26093

Revelation, February 1831–A [D&C 43]

Come before you as Revelations or commandments & this I give unto you that you may not be deceived, that you may know they are not of me for Verily I say unto you that he that is ordained of me shall come in at the gate & be ordained

The conferral of power and authority; to appoint, decree, or set apart. Church members, primarily adults, were ordained to ecclesiastical offices and other responsibilities by the laying on of hands by those with the proper authority. Ordinations to priesthood...

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as I have told you before to teach those Revelations which you have received & shall receive through him whom I have appointed— & now Behold I give unto you a commandment that when ye are assembled yourselves together ye shall note with a Pen how to act, & for my Church to act upon the points of my law3

Here the usage suggests that this instance of “my law” may refer not only to the 9 February 1831 revelation but to the revelations of God more broadly. (See Historical Introduction to Revelation, 9 Feb. 1831 [D&C 42:1–72].)  


& commandments which I have given & thus it shall become a law unto you being Sanctified by that which ye have received that ye shall bind yourselves to act in all holiness before me that in as much as ye do this glory shall be added to the Kingdom which ye have received, inasmuch as ye do it not it shall be taken even that which ye have received, purge ye out the iniquity which is among you4 Sanctify yourselves before me & if ye desire the glories of the Kingdom appoint ye my Servent & uphold him before me by the prayer of faith & again I say unto you that if you desire the mysteries of the Kingdom provide for him food & raiment & whatsoever thing he needeth to accomplish the work which I have commanded him5

This repeats earlier injunctions for the church members to provide for the temporal needs of JS’s family. (See Revelation, July 1830–A [D&C 24:3, 18]; and Revelation, 4 Feb. 1831 [D&C 41:7].)  


& if ye do it not he shall remain unto them that have received him that I may reserve unto myself a pure People before me—
Again I say hearken ye Elders

A male leader in the church generally; an ecclesiastical and priesthood office or one holding that office; a proselytizing missionary. The Book of Mormon explained that elders ordained priests and teachers and administered “the flesh and blood of Christ unto...

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of my Church

The Book of Mormon related that when Christ set up his church in the Americas, “they which were baptized in the name of Jesus, were called the church of Christ.” The first name used to denote the church JS organized on 6 April 1830 was “the Church of Christ...

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whom I have appointed ye are not sent forth to be taught but to teach the Children of men the things which I have put in your hands by the power of my Spirit & ye are to be taught from on high Sanctify yourselves & ye shall be endowed with power that ye may give even as I have spoken6

See Revelation, 2 Jan. 1831 [D&C 38:32–33].  


hearken ye for Behold the great day of the Lord is nigh at hand for the day cometh that the Lord shall utter his voice out of [p. 68]
Come before you with as Revelations or commandments  & this I give unto you that you may not be deceived, that  you may know they are not of me for Verily I say unto  you that he that is ordained of me shall come in at the  gate & be ordained

The conferral of power and authority; to appoint, decree, or set apart. Church members, primarily adults, were ordained to ecclesiastical offices and other responsibilities by the laying on of hands by those with the proper authority. Ordinations to priesthood...

View Glossary
as I have told you before to teach those  Revelations which you have received & shall receive  through him whom I have appointed— & now Behold  I give unto you a commandment that when ye are  assembled yourselves together ye shall note with a  Pen how to act, & for my Church to act upon  the points of my law3

Here the usage suggests that this instance of “my law” may refer not only to the 9 February 1831 revelation but to the revelations of God more broadly. (See Historical Introduction to Revelation, 9 Feb. 1831 [D&C 42:1–72].)  


& commandments which I have  given & thus it shall become a law unto you being  Sanctified by that which ye have received that ye  shall bind yourselves to act in all holiness before  me that in as much as ye do this glory shall be  ad[d]ed to the Kingdom which ye have received, inasmuch  as ye do it not it shall be taken even that which  ye have received, purge ye out the iniquity which  is among you4 Sanctify yourselves before me & if ye  desire the glories of the Kingdom appoint ye my  Servent & uphold him before me by the prayer of faith  & again I say unto you that if you desire the mysteries  of the Kingdom provide for him food & raiment &  whatsoever is thing he needeth to accomplish the work  which I have commanded him5

This repeats earlier injunctions for the church members to provide for the temporal needs of JS’s family. (See Revelation, July 1830–A [D&C 24:3, 18]; and Revelation, 4 Feb. 1831 [D&C 41:7].)  


