52].  


that they may not be stired up unto anger for satan putteth it into their hearts to anger & to the shedding of blood Wherefore the land of Zion shall not be obtained but by purchase or by blood otherwise there is none inheritance for you & if by purchase behold you are blessed & if by blood as ye are forbidden to shed blood lo your enemies are upon you15

See Revelation, 1 Aug. 1831 [D&C 58:53].  


& ye shall be scourged from city to city & from Synagogue to synagogue & but few shall stand to receive an inheritance I the Lord am angry with the wicked I am holding my spirit from the inhabitants of the earth I have sworn in my wrath & decreed wars upon the face of the earth & the wicked shall slay the wicked & fear shall come upon every man & the Saints also shall hardly escape16

A March 1831 revelation explained that Zion would be a “City of refuge,” protecting those living therein, who would “be the only people that shall not be at war one with another.” (Revelation, ca. 7 Mar. 1831 [D&C 45:66, 69].)  


[p. [1]]
Hearken O ye people and open your hearts and give ear from afar  and listen you that call yourselves the people of the Lord & hear the word  of the Lord & his will concerning you yea verily I say hear the word of him  whose anger is kindled against you <the> wicked & rebellious who willeth to take even  them whom he will take & preserveth in life them whom he will preserve  who buildeth up at his own will & pleasure & destroyeth when he please  & is able to cast the soul down to hell. Behold I the Lord uttereth my voice & <&>  it shall be obeyed wherefore verily I say let the wicked take heed & let  the rebellious fear & tremble & let the unbelieving hold their lips for the  day of wrath shall come upon them as a whirlwind & all flesh shall know  that I am God.1

See Isaiah 49:26; and Book of Mormon, 1830 ed., 56, 75 [1 Nephi 21:26; 2 Nephi 6:18].  


And he that seeketh signs shall see signs but not unto  salvation Verily I say unto you There are those among you who seeketh signs  & there has been such even from the beginning2

A March 1831 revelation similarly warned against an individual asking “for a sign” in order to “consume it upon his lusts.” (Revelation, ca. 8 Mar. 1831–A [D&C 46:9]; see also Matthew 12:38–39; Mark 8:11–12; and Luke 11:16, 29.)  


But behold faith cometh not  by signs but signs follow those that believe3

See Mark 16:17; Book of Mormon, 1830 ed., 537, 547 [Mormon 9:24; Ether 4:18]; and Revelation, 1 Aug. 1831 [D&C 58:64].  


yea signs cometh by faith  not by the will of men nor as they please but by the will of God4

A July 1830 revelation instructed JS to “require not Miracles except I shall command you.” (Revelation, July 1830–A [D&C 24:13].)  


yea  signs cometh by faith unto mighty works for without faith no man pleaseth  God5

See Hebrews 11:6.  


& with whom God is angry he is not well pleased wherefore unto  such he sheweth no signs only in wrath unto their condemnation Wherefore  I the Lord am not well pleased with those among you who have sought  after signs & wonders for faith & not for the good of men unto my glory  Nevertheless I gave commandments

Generally, a divine mandate that church members were expected to obey; more specifically, a text dictated by JS in the first-person voice of Deity that served to communicate knowledge and instruction to JS and his followers. Occasionally, other inspired texts...

View Glossary
& many have turned away from  my commandments & have not kept them There were among you adulte rers & adulteresses some of whom have turned away from you & others  remain with you that hereafter shall be revealed let such be aware  & repent speedily lest judgements shall come upon them as a snare & their  folly shall be made manifest6

See 2 Timothy 3:8–9.  


& their works shall follow them in the eyes  of the people & verily I say unto you as I have said before he that  looketh on a woman to lust after her or if any shall commit adultry  in his heart they shall not have the spirit but shall deny the faith &  shall fear7

See Matthew 5:28; Book of Mormon, 1830 ed., 481 [3 Nephi 12:28]; and Revelation, 9 Feb. 1831 [D&C 42:23].  


Wherefore I the Lord have said that the fearful & the unbe lieving & all liars & whoso<ever> loveth & maketh a lie & the whoarmunger <& the> sorcerer  should have their part in that lake which burneth with fire & brimstone  which is the second death8

See Revelation 21:8; 22:14–15.  


Verily I say <that> they shall not have part in the first res urrection And now behold I the Lord saith unto you that ye are not  justified because of these things are among you nevertheless he that endu reth in faith & doeth my will the same shall overcome & shall receive  an inheritance upon the Earth when the day of transfiguration shall come  when the earth shall be transfigured even according to the pattern which was  shown unto mine apostles upon the mount of which account the fulness ye have  not yet received.9

This passage seems to promise further information on transfiguration. The only extant record of such comes from JS’s Bible revision. When JS revised Matthew 17:1–13, sometime between 7 April and 19 June 1831, he added clarifying information about the identity and mission of Elias, who appeared on the mount at the time that Christ was transfigured. (Faulring et al., Joseph Smith’s New Translation of the Bible, 66; New Testament Revision 1, pp. 41–42 [Joseph Smith Translation, Matthew 17:8–14].)  