& if ye do it not he shall  remain unto them that have received him that I may  reserve unto myself a pure People before me—
Again I say hearken ye Elders

A male leader in the church generally; an ecclesiastical and priesthood office or one holding that office; a proselytizing missionary. The Book of Mormon explained that elders ordained priests and teachers and administered “the flesh and blood of Christ unto...

View Glossary
of my Church

The Book of Mormon related that when Christ set up his church in the Americas, “they which were baptized in the name of Jesus, were called the church of Christ.” The first name used to denote the church JS organized on 6 April 1830 was “the Church of Christ...

View Glossary
whom I  have appointed ye are not sent forth to be taught but to  teach the Children of men the things which I have put  in your hands by the power of my Spirit & ye are  to be taught from on high Sanctify yourselves & ye  shall be endowed with power from on high that ye  may give even as I have spoken6

See Revelation, 2 Jan. 1831 [D&C 38:32–33].  


hearken ye for  Behold the great day of the Lord is nigh at hand for the  day cometh that the Lord shall utter his voice out of [p. 68]
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JS dictated this revelation following his arrival in Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

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, Ohio. It clarified JS’s position as the only person authorized to “receive commandments

Generally, a divine mandate that church members were expected to obey; more specifically, a text dictated by JS in the first-person voice of Deity that served to communicate knowledge and instruction to JS and his followers. Occasionally, other inspired texts...

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& Revelations” for the Church of Christ

The Book of Mormon related that when Christ set up his church in the Americas, “they which were baptized in the name of Jesus, were called the church of Christ.” The first name used to denote the church JS organized on 6 April 1830 was “the Church of Christ...

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.1

For an earlier event that resulted in similar clarification, see Revelation, Sept. 1830–B [D&C 28]; and Minutes, 26 Sept. 1830. The instruction in the September 1830 text was a response to revelations that Hiram Page had received from a seer stone and that Oliver Cowdery and others had accepted as divine communications. The September revelation stated that only JS had “the keys of the mysteries of the Revelations which are sealed until I shall appoint unto him another in his stead.” (Revelation, Sept. 1830–B [D&C 28:7].)  


Before JS’s arrival in Kirtland, the converts in the area were left for several months without any experienced leadership. Sidney Rigdon

19 Feb. 1793–14 July 1876. Tanner, farmer, minister. Born at St. Clair, Allegheny Co., Pennsylvania. Son of William Rigdon and Nancy Gallaher. Joined United Baptists, ca. 1818. Preached at Warren, Trumbull Co., Ohio, and vicinity, 1819–1821. Married Phebe...

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and many of his followers in Ohio

French explored area, 1669. British took possession following French and Indian War, 1763. Ceded to U.S., 1783. First permanent white settlement established, 1788. Northeastern portion maintained as part of Connecticut, 1786, and called Connecticut Western...

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had been baptized

An ordinance in which an individual is immersed in water for the remission of sins. The Book of Mormon explained that those with necessary authority were to baptize individuals who had repented of their sins. Baptized individuals also received the gift of...

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into the church in November 1830, and Rigdon then left Ohio to meet JS in New York

Located in northeast region of U.S. Area settled by Dutch traders, 1620s; later governed by Britain, 1664–1776. Admitted to U.S. as state, 1788. Population in 1810 about 1,000,000; in 1820 about 1,400,000; in 1830 about 1,900,000; and in 1840 about 2,400,...

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while Oliver Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

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and other missionaries who had baptized the Ohio believers left for the western borders of the United States

North American constitutional republic. Constitution ratified, 17 Sept. 1787. Population in 1805 about 6,000,000; in 1830 about 13,000,000; and in 1844 about 20,000,000. Louisiana Purchase, 1803, doubled size of U.S. Consisted of seventeen states at time ...

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. Concerned about the lack of leadership, JS sent John Whitmer

27 Aug. 1802–11 July 1878. Farmer, stock raiser, newspaper editor. Born in Pennsylvania. Son of Peter Whitmer Sr. and Mary Musselman. Member of German Reformed Church, Fayette, Seneca Co., New York. Baptized by Oliver Cowdery, June 1829, most likely in Seneca...