And now verily I say unto you that as I said that I would  make known my will unto you behold I will make it known unto you not by the  way of commandment for their are many who observe not to keep my command ments but unto him that keepeth my commandments I will give the mysteries of  my Kingdom & the same shall be in him a well of <living> water springing up unto everlas ting life10

See John 4:10–14.  


And now behold this is the will of the Lord your God concerning his  saints that they should assemble themselves together unto the land of Zion

JS revelation, dated 20 July 1831, designated Missouri as “land of promise” for gathering of Saints and place for “city of Zion,” with Independence area as “center place” of Zion. Latter-day Saint settlements elsewhere, such as in Kirtland, Ohio, became known...

More Info
11

See Revelation, 7 May 1831 [D&C 49:25]; and Revelation, 13 Aug. 1831 [D&C 62:4].  


not  in haste lest there should be confusion which bringeth pestilence12

According to Webster’s 1828 dictionary, “pestilence” denotes not only infectious disease but also “corruption or moral disease destructive to happiness.” (“Pestilence,” in American Dictionary [1828].)  


Behold the  land of Zion I the Lord holdeth it in mine own hands nevertheless I the  Lord rendereth unto Cezar the things which are Cezars13

See Luke 20:25.  


Wherefore I the Lord will eth that you should purchase the lands that you may have advantage of the  world that you may have claim on the world14

See Revelation, 20 July 1831 [D&C 57:4–5]; and Revelation, 1 Aug. 1831 [D&C 58:52].  


that they may not be stired up  unto anger for satan putteth it into their hearts to anger & to the shedding of blood  Wherefore the land of Zion shall not be obtained but by purchase or by blood  otherwise there is none inheritance for you & if by purchased behold ye you are blessed  & if by blood as ye are forbidden to shed blood lo your enemies are upon you15

See Revelation, 1 Aug. 1831 [D&C 58:53].  


 & ye shall be scourged from city to city & from Synagogue to synagogue & but  few shall stand to receive an inheritance I the Lord am angry with the wick ed I am holding my spirit from the inhabitants of the earth I have sworn in  my wrath & decreed wars upon the face of the earth & the wicked shall slay the  wicked & fear shall come upon every man & the Saints also shall hardly escape16

A March 1831 revelation explained that Zion would be a “City of refuge,” protecting those living therein, who would “be the only people that shall not be at war one with another.” (Revelation, ca. 7 Mar. 1831 [D&C 45:66, 69].)  


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Three days after JS arrived in Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

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, Ohio, from Independence

Located twelve miles from western Missouri border. Permanently settled, platted, and designated county seat, 1827. Hub for steamboat travel on Missouri River. Point of departure for Santa Fe Trail. Population in 1831 about 300. Mormon population by summer...

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, Jackson County, Missouri, a 30 August revelation provided information about the gathering of the Saints to Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

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. As a later JS history explained, the identification of Independence as the “centre place” of Zion

A specific location in Missouri; also a literal or figurative gathering of believers in Jesus Christ, characterized by adherence to ideals of harmony, equality, and purity. In JS’s earliest revelations “the cause of Zion” was used to broadly describe the ...

View Glossary
made “‘the land of Zion’ . . . the most important temporal object” to church members.1

Revelation, 20 July 1831 [D&C 57:3]; JS History, vol. A-1, 146.  


Despite Zion’s importance, much uncertainty still surrounded the process of gathering to Zion. Funds were required to purchase lands in and around Independence for the gathering. A 1 August 1831 revelation had intimated that not all of the Saints would migrate to Zion at once, and some members may have questioned how leaders would determine who would move. That same revelation also instructed that an epistle and subscription “be presented unto all the Churches to obtain money to be put into the hands of the Bishop

An ecclesiastical and priesthood office. JS appointed Edward Partridge as the first bishop in February 1831. Following this appointment, Partridge functioned as the local leader of the church in Missouri. Later revelations described a bishop’s duties as receiving...

View Glossary
,”2

Revelation, 1 Aug. 1831 [D&C 58:44, 51–52].  


but who would take these documents to the different churches had not been determined. Compounding the problem of this uncertainty, JS, Sidney Rigdon

19 Feb. 1793–14 July 1876. Tanner, farmer, minister. Born at St. Clair, Allegheny Co., Pennsylvania. Son of William Rigdon and Nancy Gallaher. Joined United Baptists, ca. 1818. Preached at Warren, Trumbull Co., Ohio, and vicinity, 1819–1821. Married Phebe...

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, and Oliver Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

View Full Bio
discovered upon their return to Ohio

French explored area, 1669. British took possession following French and Indian War, 1763. Ceded to U.S., 1783. First permanent white settlement established, 1788. Northeastern portion maintained as part of Connecticut, 1786, and called Connecticut Western...

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that “many [had] apostitized” in their absence.3

Whitmer, History, 33.  


Coming on the heels of the antagonism that JS had apparently experienced from some of his company of elders

A male leader in the church generally; an ecclesiastical and priesthood office or one holding that office; a proselytizing missionary. The Book of Mormon explained that elders ordained priests and teachers and administered “the flesh and blood of Christ unto...

View Glossary
on the return trip to Ohio, the knowledge that many others had fallen away was distressing: “We could not help beholding,” a later JS history recounts about this time period, “the exertions of Satan to blind the eyes of the people so as to hide the true light that lights every man that comes into the world.”4

Ezra Booth, “Mormonism—No. VII,” Ohio Star (Ravenna), 24 Nov. 1831, [1]; JS History, vol. A-1, 146.  


The 30 August revelation addressed many of the issues JS faced on his return to Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

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, providing instruction on how those who were to move to Zion would be selected, how quickly the Saints should gather to Zion, and how to prepare for Christ’s return to the earth. It condemned the wicked both in and out of the church, especially sign seekers and adulterers, and appointed Newel K. Whitney

3/5 Feb. 1795–23 Sept. 1850. Trader, merchant. Born at Marlborough, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of Samuel Whitney and Susanna Kimball. Moved to Fairfield, Herkimer Co., New York, 1803. Merchant at Plattsburg, Clinton Co., New York, 1814. Mercantile clerk for...

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and Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

View Full Bio
to raise money for Zion. As Rigdon

19 Feb. 1793–14 July 1876. Tanner, farmer, minister. Born at St. Clair, Allegheny Co., Pennsylvania. Son of William Rigdon and Nancy Gallaher. Joined United Baptists, ca. 1818. Preached at Warren, Trumbull Co., Ohio, and vicinity, 1819–1821. Married Phebe...

View Full Bio
wrote the next day, the revelation gave instruction on how to “escape . . . the day of tribulation which is coming on the earth.”5

Sidney Rigdon, Kirtland, OH, “to the Churches,” 31 Aug. 1831, copy, Sidney Rigdon, Collection, 1832–1858, CHL.  


A passage in this revelation addressed the church members residing on “this farm,” indicating that JS dictated the revelation on the Isaac Morley

11 Mar. 1786–24 June 1865. Farmer, cooper, merchant, postmaster. Born at Montague, Hampshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of Thomas Morley and Editha (Edith) Marsh. Family affiliated with Presbyterian church. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, before 1812. Married...

View Full Bio
farm, where he had left his family in June and where many of the Saints traveling to Ohio

French explored area, 1669. British took possession following French and Indian War, 1763. Ceded to U.S., 1783. First permanent white settlement established, 1788. Northeastern portion maintained as part of Connecticut, 1786, and called Connecticut Western...

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in 1831 relocated.6

Backman, Heavens Resound, 70; Staker, Hearken, O Ye People, 309–310.  


Oliver Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

View Full Bio
served as scribe for this revelation. Whitney

3/5 Feb. 1795–23 Sept. 1850. Trader, merchant. Born at Marlborough, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of Samuel Whitney and Susanna Kimball. Moved to Fairfield, Herkimer Co., New York, 1803. Merchant at Plattsburg, Clinton Co., New York, 1814. Mercantile clerk for...

View Full Bio
had a copy of the revelation in Cowdery’s handwriting, which may be the original inscription. However, the handwriting is so compact and neat that it is likely a fair copy made by Cowdery. He may have made it for Whitney and himself to take with them as they traveled together to the different churches.7

Similar fold markings are evident in Whitney’s copy of the revelation and a copy he owned of a letter Rigdon wrote to church congregations to encourage donations, which suggests that the two documents were carried together. (Sidney Rigdon, Kirtland, OH, “to the Churches,” 31 Aug. 1831, copy, Sidney Rigdon, Collection, 1832–1858, CHL.)  


Whitney endorsed his copy with the date of 31 August 1831, likely an incorrect date. Other early copies of the revelation inscribed around this same time—including one that John Whitmer

27 Aug. 1802–11 July 1878. Farmer, stock raiser, newspaper editor. Born in Pennsylvania. Son of Peter Whitmer Sr. and Mary Musselman. Member of German Reformed Church, Fayette, Seneca Co., New York. Baptized by Oliver Cowdery, June 1829, most likely in Seneca...

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made in Revelation Book 1 and one that Sidney Gilbert

28 Dec. 1789–29 June 1834. Merchant. Born at New Haven, New Haven Co., Connecticut. Son of Eli Gilbert and Lydia Hemingway. Moved to Huntington, Fairfield Co., Connecticut; to Monroe, Monroe Co., Michigan Territory, by Sept. 1818; to Painesville, Geauga Co...

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made in his book of revelations—bear the date of 30 August.8

Revelation Book 1, p. 104; Gilbert, Notebook, [45]–[54]. When William W. Phelps published this revelation in the February 1833 issue of The Evening and the Morning Star, he also dated it 30 August 1831. (“A Revelation Given, August 30, 1831,” The Evening and the Morning Star, Feb. 1833, [6]–[7].)  


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