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to Ohio with copies of the revelations “to comfort and strengthen my brethren in that land.” When Whitmer arrived in mid-January, the conduct of the Ohio members surprised and concerned him. He wrote, “The enemy of all righteous had . . . made them think that an angel of God appeard to them, and showed them writings on the outside cover of the Bible, and on parchment, which flew through the air, and on the back of their hands, and many such foolish and vain things, others lost their strength, and some slid on the floor, and such like maneuvers, which proved greatly to th[e] injury of the cause.” Whitmer concluded that it was “ne[ce]ssary that this people should have instruction, and learn to decern between the things of God and the works of Satan.”2

Whitmer, History, 10–11; “Mormonism,” Painesville (OH) Telegraph, 18 Jan. 1831, [3]; see also Revelation, 9 May 1831 [D&C 50].  


In this atmosphere of religious excess came a specific challenge to JS’s authority. In February 1831, the same month that JS and other members arrived from New York

Located in northeast region of U.S. Area settled by Dutch traders, 1620s; later governed by Britain, 1664–1776. Admitted to U.S. as state, 1788. Population in 1810 about 1,000,000; in 1820 about 1,400,000; in 1830 about 1,900,000; and in 1840 about 2,400,...

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,3

Sidney Rigdon apparently arrived in Kirtland 1 February 1831, and JS arrived three days later. ([Matthew S. Clapp], “Mormonism,” Painesville [OH] Telegraph, 15 Feb. 1831, [1] –[2]; see also JS History, vol. A-1, 92.)  


a woman referred to as Mrs. “Hubble” claimed to receive revelations, which she shared publicly with other members.4

Whitmer, History, 18. This was possibly Laura Fuller Hubbell, older sister of Edson Fuller, who had joined the church and been ordained an elder, but the woman was more likely “Mrs. Louisa Hubbell,” who had converted from the Disciples of Christ and later rejoined the Disciples in May 1831. (Hayden, Early History of the Disciples in the Western Reserve, 472; Staker, Hearken, O Ye People, 79–80, 111–114.)  


As John Whitmer

27 Aug. 1802–11 July 1878. Farmer, stock raiser, newspaper editor. Born in Pennsylvania. Son of Peter Whitmer Sr. and Mary Musselman. Member of German Reformed Church, Fayette, Seneca Co., New York. Baptized by Oliver Cowdery, June 1829, most likely in Seneca...

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explained in his later history: “About these days there was a woman by the name of Hubble who professed to be a prophetess of the Lord. and professed to have many revelations, and knew that the Book of mormon was true; and that she should become a teacher in the Church of Christ. She appeard very sanctimonious and deceived some, who were not able to detect her in her hypocracy.” According to Whitmer, “The Lord gave [this] Revelation that the saints might not be decived.”5

Whitmer, History, 18. Critic Ezra Booth reported that Hubbell “so ingratiated herself into the esteem and favor of some of the Elders, that they received her, as a person commissioned to act a conspicuous part in Mormonizing the world.” Booth added, “Rigdon, and some others, gave her the right hand of fellowship, and literally saluted her with what they called the kiss of charity. But Smith viewing her as encroaching upon his sacred premises, declared her an impostor, and she returned to the place from whence she came.” (Ezra Booth, “Mormonism—Nos. VIII–IX,” Ohio Star [Ravenna], 8 Dec. 1831, [1].)  


Similarly, the introduction to this revelation in JS’s history notes that “a woman came with great pretentions to revealing commandments, laws and other curious matters” and that JS felt it was “necessary to inquire of the Lord.”6

JS History, vol. A-1, 101.  


This revelation appears to have been dictated between 9 February and the end of the month. John Whitmer

27 Aug. 1802–11 July 1878. Farmer, stock raiser, newspaper editor. Born in Pennsylvania. Son of Peter Whitmer Sr. and Mary Musselman. Member of German Reformed Church, Fayette, Seneca Co., New York. Baptized by Oliver Cowdery, June 1829, most likely in Seneca...

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copied it into Revelation Book 1 directly after a 9 February 1831 revelation and before a revelation dated “Febu. 1831.” Sometime later a revelation dated 23 February was inserted on a loose sheet immediately following the 9 February 1831 revelation and before the revelation featured here.7

Revelation Book 1, pp. 62–70. Although the insertion of the 23 February 1831 revelation immediately after the 9 February 1831 revelation may indicate that Whitmer thought the text featured here was written after 23 February, it is equally plausible that Whitmer simply meant to bring together the 9 and 23 February revelations, which were later published as a single text. (Revelation, 9 and 23 Feb. 1831, in Doctrine and Covenants 13, 1835 ed. [D&C 42].)  


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